Ancient Map of Hudson Bay

Knowth Kerbstone 15. Sketch by B.L. Freeborn.

Knowth Kerbstone 15. Sketch by B.L. Freeborn.

© 2016 B. L. Freeborn

How cool would it be if a map from when the glaciers still covered Canada existed? It would show the Laurentide Ice Sheet and the lake that would eventually become Hudson Bay. Would it look just like this 5000 year old artwork from Knowth, Ireland known as Kerbstone 15?

The map shows the North Pole and its rays fanning out. The symbol on the right suggests the inscription tells of the world turning.

The line from the center towards the notch-out on the left is a line drawn from its center (magnetic north for the time period) towards Knowth, Ireland.

The monument of Knowth when seen from the air shows a small round mound overlapping the main structure or a comet impacting the planet.

See more at:

Knowth Kerbston 15. Photo by Ken Williams.

Knowth Kerbston 15. Photo by Ken Williams.

Knowth Kerbstone 15. Photo by Megalithic Ireland.

Knowth Kerbstone 15. Photo by Megalithic Ireland.

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The Adena Tablets – The Grave Creek Stone

Smithsonian photo of Grave Creek Stone from McCulloch's site

Smithsonian photo of Grave Creek Stone from McCulloch’s site

© 2015 B. L. Freeborn

The Grave Creek Stone was found in the Grave Creek Mound close to the Ohio River in West Virginia. Translations have been done, one in jest, but none seem satisfying. An excellent place to review the controversy surrounding the stone is at J. Huston McCulloch’s site linked here. The original Smithsonian photo of the stone and Schoolcraft’s art are from his site and his efforts are greatly appreciated.

Seth Eastman drawing of stone from Schoolcraft's 1850 book.

Seth Eastman drawing of stone from Schoolcraft’s 1850 book.

There are several ideas that have been consistently overlooked in translating the stone. The lines on the stone are always assumed to be guides for writing such as ruled school paper. Since most persons attempting to translate this stone read and write English which is presented horizontally it has never occurred to anyone they are not guide lines and represent something else. Perhaps they represent lines of longitude and the stone should be rotated to be read in a vertical manner.

Grave Creek Mound, Moundsville, W. Virginia

Grave Creek Mound, Moundsville, W. Virginia

Continuing with the idea they represent longitude note that the Grave Creek Mound lies at 80 degrees 44 minutes and 40 seconds West longitude and 39 degrees 55 minutes North.  For easier understanding this is 80 44 40 and 39 55.  Twice the value of the latitude is 39.55 x 2 = 79.10.  The 80 44 and 40 all sound very even and if 80 is 4 x 20 then they all repeat 4 . The sum of 80, 44 and 55 is 179 which repeats 79 and 1. This brings to mind that the sum of 79 and 1 is 80 or the longitude. But we assume that measurement of location was beyond North Americans until the European influence. Perhaps it was. But the numbers suggest otherwise. They speak of an awareness of Greenwich, England and its zero significance. If the lines on the stone represent longitude and latitude then there is a very good reason to assume the longitude of this mound is not accidental. Compare the longitude and latitude of the Miamisburg Mound which is very similar and sits on the far side of Ohio below Dayton: 39 37 39.6 N which can be written 39.63. The radius of the Earth is 3960 miles. This number is found twice in this latitude. Double the number as done at Grave Creek and find 79.2. Both Grave Creek and Miamisburg demonstrate the radius of the planet in their positioning. The longitude: 84 16 51 repeats the 4 idea in two of the numbers. The sum of 84 and 16 is 100. The sum of 39, 37, and this 100 is 176 or twice 88 which once again emphasizes 4 as 4 x 22. A square of sides of 4 has a diagonal of 5.65. The mile is 60 x 88 feet.

Miamisburg Mound

Miamisburg Mound, Miamisburg, Ohio

Consider also the location of the Alligator Effigy Mound a few miles west of the extensive Newark Earthworks in mid-Ohio. They lie at 40 4 12 N and 82 30 4 W. The latitude is once again full of 4’s. However the longitude, although nearly on the half degree, does not seem that significant until one realizes it can be written as 82.50 W. The former repeats the 4’s as expected. The latter is 528 in reverse or a tenth mile. The sum of 40, 4, 82, and 30 is 156 with the ever significant 56 at the end. The sum of 40, 4 and 12 is 56. The sum of 82 and 30 is 112 or twice 56. It is improbable that this site was chosen at random and displays these unique numbers just a few miles from an enormous earthwork that uses a 1/5th mile (1056 feet) as one of its major dimensions.

Comparison with other art from Ireland and Georgia

Comparison with other art from Ireland and Georgia

The decipherment of the stone resolves itself quickly as seen here when it is compared to Kerbstone 86 from the ancient ruins in Knowth, Ireland (3000 BC) and when compared to the Metcalf stone from Georgia. The Metcalf Stone began this series. The kerbstone was studied in a prior posting as well. The comparison shows the symbols from the kerbstone are located in the middle line if the stone is rotated and read in a vertical manner. The top is confirmed by comparison to the Metcalf stone as shown in the image. The two symbols at the bottom of the columns are out of alignment intentionally. One indicates 3 and the other 2 for 32 or the square of 5.65 is where the misalignment lies.

Numbers of Grave Creek Stone, Par II

grave creek sketch mod 2bAlthough it is believed these glyphs are letters, it is more likely they are simple small pictures that tell the same story as the Metcalf and as depicted on the Mystery Stone from New Hampshire. It is the same story depicted on the other Adena Tablets. Several of the glyphs appear to be forerunners to Phoenician letters including the symbols interpreted here as numbers at the bottom of the middle row.

grave creek readingIt is as if this is all to commemorate a separation of the North Pole from Magnetic North. It is as if they honored it with phrases like:

Oh High Yew!  which still echoes in …………Ohio!

The stone is then translated as shown and reads:

The two eyes lie at 79 degrees and 56.5 degrees in the lake.

The object struck the pole at the top and pushed it down.

The pole was stricken by two arrows and craters.

It was split and shaken.

The one place of the mountain became a great valley.

It measured the heavens.

The numbers’ order rotated.

Arisen is a pole and it is the foot for measurement of angles.

Measure also from the stricken pole place.


The last stone in this translation series will be the Newberry Tablet. The numbers are easy. Yes, same old, same old numbers! Imagine that!


Much more Information at:

J. Huston McCulloch’s site


Back to the very beginning of series on Adena Tablets

Previous Post on the Bat Creek Stone

Posts on:  Shaman Stone, Adena Pipe,

Numbers and their Meaning, Ramey Peet Tablet, Gridley Stone

McKensie and Bainbridge Tablets, Cincinnati Tablet,

Egyptian Art Comparison, Wilmington Tablet, Lakin A Tablet,

The Gaitskill Clay Tablet, Allen Tablet, Grave Creek,

The Kiefer Tablet, Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,

Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet, The Low Tablet,

The Waverly Tablet, Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

Did Neolithic Artists just Doodle or Did They Draw with Intelligent Intent?

Knowth Kerbstone 42 Sketch

Knowth Kerbstone 42 Sketch

B.L. Freeborn (c) 2013, updated Sept. 2022

Neolithic art is something we do not spend too much time studying. We class it with ancient graffiti, decorative art, or a bit of bragging about the recent hunt. We do not really expect it to tell us anything in the way of communication of important ideas. If it does say anything, we assume they are simple messages from simple minded people and move on. An article by Dr. Philip Stooke in 1994, “Neolithic Lunar Maps at Knowth and Baltinglass, Ireland,” proposed that several works of art found in the Knowth Passage Mound, Ireland are images of the moon’s surface. Most of the art at Knowth and the nearby sites are an odd assortment of lines, swirls and dots. One stone simply depicts 16 circles. Then there is the other extreme. There is another stone so covered with markings it looks like a piece of overused doodle paper.

We are going to look at a few kerbstones found at Knowth, Ireland. These stones are some 5500 years old.

The first stone to be studied is the aforementioned simple 16 circle image drawn on Kerbstone 42 depicted above. It is one of the 127 kerbstones at Knowth.

Another author has proposed that these Neolithic artists counted their year in 16 months and therefore each circle is a month. It is suggested here the 16 circles simply represent the distance Earth travels in a day. ??? Yes. It travels 1.6 million miles on average in any given day.

Now it would be logical for you to scoff and say these artists did not measure in miles, nor were they even aware the Earth moves or even rotates. Since we believed until quite recently in our own history that the Sun circled the Earth we assume they were as simple minded as we are/were.

As far as measuring in miles, they left us another clue that they did measure in miles and perhaps we should hold up on the scoffing. That 16 is written as two pairs of 8 circles, the upper line and the lower line. 8 and 8 as in 88. We all remember that 88 x 60 = 5280 and that is how many feet are in a mile. There is a group of 6 in a neat array on the right side to remind us of 6 and 60 and the minutes in an hour.

Now would be a good time to declare, “That it is purely co-incidental!”

Before tossing the whole idea out as a sour apple we might note the left group forms 9 circles and the right group 7 circles. There are 2 lines of circles. 7, 9 and 2 ?? 792??   As in 7920 miles in the diameter of Earth?

Yet we might say the left group has 8 circles in a neat square array and the right group has 6 circles in a neat square array as in 8 6. The Sun’s diameter is 864 thousand miles.

But we have forgotten the one hanging out at the beginning and end. We could say we have a series 1 8 6 1 which looks remarkably like the diameter of Earth’s orbit at 186 million miles.

Now we discover a second way to determine 5280 feet. Note that the group of 8 times the group of 6 times one on each end for 11 equals 8 x 6 x 11 = 528.

There is an expected number still missing. The number 56 should appear in the message since this number consistently appears at ancient sites.

3200 is 56.56². The image has 16 circles. They are depicted in two lines. So we might say 2 x 16 gives us the 32.

Recall that the Great Pyramid was constructed only 750 years after these tombs and it displays celestial measurements encoded into its structure. Knowth is a large earthen mass with two narrow halls that emit light into the structure. The pyramids are similarly designed.

Perhaps you think this is too much knowledge for a stone age man to possess? The name of the place is Knowth which means “to know” and this only adds to the curiosity of it all. So, for a Neolithic doodle this one packs a powerful mathematical message. This artist has written in a language we can understand and yet we still do not trust our eyes.

Very shortly we will look at Kerbstone 52, a much more complex doodle and that will really leave us wondering.

Have a great day!


Knowth Kerbstone 52: A Statement of Science

Knowth Kerbstone 52, sketch by BL Freeborn.

Knowth Kerbstone 52,sketch by BL Freeborn.

(c) 2013, updated Sept. 2022

Let us look at another doodle by a stone swinging Irishman – Kerbstone 52 from Knowth, Ireland.

The Knowth mound has a diameter 275 feet and has 127 kerbstones surrounding the base perimeter of approximately 866 feet. This circumference brings to mind the diameter of the Sun at 864,000 miles. Because we are discussing a circular mound the idea of pi comes to mind. 127 x pi equals 399. The diameter of the Moon is 2160 and that of the Sun is 864336 and this gives us the ratio of 1:400 regardless of the units used.

So, now we begin a study of the petroglyph found on Kerbstone 52 as sketched in the figure. Dr. Philip Stooke suggests in his article that this drawing is of the phases of the moon as it exhibits several images we can easily associate with its changing appearance. However, even he admitted that these symbols really have little in common with the actual observed appearance of the Moon throughout a month.

He noted that there are 29 phases depicted above and below the center up-down line. There are four circles marked T, three circles marked B, one up-side down crescent marked D, two left opening crescents or C’s marked L, 17 left opening C’s marked U that lie underneath in a straight line, followed by crescent R which is removed from the group and the cycle ends with the crescent marked M. A sum of these reveals there are indeed 29 symbols encircling the up-down line. There are two crescents below the circles in the middle. Not all sketches depict these two.

At this point most people conclude the artist was not very gifted or a lousy observer and they move on. However, we shall be a little more determined than most so that we might prove the translation of the previous stone was not wildly co-incidental.

Here we start by counting all the symbols. Because the one C is removed from the rest there is a tendency to get only 28. We see 28 x 2 = 56. This number 56 appears at Stonehenge. There are 56 Aubrey holes surrounding Stonehenge which are unexplained. It was the number found in the previous kerbstone study.

If the crescent marked R is placed with the 28 we obtain 1 plus 28 or 128 which is one more than the number of kerbstones. 128 x pi = 402 which reflects the ratio between the diameter of the Sun and Moon and the ratio of their distances from Earth, both of which is 400 to 1.

Also note the layout. At the center top is a circle below which are two C’s. On each side are two sets of 3 circles. Kerbstone 93 depicts something similar. The darker three suggests 3 craters. The center circle with C’s below suggest ‘issue forth’. Issue forth what? Below is a wave. The right 3 circles appear like latitude lines. So one might say at 33 is 3 craters from where the waves issued forth. Reinforcing this there is a wave like twirl on the left. To its left is crescent marked M. In another post the idea this means great is discussed. It reinforces the idea of not just a wave but a great wave. At the end of the wave is 3 more crescents (marked L) suggesting… ‘at great wave from the three craters.’

The up-down wave line has 16 cycles or 16 up and 16 down for 32. The square root of 32 is 5.65. Recall 90 degrees – 56.5 equals 33.5 which essentially explains the 33.

The crescent at R and the seventeen in a row can be taken as 117 or 171. The first is twice 58.5 recalling the distance earth travels in a year at 584 million miles. The second is twice 85.5 which recalls the diameter of the sun at 860,000 miles.

A simpler explanation is to add the 17 C’s to 16 waves and obtain a repeat of 33. Or we might say ‘from one came many craters.’

We look again at the image and see the top circles may also represent the Sun. We count 4 T circles plus 3 B circles and the 2 crescents below the circles. 4 3 2? The radius of the Sun is 432,000 miles or multiply by 2 and obtain 864, the diameter of the Sun at 864,000 miles.

At the center bottom is a prominent spiral symbol. This can be translated to mean turning, cycles, repetition, or the ecliptic. It appears prominently in Kerbstone 5 and there was interpreted as turn.

Next to this turn glyph is an unexplained series of connected symbols very similar to one found at Loughcrew. (See post.) Here we might add to that discussion by noting that here it seems to depict ‘fell,’ a zigzag and a crater. The zigzag has 3 points at the top and 2 below for 32. It has been noted 32 is the square of 5.65. So it could mean it ‘fell to/at 56.5 at the crater.’ This appears accurate if one takes the time to look at satellite images and note the longitude there!

The only really pertinent number missing is 792. The 7 is obvious with 7 circles as well as the 2 C’s below it but the 9 is allusive. If one counts the C’s on the left and right of the turn. There are 8 left and 9 right for 89. The square root of 7920 is 89. This is the diameter of Earth.

So, this is one very complicated mathematical message after all! But is it remotely possible these stone wielding cave men knew anything of science?

Recall that the Pyramids are considered to be some 4800 years old and that many people have found values which represent Earth and Solar System measurements designed into its structure. Knowth is some 500 to 700 years older than the pyramids which is a reasonable period of time to develop the engineering skills to step from building round monuments to monstrous pyramidal monuments.


Ancient Irish Way Too Advanced for Us?

Knowth Kerbstone 118 and its Mathematical Message.

B.L. Freeborn (c) 2013, updated Sept. 2022

Knowth Kerbstone 118 is a very simple drawing. Using the same techniques we used to look at Kerbstone 52 and 42 we see that this also conveys numerical data.

It is 9 up and down cycles arranged in an L shape. The corner is exaggerated in width and so each corner of the curve is counted. This drawing is really quite clever and conveys much more than expected in a quick glance. There are 7 loops on the horizontal and 2 on the vertical. It could be said this forms the series 792 which reminds one of the 7920 mile diameter of Earth.

The 7, 7 makes 77   and 3, 2 makes 32   …so…

77 / 32 = 2.40   The number of hours in a day is 24.

32 + 77 = 109  is the ratio of Earth’s diameter to the Sun’s diameter.

The following can also be found: 7 for 7 days in a week and 32 = 5.65 squared which reminds of 56 found in other posts.

Read the 7 and 2 as 72 and one finds the years in one degree of precession of the pole star.

See the corner as one and find 2, 1, 6. The diameter of the Moon is 2160 miles.

Accurate numerical data is just not what we are expecting from people in the distant past which is why we are so hesitant to accept the veracity of the interpretation. But we will see in the next readings that these counts and numbers are not accidental.


A Simple and Elegant Neolithic Oops

– B.L. Freeborn (c) 2013, updated Sept. 2022

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

There is an oops in this drawing that reveals all. You won’t see it right off in its simple symmetric shape of four crescents, a line and two dots but here is the thing. If you examine image after image of art from Knowth, Dowth, Loughcrew and Newgrange you will see abstract shapes of swirls, curves, zigzags, crescents etc. but you will never see anything that looks specifically like a distinct letter. A crescent does but it is not distinct enough for one to point at a specific alphabet and say ahah! that is from Ancient ….. It is as though these artists did not have a written language and that is why symbols that appear to be letters or hieroglyphs are absent. There seems to be an overwhelming agreement these ancient builders were illiterate. Yet it is a simple idea that no letters were used in their art because these monuments were built for the eons and people (like us) who would not speak their specific language but who might speak – the one universal language.

So the oops is the letter dead center in the image. A line with a dot on each side according to the eminent Dr. Cyrus Gordon is part of the Hittite (now called Luwian) Hieroglyphic system and it is the letter “wa.” It does not mean this is the Luwian language but if it is “wa” then it confirms these people spoke an Indo-European language just as we would expect. We will come back to this.

Shall we read this mathematical message to us sent across time?

As before, we immediately count 4 C’s in a square shape and draw the conclusion we must square four!  Or 4² + 4² = 5.65².   And there we have the incredibly important and secret number 56 that is central to the deep mystery and appears at Stonehenge (see post) and is incorporated into the Giza Pyramid.

The C shape looks like the Hebrew K so we shall equate it to 20. What then might we equate the “wa” to? In Hebrew gematria the “wa” sound is often indicated by the ‘vav’ which equals 6. This gives us 4 C’s at 20 + 6 or 86. And this is the incredibly important value of the Sun with its diameter in miles at 864,000.

Can there be any other mathematical secrets in this figure?

Let us read it as we did others. 2 C, 1 wa, 2 C equates to 212. ????

But perhaps they meant us to add the 21 and 12 to get 33. Does 33 mean anything special? As a matter of fact it does. It is one of the often repeated numbers.

So let us go one step further. If they had an alphabet, then what language did they speak?

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Perhaps the answer to that has been stolen from us. Martin Brennan records in his book the inscription on a stone which was removed from Loughcrew, Ireland. This is a mountain site which is much older than Knowth and Newgrange. I repeat the symbols here with the warning that they have been reproduced in succession and errors may have crept in.

This then suggests these people did have a written language distinct from the art. Since we would like to think we are quick of wit, let us try to solve the present riddle at hand. We have 2 C’s, a “wa”, and 2 C’s.

Since this decipherment into words is novel we shall do it thrice:

Try One:

C is the initial sound in crescent, comet, cup and cave and its shape repeats the idea of each word’s meaning. This suggests it has sound value K. So let us stick with it and pronounce the word.  CCwaCC or KwaK.

I am told that at one time all the letters in words were pronounced. So when we read light as lite it is incorrect. The gh in light was once pronounced. This suggests the c and k of quick were both pronounced. Because Knowth is on an island once solidly joined to Britain and Germany by land, and in close proximity regardless, it is not too far a cry to suggest this is one of two English words: quake or quick. The latter has the double c preserved and both preserve the k-wa sound. And if you think about it, they say the same thing. In Old English, according to J.R. Clark Hall, quake and quick are spelled cwac and cwic respectively. And he reminds us that it means “living, trembling”, and “living, alive.”  From Indo-European roots it is found as gwei which is the root of both English “quick” and German “Kwi(k)waz” also meaning alive.  (Old languages did not always differentiate between g and k.) In support of this interpretation, quick and quake are both appropriate to the diagram itself once the over all meaning of the site is understood.

This then suggests once again the impossible, just as an analysis of the Sator-Rotas revealed, and that is, that the English language did not begin around 500 AD as we are educated. For these sites are older than the pyramids. It helps piece together a past for the English language that might just pre-date High German. Is this possible? Time will tell.

Try Two:

As above we have CCwaCC. The Old English word ceac meaning vessel can be represented by the two letters CC. In Old English ‘wa’ is the word “woe, a sorrow.” It is also the root word of water. The -ter suffix changes the word into a noun. Hence, the word can also represent water. So this translation suggests there were two vessels, woe, two vessels. The image reinforces this translation.

Try Three:

We look once again at the Luwian and find that the large bold C symbol is the hieroglyph for the word meaning “great.” So then our image reads great, great, wa, great, great. The hieroglyph is associated with the sound ur. Ur was a very great city of the past. Perhaps this is why the linguists have happened upon the association. In Old English we note that ur can mean our, ore or origin. So then, the image takes on the meaning origin-woe. To understand this better we note that sometimes the hieroglyphs did not represent a sound but the object itself. In this case it could mean great, great woe. So we have “the origin of the great woe.” And if this woe was water then perhaps they are explaining the origin of the great flood itself.

So in total we have “the origin of the great woe” that was quick and a quake. It speaks of a great sorrow, a quake, a tragedy, a great woe and great vessels. It speaks of the deluge and perhaps the Day the Pole Moved.

Many more mysteries to unravel…..

Thank you for reading!

See more of fantastic Knowth and Dowth at these links:

(1) Cyrus H. Gordon, “Forgotten Scripts.” NY: Dorset Press, 1968. See pg. 98.

(2) Martin Brennan, “The Stones of Time.” Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International, 1994. See pg. 165.

(3) J.R. Clark Hall , “A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary.”  Toronto: University of Toronto, 1894.

(4) “The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language,” Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1976. See Indo-European Roots, pg. 1519.


A Loughcrew Neolithic Petroglyph Translation

-B.L. Freeborn (c) 2013, updated Nov. 2018

There was a petroglyph etched into a stone at Loughcrew recorded by George De Noyer and found in Martin Brennan’s book, “The Stones of Time.” The stone itself has been removed from the site. A translation shall be attempted here.

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Note there are six symbols and a dot acting as either a word divider or sentence divider. There are too few symbols to be individual letters unless this is only one or two words. In studying Kerbstone 86 from Knowth the appearance of the letter “wa” and hieroglyph for “great” from the Hittite/Luwian Heiroglyph system was noted. The symbol for great appears in this image as well. It is the face down C second from the bottom.

Symbol One: The sun is the most prominent image at the top and since the Loughcrew site is built to capture and measure light we assume this message is then directly related to the site and/or the sun. Another possibility exists that this is a compound symbol and should be seen as a circle and dot surrounded by rays. The circle and dot is SCUTELLA 402 (Latin for shield) pronounced “sa”. The word “sa” in Old English means bucket.

The next two symbols are what might be called hieroglyphic cursive. Each is composed of three signs joined together.

Symbol two: The top part is very close to the hieroglyph SUPER 70 (Latin for above) with no sound identified. The circle and dot is SCUTELLA 402 (Latin for shield) pronounced “sa”. The small tail is “ra” 383. So we have ABOVE-sara.

Symbol three: This is also composed of three symbols. The first symbol is the same as symbol six: a zigzag of three lines. This is similar to SOLIUM 299 (throne) pronounced “i.” The cup shape is similar to CAELUM 182 (heaven) sign and to OCCIDENS 379 (west). The heaven symbol is a closed half circle with a horizontal line within while the west symbol is the same as here except with an upright staff in it. The last symbol is “ra.” So the word is  i, …….., ra.

Symbol four: There is no sign in Luwian that is similar to this. However, it appears on Kerbstone 93 (see next post) and it seems to imply what it would today: to include, they, or this.

Symbol five: Is the MAGNUS 363 meaning great and sound “ur.”

Symbol six: Is the same as the first part of three. SOLIUM 299 (throne) and sound “i.”

In summary the six words are then: Sun or bucket, above-sara, i ……. ra, they, great, i. This needs a bit of work before we can equate it to modern words.

We could take the word SUN at face value or we could say from “the bucket it spread.” The dual meaning together suggests from the explosion like the Sun it spread.

Looking at Above-sara note that sara could be either sare meaning sore or sar spelled today as sear meaning dry. Both are related terms. The word asear means to dry out. So we shall leave it as “above was seared.”

The third symbol contains the i,……,ra. The middle syllable should be related to heaven and direction in some manner and the idea of a year fits. Old English for year is gear. Similarly there is the word gore and “gar” meaning spear. Both gore and gar reinforce the idea of an explosion. Surprisingly there is a word in Old English that is i,gar,ra and it is egor. Egor means flood, deluge. So this third symbol might very well mean flood.

The forth symbol we have temporarily equated to “they” or “this.” The fifth symbol was directly from Luwian as “great” which leaves us only to interpret the last symbol which from Luwian is Solium “throne” or the sound “i.” We might understand this symbol better if we realize that the “throne” or “ruler” determined the standard of measure (the length of the inch,mile, meter). The symbol then is a surveyor’s chain which is long and folds. If we look back to “egor” it reconfirms the idea of a measure of water or flood.

Putting it all together we have: Explosion, seared above, floods. They are great in measure.

This seems to be a serious lamentation rather than a weather report which might give us some insight as to why Loughcrew was built so high above the surrounding area and why they might have been studying the movement of the Sun. All in all, it is consistent with and confirms the findings presented in other posts.

This translation suggests that English was a written language some 4000 years earlier than than believed today. But then again for hundreds of years we were taught the world began in 4004 BC!

As mysteries unravel others appear…………

(1) Cyrus H. Gordon, “Forgotten Scripts.” NY: Dorset Press, 1968. See pg. 98.

(2) Martin Brennan, “The Stones of Time.” Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International, 1994. See pg. 165.

(3) J.R. Clark Hall , “A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary.”  Toronto: University of Toronto, 1894.

(4) “The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language,” Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1976.

(5) Luwian Symbols by: Gunter Anders at

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Through the Mists of Time Comes a Message

Sketch of Kerbstone 93, Knowth, Ireland, after Brennan, after A. Murphy.

Sketch of Kerbstone 93, Knowth, Ireland, after Brennan, after A. Murphy.

-B. L. Freeborn © 2013, updated Sept. 2022

My posts have been described as “a cohesive but crazy time cube.” I continue in my cohesively crazy manner to explain the Neolithic art at Knowth, Ireland on Kerbstone 93.

Kerbstone 93 is a perfect “napkin” drawing that should be common knowledge today but somehow we missed this obvious and simple concept. These ancient artists are telling us how the Earth behaves under an infinitely large impact load. They knew this information was important and they did the impossible. Not only did they survive such an event against all odds, but they left us a written record of it.

Kerbstone 93 is a simple drawing which is realistic in its depiction of an event with two key numbers beneath it. The two numbers we have seen before at this site so it is not surprising to find them so boldly depicted. The two numbers are 33 and 56. Because of a beautiful image by A. Murphy we can correct the right side of Martin Brennan’s sketch as shown. The correction depicts 2 C’s, an inclusive parentheses and a large crescent. This we might interpret as many craters were created from the each one. A reading of these 3 C’s followed by 3 C’s when read right left is: many craters were created from the each one. There are 3 at 33. Which is factually correct.

Notice there are 8 peaks and 9 valleys in the bottom glyph.  The square root of 7920 is 89. Note that 56 is read quite simply. The large line parenthesis beneath the cycle line marks out 5 peaks and 6 valleys.

The dot divides the peaks into 3 and 2 or 32 which is the square of 5.65. This repeats the 56 idea. Recall 90 degrees minus 56.5 is 33.5 which gives additional meaning to the 33.

The diagram clearly depicts an event. Reading it left to right, we see an object with a center. It is approaching the Earth which is correctly depicted as viewed from above with lines of latitude shown. The short line at 11:00 depicts the impact site of the object on the left and the two lines at 2:00 show its final position. The swirl to the right is an explanation to the viewer. The artist explains simply, “It turned.”

This then is the message of Knowth from the scientists of an ancient era to the scientists of today. It is simple. It is straightforward and it is logical.


(1) Martin Brennan, “The Stones of Time.” Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International, 1994.

(2) A. Murphy, 2000 at


Translating Knowth Kerbstone 5

Kerbstone 5 from Knowth, Ireland

Kerbstone 5 from Knowth, Ireland

-B. L. Freeborn © 2013, updated Nov. 2018

Kerbstone K5 is simple, straightforward and powerful in its message. Reading the large image left to right we have a symbol for longitude or a line which hugs the planet in a U shape and runs vertically. (In this case, it is shown horizontally.) In the middle of this U is a bar or a pole and surely, longitude wraps around the planet beginning and ending at the pole.

Next, just to the lower right of this we have a small round circle within a circle. A comet on collision course with the planet? The inner circle is the eye and the surrounding circle is the coma. The artist attempts to depict by its placement an impact near the pole. The planet is turned by the impact as noted by the swirl image and we see in the final image that it is shaken and the lines of longitude are changed.

In the upper right corner are 6 circles. The fifth from the right is different from the others. So we have 5 and 6 for the 56 we expect to see.

On the left face of the stone is an image for longitude, pole and latitude; or for cup, pole and crater. The top face has the turn symbol again.

This stone is a picture of an event rather than a mathematical message. It reinforces the message we saw in the last post about Kerbstone 93.

This is all a part of  the mystery and the ultimate purpose for Knowth. It assures us that we will come to knowth the truth.

The last stone to be studied is the enigmatic kerbstone 52 from Newgrange and its exquisite art.