-B.L. Freeborn (c) 2013
This is a petroglyph etched into a stone at Loughcrew recorded by George De Noyer and found in Martin Brennan’s book, “The Stones of Time.” The stone itself has been removed from the site. We shall attempt a translation here. I apologize that my background is in Civil Engineering. This means I have a logical and mathematical mind, not the papers to make me welcome in this field. The correctness of the translation lies with the individuals in the actual business of ancient translation for I am using their books and websites as reference.
I begin by noting there are six symbols and a dot acting as either a word divider or sentence divider. There are too few symbols to be individual letters unless this is only one or two words. In studying Kerbstone 86 from Knowth the appearance of the letter “wa” and hieroglyph for “great” from the Hittite/Luwian Heiroglyph system was noted. The symbol for great appears in this image as well. It is the face down C second from the bottom.
Symbol One: The sun is the most prominent image at the top and since the Loughcrew site is built to capture and measure light we assume this message is then directly related to the site and/or the sun.
The next two symbols are what we might call hieroglyphic cursive. Each is composed of three signs joined together.
Symbol two: The top part is very close to the hieroglyph SUPER 70 (Latin for above) with no sound identified. The circle and dot is SCUTELLA 402 (Latin for shield) pronounced “sa”. The small tail is “ra” 383. So we have ABOVE-sara.
Symbol three: This is also composed of three symbols. The first symbol is the same as symbol six: a zigzag of three lines. This is similar to SOLIUM 299 (throne) pronounced “i.” The cup shape is similar to CAELUM 182 (heaven) sign and to OCCIDENS 379 (west). The heaven symbol is a closed half circle with a horizontal line within while the west symbol is the same as here except with an upright staff in it. The last symbol is “ra.” So the word is i, …….., ra.
Symbol four: There is no sign in Luwian that is similar to this. However, it appears on Kerbstone 93 (see next post) and it seems to imply what it would today: to include, they, or this.
Symbol five: Is the MAGNUS 363 meaning great and sound “ur.”
Symbol six: Is the same as the first part of three. SOLIUM 299 (throne) and sound “i.”
In summary the six words are then: SUN, above-sara, i ……. ra, they, great, i. This needs a bit of work before we can equate it to modern words.
We will take SUN at face value and move on to above-sara. Above in Old English is abufen. Sara could be either sare meaning sore, or sar spelled today as sear meaning dry. Both are related terms. The word asearian or asear means to dry out, while besierwan means to oppress. So we shall leave it at “oppressive heat.”
The third symbol contains the i,……,ra. The middle syllable should be related to heaven and direction in some manner and the idea of a year fits. Old English for year is gear and surprisingly there is a word in Old English that is i,gear,ra and it is egor. Egor means flood. The related word ego is also spelled eage and means eye while egorhere means flood, deluge. So this third symbol might very well mean flood.
The forth symbol we have temporarily equated to “they” or “this.” The fifth symbol was directly from Luwian as “great” which leaves us only to interpret the last symbol which from Luwian is Solium “throne” or the sound “i.” We might understand this symbol better if we realize that the “throne” or “ruler” determined the standard of measure. (US is the inch/mile. France is meter.) The symbol then is a surveyor’s chain which is long and folds. With these two ideas we turn to old English once again and discover that “ia” means aye, yea or yes. While “ie” also spelled eche means increase. These two words also seem related and when we apply this definition to the symbol of measurement it suggests an increasing measurement. If we look back to “egor” it reconfirms the idea of increase of water or flood.
Putting it all together we have: Sun – Oppressive heat, floods. They greatly increase.
This seems to be a serious lamentation rather than a weather report which might give us some insight as to why Loughcrew was built so high above the surrounding area and why they might have been studying the movement of the Sun. All in all, it is consistent with and confirms the findings presented in “The Deep Mystery.”
I should note for the record that this interpretation suggests that English was a written language some 4000 years before it was first spoken. But then again for hundreds of years we were taught the world began in 4004 BC!
As mysteries unravel others appear…………
(1) Cyrus H. Gordon, “Forgotten Scripts.” NY: Dorset Press, 1968. See pg. 98.
(2) Martin Brennan, “The Stones of Time.” Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International, 1994. See pg. 165.
(3) J.R. Clark Hall , “A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary.” Toronto: University of Toronto, 1894.
(4) “The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language,” Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1976.
(5) Luwian Symbols by: Gunter Anders at http://www.hethport.uni-wuerzburg.de/luwglyph/Signlist.pdf