Earth’s Magnetism has Gone to Ground

© 2018 B. L. Freeborn

In the previous section the idea that Earth’s magnetic field is solely the result of the moving liquid core was reviewed.

There is another way to view the process. It is proposed that the magnetic properties of Earth are primarily held within the solid core and solid outer shell. The resultant magnetism is the sum of both the properties of the solid materials themselves and the magnetism induced over extensive periods of time into the composite structure by a consistent flow of convective materials in the liquid core. The orientation is held in the solid materials and need not be constantly generated by the randomly moving liquid.

Continuing along this line, the Earth is obviously not a completely coherent object. A single magnet has absolute coherence regardless of size and strength. An arrangement of an infinite number of magnets in any material that does not exhibit magnetic properties as a whole occurs because the magnets are not a coherent system. As coherency develops in the system magnetic properties are exhibited. This is how magnetism is induced in a needle simply by stroking it. Coherency can be induced in more than one way to ‘create’ or ‘induce’ magnetism. The Earth must have enough coherence, although a conglomerate, since it exhibits a dominant dipole system which we call its magnetic poles.

Applying the idea of a quadrupolar field model (see previous section) requires that Earth (a predominately solid 3-D sphere) become so disorganized that it loses a great deal of its coherence. Since the bulk of Earth on the exterior is dense rock, and additionally, it has a large solid core, making it lose its coherence so that it loses its dominant magnetic dipole field becomes literally a shattering of the planet which obviously has not happened in a very long time. In contrast, if we are to believe the Pétrélis article, referenced in the previous section, then the flow within the liquid core is strong enough to create a magnetic dipole at anytime that can overcome the sum magnetic fields laid down over time in the remaining 65% of the solid planet.

Above is a video by magnetism guru Ken Wheeler showing how magnets affect a mixture of iron filings in fluid. Many other videos can be found on youtube.

By maintaining the magnetic orientation in the solid structures the fluctuations caused by the moving liquid core are dampened. The moving liquid core is agitated during large comet impacts which must occur more frequently then modern scientists will allow. The liquid core must also move in response to the attraction/repelling of particles between the two magnetized structures it resides between in addition to convection. (See Ferro-Fluid video above.) The system must run down (become incoherent and stationary) and thus lose its magnetic nature over time without periodic inputs of energy as would be supplied by large comet impacts. Indeed, the interior of the planet itself would cool perhaps solidifying this liquid core without such inputs of energy. As discussed in “A Planet Most Miraculous” the Earth is well suited to absorbing large impacts.

By assuming that the dipole of magnetism we experience as the North and South poles is primarily held in the exterior layer some 1800 miles thick or 45% of the diameter of the planet which can move relatively freely around on the inner liquid core explains several observed phenomena. The core is considered to be solid iron which is one of the most ‘magnetizable materials’ in existence. It comprises 20% of the diameter of the planet. In addition, it is at the center of a large gravitational body and what is gravity but magnetism under a different name. By assuming that this inner core of the planet is another magnetic structure with its own orientation which tends to remain fixed in the True North-True South position explains other observed phenomena. These two structures account for 65% of the diameter and provide ample storage for the Earth’s magnetism.

As explained in “A Planet Most Miraculous: The Mechanics of Earth’s Rotating Crust” the entire outer structure of the planet can be acted upon which will cause the exterior magnetic poles to shift to a different position with respect to the ecliptic plane but remain in the same position with respect to its physical location on Earth. The magnetic dipole field we observe, measure and live by is largely a function of this programmed magnetically coherent conglomerate outer bulk. This is a very important point so it will be explained further.

Let us say that very recently (13000 to 5000 years ago) True North and Magnetic North coincided at the True North Pole. The physical location was in the midst of Hudson Bay at the lowest large arc. But! – Hudson Bay existed not as it is but as a mountainous ice field at the True North Pole. It was many miles high. (The highest mountain in Antarctica is 3 miles.) A large comet strikes the north pole into this mountainous icy region. It bores a deep hole which gives it a leverage point in which to catch. Combining this with its velocity and mass it is able to transfer its momentum to the structure of Earth. It shifts the outer mantle and crust entirely just like a wheel moves on an inner bearing and it stops at latitude 56.5 degrees north and goes no further. (Why it stops here is discussed in later sections.) The heat of the comet and its velocity allow it to break through the ice. Its fragments ricochet to form the Great Lakes. Large volumes of ice also ricochet to form other structures such as the Carolina Bays. The ice mountains have been transformed into the three arcs of Hudson Bay. This is an area some 400 miles wide and a 1000 miles long once covered by 3 miles or more of ice or 1.2 million cubic miles of ice. It was instantly melted and so the legend of the Deluge begins.

Afterwards magnetic north lies at 56.5 degrees north. It has shifted 33.5 degrees. In this location it remained for a few thousand years until the magnetic pole gradually shifted northwards. It has moved rapidly over the last 400 years or so to take up its present position. Now it will slowly circle the True North Pole in a clockwise direction. This will be discussed again later in more detail but for the time being understand the following. If the dominant magnetic field of Earth was not essentially within the outer 45% of the planet, it would not have shifted during the impact. There would never have been a two pole (True-Magnetic) system. The stable configuration has now been achieved in the North again and the Southern Poles are slowly moving into realignment. This will hopefully be a good long superchron until the planet is hit again and the process starts all over.

The fact that the magnetic poles are realigning to true north-south suggests that the solid inner core’s magnetic field is the more stable part of this system. This is logical from the standpoint that the very dense core, as an inner spherical magnet made of iron, throws its field entirely through the outer layers especially the liquid outer core. The reverse cannot be said of a hollow sphere magnet (the outer crust which is a conglomerate), nor can it be said of the liquid core. This throwing outwards through the liquid core gives scientists the impression that the liquid core has a substantially stronger field (50 times more powerful) than the solid core or outer crust. But remember, the field of a magnet is thrown outwards, hence the liquid core is substantially under the influence of the solid core.

Recall that a magnet draws material to it and a strong magnet is able to highly compact its ‘atoms’ into a lattice structure. (Chemists successfully use the atomic model to understand the process although it is has its limits.) Two things occur as a magnet becomes more powerful. There is more sharing of electrons and the crystal structure becomes more dense. It is the magnetic properties of the individual atoms (magnetic moment of electron spin) that confers magnetism on the sum of the material. When working in unison the magnetic properties of the individual atoms grows exponentially as resonance develops. (1) With this understanding we realize then that the solid core is 50 times more magnetic than the liquid core. Not the reverse as commonly understood.

Overtime the inner iron core programs the outer crust and they become in-sync. The longer it is stable the more in-sync they become and the magnetic field of Earth appears to become stronger. During a large comet impact this bulk retains its magnetic orientation as it is shifted away and it dominates until the solid inner core reprograms it.  (As we are experiencing now). What Pétrélis and others see as a quadrupole is actually a ‘broken magnet.’ (To be discussed in a later section.)

Other observed phenomena will be discussed going forward.

More to come…. in the next section. Back to previous section. Back to Index and beginning.

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(1) Nebergall, William,  Schmidt, Frederic, Holtzclaw, Henry,  “General Chemistry”,  Lexington, Ma.: D.C. Heath and Co.,1976, pg. 771 -788.

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The Greatest Mystery of all Time: Earth’s Magnetism

© 2017 B. L. Freeborn

Understanding what happens during large comet impacts requires some knowledge of Earth’s magnetic nature and magnetism in general. Two problems present immediately. The first is magnetism is poorly understood in and of itself. The second is that a closer look at the ‘facts’ we are being told about Earth’s magnetic field suggests that they may not be facts. The purpose of the next series of articles is to examine some of these existing beliefs and propose new theories.

The basic understanding today of the earth’s magnetic field is as follows:

“Earth’s polarity is not a constant. Unlike a classic bar magnet, or the decorative magnets on your refrigerator, the matter governing Earth’s magnetic field moves around. Geophysicists are pretty sure that the reason Earth has a magnetic field is because its solid iron core is surrounded by a fluid ocean of hot, liquid metal. This process can also be modeled with supercomputers. Ours is, without hyperbole, a dynamic planet. The flow of liquid iron in Earth’s core creates electric currents, which in turn create the magnetic field.” – NASA, Nov. 2011

We are also told that the direction and strength of Earth’s previous magnetic fields are recorded in the lava that flows out from below the crust as the ocean floor spreads at the mid-Atlantic rift. It forms measurable bands that reverse direction periodically. Research ships have detected and recorded this data for later compilation. Both computer and actual modeling has filled in the blanks in understanding. This is how theories such as we see above about Earth’s magnetic field were developed.

 

Magnetic stripes on ocean floor.

(Caption for the above reads: “A survey of the Earth’s magnetic field in the vicinity of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge south of Iceland shows magnetic anomalies aligned as paired stripes in the direction of the ridge. The youngest material is found at the ridge axis. A change in color indicates a reversal of polarity in the magnetic field. Different color indicates different age since rock formation, age increasing away from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The 100 m and 1000 m depth contours are also shown.” http://www.incois.gov.in/Tutor/science+society/lectures0
/illustrations/lecture31/magneticstripes.html)

There are however many scientists with dissenting opinions as we see in the two quotes here:

(1) “The intensity of the Earth’s magnetic field over the Atlantic Ocean has been measured on a number of flights organized by the Department of Mines and Technical Surveys of Canada and also under Project Magnet (U.S. Hydrographic Office). Some of these flights passed over the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the magnetic observations show that there are large anomalies associated with the crest of the Ridge in some crossings, but not in all.” – Magnetic Anomalies over the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, M. J. Keen, Nature.com

(2) “I would claim that the models are very far from being realistic, and therefore the inferences we draw from them about the Earth are going to be questionable,” says geophysics professor Bruce Buffett of UC Berkeley’s Department of Earth and Planetary Science. Planetary magnetic fields: The hunt for better models November 25, 2010 by Monica Friedlander, ScienceMatters@Berkeley
Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2010-11-planetary-magnetic-fields.html#jCp

There are other scientists whose research supports NASA’s statement:

(3a) “The quadrupolar field (it is likely to be a quadrupole but another structure could be possible) is also generated by the flow of the liquid core of the Earth, exactly like the dipolar field,” explained the researchers. “Most of the time, we observe a dipolar field because it is more easily generated by the flow, but in other conditions a quadrupolar field could be maintained, and this occurs in a temporary manner during a reversal.” Reversals of Earth’s Magnetic Field Explained by Small Core Fluctuations, April 23, 2009 by Lisa Zyga who quotes from Pétrélis, François; Fauve, Stéphan; Dormy, Emmanuel; and Valet, Jean-Pierre. “Simple Mechanism for Reversals of Earth’s Magnetic Field.” Physical Review Letters, 102, 144503 (2009).
Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2009-04-reversals-earth-magnetic-field-small.html#jCp

The authors (Pétrélis et al.) above speak of fields. For clarity, there is no such thing as a quadrupolar magnet. A magnet will always have just two opposite ends on its one pole (a dipole), and that magnet will always exhibit at the midpoint a Bloch Wall or Dielectric Plane. One can arrange individual magnets in an infinite number of ways to create anything from quadrupoles to infinite-poles but one still has individual magnets so arranged. The reference to a quadrupolar field presumably suggests the intersection of two magnetic fields which are not always acting coherently so as to reinforce each other, may be of unequal strength, and may act to cancel each other out in certain areas to the extent no magnetic properties are observed.

Pétrélis et al. (quote 3a) suggest the liquid core forms the quadrupolar field presumably as it shifts about via convection then the orientation of the poles flip and it regenerates itself as the opposing dipole dominates. The system can then become harmonious again until it just isn’t and the cycle repeats. Or, the opposing pole vanishes and the process is aborted until it begins again somehow.

One finds this additional statement at the end of the Pétrélis article:

(3b) “Although little is known about the actual flow inside the Earth’s core, recent observations have shown that the ends of superchrons are often followed by major flood basalt eruptions, which are likely to produce equatorial symmetry breaking of convection at the core-mantle boundary, in support of the scientists’ model.”

This statement is a loop. The end is followed by the cause which drives the system. The flood basalt (large cooled volcanic) eruptions result in disturbances in the core-mantle boundary which drive the quadrupolar process. Are they proposing the process described is a mechanism in true perpetual motion? Where does the energy come from? Or is there a clue in the statement “superchrons are often followed by major flood basalt eruptions”?

If Earth’s magnetism is solely the result of the fluid core’s movement, eventually it must wind down to a near standstill which would result in the dissipation of the magnetic field. But this is not what is seen recorded in the rock. Something is required to get it moving again and keep it moving especially after superchrons (long stable periods). That something must supply a large quantity of energy yet not destroy the system which brings us back to the idea of comet impacts.

Lines of Force around a magnet. Wikipedia.

There are other ridiculous constructs we just have to let go of if we are to move forward and really understand the Earth and magnetism. Observe these often repeated images.

Earth’s Magnetic Field

What is wrong with these images? Think about your experience with magnets. Both images show lines pointing inwards on one end and outwards on the other end. Are magnets little motor boats motoring though the universe? Is the Earth sucking in at the top and shooting out at the bottom some force?

So perhaps there is more to think about and discuss.

More to come…. in the next section. Back to Index and beginning.

The Greatest Mystery of all Time is Beneath Our Feet

Recall that sometime ago the paper “A Planet Most Miraculous: The Mechanics of Earth’s Rotating Crust” was published here. In the last post we saw what the Mayan Calendar might be trying to show us by turning it over. In the same way we will overturn the world view of magnetism and learn how it played a role in saving the Earth. Each section below will be uploaded as separate pages as they become ready. So enjoy as you view the world differently.

– A Planet Most Miraculous: The Mechanics of Earth’s Rotating Crust
The Greatest Mystery of all Time: Earth’s Magnetism
Earth’s Magnetism has Gone to Ground
Thinking about Flipping Earth’s Magnetism
The Mid-Atlantic Ridge and Flip-Flopping Magnetism
Where Oh Where are the Poles Now!
– Is Earth Losing its Magnetism?

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More to come….          Go to Previous Post here

 

Mayans, Magnetism and Upending World Views

Mayan Calendar

Photo by El Comandante CC-By-SA 3.0 IMAGE National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico City

© 2017 B. L. Freeborn

For sometime we have been looking at riddles hidden in ancient art. Continuing along that line we look at the Mayan Calendar and upend it to see what it might be hiding.

Upend it and find the following….

Not in the East, nor in the West, nor in the South but …
To the North came the two beaked birds
like flying snakes, Quetzalcoatl they may be…
They came like lovers ready to kiss…
The two comets went into their craters with their tails …
They put out the eye of Earth…
They made the high brows…
They flattened the nose at the center of the world…
And it went in at this angle…
The icebergs flew into the waters at the mouth of the world….
There were two huge craters…
It was surrounded by mighty planks,
remnants of what the icy headlands had been…
All around was dabbled with craters…..
It was surrounded by waves and flames….
The cities and temples were overcome by waves like claws…
It carved a new world order into stone as it pushed north south…
It turned it all over…
So began the world.

Recall that some time ago the paper “A Planet Most Miraculous: The Mechanics of Earth’s Rotating Crust” was published here. In this post we saw what the Mayan Calendar might be trying to show us by turning it over. In the same way we will overturn the world view of magnetism and learn how it played a role in saving the Earth.

Back to Previous Post…………..Ahead to Next Post

Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: Indus Script

© 2017 B. L. Freeborn

Indus Valley Seal A.

Another ancient riddle presents itself in the Indus Valley seals written in a script which has defied translation. We are in a unique position to make a few inroads into this mystery. A search of Indus Valley Seals shows that the bull at the manger was a common motif so it is worthy of analysis. The message on each of these three seals is obviously different yet the symbolism is remarkably familiar.

Find in the image ….

Indus Valley Seal B.

Ba’al is like a bull.

The serpent like comets were like horns upon a bull.

Upon the covering of the mighty one they left marks like eyebrows.

The pole moved lower.

Indus Valley Seal C.

Now there is a cup on it.

Around it and in it are many cup marks.

The pole of measures now lies above it.

It came to the pole to eat.

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The familiar symbolism assures us that these images refer to the double comet impact which formed the Nastapoka Arc and Hudson Bay amidst the mighty two mile thick ice sheet some 10 to 12,000 years ago.

Observe the first two glyphs on Seal A are very nearly Hebrew  . (M) and  (I). The double square is also reminiscent of the Metcalf Stone’s first symbol or a dagger.

The third symbol suggests the up/down triangles noted in the previous post and seen in Da Vinci’s art, the Grave Creek Stone and other places. By connecting them to the oblong circle it further suggests the idea of the mountain that became a deep round abyss.

Like in the Grave Creek Stone some of the glyphs are elevated on a peak or delta which make the two glyphs in the center of Seal B appear to be fish but they probably suggest the ‘crater above’ or the ‘crater that delineates.’

Note the symbol immediately to the right of these looks like a comet entering a crater suggesting the idea of an impact.

The two parallel lines are seen on the Newberry Tablet and suggest longitude lines.

On Seal C the Hebrew letter : (Sh) is also elevated and the glyph is reminiscent of the menorah. The symbol third from the right, also elevated, appears to be a mountain that has been shot. Immediately to the right is a glyph like dual flames reminding one of Ba’al which literally means both fires.

Further still, many of the symbols are nearly identical to Luwian Hieroglyphs.

Perhaps with these few clues someone will be able to translate the script…..!!!

Previous Post….. Next Post (coming soon)

 

 

Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: The Great Pyramids

© 2017 B. L. Freeborn

Aerial view of Giza Pyramids and Sphinx complex.

Why were the Great Pyramids built? Egyptologists will probably tell you they were built as tombs despite all indications to the contrary. Another lot will tell you they were built to re-enact the Pharaoh’s symbolic death and resurrection. And yet another lot will tell you that the ground plan was to remind us of the Orion constellation. There are other diverse theories.

The ground plan does resemble the three stars of Orion’s Belt as proposed by Robert Bauval in 1984. But was it necessary to build such massive structures to depict them? And why do so?

Then again the resurrection connection has strong merit. Resurrection of god is an enduring myth found in many cultures with various gods playing the role. So, perhaps there is some truth to this as well.

Use diagonal of pyramids to size and place circles. Mark Sphinx location.

What if there is another reason that ties all three of these together? What if it requires a broader knowledge of the world to understand it which has only recently become available to the masses?

Let’s pause for a moment to consider some unrelated ideas:

  • Recall the phrase… ‘As above so below.’  The resemblance to Orion’s belt brings the heavens to mind and what lies in them besides just planets and stars.
  • The ancients loved the ‘squaring of a circle.’
  • The western and eastern cemeteries at the site appear as small rectangles next to the massive structures. They are clearly visible in satellite images as if they are grids and intentionally put there to give the whole complex true scale.
  • Many of the ancient works of art studied in prior posts suggested turning.
  • Many of the ancient works of art depicted a point up triangle in association with a point down triangle. This is evident in more recent works such as Da Vinci’s Last Supper.
  • The letter N in the Latin alphabet is nearly identical to the aleph of the Hebrew alphabet and this similarity was used in the Sator Rotas Square. The ‘N’ is actually a combination of both point up and point down triangles.

Flip the pyramids over and rotate 45 degrees clockwise.

Any ideas come to mind?

Let’s add another clue. The name which most of the world uses to identify this nation is Egypt. Stephen Mehler tells us at his website that the name is derived from the Greek: Hi-Gi-Ptos and pronounced Aegyptos. It was derived from the ancient term Het-Ka-Ptah. The repetition of the ptos and ptah is obvious. The first two syllables are not so apparent. Let us assume that the Greeks were close enough in time to have a true inkling of what the pyramids were all about. Aegyp is easily and oddly enough translated into both Old and Modern English. ‘Aegype’ means without skill. The ‘aeg’ means awe or terror. The ‘gype’ means gap or gaping. The ‘pt’ of ptos and ptah can also be translated into both Old and Modern English. We spell it as ‘pit’ today. Mehler tells us the phrase means “the physical projection of the soul” which is much more glamorous and mysterious then my dismal translation: awesome gaping pit.

Complete the circles.

How about one more clue…..

If you were to fly from the Giza Pyramids in a direction of 32.11 degrees west of north for 2466 miles where would you end up? (Towards the former magnetic north.)

(Another way to think of that 32.11 is 5.66 squared. And by golly!, 32.11 is almost the coefficient of gravity which is 32.17 ft/sec/sec.)

Your final bearing upon arriving will be 56.55 degrees west of North!!  And your latitude will be 56.5 degrees North!!! which is where magnetic north used to be. (Gravity is just another form of magnetism.)

Need yet another clue?

Perhaps the similarity to Orion’s belt is meant to remind us that at one point in time three objects came from the heavens and left their mark on the planet. The scale of these ‘marks’ is as great as the pyramids are to the grids of graves in the cemeteries.

  • Now let us ‘square the circle’ in reverse. Recreate each square pyramid as a circle. Take the diagonal of each and use it to swing an arc from the center of each pyramid. Do not forget the Sphinx! In the images the Sphinx’s body is a small line and the two dots are the paws.  (See images.)
  • Flip the pyramids. Instead of seeing them as up pyramids … see them as  down pyramids.
  • The shape of the pyramids suggest a 45 degree angle. Now rotate the image 45 degrees clockwise. And you then have…..?

The pyramids as circles, flipped and rotated 45 degrees overlaid on Hudson Bay,

Is this not the layout for Hudson Bay? Are these not awesome gaping pits which were once in a two mile deep ice blanket? Does this not explain the sheer massiveness of the pyramids?

And the position of the Sphinx quite nicely suggests the location of the double comet craters at Clearwater Lakes, Quebec, Canada which are 20 and 14 miles in diameter.

Now we might be able to deduce exactly what was resurrected after a miserable death and why its symbolic tombs are so large and empty!

Previous Post – – –Next Post

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References:

http://www.gizapyramid.com/stephenmehler1.htm

Robert Bauval, Adrian Gilbert, The Orion Mystery: Unlocking The Secrets of the Pyramids (London: Heinemann, 1984). ISBN 0-434-00074-4

Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: Secrets from West Africa

© 2017 B. L. Freeborn

Ifa divination bowl of the Yoruba people.

West African Ifa Divination bowl of the Yoruba people formerly of the Friede Collection. Photo credit below.

This figure is from the Friede collection formerly of New York. It is a vessel used for Ifa divination amongst the Yoruba people of West Africa. The bowl holds palm nuts used by the diviner.

Now let us look closer at this very unique piece of art and we will recognize some very familiar symbols.

Recall the symbols in the Da Vinci Last Supper seen in the previous post.

Find the symbols suggested by the italic phrases below in the image.

A double comet came as two balls.

It put a large crater upon the world’s back

when it brought the world to its knees.

It bent the mountains down that covered the head of the world.

It split the world asunder creating a two footed foundation

for the world: the north pole and the magnetic pole.

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(Image from World Mythology, Editor Roy Willis, New York: Metro Books, 2006, pg. 275.)

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