The Message Sitting Plainly in Sight at Newgrange

Stone in front of Newgrange, Ireland. Photo provided by Wikimedia.

Stone in front of Newgrange, Ireland. Photo provided by Wikimedia.

© 2018 B. L. Freeborn

Before we continue on with the alphabet….. another kerb stone from Ireland.

Newgrange, Ireland is a large pre-historic monument called a passage tomb. It is older than the Great Pyramids. In front of it sits what is called a kerb stone adorned with Neolithic art.

Most people who look at this stone see pre-historic graffiti despite the fact it is sitting in front of a spectacular building.

Notice on the far right there are actually two squares above a shape like a mountain. There is a swirl shape above which is perhaps a cloud? Notice at the top center a vertical straight line. Perhaps a pole?

Could this be a story which reads right to left. Does it say two daggers struck a mountain from the clouds above?Everything turned and churned at the pole. There was more turning and churning as more daggers ricocheted from the pole.

Could it be possible there is more written here in a language we were meant to understand? Could this be a message written in math?

There are three large swirls followed by six swirls. Most could read the message that far. 3 and 6 as in 36 or 3 + 6 = 9.

But all of the 6 swirls are not complete. There are 4 complete and two partial. Then that is 2, 4 or 24. Or it might be 42. These numbers 24 and 36 bring to mind hours in a day and seconds in an hour? Degrees in a circle?

Putting them together we might come up with 324 or 342? 324 is the square of 18 while 342 is the square of 18.5??? The Earth has an orbital diameter of 186 million miles.

Perhaps it is just 32. The square of 5.65 is 32. So we might say 5.65 is at the pole or 56.5?

But the stone begins with 4 squares on the left and notice there are 4 shapes on the right. So our series has become 4364 which is the square of 66. The Earth moves about the Sun at the rate of 66,622 miles per hour.

How delightfully co-incidental of them to doodle in such a scientific manner!!!

But wait! The four squares on the left are grouped as if they should be read 1 3 so now our string of numbers has become: 1 3 3 6 4 which might be said to be 13364 ???

Take this one step further by separating the last 4 into 1 and 3 since three are angular and 1 curved and we have:

1 3 3 6 1 3 or the square of 365.5 or very nearly the number of days in a year 365.24.

But there are two key numbers missing…the diameter of the sun 864,000 miles and the diameter of the Earth 7920 miles. The first four squares plus the large three circles equals 7. The 3 swirls followed by the 6 equals 9. The 6 swirls are followed by 4 shapes or 10. So perhaps this is 7910!!

What of the diameter 864000? The radius is then 432,000. We have the 4 squares, 3 swirls and then 2 swirls or 432. This looks remarkably like the radius.

Taking one last look at the stone we see on the right side: 1 cloud, 1 mountain and 2 dagger/squares for 112. Twice 56 is 112.

It might be concluded that it says the pole is at 79.10 degrees and at 56.5 degrees. Surely, the magnetic pole used to lie close to N 56.5, W 79.2.

There is a Sumerian saying: “The knowing may show the knowing. The unknowing shall not see it.”

And we did not.

Back to other posts on kerb stones.

On to the next post on the Indo-European Language.

Back to the last post.

Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: The Secret Chamber

© 2016 B. L. Freeborn

This stone with a Latin inscription was found in rural New York.

This stone with a Latin inscription was found in rural New York.

Another ancient riddle presents itself in stone. This one is also from rural New York. The very readable words ‘In camera’  are still used today. It is a legal term in Latin for behind closed doors or in secret. What secret does this stone hold?

Roman numerals were in common use until the 11th century when they began to be replaced by Arabic style. They persisted into the 15th century and in some instances are still used today. The numbers read:  XLV = 45, XXX = 30, LXXV = 75, and LIII = 53.

Obverse side of stone with a Latin inscription found in rural New York.

Obverse side of stone with a Latin inscription found in rural New York. Numbers read 45 30 and 75 53.

What then do the numbers mean? Hint. Notice 30 + 45 = 75. When does 45 equal 75?

Perhaps in true ‘Da Vinci Code’ style the words In Camera are an anagram or in an entirely different language?

Find the words in italics on the front face:

Baal is the center of the rule that governs the world.

The eye marks the angle that divides.

The smoking rock struck deep into the mountain of ice

and the water flowed.

The answer to the number riddle is at this link.

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Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: New York Baal Stone

The Baal Stone from upstate New York written in Phoenician script circa 800 BC

The Baal Stone from upstate New York written in Phoenician script circa 800 BC

© 2016 B. L. Freeborn

Another ancient riddle presents itself in this stone (about 12″ wide) written in Phoenician Letters circa 800 BC which was found in rural New York.

Is this the Eye of Baal in the center of the stone?

Is it a comet that splits into two parts?

Or is it the Phoenician letter T?

In the image below, the stone is translated using Anglo-Saxon. It reads: “There is the eye of power. It is here at the quay that divides.”

If it is read using the T as a tie then it reads: “It burnt a pit out of the net and it is eaten quite large at the stop for the tie.”

Translation of the New York Baal Stone with 800 BC Phoenician Letters and Anglo-Saxon

Translation of the New York Baal Stone with 800 BC Phoenician Letters and Anglo-Saxon

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Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: The Mammoth at the Top of the World

Elephant Tablet found during construction of Cuenca Airport, Ecuador

Elephant Tablet found during construction of Cuenca Airport, Ecuador

© 2016 B. L. Freeborn

In this piece from the Crespi Collection found during construction of the Airport in Cuenca, Ecuador….find the words in italic:

The angle to the Sun is measured in the land of Mammoth’s.

They thundered and lived at the top of the world.

Remember the Mammoths of old.

It reminds us by its nose of the snake which came to the two eyedradiating center,

by its curl of the cup which is now there,

by its pounding walk of the beating Earth took,

by its tusks of the stabbing Earth endured.

Earth’s back was broken and bears the two bows of Baal.

The cup is now mouth to the world

which helps divide it in an orderly fashion to the peak.

Count it 5, 4, 3, 2, 1.

By identifying the letters as Paleo-Hebrew (Phoenician) circa 200 to 100 BC and Hebrew Letters as derived by J. Huston McCulloch in his study of the Newark Decalogue Stone from Ohio, the Elephant Tablet is translated. The language used to aid with the translation is Anglo-Saxon. The stone reads in Boustrophedon style:

Where the Mammoth’s lived….

The bed of death is where the beating made a cave. There dwells the lamed mechanism.

There lies the dish that tipped the top and shagged all.

Translation of the Cuenca Elephant Tablet using Ohio Decalogue Stone Style - Hebrew. The bottom line is read then rotated and read again.

Translation of the Cuenca Elephant Tablet using Ohio Decalogue Stone Style – Hebrew. The bottom line is read then rotated and read again.

This continues in the next post with a comparison to other elephant stones……………


See full article on the alphabet by J. Huston McCulloch at:

Paleo-Hebrew at


Back to Newberry Tablet beginning or its  conclusion.

Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: Crespi’s Warrior

Carved Plate from Crespi Collection

Carved Plate from Crespi Collection

© 2016 B. L. Freeborn (updated Dec. 2018)

In this piece from the Crespi Collection find the words in italic:

The hoary ancient head of Earth was left low

as the two holes pressed through.

The sword struck near the foot of the tile foundation.

It walked and made a two footed foundation,

one magnetic and the other true.

The dagger of Baal with its two craters lies at the rightful pole.

It is the angle that parts longitude.

The pole wavered and split,

the collar dropped to the eye.

The new youthful Earth was thus clothed.


Compare this art to the Narmer Palette from Egypt, c. 3100 BC as displayed at the Royal Ontario Museum:

Narmer Palette, Egypt, c. 3100 BC - Royal Ontario Museum

Narmer Palette, Egypt, c. 3100 BC – Royal Ontario Museum


Read about Father Crespi and see more art:

“The Crespi Ancient Artifact Collection of Cuenca Ecuador”

Back to Beginning of posts on Newberry Tablet

Back to Beginning of posts on Adena Art

The next riddle is here!

The Newberry Tablet Reveals….

© 2015 B. L. Freeborn (updated Nov. 2018)

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

To the first post on the tablet – To the previous post on the tablet.

In the last posts we looked at the overall layout of the Newberry Tablet and many symbols. The list has grown and the reading is completed here.

The symbol identification thus far has suggested the topic of the tablet is a double comet collision and its crater was to be a point of reference for future measurements. The remaining symbols should support this story.

The last of the study comprises 15 symbols. The remaining symbols are left for the reader to identify. There is one symbol that resembles the ‘Q’ of the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet. It is suggested it represents cue or to line up, or quay, the place where ships line up. Since cows walk in a line and the Old English word for cow, spelled cu, is very similar the symbol perhaps means to line up and/or skin, an important by product of cows.

The symbol similar to a rectangle is found in the Luwian symbol list #89 and has sound value ‘tu.’ This is very similar to the word tow and is so noted.

The symbol that is a square divided in half is always followed by the symbol that looks like a ‘Y’. Both symbols are extremely similar to the ‘ch’ and ‘vav’ of the Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet. Substituting the sounds ‘ch’ and ‘w’ into the table find the word ‘chew’ repeated four times. This word is also an original Old English word.

The circle with a hook on top is found in the Luwian Glyph list at #435 with sound ‘a’ and is noted in the table as crater/hook.

The symbol that looks like a large curling ‘e’ most likely means ‘turn’ since the Adena Tablets and the New Hampshire Mystery Stone included this idea. It is so noted in the image.

The symbol that is the cup with a dot in the middle and a small stroke at the top is translated by understanding that in Luwian Hieroglyphs the small stroke added to another symbol is an ‘r’. This gives us an eye-r-cup or perhaps ‘ire cup’ and is so noted in the table.

Newberry symbols replaced with proposed meanings. See images below and text for more information.

It took some time to identify the symbol first row, fourth from the right and the symbol in the sixth row second from the right as being related to each other. The latter is found in the Luwian glyph list at #506. It is also found in Assyrian art and Olmec art described in a previous post as the odd little purse. The glyph list notes it as having sound ‘hana.’ In Old English this word means boundary stone. The symbol in the first row combines it with a ‘cup’ so that the distorted ‘B’ shape is created. They are noted in the chart as boundary and cup/boundary.

The symbol in the second row third from the right is similar to a reversed ‘e’ with an extra mark below it. In fact it appears to be an ear. In Old English the word ‘ear’ besides meaning ear means wave or flood. The association no doubt arises because of the whirlpool design of the ear. It is noted as ‘flood’ in the table.

Since many of the symbols are similar to Paleo-Hebrew perhaps the cup that is upside down and upon an upstroke is the letter ‘ts’. The words ‘toss’ or ‘tease’ is essentially defined by this sound. The similar symbol that combines the former symbol with a short stroke is then ‘ts’ and ‘r’ and is actually closer to the Paleo-Hebrew ‘ts’. This then sounds out the word ts-r or tesserae and is so noted in the table. This word means a small square tile.

The hook or staff studied in previous posts can now be associated with Paleo-Hebrew ‘P’ which begins such words as pea, power, pole, and point. The ‘P’ has been added to the table.

The symbol in the first row fifth from the left that appears to be a triangular ‘e’ with a large side stroke reminds one of the Paleo-Hebrew ‘B’ with the Luwian ‘r’ added. This gives the word b-r which suggests the word bear as in direction and it is noted in the table as bearing.


The Newberry Tablet's translation.

The Newberry Tablet’s translation.

The triangle with the stem suggests the Paleo-Hebrew ‘R’. It might have a side stroke as seen in the ‘bearing’ symbol. It is noted in the chart as ‘ray.’

The last symbol identified here is the circle with the two side strokes like antennae and the dot in the middle. The Paleo-Hebrew letter Ayin or ‘A’ is a circle. The dot supplies eye or sound ‘i’ and the two strokes give two r’s. So then we have r for ray, an eye, and a-r. The latter suggests the Old English word ‘or’ which means origin. It is noted in the table as ray-eye-origin.

So then, the table provides short readable sentences. The first line perhaps reads: The battle at the cup where lays the noble bearing is the to/from boundary. The cup is the dead pole and the eye.

Continue to line two and read: Many here caused the flood. It was the powerful ruler that was chewed. It is Baal’s line at the angry wandering cup …(unknown term).

In other words they say: There was a comet impact. It is the crater at magnetic north. Here is the reference boundary for longitude. The crater is the former north pole and the eye of the comet.

Many comets here caused a flood. It was the north pole that was destroyed. It is the longitude of the double comet’s (Baal’s) crater that….

The remainder of the table can be studied at one’s leisure.

Enjoy your New Year! Happy Holidays!

On to more riddles!!

The Message of the Newbery Tablet – Part 4

© 2015 B. L. Freeborn

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

To the first post on the tablet – To the previous post on the tablet.

In the last posts we looked at the overall layout of the Newberry Tablet and many symbols. The list has grown and we push to completion of this project by looking at twelve symbols in this post.

The symbol identification thus far has suggested the topic of the tablet is a double comet collision and its crater as a point of reference for measurements. This suggests the remaining symbols should support and complete the story. Note the parallel line symbol in the first row and the cross hatching symbol that ends the fifth. Note the circle with two lines through it that ends the seventh. These suggest that the double comet arcs of Hudson Bay are to represent a reference point for longitude and latitude. Signs associated with this concept are studied here as well as another two groups of signs.

The second and third groups require an understanding of the symbols as pictographs that would have meaning even today. The first symbol in the third row down uses an upstroke to elevate a cup symbol. Next to it is a symbol that can be described as a P on a line. Perhaps the upstroke means above or heavenly, and the horizontal line simply represents – on the surface of the Earth. With these ideas the study continues.

We begin with the parallel lines in the first line and suggest it means to/from which is found in the glyph list at #221 except they used curved lines. Keep in mind that the two parallel lines may simply mean two or equal distance. They may also suggest lines of measure.

The circle with the set of parallel lines continues the idea and perhaps means specifically either longitude and latitude or both and/or the measurement of such.

Similar to this is the two lines with the horizontal mark found in the center of the fourth line from the bottom which suggests either two or perhaps measure and is so noted below.

The cross hatching symbol suggests a grid or the longitude/latitude net of the Earth.

Although not identical the symbol compared to the Luwian glyph meaning ‘above’ is similar to the symbol found at 3,1. Compare it to the symbols for ‘ma’ #110 and ‘thousand’ #400 and the second symbol from the table found at 2,1. (See diagram below.) The word ‘ma’ in Old English means ‘more.’ The position 3,1 suggests the value of Pi = 3.14 and is a number superior to all others as it relates the diameter to the circumference of a circle. The number 2,1 suggests two came from one which is an essential part of this historical story.

Interestingly, Luwian glyph #91 is said to mean rotate/scale/foot. It is compared to the glyph found in the third row, third position and is shown below. It appears to be two shoes and a hook suggesting rotation. Note they are located at grid positions 3,3; 8,4; 10,6 and most notably 7,9. The 33 and 79 stand out immediately as the 33 degree latitude change of the pole and the diameter of the Earth at 7920 miles. The location of Hudson Bay is just west of the 79 degrees. But the other two numbers even in reverse are not of much importance. However! If one counts their position from the opposing corner (bottom right) then the two positions 7,7 and 5,6 are counted out. The latitude of Hudson Bay is 56 and the return period of Halley’s Comet is 76 to 77 years. This then correlates well with the proposed topic of the tablet and to the idea of scale, rotation and foot as found in the Luwian glyph #91.

The staff is found in glyph #378. The associated symbol was used three times on the tablet and suggests a staff stuck in the ground. The symbol is found at 3,2; 11,3; and 12,6.  The last when counted from the bottom is 3,5 or from the opposite side as 3,6. The first suggests 32 or the expression of 56.56 as its square. 113 is twice 56.5 and 12 and 6 suggest the base number system of measurement of longitude and latitude which is counted in units of 60 (seconds and minutes). The 3,6 position repeats this idea. The symbol next to the bottom P appears to be a slanted version so it may also be the same symbol but is not so noted here.

Glyph #199 is said to mean ‘thunder’ and is very close to the symbol found at 4,3.

Glyph #41 means ‘take’ and is close to the symbol in the table at 14,2 and mirrored at 14,8.

Glyph #209  with sound ‘i’ appears to be the same as shown in the table and is taken to mean pole or eye. It is found notably at position 4,4. Counting from bottom right it is position 11, 7 and from bottom left it is at 11,4. The multiplication of these pairs gives 77 and 44. The 77 was just discussed and the 44 repeats the position 4,4. Recall that the circumference of the planet divided by 44 is 565 miles. This number was just discussed as the square root of 32. One should also recall the numerical spelling of the Hebrew god Yahweh is 5,6,5,10 or perhaps 56.5?

The reader should examine this ‘i’ symbol closely and note there is a small horizontal stroke on the left upstroke. This may not be accidental. In the Luwian glyph system of writing this small stroke represents the sound ‘r’ and if the two sounds are combined we arrive at the word ‘ire’ which means today what it did in Old English except previously it additionally meant to wander. So this adds that now the ‘eye’ has ‘wandered angrily.’

Lastly, the symbol that looks like a backwards F is taken to be a sword or knife that stabs the ground and the idea repeats in the glyphs as seen in #278. The reader is left to explore its positions.

For your reference the Luwian Glyph list can be found linked here:

Click to access Signlist.pdf

The associated words have been filled in and the tablet’s ideas are unfolding  in this very complicated riddle and blending of ideas with Earth related numbers.

The next post should complete the symbols that can be identified!

Newberry Tablet decipherment continues here.

Newberry Tablet decipherment continues.

The Message of the Newberry Tablet – Part 3

© 2015 B. L. Freeborn

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

To the first post on the tablet – To the previous post on the tablet.

In the last posts we looked at the overall layout of the Newberry Tablet and a few symbols.

In this post six symbols are studied: the glyphs found at the bottom corners, the cross, the symbol at 1, 3 and the similar symbol at 3,9. The last symbol to be studied combines the cup symbol found in the upper left corner with what looks like a bird foot print and is found at 10,10. There are two of the latter. The second is found at 14,5. It combines the idea of the cup with sound ‘ni’ with glyph #451 with sound ‘hur.’ This sounds remarkably like the word ‘hour’ and if the craters in Hudson Bay were used as the start line for longitude then the ‘hours’ of Earth’s rotation are marked off from this place. We should recall that the word ‘ni’ means ‘here, now, and/or upon us’ and is today spelled ‘nigh.’

This idea is repeated in the bottom left corner. There is a double loop with a line on top of it. It is a combination of glyphs #368 and #380 from the Luwian Glyph list. The double loop was determined to mean ‘evil’ which a double crater would certainly represent. This symbol would then repeat the idea of the line of longitude index point. It is used four times in the table.

Again the idea is reinforced by the symbol in the bottom right corner which is found in the glyph list at #17 and represents the ruler. This glyph is repeated five times in the table. So then the four corners, which should define the topic of the tablet, are: a cup (crater), an eye, a line at evil and the ruler.

The last three symbols are the cross which is used seven times and is found in the glyph list at #309. It likely represents the idea of ‘a place’ or ‘an intersection.’ The other two symbols are the upside down trident at 1, 3 and the related symbol that puts a hook on top of the glyph. The first symbol is #455 and has sound ‘la’ or we might say in both modern and old English it is the word ‘lay.’ The similar symbol combines this with the hook glyph #378. So, it expresses the idea of ‘laid with the hook’ or ‘at/by’.

The table is filling in!

The study will continue in the next post.

The Newberry Tablet's decipherment continues in this image as six more glyphs are filled in.

The Newberry Tablet’s decipherment continues in this image as six more glyphs are filled in.


The Message of the Newberry Tablet – Part I

© 2015 B. L. Freeborn

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

From the previous post:  The Newberry Tablet’s authenticity, like all inscribed artifacts found in North America, is much debated. The best place to see it as it exists today is to watch Scott Wolter’s episode in “America Unearthed.” Virtually destroyed, there are few pictures of it in existence. The best pictures are in Roger Jewell’s book, “Ancient Mines of Kitchi Gummi” which is a well thought out explanation of the copper mines in the Lake Superior area and worth reading.

We continue: The images here are compliments of Roger Jewell. Thank you.

In the last post the overall number layout of the tablet was discussed and now it is time to look at some of the symbols. They may be viewed as letters by some and hieroglyphs by others. Barry Fell viewed them as letters from the Cypriot Alphabet and translated it accordingly. The two letters that led him to think it was of that alphabet are seen (counting from left, top)  in box 1,9 (next to the dot) and 13,3. Beyond these two there is little resemblance. These two symbols repeat in the array but we begin not with them but the symbols in the first box that looks like a C since it would seem the topic should be announced first.

This C symbol repeats at 6,1; 11,2 and 14,9 (or 1,2 from the bottom corner). Note these numbers are formed 11 or 1, 61, 16, 112, 914 and 1 to 2. The last (1 to 2) is what the overall image suggests as discussed previously. The 112 is twice 56. The ones and 11 speak of creation but what of the 16, 61 and 914? The first number in the Torah is 913. The number of miles the Earth travels in a day is 1600,000. The Earth at its closest approach to the Sun is 91.4 million miles from the Sun. But is there another relationship?

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

Perhaps its shape gives us a clue. It is a cup. It is the shape of the center of Stonehenge’s main uprights. The first sound of cup is K and this sound in Hebrew is denoted by a C shape. The word cup is repeated in the word copper which was mined heavily in the region where this tablet was found. This C shape is the symbol for ‘great’ with sound ‘ur’ from Luwian Hieroglyphs (see number 363). It was repeated four times on Kerbstone 86 at ancient Knowth in Ireland. The word ‘origin’ begins with this ‘ur’ sound and the Old English word ‘or’ means origin and ore. Does the cup indicate the origin of copper ore?

Previously Hudson Bay has been discussed and geographically this tablet is from Michigan rather close to the bay with its TWO large cup shapes at 56.5 N and 79.2 W. Hmmmm. As it says there are 2 at 1 the origin.

What then is in box 5,6? (row 5, column 6). The symbols should be consistent with the suggested meaning. There is a Y at 5, 6 and the cup shape repeats with a double box in it at column 5 row 6. The former suggests this is the split which confirms the idea of origin and the latter suggests tiles/grid in the cup once again confirming the idea. Opposed to the cup in the far corner is a dot, or an eye, or the repeating of the idea of ‘here it begins’ in box 1,10 or 1,1.

This is a good beginning. After all there are 138 symbols or 2 x 79 or maybe 79.2 and that is the longitude of Hudson Bay. But!!!!!! That longitude is measured from England where lies Stonehenge with its large ‘cup’ configured monoliths and more recently discovered identical CUP inscription. (See this well written paper.) And what’s more! The diameter of Earth is 7920 miles. Coincidence! Or is it? Remember that number 914 from above and the 913 from the first number in the Torah? 914/565 is????  And its inverse is??? (Hint: Golden _ _ _ _ _ )

More to follow……… on the message of the Newberry Tablet.

Study of symbols of Newberry Tablet

Study of symbols of Newberry Tablet

Back to the very beginning of series on Adena Tablets

Previous Post on the  Newberry Tablet

Posts on:  Batcreek Stone, Shaman Stone,

 Adena Pipe, Numbers and their Meaning,

Ramey Peet Tablet, Gridley Stone

McKensie and Bainbridge Tablets, Cincinnati Tablet,

Egyptian Art Comparison, Wilmington Tablet, Lakin A Tablet,

The Gaitskill Clay Tablet, Allen Tablet, Grave Creek,

The Kiefer Tablet, Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,

Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet, The Low Tablet,

The Waverly Tablet, Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin!!!!

See also Luwian Symbols by: Gunter Anders at

The Bat Creek Stone – Translated – Not So Plain and Simple

Bat Creek Stone - photo by Scott Wolter

Bat Creek Stone – photo by Scott Wolter

© 2015 B. L. Freeborn
The Bat Creek Stone was found in a mound beneath a skeleton in Loudon County, Tennessee in 1889 during a dig by the Smithsonian Bureau of Ethnology. Because it appears to have Phoenician or Paleo-Hebrew letters it has been dubbed a fraud. Arguing in favor of its validity is J. Huston McCulloch who describes the controversy at the site noted below and linked here. It is also described at Wikipedia under the Bat Creek Inscription.

No satisfying, controversy resolving translation has been made. The following may not put the matter to rest either but it is new and unique! All other attempted translations have failed to note this is an extraordinary number riddle. The numbers are found by recalling that letters originally had number equivalents and not separate symbols as we have today. Using the Hebrew gematria or number/letter system the values appear as noted below and the riddle of the numbers is solved. In turn this confirms that the correct letters are identified in the translation.

The two lines and dot in the upper left were not shown in a detailed sketch of the stone done in 1890. Take note: It is assumed here that they were originally on the stone but attributed to shovel scratches that occurred during excavation by the 1890 artist. Because he assumed they were not part of the inscription, they were subsequently left off his drawing. However, to complete the number riddle as described below they are required. Also double line marks appear on the Metcalf Stone. The Grave Creek Stone has parallel lines and a dot. They suggest: longitude lines, the idea of to or via, and the number two.

The Translation

The letters used to translate this inscription are from and were in use in 800 BC by the Phoenicians. Note that the L and P are more in the modern Latin Alphabet style and a reversed E which is an H in Phoenician also appears. The straight line marks are the simplest way to indicate the number two and this style of indicating numbers has a very long history. Hebrew gematria used the letter ‘b’ and in fact our ‘2’ is derived from this very same letter form. So, there are intentionally two alphabets in use in this inscription. It is typical of highly educated people still to this day to insert some Latin phrase into their argument for emphasis and so we see it is also done here. The L and P are further confirmed and identified in this manner. (See note to reader below about using P as R.)

Translation of Bat Creek Stone using 8th century BC Phoenician Script

Translation of Bat Creek Stone using 8th century BC Phoenician Script

The language is not Hebrew but Anglo or Old English as has been noted in other Adena Tablets from the nearby Ohio area. This does not mean it is a fraud but that there is a major part of history that has been obliterated and not yet recovered.  The impossible idea that this stone is -valid- because it is in English/Anglo written in Phoenician letters is an idea that will be expounded upon in further posts. The reader should understand that academics tell us English (Anglo) originated 1300 years after this alphabet was in use or 500 AD.  (See Sator Rotas post.)

The stone is read top to bottom – left to right then right to left – bottom to top in reverse. Repeat all the letters and do not forget the dots! (The letter ‘u’ has sounds: u, v, o, w.)

If the dot means ‘eye’ with sound ‘i’ then it translates as follows (see image below):

(to) -eye – AN HIL – eye – UP – S-eye-….. -eye-S – PO – eye- LI- HN-A  -eye- 2

……………or filling in a bit:

to eye AN HILl eye UP Si-iS (si = to be, is = ice or si-is = sess = seat) PO(werful) eye LIe HaN (han = Stone)- A (a = always) – eye -two


To the eye of the One Upper Hill -the ice seat –  the powerful eye of the stone lies forever. There are two eyes.

……. or…..

To the mountain of ice, the eye at the top of the world, to the seat, came powerful stone eyes. There are two eyes.

The Latin Style letters and numbers provide:  (two) ‘E’ LaP  and  PaL ‘E’ (to)


the ‘Ae’ lap is the second pole at ‘Ae’

…… or…..

The first lap begins at the second pole.

Recall that in Hebrew gematria the sound for ‘a’ has a one value. There is no value and letter for ‘e’ so here the ‘E’ is given the value 1 or as spoken it is ‘a’ or ‘an’ meaning one. Recall that in ancient texts they often speak of An which is presumed to be a goddess. Combining these ideas then this phrase suggests a second pole is made of the One original pole and this is its ‘lap’ or latitude/longitude position. We recognize two poles today: magnetic north and true north. This leads to the final idea and most important part of the riddle.

By solving the number riddle (see below) this critical line can be added:

They lie at 56.5 degrees, 79 degrees.

(This is the location of southeast Hudson Bay on the arc and close to magnetic north which is moving northwards.)

Relationship to Sator-Rotas

satar rotasThe reader should note that the Bat Creek Stone is still easily translated (in words but not numbers) if the P is actually an R. The wording changes to ‘or’ = origin, and ‘ro’ = row, order. The witty riddler cleverly hides another word in the letter’s confusion. This is the word ‘pr’ and ‘rp’. The first suggests pair and the latter reap or rape.

A raping pair is the origin of order.

But there is more to this confusing letter! The H looked suspiciously like an E and if this is combined with the r-p duo then the words e-p-r and e-r-p, or appear and a-rope are created. They suggest that:

The raping pair appeared and provide the one rope.

This interpretation recalls the riddle of the Sator-Rotas Square. The inner ring of that puzzle is formed by the repeating letters E, P, E, R, E… or, P, E, R, E … which now look suspiciously familiar. The words ‘ro’ ,’or’, ‘op’, and ‘po’ are notable in that puzzle as well as ‘en’ and ‘ne’.

The Number Riddle

The number riddle is solved by substituting the Hebrew number equivalents for each letter and by noting the left and right half separated by the dot should be equal. This resolves any confusion about identifying the letters and how the ‘p’ was determined over the other possible letters ‘q’ and ‘r’. If the ‘i’ (letter directly left of the ‘L’) is considered to be an angle sign then the left half reads 56 (angle) 30 = 86. This 56 degrees 30 minutes is the latitude of Hudson Bay. The 86 is the diameter of the Sun or 864000 miles. The forty of 864000 is present if the numbers (1 50 5 10 30 6 80) are read as 56 40 86. Adding further support to this idea, recall that a square of sides of 40 has a diagonal of 56.5. The 56 degrees 30 minutes can be written as 56.5 degrees. The reference to the sun also confirms they are talking about latitude since the sun is used to measure latitude.

The translation of the Bat Creek Stone into both letters and numbers.

The translation of the Bat Creek Stone into both letters and numbers.

If the ‘i’ is given its 10 value then the sum of all the terms on the middle line left side is 96. The longitude of 79 is found by summing the left half grouping of numbers (2 above,  96 left word, 60 below) to obtain 158 which is twice 79.

The sum of the middle line is then 182. Add the 60 given by the lower ‘s’ as 182.60 and multiply by the 2 on top and find the number of days in a year or 365.2.

Other reasons to assume the two straight lines are part of the original inscription are as follows:

Counting the letters left of the dot find 5 and right find 2. There are 52 weeks in a year. There are 7 letters in this middle line. There are 7 days in a 52 week year. Indeed, taking the 2 upper lines into consideration there are 52.2 weeks in a year. Further still there are 7 plus 2 equals 9 symbols above the ‘s’ or longitude/latitude symbol. This number pattern was found on other Adena tablets and suggests 79.2 or 7920 the diameter of the planet in miles. The longitude of Hudson Bay is 79 degrees 20 minutes west.  The longitude of  “to-run-to” or otherwise known as Toronto, Canada is 79 degrees 20 minutes.

The total number of symbols is ten. The word ten is associated with tien (fork tines) and teon (torn) in Anglo /Old English. This idea and use of the word ten appeared in the Sator Rotas.

Assemble the symbols as 1 7 2, or 172, and find twice 86 as noted above. This repeats the 172 as found in the letters by summing 56, 30 and 86. This number appeared in other tablets and it is suggested it refers to 90 – 56 = 34 or twice 17.

Observe further that the 5, 7 and 2 can be assembled to create 57.2. The number of degrees in a radian (used in spherical calculations such as astronomy and navigation) is 57.29. The 9 is found by noting there are 9 symbols in the top two lines.

Still not done! Take complete notice of the dots! The first line reads 2 (lines) and 1 (dot), or 1 and 2. Twelve is the number of months in a year and houses in the Zodiac. The middle line gives 5, 1, 2 and the bottom line gives 1,1. Read the first two lines as 21512 and note that twice this is 43024, The radius of the Sun is 432,000 miles and there are 24 hours in a day. Read them all in reverse and find 1,1,2,1,5,1,2. Halve this number and find 560 756.  The first part repeats 56 and the last part, 756, repeats the 7 days in a week and the 56 again. A few other numbers provided by the dots are from line one: 2 and 1. From line two 5 + 1 = 6. Create 216. This suggests the diameter of the Moon at 2160 miles. Yet again, consider the dots as symbols and find 13 total or twice 6.5 which is 5.6 in reverse. Recall that the spelling of the word Yahweh is 5,6,5,10. Counting the symbols on each line find 3 then 8 and 2 or a reminder that 38 x 2 = 76 and the period of Halley’s Comet is 76 years.

As impossible as it might seem there are still more numbers! Notice the 2 (top line) and 56 can be summed to 58 and this is followed by 40. Assemble them as 5840 and recall the Earth travels 584000 miles in a year. Notice further that the sum of 56 degrees 30 = 86 can be said to equal 172. The bottom number is 60. Subtract 172-60 and obtain 112 or twice 56 again. Also note that the sum of the 56 (without the 2) plus the 40 and 60 beneath is 156 contains 56.

Note also this manner of counting. Count 2 lines then a dot equals 3 for 23. The middle line is then 5 symbols then a dot for 6 making 56. Count from the right 2 and a dot for 3 and find 23 again. The count can be continued right to left. The 23 is followed by 5 for 23.5. This 23.5 is the latitude of the Arctic Circle which surrounds the north pole!

Almost last but not least, notice the sum of all the letters, except the top 2, is 242. Subtract the 2 and find 240 or the hours in 10 days.

Alas! The importance of using the Latin L and P was nearly forgotten! The L gives us 30 and the P gives 80. Recall the H when seen as a Latin E gave us 1 for 111! The longitude of Barringer Crater in Arizona is 111 degrees and 10 minutes. The square of 111 is 12321 or the suggestion that order appears from 1. If we take the final step and add the 2 lines at the top left to this sum then 113 is obtained and this is twice 56.5!

Indeed, we must consider that that pesky P was meant to be an R and the reversed E an E not an H! The string of numbers becomes: 2  then  1, 50, 1, 10, 30, 6, 200 then 60  = ? = 360! There are 360 degrees in a circle and in the measurement of longitude and latitude! And what of the P-R confusion? P as 80 and R as 200 gives 280 or half of 560!

Enough is enough! There are probably more!


So, whoever the hoaxer was that inscribed this stone we know for a fact they were darned good at math riddles, knew gematria and knew all about Ba-al (Two Awls) in Hudson Bay!! That narrows the field of who dunits down a bit. The original author of this riddle was educated in two alphabets: Phoenician and Latin. He/she also knew that R and P  can be confused and took full advantage of it. The Phoenician letter style used was in use east of the Atlantic in 800 BC. The Latin letters evolved from Etruscan about 700 BC. Letter P was used as an R in the original alphabet. It evolved into a P as used today a few centuries later. This gives an upper limit to the age of the  stone as 2800 years but not to the story depicted as the Grave Creek Stone will show. The lower limit depends on when Paleo-Hebrew / Phoenician fell out of use on the west side of the Atlantic and when the last time this stone was copied to remember the wit and wisdom of the saying.

Next the Grave Creek Stone is examined. It too has a fascinating translation.

Translation of Bat Creek Stone and its number riddle.

Translation of Bat Creek Stone and its number riddle.



Back to the very beginning of series on Adena Tablets

Previous Post on the Shaman Stone

Posts on: Adena Pipe, Numbers and their Meaning, Ramey Peet Tablet, Gridley Stone

McKensie and Bainbridge Tablets, Cincinnati Tablet,

Egyptian Art Comparison, Wilmington Tablet, Lakin A Tablet,

The Gaitskill Clay Tablet, Allen Tablet, Grave Creek,

The Kiefer Tablet, Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,

Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet, The Low Tablet,

The Waverly Tablet, Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

(updated Nov. 2018)