Since I last posted I spent a few days reading “Who Built the Moon?” by Christopher Knight and Alan Butler. This is a worthwhile light read for the first two-thirds of the book then they sort of deviate into a very different sort of theory. They conclude with several very interesting appendices. I spent a long time studying their numbers. I would like to add to their discussion of the Moon and known ancient measurement systems without revealing their discoveries.
They state early in their book that the Sumerian Kush (cubit) is equal to 19.57″ which is incorrect. (A. E. Berriman) A Kush was 30 Sumerian inches of .66 inches long or 19.80″. This 19.57″ gives an inch of .652″. This was a unit in use just north of Sumeria in Akkad. Although it is off by a hair, over long distances the difference is dramatic.
A Kush of 19.8″ equals one-tenth of an English rod. (A rod is 198″ or 16.5 feet.) A rod is a length that is used in surveying. The average diameter of the Earth – 7920 miles – divided by this number 19.8 equals 400. Much of Knight’s and Butler’s arguments relate to the appearance of the ratio of 400 in measurements between the Earth-Moon-Sun. The diameter of the Sun is 400 times that of the Moon’s. The ratio of the distances between the Earth – Moon and Earth – Sun is 400.
So, then we have a Sumerian inch of .66 inches. Two of these equals an Indus inch of 1.32 inches. 30 of them equals a Kush and 50 of them equals 33″ which is known as Akbar’s yard. (33″ = 83.82 cm) (59.65 Sumerian Inches = a meter.)
The length of a megalithic yard is also discussed a great deal. This is a measurement determined by Alexander Thom to be the unit of measure of the megalithic structures throughout England. It is considered to be 2.722 feet +/- 0.002 feet (82.96656 cm +/-0.061 cm). Knight and Butler point out several coincidences with this measurement with the Earth-Moon-Sun mostly supporting the idea that the meter was the standard of measure of the ancient peoples.
However, this position does not allow them to note that 2.722 reminds one distinctly of the circumference of the Sun in miles at 2,715,400 miles. They also miss the following co-incidence. This measurement – in feet – is the value of e, the base in which natural logs are computed. (e = 2.71828) Indeed, this value is even more reminiscent of the circumference of the Sun in miles. We of course recall the diameter of the Sun is 864366 miles which equates to ten times the seconds in a day just as if the mile was once the ancient standard.
2.722 feet is 32.66 inches. This falls out oddly if computed in Sumerian inches to 49.49. But if we divide it by 50 we obtain .653 inches. Using 2.72 feet we obtain .652 inches or the Akkadian inch that Knight and Butler were using. Fifty of the .66 inches gives 2.75 feet. The long and the short of the argument is that the Sumerian inch is directly related to both the English system and to Thom’s Megalithic Yard.
We add to Knight and Butler’s list of co-incidences further by noting that there are 12 x 109.09 Kush in the diameter of the moon at 2160 miles. The diameter of the Sun divided by the diameter of the Earth is also 109.09. And the 36″ of the English yard divided by 33″ of Akbar’s yard = 1.09.
This interesting observation can also be added. If the word Kush is translated into Hebrew gematria we obtain k = 20, u = 6, and sh = 300 or a sum of 326. ??? As in 32.6 inches in 2.72 feet or a Megalithic Yard. But I quote A.E. Berriman’s units of measurement from his fastidious work “Historical Metrology” and he spells the word kus which then converts to k = 20, u = 6, s = 60 or a sum of 86. This is the diameter of the Sun stated above. Both of which are thought provoking co-incidences.
Based on an English Inch, the Sumerian inch of .66 inches reminds us of the velocity of the Earth at 66,622 miles per hour but -only- if the inch is the known standard. Otherwise, it is just a unit of one. It is also interesting that 49.49 x .66 inches equals a Megalithic Yard of 2.72 feet and Japheth (one of Noah’s sons) in gematria is 490. The meaning of Japheth is perfect.
This loops around quite a bit with these numbers repeating and reappearing. But I will stop here so that should you read their book, you will know there is more to it.
Have a very good new year. (written January 2013, last updated Nov. 2018.)