This stone with a Latin inscription was found in rural New York.
Another ancient riddle presents itself in stone. This one is also from rural New York. The very readable words ‘In camera’ are still used today. It is a legal term in Latin for behind closed doors or in secret. What secret does this stone hold?
Roman numerals were in common use until the 11th century when they began to be replaced by Arabic style. They persisted into the 15th century and in some instances are still used today. The numbers read: XLV = 45, XXX = 30, LXXV = 75, and LIII = 53.
Obverse side of stone with a Latin inscription found in rural New York. Numbers read 45 30 and 75 53.
What then do the numbers mean? Hint. Notice 30 + 45 = 75. When does 45 equal 75?
Perhaps in true ‘Da Vinci Code’ style the words In Camera are an anagram or in an entirely different language?
Find the words in italics on the front face:
Baal is the center of the rule that governs the world.
The eye marks the angle that divides.
The smoking rock struck deep into the mountain of ice
It is possible to draw four large round circles in Hudson Bay. The largest scales to a diameter of 400 miles. The second largest scales to 230 miles. Hudson Bay is very shallow. Yet it was once compressed down 900 feet deeper than it is by the mass of the former ice sheet. The large appendage to the bay in the south is extremely shallow. References differ on the bay’s depth from 111 feet deep in the east to 768 to the northwest. Variations aside, this is a very shallow body of water when the size of it is considered.
This causes a problem if one wants to prove these are large craters. They are just not deep enough to be craters of this diametrical proportion. For example, Barringer Crater, Arizona is 4000 feet wide and 570 feet deep. Look at the other contraindications. Besides its shallowness, there is no impact ejecta. There may be central uplift in the bay as islands but for the size of it, and the age as required to have brought about the end of the “ice age”, there is no deep basin. There is no high well delineated edge as can be seen in the Pingualuit crater which is supposed to be vastly old by comparison. It does not seem possible that this is a crater. Yet it can be argued that it is.
Delving a bit further, it is known that there is a “large region of below-average gravity” in the area. The anomaly has not been explained. Suggested theories include the weight of the Laurentide Ice Sheet has influenced the area. Another theory suggests that convection in the underlying mantle may be a contributing factor. The 230 mile diameter arc to the southeast is known as the Nastapoka Arc of the bay. The geologists’ consensus explanation calls it an “arcuate boundary of tectonic origin.” In other words they think that millions of years ago the Earth folded in a perfect arc. Another theory, less popular, allows a Precambrian extraterrestrial impact. However, geologists do not feel there is any credible evidence for such an impact crater. There is no evidence from regional magnetic, Bouguer gravity, or geologic studies. That statement directly contradicts the “large region of below-average gravity” with which the paragraph started. (Wikipedia)
Formation of a crater within the two mile thick ice sheet that once overlaid Canada which resulted in Hudson Bay.
So, how does one explain Hudson Bay is a very recent comet crater 1000 miles by 300 to 400 miles across? Once again, let us just look at what we have. We have a nearly perfect arc in an area that is on average 330 feet deep. This same area was once overlain by an ice sheet two miles thick in certain parts. Two miles thick is 10,560 feet of hard frozen, compacted, heavy ice. This means that if we took a cross section of Hudson Bay when the ice sheet was there and scooped a crater out of it that only dips into the ground 330 feet, the crater was theoretically 10,890 feet deep with little imagination. The bottom of the crater only remains then as the Nastapoka Arc which implies the upper rim, now long melted, was substantially larger in diameter. The ejecta was simply ice, and billions of tons of it which was spewed as far as Siberia to engulf herds of grazing mammoths. It was thrown as far as Scandinavia to leave glaciers there. There was no dust cloud that enveloped the Earth for decades, because water does not create dust. It creates rain. The elongated shape from the northwest to southeast then is either the sideways impact of a comet striking the surface at an angle or the successive impact of several portions of one comet. A sideways impact will add more torque to the reaction of the Earth and aid in turning the outer layers of the planet. The enumerable other craters that dot the northern latitudes may have occurred at the same time or during later events which totally negates their vast ages.
Successive crater formation as comet strikes Ice Sheet (future bay area) and blast material ricochet to form other impact sites.
The picture becomes clearer when we comprehend the velocity with which these mammoth projectiles struck the planet. They could not just strike and stick like an arrow in a target. They shattered on impact and bounced in very much the same manner as a stone skips across a lake, except in this case their velocity was unimaginably high. We see directly below Hudson Bay the five great lakes and upon close inspection we see several sections of each lake exhibit the same round cut out pattern as the Nastapoka Arc of Hudson Bay. Once impacting and forming the Great Lakes the debris shattered even further. A rebound impact could not entirely expend the comets’ energy. The debris kept moving albeit at a slower yet still extremely high velocity. It fanned out to the west, southwest, south, east and southeast blanketing and smashing millions of square miles. The impacting debris formed what are called Carolina Bays. The name originates from the thousands of long elliptical, shallow structures that appear throughout the Carolinas. As Kelly and Dachille explained in 1953, they were formed by massive melting icebergs. In other words, they were debris from the shattered ice cap.
Overlapping polar circles creates a vesica shape where the thickest ice on the planet is found.
Indeed, almost the entire old polar ice cap was displaced from the bitter cold of the Arctic Circle. The ice that was outside the first circle was now -outside of the arctic circle- and prone to melting. We call these areas glaciers and their melting is what we call the ‘End of the Ice Age.’ It is proposed that the glaciers extended into Ohio, not because the weather patterns had changed allowing the Earth to cool but because this area was within the Arctic Circle when the ice formed. During this same period of time, half of Antarctica was dry land and ice free because it was outside the Antarctic Circle. The Earth had gone through a long period of stability and created these extremely large and thick ice layers at the then poles within the first circle. The sea level had dropped and man had happily moved out onto the vast plains left behind by the receding ocean. It was safe. It was beautiful and they were blessed, for a long while.
How cool would it be if a map from when the glaciers still covered Canada existed? It would show the Laurentide Ice Sheet and the lake that would eventually become Hudson Bay. Would it look just like this 5000 year old artwork from Knowth, Ireland known as Kerbstone 15?
The map shows the North Pole and its rays fanning out. The symbol on the right suggests the inscription tells of the world turning.
The line from the center towards the notch-out on the left is a line drawn from its center (magnetic north for the time period) towards Knowth, Ireland.
The monument of Knowth when seen from the air shows a small round mound overlapping the main structure or a comet impacting the planet.
The reader may find this short talk on cave drawing to be of interest. The symbols that are compiled and presented by Genevieve von Petzinger in the video are compared below to the symbols found on the Newberry Tablet and to the Paleo-Hebrew script from some 3000 years ago. (Symbols as depicted at oocities.org.)
“Written language, the hallmark of human civilization, didn’t just suddenly appear one day. Thousands of years before the first fully developed writing systems, our ancestors scrawled geometric signs across the walls of the caves they sheltered in. Paleoanthropologist, rock art researcher and TED Senior Fellow Genevieve von Petzinger has studied and codified these ancient markings in caves across Europe. The uniformity of her findings suggest that graphic communication, and the ability to preserve and transmit messages beyond a single moment in time, may be much older than we think.” -Ted Talks
Cave art as found by Genevieve von Petzinger
Newberry symbols compared to cave art.
Comparison of cave art to Paleo-Hebrew script circa 8th century BC.
In the last posts we looked at the overall layout of the Newberry Tablet and many symbols. The list has grown and we push to completion of this project by looking at twelve symbols in this post.
The symbol identification thus far has suggested the topic of the tablet is a double comet collision and its crater as a point of reference for measurements. This suggests the remaining symbols should support and complete the story. Note the parallel line symbol in the first row and the cross hatching symbol that ends the fifth. Note the circle with two lines through it that ends the seventh. These suggest that the double comet arcs of Hudson Bay are to represent a reference point for longitude and latitude. Signs associated with this concept are studied here as well as another two groups of signs.
The second and third groups require an understanding of the symbols as pictographs that would have meaning even today. The first symbol in the third row down uses an upstroke to elevate a cup symbol. Next to it is a symbol that can be described as a P on a line. Perhaps the upstroke means above or heavenly, and the horizontal line simply represents – on the surface of the Earth. With these ideas the study continues.
We begin with the parallel lines in the first line and suggest it means to/from which is found in the glyph list at #221 except they used curved lines. Keep in mind that the two parallel lines may simply mean two or equal distance. They may also suggest lines of measure.
The circle with the set of parallel lines continues the idea and perhaps means specifically either longitude and latitude or both and/or the measurement of such.
Similar to this is the two lines with the horizontal mark found in the center of the fourth line from the bottom which suggests either two or perhaps measure and is so noted below.
The cross hatching symbol suggests a grid or the longitude/latitude net of the Earth.
Although not identical the symbol compared to the Luwian glyph meaning ‘above’ is similar to the symbol found at 3,1. Compare it to the symbols for ‘ma’ #110 and ‘thousand’ #400 and the second symbol from the table found at 2,1. (See diagram below.) The word ‘ma’ in Old English means ‘more.’ The position 3,1 suggests the value of Pi = 3.14 and is a number superior to all others as it relates the diameter to the circumference of a circle. The number 2,1 suggests two came from one which is an essential part of this historical story.
Interestingly, Luwian glyph #91 is said to mean rotate/scale/foot. It is compared to the glyph found in the third row, third position and is shown below. It appears to be two shoes and a hook suggesting rotation. Note they are located at grid positions 3,3; 8,4; 10,6 and most notably 7,9. The 33 and 79 stand out immediately as the 33 degree latitude change of the pole and the diameter of the Earth at 7920 miles. The location of Hudson Bay is just west of the 79 degrees. But the other two numbers even in reverse are not of much importance. However! If one counts their position from the opposing corner (bottom right) then the two positions 7,7 and 5,6 are counted out. The latitude of Hudson Bay is 56 and the return period of Halley’s Comet is 76 to 77 years. This then correlates well with the proposed topic of the tablet and to the idea of scale, rotation and foot as found in the Luwian glyph #91.
The staff is found in glyph #378. The associated symbol was used three times on the tablet and suggests a staff stuck in the ground. The symbol is found at 3,2; 11,3; and 12,6. The last when counted from the bottom is 3,5 or from the opposite side as 3,6. The first suggests 32 or the expression of 56.56 as its square. 113 is twice 56.5 and 12 and 6 suggest the base number system of measurement of longitude and latitude which is counted in units of 60 (seconds and minutes). The 3,6 position repeats this idea. The symbol next to the bottom P appears to be a slanted version so it may also be the same symbol but is not so noted here.
Glyph #199 is said to mean ‘thunder’ and is very close to the symbol found at 4,3.
Glyph #41 means ‘take’ and is close to the symbol in the table at 14,2 and mirrored at 14,8.
Glyph #209 with sound ‘i’ appears to be the same as shown in the table and is taken to mean pole or eye. It is found notably at position 4,4. Counting from bottom right it is position 11, 7 and from bottom left it is at 11,4. The multiplication of these pairs gives 77 and 44. The 77 was just discussed and the 44 repeats the position 4,4. Recall that the circumference of the planet divided by 44 is 565 miles. This number was just discussed as the square root of 32. One should also recall the numerical spelling of the Hebrew god Yahweh is 5,6,5,10 or perhaps 56.5?
The reader should examine this ‘i’ symbol closely and note there is a small horizontal stroke on the left upstroke. This may not be accidental. In the Luwian glyph system of writing this small stroke represents the sound ‘r’ and if the two sounds are combined we arrive at the word ‘ire’ which means today what it did in Old English except previously it additionally meant to wander. So this adds that now the ‘eye’ has ‘wandered angrily.’
Lastly, the symbol that looks like a backwards F is taken to be a sword or knife that stabs the ground and the idea repeats in the glyphs as seen in #278. The reader is left to explore its positions.
For your reference the Luwian Glyph list can be found linked here:
The associated words have been filled in and the tablet’s ideas are unfolding in this very complicated riddle and blending of ideas with Earth related numbers.
The next post should complete the symbols that can be identified!
In the last posts we looked at the overall layout of the Newberry Tablet and a few symbols.
In this post six symbols are studied: the glyphs found at the bottom corners, the cross, the symbol at 1, 3 and the similar symbol at 3,9. The last symbol to be studied combines the cup symbol found in the upper left corner with what looks like a bird foot print and is found at 10,10. There are two of the latter. The second is found at 14,5. It combines the idea of the cup with sound ‘ni’ with glyph #451 with sound ‘hur.’ This sounds remarkably like the word ‘hour’ and if the craters in Hudson Bay were used as the start line for longitude then the ‘hours’ of Earth’s rotation are marked off from this place. We should recall that the word ‘ni’ means ‘here, now, and/or upon us’ and is today spelled ‘nigh.’
This idea is repeated in the bottom left corner. There is a double loop with a line on top of it. It is a combination of glyphs #368 and #380 from the Luwian Glyph list. The double loop was determined to mean ‘evil’ which a double crater would certainly represent. This symbol would then repeat the idea of the line of longitude index point. It is used four times in the table.
Again the idea is reinforced by the symbol in the bottom right corner which is found in the glyph list at #17 and represents the ruler. This glyph is repeated five times in the table. So then the four corners, which should define the topic of the tablet, are: a cup (crater), an eye, a line at evil and the ruler.
The last three symbols are the cross which is used seven times and is found in the glyph list at #309. It likely represents the idea of ‘a place’ or ‘an intersection.’ The other two symbols are the upside down trident at 1, 3 and the related symbol that puts a hook on top of the glyph. The first symbol is #455 and has sound ‘la’ or we might say in both modern and old English it is the word ‘lay.’ The similar symbol combines this with the hook glyph #378. So, it expresses the idea of ‘laid with the hook’ or ‘at/by’.