Ancient Map of Hudson Bay

Knowth Kerbstone 15. Sketch by B.L. Freeborn.

Knowth Kerbstone 15. Sketch by B.L. Freeborn.

© 2016 B. L. Freeborn

How cool would it be if a map from when the glaciers still covered Canada existed? It would show the Laurentide Ice Sheet and the lake that would eventually become Hudson Bay. Would it look just like this 5000 year old artwork from Knowth, Ireland known as Kerbstone 15?

The map shows the North Pole and its rays fanning out. The symbol on the right suggests the inscription tells of the world turning.

The line from the center towards the notch-out on the left is a line drawn from its center (magnetic north for the time period) towards Knowth, Ireland.

The monument of Knowth when seen from the air shows a small round mound overlapping the main structure or a comet impacting the planet.

See more at:

http://www.knowth.com/knowth-kerbstone15.htm

http://www.megalithicireland.com/Knowth.htm

Knowth Kerbston 15. Photo by Ken Williams.

Knowth Kerbston 15. Photo by Ken Williams.

Knowth Kerbstone 15. Photo by Megalithic Ireland.

Knowth Kerbstone 15. Photo by Megalithic Ireland.

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Thence Came Baal

By B.L. Freeborn © 2013, updated Nov. 2018

Baal, a Statute from Ugarit.14th to 12th BC. Louvre, Wikipedia,

Baal, a Statute from Ugarit.14th to 12th BC. Louvre, Wikipedia.

Beltane and Baal are they related? It has already been proposed that they are. The scant information on Beltane suggests it involved building bonfires, the union of male and female, fertility, and the maypole. The maypole ceremony involves weaving long ribbons around a large pole held vertically. This idea is usually interpreted in the classic phallic manner. Yet, we might travel further in our understanding of the ancient world if we broaden our minds a bit. Can we not represent the north pole as a vertically held pole? Do not the lines of longitude project out from the pole in the same manner as the ribbons on the maypole? Certainly then, the object of weaving the lines about the pole is to remind us that lines of longitude and latitude are measured from this central point. This concept can be found not only in the Cuneiform records but it can also be found in Native American lore, just as the Noah story appears in both places. It is a relatively easy concept to understand but twice as easy to misunderstand if one has never been taught about longitude and latitude. It was simple then to relegate the maypole to a sanitized sexual symbol.

The word Beltane conjures up the image of a bell. While the word Baal brings to mind a ball which is reinforced by images such as we see in this Baal-Ugarit Statue. Yet these images converge if we picture that a fiery ball might appear as a bell and indeed, in Old English, a baelfire is a funerary pyre. What possible connection can there be between a maypole and a ball-fire? This is one facet of the story Newark might help answer.

Circle and Octagon of Newark, Ohio Earthworks portrayed as a circle joining with a square.

Circle and Octagon of Newark, Ohio Earthworks portrayed as a circle joining with a square.

The pieces of Beltane we are left with is the concept of male, female and fertility. Since it is a spring festival we might assume these latter parts are all self-explanatory but we can take them another way as well. We look directly at Newark now and see that Baal, Bael, can be described by the circle which leaves the square as its counterpart. So then, in the circle-square we have the union of male and female which is indicated by the circle-octagon with the neck between them. Let us say the circle impacts with the square and causes it to rotate. There are two identical squares within the Octagon which are rotated. Let us say that the union is so abrupt and intense that the square breaks outwards. It is shattered and torn. The Old English word for torn is teon which is of course derived from the number ten and our fingers. Our ten fingers are used to tear apart. Hence, ten becomes teon. Now we have a better understanding of the word Beltane. It is Baal-teon which is then correctly illustrated here. Baal has impacted with the square which we may assume is Earth and it is torn apart. The image of Newark explains the effect of the impact is not only a rotation but a shattering. The images further relate a shift occurred which is portrayed to us by the translation of the two images across the plane equidistantly 6 diameters or 1.2 miles which echoes the statement “the earth was created in 6 days.

Circle and Octagon translate 6 OCD across plane to become circle and square. Drawing by B.L. Freeborn.

Circle and Octagon translate 6 OCD across plane to become circle and square. Drawing by B.L. Freeborn.

Right side of Newark Earthworks taken from Burks drawing.

Right side of Newark Earthworks taken from Burks drawing.

We can then postulate that the three images on the right indicate the condition of Earth after meeting Baal, its new relationship to the Sun, and an oval which we do not understand as of yet. The Great Circle as the Earth indicates the distance it travels in a year, the length of its day, and its velocity via the numbers 580, 1200 x 2, and 66.6. But we need to interpret the steeply formed neck, the bird, and the crescent in relation to the circle. The answer is supplied  by the artifacts which have been found: balls, crescents and meteoric iron. In fact, there is another clue supplied in an article by Romain.1 The Great Serpent Mound is built very near the Serpent Mound Impact Crater in southern Ohio. The .8 mile diameter crater was caused by a meteor impact between (we are told) 256 and 330 million years ago. All things considered it would seem then that the “bird” within the Great Circle is a meteor and the steeply formed neck is its impact site into the Earth. The crescent below the bird then is its crater driven deep into Earth. This suggests more than a passing understanding of the formation of craters such as the one found in southern Ohio.

Moving to the second of the earthworks on the right side we have a square. This exhibits measurements present in Earth’s orbit. The square as a symbol of measurement is found identically in Olmec art and Assyrian art.2 It is presented in Egyptian art and identically in Sumerian art. The square is the foundation of measurement. We can see this for ourselves on any map that shows longitude and latitude. The lines form squares.

This leaves us once again at the Oval where we remain perplexed for just a wee longer.

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References/Footnotes:

  1. Romain, William F., Ph.D., LiDAR Views of the Serpent Mound Impact Crater, “Ohio Archaeological Council,” January 2012.  See: http://www.ohioarchaeology.org/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=361&Itemid=32
  2. Freeborn, B.L., “The Odd Little Purse in Olmec and Assyrian Art.”  See: https://noahsage.com/2013/02/17/the-odd-little-purse-in-olmec-and-assyrian-art/
  3. Baal Image: Wikipedia, Jastrow, PD.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Baal_Ugarit_Louvre_AO17330.jpg

Did Neolithic Artists just Doodle or Did They Draw with Intelligent Intent?

Knowth Kerbstone 42 Sketch

Knowth Kerbstone 42 Sketch

Neolithic art is something we do not spend too much time studying. We class it with ancient graffiti, decorative art, or a bit of bragging about the recent hunt. We do not really expect it to tell us anything in the way of communication of important ideas. If it does say anything, we assume they are simple messages from simple minded people and move on. An article by Dr. Philip Stooke in 1994, “Neolithic Lunar Maps at Knowth and Baltinglass, Ireland,” proposed that several works of art found in the Knowth Passage Mound, Ireland are images of the moon’s surface. Most of the art at Knowth and the nearby sites are an odd assortment of lines, swirls and dots. One stone simply depicts 16 circles. Then there is the other extreme. There is another stone so covered with markings it looks like a piece of overused doodle paper.

We are going to look at a few kerbstones found at Knowth, Ireland. These stones are some 5500 years old.

The first stone to be studied is the aforementioned simple 16 circle image drawn on Kerbstone 42 depicted above. It is one of the 127 kerbstones at Knowth.

Another author has proposed that these Neolithic artists counted their year in 16 months and therefore each circle is a month. It is suggested here the 16 circles simply represent the distance Earth travels in a day. ??? Yes. It travels 1.6 million miles on average in any given day.

Now it would be logical for you to scoff and say these artists did not measure in miles, nor were they even aware the Earth moves or even rotates. Since we believed until quite recently in our own history that the Sun circled the Earth we assume they were as simple minded as we are/were.

As far as measuring in miles, they left us another clue that they did measure in miles and perhaps we should hold up on the scoffing. That 16 is written as two pairs of 8 circles, the upper line and the lower line. 8 and 8 as in 88. We all remember that 88 x 60 = 5280 and that is how many feet are in a mile. There is a group of 6 in a neat array on the right side to remind us of 6 and 60 and the minutes in an hour.

Now would be a good time to declare, “That it is purely co-incidental!”

Before tossing the whole idea out as a sour apple we might note the left group forms 9 circles and the right group 7 circles. There are 2 lines of circles. 7, 9 and 2 ?? 792??   As in 7920 miles in the diameter of Earth?

Yet we might say the left group has 8 circles in a neat square array and the right group has 6 circles in a neat square array as in 8 6. The Sun’s diameter is 864 thousand miles.

But we have forgotten the one hanging out at the beginning and end. We could say we have a series 1 8 6 1 which looks remarkably like the diameter of Earth’s orbit at 186 million miles.

Now we discover a second way to determine 5280 feet. Note that the group of 8 times the group of 6 times one on each end for 11 equals 8 x 6 x 11 = 528.

There is an expected number still missing. The number 56 should appear in the message since this number consistently appears at ancient sites.

3200 is 56.56². The image has 16 circles. They are depicted in two lines. So we might say 2 x 16 gives us the 32.

Recall that the Great Pyramid was constructed only 750 years after these tombs and it displays celestial measurements encoded into its structure. Knowth is a large earthen mass with two narrow halls that emit light into the structure. The pyramids are similarly designed.

Perhaps you think this is too much knowledge for a stone age man to possess? The name of the place is Knowth which means “to know” and this only adds to the curiosity of it all. So, for a Neolithic doodle this one packs a powerful mathematical message. This artist has written in a language we can understand and yet we still do not trust our eyes.

Very shortly we will look at Kerbstone 52, a much more complex doodle and that will really leave us wondering.

Have a great day!

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(updated Nov. 2018)

Knowth Kerbstone 52: A Statement of Science

Let us look at another doodle by a stone swinging Irishman – Kerbstone 52 from Knowth, Ireland.

Knowth Kerbstone 52, sketch by BL Freeborn.

Knowth Kerbstone 52, sketch by BL Freeborn.

The Knowth mound has a diameter 275 feet and has 127 kerbstones surrounding the base perimeter of approximately 866 feet. This circumference brings to mind the diameter of the Sun at 864,000 miles. Because we are discussing a circular mound the idea of pi comes to mind. 127 x pi equals 399. The diameter of the Moon is 2160 and that of the Sun is 864336 and this gives us the ratio of 1:400 regardless of the units used.

So, now we begin a study of the petroglyph found on Kerbstone 52 as sketched in the figure. Dr. Philip Stooke suggests in his article that this drawing is of the phases of the moon as it exhibits several images we can easily associate with its changing appearance. However, even he admitted that these symbols really have little in common with the actual observed appearance of the Moon throughout a month.

He noted that there are 29 phases depicted above and below the center up-down line. There are four circles marked T, three circles marked B, one up-side down crescent marked D, two left opening crescents or C’s marked L, 17 left opening C’s marked U that lie underneath in a straight line, followed by crescent R which is removed from the group and the cycle ends with the crescent marked M. A sum of these reveals there are indeed 29 symbols encircling the up-down line. There are two crescents below the circles in the middle. Not all sketches depict these two.

At this point most people conclude the artist was not very gifted or a lousy observer and they move on. However, we shall be a little more determined than most so that we might prove the translation of the previous stone was not wildly co-incidental.

Here we start by counting all the symbols. Because the one C is removed from the rest there is a tendency to get only 28. We see 28 x 2 = 56. This number 56 appears at Stonehenge. There are 56 Aubrey holes surrounding Stonehenge which are unexplained. It was the number found last in the previous kerbstone study.

If the crescent marked R is placed with the 28 we obtain 1 plus 28 or 128 which is one more than the number of kerbstones. 128 x pi = 402 which reflects the ratio between the diameter of the Sun and Moon and the ratio of their distances from Earth, both of which is 400 to 1.

If the crescents are counted as 29 and the two below are considered, then we have 29.2. Twice this number is 58.4. The distance earth travels in a year is 58.4 million miles.

At the center is a spiral symbol. This can be translated to mean cycles, repetition, turning or the ecliptic. So perhaps we are looking for cycles involving the Moon, Sun and Earth.

The up-down line has 16 cycles or 16 up and 16 down for 32. The square root of 32 is 5.65 which repeats the 56.

Add the 16 up and 16 down to the 28 crescents and obtain 60 for minutes and seconds. Now we might notice that the 22 crescents surrounding the line plus the two C in the middle create 24 as in hours in a day? These are both cyclic numbers.

We look again at the image and see the circles may also represent the Sun not only the Moon. We count 4 T circles plus 3 B circles and the 2 crescents below the circles. 4 3 2? The radius of the Sun is 432,000 miles or multiply by 2 and obtain 864, the diameter of the Sun at 864,000 miles.

Notice those two crescents below the 7 circles which are back to back. 1 and 1 as in 11. Note that 11 seems to have special meaning in two ways. The first is symbolic suggesting One God. 11 x 11 = 121, 111 x 111 = 12321 and 1111 x 1111 = 1234321 which is rather unique feature of 1 or 11, and might indeed impress someone with its holiness. It may simply mean the sum of 5 + 6 = 11.

If we multiply the 11 by the 7 circles above we obtain 77. As 7.7 it is the square of 2.77.

Dr. Stooke noted the 29 correlates with the number of days in a lunar month. Here is the thing. The lunar month is not a fixed number like the Earth’s year. It varies. The longest period of time between full moons is about 29.72 days. On the average today it is 29.53 days.

So here is the trick. Start counting these 29 symbols at the left circle T moving clockwise and upon completing the circle pause and then recount the 7 circles to obtain: 29 pause 7 or the 29.7 days of the longest average month. Or proceed in this manner. Begin at the same spot counting clockwise 29 pause, count 4 T pause, and conclude with 3 B circles. So that now we obtain 29.43 or one of the shortest lunar months.

Or find the Sidereal Lunar month by counting all 29 symbols and then add the 32 (16 up/downs) to create 29.32 but this is off by two days. The actual value is 27.32 which we can obtain if we subtract the 2 upper middle crescents.

The 29.7 is a unique number in that if it is read in reverse it reads 7.92 or the diameter of the Earth 7920 miles. The diameter can also be obtained by noting the 7 circles, add the 2 middle crescents for 9 and then the 22 remaining crescents for 7922.

There are 7 circles in all. What is the probability each circle represents a day or a 7 day week? If they used a seven day week, would we not find 52 weeks represented?

Begin at those 2 middle crescents, add the seven circles and then add the 22 remaining crescents to obtain 2 7 22 or 2722 which is the square of 52.17 or the weeks in a year.

This 2.722 nearly gives us the 2.77 we have already discussed.

The diameter of the moon is easily found. There are 2 L’s and 16 “cycles” on the up-down line which gives us 2160 mile diameter. Or from the reverse direction R and M followed by the 16 cycles gives the same 216. The 16 ups and downs also reminds us the earth travels 1.6 million miles in a day. This idea is further illustrated by the left end of the line which curls round like the earth turning in a day.

We may further suggest that the up-down line describes something that goes up and comes down because of gravity. The sum of 16 + 16 = 32 and that reminds us of 32.17 ft/sec² of gravity. Which then makes us look at those 17 U’s beneath the line to create 32.17.

The 1 R crescent followed by the 17 U’s creates 117 which is 2 x 58.5. This brings to mind earth’s circumferential orbit each year of 584 million miles found previously.

The 17 U’s are significant. They may represent the 173 AU that light travels in a day or the 17 minutes it takes light to traverse the diameter of Earth’s orbit. This makes the up-down line a symbol of light traveling which, ironically, is pretty much how we symbolize light traveling today.

So, this is one very complicated mathematical message after all! But is it remotely possible these stone wielding cave men knew anything of science?

Recall that the Pyramids are considered to be some 4800 years old and that many people have found values which represent Earth and Solar System measurements designed into its structure. Knowth is some 500 to 700 years older than the pyramids which is a reasonable period of time to develop the engineering skills to step from building round monuments to monstrous pyramidal monuments.

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(updated Nov. 2018)

Ancient Irish Way Too Advanced for Us?

Knowth Kerbstone 118 and its Mathematical Message.

Knowth Kerbstone 118 and its Mathematical Message.

Knowth Kerbstone 118 is a very simple drawing. Using the same techniques we used to look at Kerbstone 52 and 42 we see that this also conveys numerical data.

It is 9 up and down cycles arranged in an L shape. The corner is exaggerated in width and so each corner of the curve is counted. This drawing is really quite clever and conveys much more than expected in a quick glance. There are 7 loops on the horizontal and 2 on the vertical. It could be said this forms the series 792 which reminds one of the 7920 mile diameter of Earth.

The drawing can also be interpreted as 3, 2, 7, 7 which makes 3277 = square of 57.24. The number of degrees in a radian are 57.29.

Calculating the sum 3 + 2 + 7 + 7 = 19 which is a reference to the diameter of Earth’s orbit. It is 186 million miles or roughly 190 million. If the corner is counted only once then the sum becomes 18 which is the typical reference to this dimension of the Solar System.

The 7, 7 makes 77   and 3, 2 makes 32   …so…

77 / 32 = 2.40   The number of hours in a day is 24.

32 + 77 = 109  is the ratio of Earth’s diameter to the Sun’s diameter.

The following can also be found: 7 for 7 days in a week and 32 = 5.65 squared.

Read the 7 and 2 as 72 and one finds the years in one degree of precession of the pole star.

See the corner as one and find 2, 1, 6. The diameter of the Moon is 2160 miles.

Accurate numerical data is just not what we are expecting from people in the distant past which is why we are so hesitant to accept the veracity of the interpretation. But we will see in the next readings that these counts and numbers are not accidental.

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(updated Nov. 2018)

A Simple and Elegant Neolithic Oops

– B.L. Freeborn (c) 2013, updated Nov. 2018

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

There is an oops in this drawing that reveals all. You won’t see it right off in its simple symmetric shape of four crescents, a line and two dots but here is the thing. If you examine image after image of art from Knowth, Dowth, Loughcrew and Newgrange you will see abstract shapes of swirls, curves, zigzags, crescents etc. but you will never see anything that looks specifically like a distinct letter. A crescent does but it is not distinct enough for one to point at a specific alphabet and say ahah! that is from Ancient ….. It is as though these artists did not have a written language and that is why symbols that appear to be letters or hieroglyphs are absent. There seems to be an overwhelming agreement these ancient builders were illiterate. Yet it is a simple idea that no letters were used in their art because these monuments were built for the eons and people (like us) who would not speak their specific language but who might speak – the one universal language.

So the oops is the letter dead center in the image. A line with a dot on each side according to the eminent Dr. Cyrus Gordon is part of the Hittite (now called Luwian) Hieroglyphic system and it is the letter “wa.” It does not mean this is the Luwian language but if it is “wa” then it confirms these people spoke an Indo-European language just as we would expect. We will come back to this.

Shall we read this mathematical message to us sent across time?

As before, we immediately count 4 C’s in a square shape and draw the conclusion we must square four!  Or 4² + 4² = 5.65².   And there we have the incredibly important and secret number 56 that is central to the deep mystery and appears at Stonehenge (see post) and is incorporated into the Giza Pyramid.

The C shape looks like the Hebrew K so we shall equate it to 20. What then might we equate the “wa” to? In Hebrew gematria the “wa” sound is often indicated by the ‘vav’ which equals 6. This gives us 4 C’s at 20 + 6 or 86. And this is the incredibly important value of the Sun with its diameter in miles at 864,000.

Can there be any other mathematical secrets in this figure?

Let us read it as we did others. 2 C, 1 wa, 2 C equates to 212. ????

The 212 divided by the dominant 4C equates to 212/4 = 53. This is not a very big mystery when we realize that Knowth sits at 53 degrees 42′ latitude. We do not have to look hard to find the number 42 repeated in the image. But eghads these are virtual cavemen! They could not measure latitude!

So I must be wrong….Then recount 2C, 1 dot, 1 line, 1 dot, 2 C makes 21112?

Divide by 4 and obtain 5278? The number of feet in a mile is 5280. If we work this backwards 4 x 5280 = 21,120. I will leave you to ponder that.

Unless they meant 21 /12 = 1.75 or the more revealing 12 / 21 = .5714 which reminds us of the value of a radian at 57.29. This gives us more to think about because we weren’t smart enough to develop radian measure until a few hundred years ago. Therefore, we project our ignorance onto them and conclude they could not have understood the concept.

But perhaps we have been too technical and they meant us to add the 21 and 12 to get 33. Does 33 mean anything special? As a matter of fact it does. It is one of the often repeated numbers.

So let us go one step further. If they had an alphabet, then what language did they speak?

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Perhaps the answer to that has been stolen from us. Martin Brennan records in his book the inscription on a stone which was removed from Loughcrew, Ireland. This is a mountain site which is much older than Knowth and Newgrange. I repeat the symbols here with the warning that they have been reproduced in succession and errors may have crept in.

This then suggests these people did have a written language distinct from the art. Since we would like to think we are quick of wit, let us try to solve the present riddle at hand. We have 2 C’s, a “wa”, and 2 C’s.

Since this decipherment into words is novel we shall do it thrice:

Try One:

C is the initial sound in crescent, comet, cup and cave and its shape repeats the idea of each word’s meaning. This suggests it has sound value K. So let us stick with it and pronounce the word.  CCwaCC or KwaK.

I am told that at one time all the letters in words were pronounced. So when we read light as lite it is incorrect. The gh in light was once pronounced. This suggests the c and k of quick were both pronounced. Because Knowth is on an island once solidly joined to Britain and Germany by land, and in close proximity regardless, it is not too far a cry to suggest this is one of two English words: quake or quick. The latter has the double c preserved and both preserve the k-wa sound. And if you think about it, they say the same thing. In Old English, according to J.R. Clark Hall, quake and quick are spelled cwac and cwic respectively. And he reminds us that it means “living, trembling”, and “living, alive.”  From Indo-European roots it is found as gwei which is the root of both English “quick” and German “Kwi(k)waz” also meaning alive.  (Old languages did not always differentiate between g and k.) In support of this interpretation, quick and quake are both appropriate to the diagram itself once the over all meaning of the site is understood.

This then suggests once again the impossible, just as an analysis of the Sator-Rotas revealed, and that is, that the English language did not begin around 500 AD as we are educated. For these sites are older than the pyramids. It helps piece together a past for the English language that might just pre-date High German. Is this possible? Time will tell.

Try Two:

As above we have CCwaCC. The Old English word ceac meaning vessel can be represented by the two letters CC. In Old English ‘wa’ is the word “woe, a sorrow.” So this translation suggests there were two vessels, woe, two vessels. The image reinforces this translation.

Try Three:

We look once again at the Luwian and find that the large bold C symbol is the hieroglyph for the word meaning “great.” So then our image reads great, great, wa, great, great. The hieroglyph is associated with the sound ur. Ur was a very great city of the past. Perhaps this is why the linguists have happened upon the association. In Old English we note that ur can mean our, ore or origin. So then, the image takes on the meaning origin-woe. To understand this better we note that sometimes the hieroglyphs did not represent a sound but the object itself. In this case it could mean great, great woe. So we have “the origin of the great woe.”

So in total we have “the origin of the great woe” that was quick and a quake. It speaks of a great sorrow, a quake, a tragedy, a great woe and great vessels. It speaks of the Day the Pole Moved.

Many more mysteries to unravel…..

Thank you for reading!

See more of fantastic Knowth and Dowth at these links:

http://www.worldheritageireland.ie/

http://www.knowth.com



(1) Cyrus H. Gordon, “Forgotten Scripts.” NY: Dorset Press, 1968. See pg. 98.

(2) Martin Brennan, “The Stones of Time.” Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International, 1994. See pg. 165.

(3) J.R. Clark Hall , “A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary.”  Toronto: University of Toronto, 1894.

(4) “The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language,” Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1976. See Indo-European Roots, pg. 1519.

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Through the Mists of Time Comes a Message

Sketch of Kerbstone 93, Knowth, Ireland, after Brennan, after A. Murphy.

Sketch of Kerbstone 93, Knowth, Ireland, after Brennan, after A. Murphy.

-B. L. Freeborn © 2013, updated Nov. 2018

My posts have been described as “a cohesive but crazy time cube.” I continue in my cohesively crazy manner to explain the Neolithic art at Knowth, Ireland on Kerbstone 93.

Kerbstone 93 is a perfect “napkin” drawing that should be common knowledge today but somehow we missed this obvious and simple concept. These ancient artists are telling us how the Earth behaves under an infinitely large impact load. They knew this information was important and they did the impossible. Not only did they survive such an event against all odds, but they left us a written record of it.

Kerbstone 93 is a simple drawing which is realistic in its depiction of an event with two key numbers beneath it. The two numbers we have seen before at this site so it is not surprising to find them so boldly depicted. The two numbers are 33.5 and 56. Because of a beautiful image by A. Murphy we can correct the right side of Martin Brennan’s sketch as shown. The correction depicts 2 C’s, an inclusive parentheses and a large crescent. This we might interpret as 2 in 1 or simply ½. So we must first count 3 C’s left facing, and 3 C’s right facing and then add the 1/2. This then gives us a left to right reading of 33.5.

Notice there are 8 peaks and 9 valleys in the bottom glyph.  The square root of 7920 is 89. Note that 56 is read quite simply. The large line parenthesis beneath the cycle line marks out 5 peaks and 6 valleys.

The diagram clearly depicts an event. Reading it left to right, we see an object with a center. It is approaching the Earth which is correctly depicted with its hard inner core, its fluid layer and the outer crust. Yes, it is clearly depicted with its hard inner core, its fluid layer and the outer crust. The short line at 11:00 depicts the impact site of the object on the left and the two lines at 2:00 show its final position. The swirl to the right is an explanation to the viewer. The artist explains simply, “It turned.”

This then is the message of Knowth from the scientists of an ancient era to the scientists of today. It is simple. It is straightforward and it is logical.

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(1) Martin Brennan, “The Stones of Time.” Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International, 1994.

(2) A. Murphy, 2000 at http://mythicalireland.com/ancientsites/knowth/lunarknowth.html

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