Runic Riddles: Time Capsules

B.L. Freeborn © December 2022               (PDF version here.)

Runic riddles are riddles written in runes. Runes are alphabets that were in use in northern Europe, Britain and other northern areas. They were used for centuries but died out with the coming of Christianity.

There are a certain group of inscriptions from this period that are either difficult to interpret, very short, have unexplained symbols, use bindrunes (letters stuck together), and/ or are unusual for some reason. Here is an example from Norway (Lomen No. 2; Norges Inscrifter Med De Yngre Runer, Vol.1, Pg. 216) deemed to be a magic incantation. It is simply a riddle. The solution is at the end of the post.

These unusual ones are where the riddles hide. Primarily they were created for amusement, in the same manner as crosswords are today. Besides providing unique puzzles for people to solve, they often contained phrases and ‘secret messages’ that we find strange or incomprehensible today. They are little windows into a bygone era before the cleansing of facts by ‘modern’ teachers, internet myths, and the Catholic church. The latter worked especially hard via genocide and threats to stamp out Paganism. Throw the Black death into the picture which killed half the population of these areas and it is not surprising that the information these riddles reveal seems …. surprising to say the least.

Sadly, the numbers of inscriptions still in existence are declining with each passing year. They were once abundant. Many now only exist in photos. The few remaining tell us something of importance.

Many preserve the concepts of Baal and Paganism. This religion can be traced back 12000 years. The remaining practitioners faced with the power of the Catholic Church found a way to preserve some hints of it in these riddles. Others tell us of extraordinary journeys. They reveal an important part of our lost knowledge.

The following posts bring a few of these riddles to you. Others are available as pdfs at the bottom of the posts.

Hopefully, they are both enjoyable and educational to you.


This is called a magic formula – ISTIL form. The number of duplicated runes varies. This one uses triplicates and to match the three makes bindrunes of the six initial runes. The transliteration of the three bindrunes and duplicated runes is RT UÆ KN III SSS TTT III LLL. This is an anagram for ‘stlis’ in Latin which means ‘quarrel’ or ’cause’ and/or ‘tellus’ meaning Earth or region. This implies a ‘global difficulty.’

The three bindrunes and the triplicates suggest 3. This is equal to Th (or D) rune. Simplify and add the Th:    Th    R T U Æ K N    I S T I L. As numbers this is: 3   5 12 2 4 6 8     9 11 12 9 15.

The group ISTIL has four notable values. 9,11,12 sum to 32✓; then 9,15 sum to 24✓; then 12,9,15 sum to 36✓; and the total is 56.✓ All of these numbers are important. (For checked ✓ number meanings see below**. See next table for rune/number equivalents.)

The first group containing the bindrunes has no meaningful sums except for the total with the 3 (Th) included which is 40. A square of sides 40 has 56.56 as a diagonal. This repeats the ISTIL sum. The group does have the significant series 4 6 8 which in reverse is 864.✓

From Wikipedia

There are several elements of the riddle missing. The author and year are often stated and the number 792 (always present) is missing. This is long enough to contain both. Mongé derived the name KanutR from the first six runes. His solution is different than what is presented here. (Landsverk, Ancient…, pg. 127-138) However, by inspection the name Thorniut is found. (The Æ includes the sound O. Also, the I rune can be an E.) The only letter missing is an I and a K is left over. There are two I’s in the last group, so this implies letter sharing. If the K shifts to the last group notice this list of small abbreviated words can be formed: KIL (kill); I TIL (I tell); I LIS (I lies); S (south); I TI LI S (I tie lie South). When taken altogether the following is suggested:

I Thorniut tell. The I tie lies South where it was killed in the global upheaval.

This is a typical Baalist statement including the name of the author but the number 792 is still missing so the solution is incomplete. If Thorniut is converted to numbers as given (without the I) one finds: 3 4 5 8 2 12. Now the following sums are noted: 3,4 sums to 7; then 4,5 sums to 9; then 3,4,5,8 sums to 20 so that we now have 7920.✓

The year would complete the picture. Some indication of the year and three other numbers is sought: the Golden Number (GN), the Day Letter (DL) and the Line #. These numbers are used to find dates on the Perpetual Easter Table (here). A complete discussion of this is found in any of Landsverk’s books listed below.

The letters as bindrunes were anagrammed for a reason so returning to those runes/numbers we have: 5 12 2 4 6 8. These can somewhat change order since there is no way to tell which rune of the bindrune should go first ie. 12 5 4 2 8 6 etc. Note the 1224 looks like a year and in fact, Line # 4 in the attached chart begins with that year. The 4 is present in the series. But year 1224 has GN 9 which is not present in this group. Since 3 is prominently noted by the triplicates, if taken to mean GN 3 then on this 4th line, year 1237 is indicated. It has day letter 4. The sum of this series of numbers is 37 confirming the date.

Other dates for similar reasons can be found. But after much searching 1237 seemed to have the most in its favor. Mongé dated this to 3 March 1199 using just the 3’s. There is good reason to accept his date except that all versions of Istil riddles repeating 3 times would then imply the same date. The reader is free to search for other plausible dates using the attached Easter Table.

I Thorniut tell in the year 1237. The I tie lies South where it was killed in the global upheaval.

Earlier Riddle Posts      Next Post

Similar Articles by this Author (pdfs uploaded as available)

* Easter Table pdf

** For numeric background see:

**Freeborn, B.L., Validating North American Runic Inscriptions,, November 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., Deciphering the Spirit Pond, Nomans Land and Narragansett Runic Inscriptions,, November 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., The Nomans Land – Leif Eriksson Inscription,, December 2022. (An excerpt from the above.)

Freeborn, B.L., Et in Arcadia Ego – OUOSVAVV DM – Deciphered,, December 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., Kensington Stone’s Secret Lairs,, February 2023.

Freeborn, B.L., Lifting the Veil of Time off the Rökstone of Sweden,, April 2023.

Freeborn, B.L., Runic Riddles: Time Capsules,, December 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., The Runic Riddles: Younger Futhork,, December 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., The Narragansett Inscription: A Translation with its Date of Dedication, Author and Inscriber,, October 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., The Newport Tower: Finding the Date of Dedication, its Designer and Builder,, October 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., The Vinland Map – Encoded Riddle,, February 2023.

Freeborn, B.L., Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: The Secret Chamber,, January 2016. (Two parts: post and page)

Book References:

Landsverk, O.G., Runic Records of the Norsemen in America, Erik J. Friis, Publisher, Rushford, MN, 1974.

Landsverk, O.G., Ancient Norse Messages, Norseman Press, Glendale, California, 1969.

Mongé, Alf & O.G. Landsverk, Norse Medieval Cryptography in Runic Carvings, Norseman Press, Glendale, California, 1967.

Syversen, Earl, Norse Runic Inscriptions: with their Long-forgotten Cryptography, The Vine Hill Press, Sebastopol, California, 1979.

Derogatory article by Aslak Liestol of Alf Mongé’s work:  and…. Landsverk responded to these comments in Ancient Norse Messages pg. 126-129; and often in Runic Records of the Norsemen in America.

Making Words in Indo-European

© 2019 B. L. Freeborn

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It has been suggested in prior posts that the alphabet is the basis of the Indo-European Language. The Hebrew Alphabet is one of the oldest alphabets and was used for this study. (See below.) Each letter already had a sound and a number associated to it. In this study a concept was attached. These symbols then comprise the Indo-European language.

To complete the exercise, let us put it to the test by examining some old Anglo-Saxon words and others. Using the concept list at the bottom observe how it may be used with the following words:

Sun… a combination of s-u-n: continuous-ongoing-yet varying. This aptly describes the sun.

From Anglo-Saxon (Old English): nes which means to survive. It is comprised of n-s: varying yet ongoing.

From Old English nest. It is comprised of n-s-t: varying yet ongoing place.

From Old English os means mouth. In Latin it means bone. It is comprised of o-s: ongoing and continuous.

From Greek chaos means abyss. Today it means confusion. It is comprised of ch-a-o-s: changing-source-ongoing-continuous.

From Old English yth means flood. It is comprised of i-th: eye – of greatest importance. Suggesting the source of the flood.

From Old English toss. It is essentially comprised of ts: to harm by tossing.

From Old English ra means to raid. Comprised of r: explosion/spreading.

From Old English raesc meaning shower. It is comprised of r-sh: explosion/spreading – of the smallest.

Compare to ras meaning to search out. Today it means erase. Comprised of r-z: explosion/spreading – sever.

Compare to raes meaning to rush, attack. Comprised of r-s: explosion/spreading – continuous.

From Old English sar means sore. Comprised of z – r: sever – spread.

From Old English seare means cunning. Comprised of s-r: continuous – spreading.

From Old English net. Comprised of n-t: varying – places of union/ties.

From Old English mag meaning may. Comprised of m-A: more – allowed.

From Old English ag means to gain or take. Comprised of a-g: source-action.

From Old English ah means to gain or take. Comprised of a-h: source-on high.

Now examine the word magnet. Note the contraction of may-ag-net as defined above.

From Old English thoth means yet, that, then at that time. Comprised of th-th: important-extreme.

From Greek tessarace means summit of a four sided tetrahedron. Note the contraction of toss-seare-raes or tossing that continued from an attack.

And the last word for the day…

The seventh word in the Torah (in Latin letters) is ts-r-ea-h which means in Hebrew (when read left to right) the Earth. Note the contraction of toss-seare-ra-ah or a tossing that continued as it raided and gained control.

This all leaves one very much to consider……..!

Significant ideas of the Indo-European Language:

‘a’ source, ‘b’ to be bisected, ‘g’ action, rotation,

Key to the Hebrew Letters and the Latin Letter that will serve to substitute for it in this study due to font issues.

‘d’ a division or state,‘h’ on high, ‘u’,’o’,’wf’ ongoing,

‘z’ to sever, severeness, ‘ch’ to change,

‘t’ a place of union, linear action, ‘I’,’y’ the eye or center,

‘k’ the impact crater and its properties,

‘L’ to lie where it fell, to lay out, to be in a line,

‘m’ more, might, measure of, ‘n’ negation, to reverse in direction yet continue,

‘s’ continuous state of being, unbroken, ‘A’ assigned, custom law,

‘p’ power in the small or great, ‘ts’ to harm by tossing, teasing, twisting, action that harms,

‘q’ magnetic pole and force,

‘r’ behavior of an explosion,

‘sh’ becoming infinitely small or transparent, ephemeral

and ‘th’ denotes importance and order of events.

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The Indo-European Language at its Earliest

© 2019 B. L. Freeborn

It was suggested previously that the alphabet as preserved in the Hebrew Script represents the original Indo-European Language and that each letter represents a sound, number and idea.

In the last posts ea, b, g ; d, h, wf were studied. In this post z, ch and t are examined.

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They represent numbers 7, 8 and 9 respectively. The Hebrew Letters are as seen in the image below.

The ‘z’ sound represents the number seven. It separates the days into weeks. It was used historically in other ways such as the jubilee which was the fiftieth year following 7 x 7 years.

Consider that it suggests the idea: to sever and severeness.

The next letter ‘ch’ has value 8. Numerically it can be associated with 2 x 2 x 2,

or 2 + 2 + 2 + 2, or a number which grows incrementally.

Consider it suggests the idea: to change. We find it used in such common words as chatter, chemistry and chew.

The next letter ‘t’ has value 9. It is the last number before 10 and in base 10 (the system we use) it is the highest digit before the numbers repeat again. It is a stopping point, a tie, not a division as in ‘d’.

Consider that it suggests the idea: a place of union, linear action.

Key to the Hebrew Letters and the Latin Letter that will serve to substitute for it in this study due to font issues.

From Anglo-Saxon note these examples using these letters:

sa = bucket, sig = to sink (sun), syfre = sober;

cheow = to chew; che = change, shift, cine = chine, fissure;

tieg = tie, bind, ta = rod, spread, toe, tima = time.

Note the meaning of the words as they are found in series as provided by the alphabet’s order. Continuing where we left off:

wf-z or fys = feeze, drive away

z-ch or secg = ‘sedge’, reed, sword, warrior

ch-t or ‘chette’ = chatter from raescettan = crackle, creak.

Before we had these significant ideas: ‘a’ source, ‘b’ to be bisected, ‘g’ action, rotation, ‘d’ a division or state,‘h’ on high, and ‘wf’ ongoing. Each is represented by a short sound.

Now we have these ideas: ‘z’ to sever, severeness, ‘ch’ to change, and ‘t’ a place of union, linear action.

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Ye Old Language of the Ancients

© 2019 B. L. Freeborn

“The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.” – FDR

All the words in this famous quote by President Roosevelt are Anglo-Saxon and could be understood by people speaking the language a thousand years ago or more.

Note these interesting little riddles made from Anglo-Saxon words. (If the meaning of the word has changed with time, the old meaning is in parentheses.)

Are these not rather descriptive sentences of a comet impact with the planet?

Tap tip top.

Pat put (out eyes) of pate (happy one) into pits and pots.

Mece (sword) and myce (more) make muck of meek.

It came and its cyme (aftermath) is a cumb (valley) and cama (collar).

Pin (torture) pun (poke hole through) into a pan (dish) and pen.

Tack (a nail) take and tuc (punish).

The hale hill was hele (concealed) into a hell.

This book is about the baking, bucking, bickering becca (pike) on the back from where it becks (streams).

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What Strange Secret Lies Hidden Here?

Elephant Tablet found during construction of Cuenca Airport, Ecuador

Elephant Tablet found during construction of Cuenca Airport, Ecuador

© 2018 B. L. Freeborn

In prior posts the idea that ancient art describes the events of a great comet impact and an associated crustal displacement was discussed. Support from ancient records then turned to the written word and in particular to the Hebrew alphabet as a method for reconstructing the Indo-European Language.

The Hebrew Alphabet was discussed in these posts previously under the title “A Little Mystery Hidden in the Hebrew Alphabet.”

There are two things that are distinct about the Hebrew alphabet. Five of the twenty-two letters are associated with a pair called an end-cap because they are used at the end of Hebrew words. This makes a total of twenty-seven symbols. Secondly, the alphabet is called an abjed which means it has no vowels.

Additionally, each letter is also a number. The numbers associated with them are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 , 80, 90, 100, 200, 300 and 400. Some numbering schemes assign the higher numbers 500 etc. to the end cap letters.

The letters will be replaced by the Latin letters shown in the image for font convenience sake:

Key to the Hebrew Letters and the Latin Letter that will serve to substitute for it in this study due to font issues.

Imagine that all texts were originally written on clay tablets (or worse yet carved in stone) and someone had to collect the clay, make the tablets, write the tablets, bake the tablets and pity the poor soul who had to haul them from place to place. It is easy to conclude lengthy documents required great economy of lettering to facilitate this process and minimize the massive bulk.

With this in mind, in this reconstruction of the Indo-European language, each letter becomes an entire word or more precisely an idea. In contrast to tradition the ‘ea’, the first letter, will be taken to be a short ‘a’ or short ‘e.’ The letter Ayin, marked ‘A’, will be the long ‘a’ of English. The ‘I’ will be  a long ‘I’ or ‘Y’ and the ‘wf’ will be the four Latin letters: O, U, F and W. The multi-purpose ‘wf’ was either used to confuse the novice or was originally some word/sound forgotten with time but probably along the line of wouf or fouw. It is often associated with the sound ‘v’ as well which provides 5 sounds for the 6th letter and recreates the 5-6 noted in prior posts as being important. However, this study shows that over time the B took on the role for the ‘V’ sound of ‘wf’.

Also, contrary to custom each letter typically considered a consonant will automatically be assumed to be followed by a short ‘a’ or ‘e’ so that ‘b’ becomes ‘ba’ or ‘be,’ and ‘d’ becomes ‘da’ or ‘de’, etc.,  The difference between short ‘a’ and ‘e’ is of little importance since their actual pronunciation varies greatly with locality and time. In total contrast to the idea that this alphabet is vowel-less note this means there are certainly four ‘vowels’ depicted by symbols and one assumed to be present if one of the other four is not used.

These assumptions convert the Hebrew abjed alphabet to one with consonants and vowels much more like the modern Latin alphabet. The beauty of this is it removes the necessity of writing every ‘e’ which is still the most common letter used today and thereby substantially reduces the weight of each document written in clay. This is a worthy goal for book maker and reader alike.

Very soon we begin slowly defining the words associated with the individual letters to arrive at the twenty-two basic words/concepts of the Indo-European Language. After that many two and three letter words will be explored which will notably expand the vocabulary before some interesting ancient words are examined.

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Next post on another kerb stone. Next post on alphabet.

Mayans, Magnetism and Upending World Views

Mayan Calendar

Photo by El Comandante CC-By-SA 3.0 IMAGE National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico City

© 2017 B. L. Freeborn

For sometime we have been looking at riddles hidden in ancient art. Continuing along that line we look at the Mayan Calendar and upend it to see what it might be hiding.

Upend it and find the following….

Not in the East, nor in the West, nor in the South but …
To the North came the two beaked birds
like flying snakes, Quetzalcoatl they may be…
They came like lovers ready to kiss…
The two comets went into their craters with their tails …
They put out the eye of Earth…
They made the high brows…
They flattened the nose at the center of the world…
And it went in at this angle…
The icebergs flew into the waters at the mouth of the world….
There were two huge craters…
It was surrounded by mighty planks,
remnants of what the icy headlands had been…
All around was dabbled with craters…..
It was surrounded by waves and flames….
The cities and temples were overcome by waves like claws…
It carved a new world order into stone as it pushed north south…
It turned it all over…
So began the world.

Recall that some time ago the paper “A Planet Most Miraculous: The Mechanics of Earth’s Rotating Crust” was published here. In this post we saw what the Mayan Calendar might be trying to show us by turning it over. In the same way we will overturn the world view of magnetism and learn how it played a role in saving the Earth.

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Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: Indus Script

© 2017 B. L. Freeborn

Indus Valley Seal A.

Another ancient riddle presents itself in the Indus Valley seals written in a script which has defied translation. We are in a unique position to make a few inroads into this mystery. A search of Indus Valley Seals shows that the bull at the manger was a common motif so it is worthy of analysis. The message on each of these three seals is obviously different yet the symbolism is remarkably familiar.

Find in the image ….

Indus Valley Seal B.

Ba’al is like a bull.

The serpent like comets were like horns upon a bull.

Upon the covering of the mighty one they left marks like eyebrows.

The pole moved lower.

Indus Valley Seal C.

Now there is a cup on it.

Around it and in it are many cup marks.

The pole of measures now lies above it.

It came to the pole to eat.


The familiar symbolism assures us that these images refer to the double comet impact which formed the Nastapoka Arc and Hudson Bay amidst the mighty two mile thick ice sheet..

Observe the first two glyphs on Seal A are very nearly Hebrew  (M) and (I). The double square is also reminiscent of the Metcalf Stone’s first symbol or a dagger.

The third symbol suggests the up/down triangles noted in the previous post and seen in Da Vinci’s art, the Grave Creek Stone and other places. By connecting them to the oblong circle it further suggests the idea of the mountain that became a deep round abyss.

Like in the Grave Creek Stone some of the glyphs are elevated on a peak or delta which make the two glyphs in the center of Seal B appear to be fish but they probably suggest the ‘crater above’ or the ‘crater that delineates.’

Note the symbol immediately to the right of these looks like a comet entering a crater suggesting the idea of an impact.

The two parallel lines are seen on the Newberry Tablet and suggest longitude and/or latitude lines.

On Seal C the Hebrew letter for (Sh) is also elevated and the glyph is reminiscent of the menorah. The symbol third from the right, also elevated, appears to be a mountain that has been shot. Immediately to the right is a glyph like dual flames reminding one of Ba’al which literally means both fires.

Further still, many of the symbols are nearly identical to Luwian Hieroglyphs.

Perhaps with these few clues someone will be able to translate the script…..!!!

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Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: Secrets from West Africa

© 2017 B. L. Freeborn

Ifa divination bowl of the Yoruba people.

West African Ifa Divination bowl of the Yoruba people formerly of the Friede Collection. Photo credit below.

This figure is from the Friede collection formerly of New York. It is a vessel used for Ifa divination amongst the Yoruba people of West Africa. The bowl holds palm nuts used by the diviner.

Now let us look closer at this very unique piece of art and we will recognize some very familiar symbols.

Recall the symbols in the Da Vinci Last Supper seen in the previous post.

Find the symbols suggested by the italic phrases below in the image.

A double comet came as two balls.

It put a large crater upon the world’s back

when it brought the world to its knees.

It bent the mountains down that covered the head of the world.

It split the world asunder creating a two footed foundation

for the world: the north pole and the magnetic pole.


(Image from World Mythology, Editor Roy Willis, New York: Metro Books, 2006, pg. 275.)

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Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: DaVinci’s Last Supper

Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper

Leonardo da Vinci’s painting of the Last Supper in Santa Maria delle Grazie painted in 1498. Wikimedia, public domain.

© 2017 B. L. Freeborn

Another ancient riddle presents itself in this fabulous and famous painting of the Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci. It is well known he was involved in secret societies. Is he revealing any secrets in this painting?

Note the following possible symbolism:

  • The figure of Jesus creates a vertical triangle.
  • The empty space to his right creates an inverted triangle.
  • The man to his left is pointing upwards with his right hand.
  • The feminine figure on Jesus’ right has a disembodied left hand slicing across his neck suggesting beheading.
  • All the cups on the table are made of clear glass making them difficult to see.
  • There is a large dish in front of Jesus central to the image.
  • The image is painted and centered over a door.
  • The window behind Jesus has an arch painted over it.
  • The painted ceiling is a grid of 36 squares.
  • The disciples are grouped 3 and 3 on each side. There are 3 windows on the back wall and 3 pillars on each side.

A closer examination of the Last Supper reveals clues to da Vinci’s knowledge of long held secrets.

    Perhaps some meaning can be affixed to this possible symbolism.
    • Are the cups on the table nearly invisible because they are not important to the real story?
    • Is the grid work the man points to on the ceiling supposed to represent longitude and latitude lines?
    • Are the 36 squares supposed to suggest the 360 degrees of a circle?
    • Are the repeating 3’s used to suggest 33? Is this the 33 of Scottish Masonry or is it latitude from the North Pole which is 57 degrees north latitude where Hudson Bay lies?
    • Is the arch above the highest window the Nastapoka Arc of Hudson Bay where it appears a massive comet impacted?
    • Is the dish central to the image and over the door to indicate it is a large round opening?
    • The up and down triangles are seen in the Grave Creek Stone below. The symbolism is also seen in the letter N and in the first Hebrew letter aleph which is essentially an N as well.
    • Is he saying the ‘central mountain’ ‘went in’ to a ‘disc shaped hole’ with a pronounced arc?
    • Does all this imply it was mother Earth itself that was beheaded?

Note the similarities to other ancient art studied in previous posts as shown below.

Copy of stone found at Grave Creek Mound, West Virginia, Ohio River. The middle column depicts the up and down triangles.

Shaman Bear from Newark Mounds, Newark, Ohio. The man holds a decapitated head on his lap.

Assyrian Relief, Detail of Cup, Brooklyn Museum. The dish on the center of the table like the dish in the relief seems to be central to the topic.

Gaitskill Stone Tablet from ancient Ohio showing grid and pole at top.

Baal, a Statute from Ugarit.14th to 12th BC. Louvre, Wikipedia. The man points up with his right hand and his left hand is held low.

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Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: The Purse from Assyria

© 2017 B. L. Freeborn, updated Sept. 2022

The object that appears to be a purse found in the art of the Olmecs of Mesoamerica and in ancient Assyria in the Middle East was discussed previously in posts on the Odd Little Purse and Its Meaning.

Assyrian Purse

A stone carved weight from Assyria located in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC.

Now, one has been found! In the New York City Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Assyrian Collection there is an intricately carved stone purse about a foot in width. It is decorated with the tree of life motif that is so prevalent in art from the period.

The museum description reads that it was probably used as a weight or counter balance for a scale. Indeed, in the photo one can see that the upper left side of the handle seems worn from use as if it had been hung on a hook repeatedly. Next to this stone purse was another of similar design but smaller with a broken handle.

Assyrian Purse in relief

Assyrian Relief with Winged Genius, Walters Art Museum, Wikimedia

This independent confirmation by the museum that it was a weight reinforces ideas presented in other posts. Because of its central position in these beautiful works of art, such as the Assyrian Relief shown here, it must be intrinsic to the story they relate.

Could they actually be depicting a comet coming to the center of the ‘weight of the world’, or the then massive northern ice sheets, where the ‘tree of life’, now known as the magnetic north pole, emanates?

This iconography also appears at Gobekli Tepe. (Image from Wikipedia.) On pillar 43 three purses appear in a row with vultures below them. One appears to be tossing a ball. ?!?


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