What Strange Secret Lies Hidden Here?

Elephant Tablet found during construction of Cuenca Airport, Ecuador

Elephant Tablet found during construction of Cuenca Airport, Ecuador

© 2018 B. L. Freeborn

In prior posts the idea that ancient art describes the events of a great comet impact and an associated crustal displacement was discussed. Support from ancient records then turned to the written word and in particular to the Hebrew alphabet as a method for reconstructing the Indo-European Language.

The Hebrew Alphabet was discussed in these posts previously under the title “A Little Mystery Hidden in the Hebrew Alphabet.”

There are two things that are distinct about the Hebrew alphabet. Five of the twenty-two letters are associated with a pair called an end-cap because they are used at the end of Hebrew words. This makes a total of twenty-seven symbols. Secondly, the alphabet is called an abjed which means it has no vowels.

Additionally, each letter is also a number. The numbers associated with them are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 , 80, 90, 100, 200, 300 and 400. Some numbering schemes assign the higher numbers 500 etc. to the end cap letters.

The letters will be replaced by the Latin letters shown in the image for font convenience sake:

Key to the Hebrew Letters and the Latin Letter that will serve to substitute for it in this study due to font issues.

Imagine that all texts were originally written on clay tablets (or worse yet carved in stone) and someone had to collect the clay, make the tablets, write the tablets, bake the tablets and pity the poor soul who had to haul them from place to place. It is easy to conclude lengthy documents required great economy of lettering to facilitate this process and minimize the massive bulk.

With this in mind, in this reconstruction of the Indo-European language, each letter becomes an entire word or more precisely an idea. In contrast to tradition the ‘ea’, the first letter, will be taken to be a short ‘a’ or short ‘e.’ The letter Ayin, marked ‘A’, will be the long ‘a’ of English. The ‘I’ will be  a long ‘I’ or ‘Y’ and the ‘wf’ will be the four Latin letters: O, U, F and W. The multi-purpose ‘wf’ was either used to confuse the novice or was originally some word/sound forgotten with time but probably along the line of wouf or fouw. It is often associated with the sound ‘v’ as well which provides 5 sounds for the 6th letter and recreates the 5-6 noted in prior posts as being important. However, this study shows that over time the B took on the role for the ‘V’ sound of ‘wf’.

Also, contrary to custom each letter typically considered a consonant will automatically be assumed to be followed by a short ‘a’ or ‘e’ so that ‘b’ becomes ‘ba’ or ‘be,’ and ‘d’ becomes ‘da’ or ‘de’, etc.,  The difference between short ‘a’ and ‘e’ is of little importance since their actual pronunciation varies greatly with locality and time. In total contrast to the idea that this alphabet is vowel-less note this means there are certainly four ‘vowels’ depicted by symbols and one assumed to be present if one of the other four is not used.

These assumptions convert the Hebrew abjed alphabet to one with consonants and vowels much more like the modern Latin alphabet. The beauty of this is it removes the necessity of writing every ‘e’ which is still the most common letter used today and thereby substantially reduces the weight of each document written in clay. This is a worthy goal for book maker and reader alike.

With the next post ……..  (very soon) we begin slowly defining the words associated with the individual letters to arrive at the twenty-two basic words/concepts of the Indo-European Language. After that many two and three letter words will be explored which will notably expand the vocabulary before some interesting ancient words are examined.

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A Faithful Record of the Indo-European Language

A Bishop of the Catholic Church complete with ancient symbols.

A Bishop of the Catholic Church complete with ancient symbols.

© 2018 B. L. Freeborn

In prior posts the idea that ancient art describes the events of a great comet impact and an associated crustal displacement was discussed. Support from ancient records then turned to the possibility of a pervasive religion that spread ideas and thereby its language. It was suggested this religion was ‘Baalism’ and so the Indo-European Language must be the words used to convey its core ideas… as yet… not identified.

So begins a new search for the actual language, if it still exists. This new search will be divorced from previous well established notions of the Indo-European. In the end, at the very least, a very faithful record of the original Indo-European Language will, hopefully, be revealed.

One must remember that only preserved and translated languages are part of the Indo-European reconstruction developed by academics. Knowledge of languages never written and/or only written on perishable surfaces such as paper seldom survived to be included. Etruscan’s words still linger in limbo. Other languages may have errors in translation. One must assume large pieces of the trail are likely to be missing.

Where to begin?

Let’s start at the opposite end. Instead of at its beginning let’s look at where the language trail ends today. What part of it still strongly exists not diminished much at all by time?

Recall how one first learns to read.

Was step one the A of the alphabet? And then B? The alphabet is very durable. Indeed, we know alphabets tend to be derived from others. The Latin and Hebrew alphabets list letters in a serial order with many letters in the same order. Each letter of Hebrew is also associated with a number. This contributed to a sustained letter order. Today’s Hebrew script and Latin alphabet (used here) developed in a parallel manner from the same source known today as Paleo-Hebrew and Phoenician and in turn they were derived from Proto-Canaanite. (See chart below.)

There are a good many other alphabets all the way back to Luwian (4200 BC) and Sumerian (3500 BC) which have a grid style in common. These alphabets typically are laid out in a table with consonants vs. vowels such as: ca, ci, cu, ce. The Cree and Cherokee Alphabets fall into this style. Interestingly, the Faliscan alphabet (a serial style) from Roman era Italy has two forms of symbol R. One form represents A, a vowel, and another form R, a consonant. The Cherokee (a table style) has two R’s also. One represents E, a vowel, and the other Sv, a consonant. The odds against this must be rather high. Faliscan is derived from Etruscan. The origin of the Cherokee script is documented in Joseph B. Mahan’s “The Secret: America in World History before Columbus.” It is a much more realistic story then the one being passed around the internet. Mahan obtained his information directly from a Shawnee Chief. It confirms that the Cherokee script also has its origins in antiquity.

Development of modern Hebrew from Paleo-Hebrew.

Development of modern Hebrew from Paleo-Hebrew. From oocities.org.

Although pre-dated by the Egyptian scripts, the Proto-Canaanite Alphabet is one of the oldest known. It dates back almost 3500 years. It evolved into Phoenician and eventually into today’s Hebrew. The Hebrew alphabet will serve as the base from which the Indo-European Language will be reconstructed. Another added advantage is the Torah, the original untranslated version of the first five books of the Old Testament, has been meticulously maintained for thousands of years so there is further reason to have confidence in its order and numerical values.

This alphabet will be the starting point for a faithful reproduction of the Indo-European language.

But what can a,b,g,d….. really tell us?

Next post.

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The Mighty Religion of….? Baal?

Sketch of Wilmington Tablet

Sketch of Wilmington Tablet from J. Ralston Skinner’s 1885 article.

© 2018 B. L. Freeborn

In prior posts the idea that ancient art describes the events of a great comet impact and an associated crustal displacement was discussed. The search for further support from ancient records then turned to language and in particular to one possible and pervasive religion that spread ideas and thereby its language.

This religion has to have existed over a broad span of time and a vast distance encompassing many peoples and environments. There is no reason to expect that the name of this religion was one and the same for all places in all times, just as Christianity presents under such vastly different names as Catholic, Anglican, Protestant, Baptist, Episcopal, Methodist, Church of Christ, etc. One might expect that this religion will also appear under different names.

Baal, a Statute from Ugarit.14th to 12th BC. Louvre, Wikipedia,

Baal, a Statute from Ugarit.14th to 12th BC. Louvre, Wikipedia,

It is proposed here that the religion was that of Baal. Baalism has been touched upon many times in prior posts. It is very poorly understood today, if at all, and often attributed to only a small geographical region in the vicinity of Canaanite, particularly Ugarit.

However, place names suggest otherwise. Baalbek; Baltic Sea; Temple of Bel in Syria; Belluton, England; the Baltic States and region; Bel (Celtic god); Bel (Babylonian god); Bel, Iran; Bel, Romania; Baal described in the Old Testament; Baal, Netherlands; Baal, Belgium; Babylon of old, ……etc.

There are religious references such as Beltane in the British Isles, The Tower of Babel, and the Bible (when pronounced bi-baal). So, there is ample evidence that, whoever or whatever Baal was, belief in it was widely dispersed across time and place which makes it an ideal candidate.

Previous to Christianity there was Judaism. The Old Testament, which is a Judaic document, describes in I Kings 18 the killing of 450 priests of Baal, so Judaism did not develop in a vacuum. Baalism was evidently pervasive there and in other places. The art that has been reviewed throughout these posts was from a variety of cultures so it is impossible to affix one name to the religion. The religion shall be defined here as ‘Baalism’ simply because Baal seems to be a prevalent word.

Logically, the next goal will be a study of the Indo-European Language to see what can be learned. However! People have been doing that for 400 years. So, the path taken here will be an entirely different approach than has ever been tried before.

The next post ………….. will jump knee-deep into the unknown we know so very well!

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The One and Only Language of the Ancients

The thickest ice of the planet is not located at the poles as would be expected.

The thickest ice of the planet is not located at the poles as would be expected.

© 2018 B. L. Freeborn

In the last post the idea that ancient art describes the events of a great comet impact and an associated crustal displacement was discussed. It was also suggested that perhaps there is another way to retrieve any existing ancient records of such an event. This leads to a necessary assumption.

NASA image of crater

NASA image of crater

Assuming knowledge of the pole’s movement was known by key individuals, and if they adamantly believed this knowledge must be passed down through an infinite number of generations, then it should be found in the records of numerous cultures. The depiction of key elements in the art of vastly distant cultures, in both time and place, suggests this is true.

The Bible relates that originally one language existed. This has no doubt spurred on the countless researchers over the last 400+ years, since the existence of a base language was first suggested. The Indo-European Language (also known as indogermanisch) is the proposed base language from which a multitude of others evolved. Countless man hours of research has resulted in the mapping out of language development throughout Europe and western Asia. The oldest known is from 4200 BC in the Anatolian region. This is the same area from which Luwian Hieroglyphs originated that have often been referred to in these posts.

Side view of Great Circle in Newark, Ohio.

Side view of Great Circle in Newark, Ohio.

This four century study has also resulted in the mapping of religious areas and trade routes. If one works backwards from this idea, then it is possible to conjecture that the base language was part and parcel to religion, since trade can be done without verbal communication. Which begs the question: what ancient religion was involved?

A good candidate is…………….? Next post

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Did the Crust of the Planet Turn?

Symbol of Hermes.

Symbol of Hermes.

© 2018 B. L. Freeborn

Is it possible the Earth’s crust can move as Charles Hapgood described in his 1970 book “The Path of the Pole?

If it had happened, wouldn’t we have ancient records? And if it had happened, wouldn’t our scientists have already proven that it can!

We must remember that as recently as the 1960’s we were building space rockets to the Moon before we knew whether it’s craters were dried lake beds, the result of volcanic eruptions, ice, or meteor impact sites.

What if … ancient records exist but we just can’t read them?

What if… the truth behind the great legends is simply that all life on Earth hung in the balance in very recent human history? Did these memories foster the myths of the gods?

Venus-of-Schelklingen

Venus-of-Schelklingen

A lot of time has been spent deciphering old art in previous posts. The point was to demonstrate that there still exists a great historical record of the events associated with a great comet impact and a crustal displacement as described in  “A Planet Most Miraculous: The Mechanics of Earth’s Rotating Crust.”

The Greek god Hermes represents swiftness and today this ancient symbol (shown above) represents medicine. But what did it originally mean? Look at it closely. Exactly what does it depict?

Prior posts have shown there are key elements in ancient art which demonstrates there was a continuous desire to perpetuate a core set of ideas. Today these ideas are identified as religions composed of myths. We seldom, if ever, attribute the purpose of religion to… the preservation of Earth’s history and its measurements. If religion’s original true nature was basic Earth science, then ignorance, both then and now, has fostered the myths of gods.

Does the symbol of Hermes above tell us a double comet impacted Earth at the former pole?

Does the Venus of Schelklingen tell us a double comet decapitated mother Earth?

If only they had spelled it out clearly!!! Or did they?…….

Previous posts about Earth’s magnetism

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Earth’s Magnetism has Gone to Ground

© 2018 B. L. Freeborn

In the previous section the idea that Earth’s magnetic field is solely the result of the moving liquid core was reviewed.

There is another way to view the process. It is proposed that the magnetic properties of Earth are primarily held within the solid core and solid outer shell. The resultant magnetism is the sum of both the properties of the solid materials themselves and the magnetism induced over extensive periods of time into the composite structure by a consistent flow of convective materials in the liquid core. The orientation is held in the solid materials and need not be constantly generated by the randomly moving liquid.

Continuing along this line, the Earth is obviously not a completely coherent object. A single magnet has absolute coherence regardless of size and strength. An arrangement of an infinite number of magnets in any material that does not exhibit magnetic properties as a whole occurs because the magnets are not a coherent system. As coherency develops in the system magnetic properties are exhibited. This is how magnetism is induced in a needle simply by stroking it. Coherency can be induced in more than one way to ‘create’ or ‘induce’ magnetism. The Earth must have enough coherence, although a conglomerate, since it exhibits a dominant dipole system which we call its magnetic poles.

Applying the idea of a quadrupolar field model (see previous section) requires that Earth (a predominately solid 3-D sphere) become so disorganized that it loses a great deal of its coherence. Since the bulk of Earth on the exterior is dense rock, and additionally, it has a large solid core, making it lose its coherence so that it loses its dominant magnetic dipole field becomes literally a shattering of the planet which obviously has not happened in a very long time. In contrast, if we are to believe the Pétrélis article, referenced in the previous section, then the flow within the liquid core is strong enough to create a magnetic dipole at anytime that can overcome the sum magnetic fields laid down over time in the remaining 65% of the solid planet.

Above is a video by magnetism guru Ken Wheeler showing how magnets affect a mixture of iron filings in fluid. Many other videos can be found on youtube.

By maintaining the magnetic orientation in the solid structures the fluctuations caused by the moving liquid core are dampened. The moving liquid core is agitated during large comet impacts which must occur more frequently then modern scientists will allow. The liquid core must also move in response to the attraction/repelling of particles between the two magnetized structures it resides between in addition to convection. (See Ferro-Fluid video above.) The system must run down (become incoherent and stationary) and thus lose its magnetic nature over time without periodic inputs of energy as would be supplied by large comet impacts. Indeed, the interior of the planet itself would cool perhaps solidifying this liquid core without such inputs of energy. As discussed in “A Planet Most Miraculous” the Earth is well suited to absorbing large impacts.

By assuming that the dipole of magnetism we experience as the North and South poles is primarily held in the exterior layer some 1800 miles thick or 45% of the diameter of the planet which can move relatively freely around on the inner liquid core explains several observed phenomena. The core is considered to be solid iron which is one of the most ‘magnetizable materials’ in existence. It comprises 20% of the diameter of the planet. In addition, it is at the center of a large gravitational body and what is gravity but magnetism under a different name. By assuming that this inner core of the planet is another magnetic structure with its own orientation which tends to remain fixed in the True North-True South position explains other observed phenomena. These two structures account for 65% of the diameter and provide ample storage for the Earth’s magnetism.

As explained in “A Planet Most Miraculous: The Mechanics of Earth’s Rotating Crust” the entire outer structure of the planet can be acted upon which will cause the exterior magnetic poles to shift to a different position with respect to the ecliptic plane but remain in the same position with respect to its physical location on Earth. The magnetic dipole field we observe, measure and live by is largely a function of this programmed magnetically coherent conglomerate outer bulk. This is a very important point so it will be explained further.

Let us say that very recently (5000 to 13000 years ago) True North and Magnetic North coincided at the True North Pole. The physical location was in the midst of Hudson Bay at the lowest large arc. But! – Hudson Bay existed not as it is but as a mountainous ice field at the True North Pole. It was many miles high. (The highest mountain in Antarctica is three miles.) A large comet strikes the north pole into this mountainous icy region. It bores a deep hole which gives it a leverage point in which to catch. Combining this with its velocity and mass it is able to transfer its momentum to the structure of Earth. It shifts the outer mantle and crust entirely just like a wheel moves on an inner bearing and it stops at latitude 56.5 degrees north and goes no further. (Why it stops here is discussed in later sections.) The heat of the comet and its velocity allow it to break through the ice. Its fragments ricochet to form the Great Lakes. Large volumes of ice also ricochet to form other structures such as the Carolina Bays. The ice mountains have been transformed into the three arcs of Hudson Bay. This is an area some 400 miles wide and a 1000 miles long once covered by three miles or more of ice or 1.2 million cubic miles of ice. It was instantly melted and so the legend of the Deluge begins.

Afterwards magnetic north lies at 56.5 degrees north. It has shifted 33.5 degrees. In this location it remained for a few thousand years until the magnetic pole gradually shifted northwards. It has moved rapidly over the last 400 years or so to take up its present position. Now it will slowly circle the True North Pole in a clockwise direction. This will be discussed again later in more detail but for the time being understand the following. If the dominant magnetic field of Earth was not essentially within the outer 45% of the planet, it would not have shifted during the impact. There would never have been a two pole (True-Magnetic) system. The stable configuration has now been achieved in the North again and the Southern Poles are slowly moving into realignment. This will hopefully be a good long superchron until the planet is hit again and the process starts all over.

The fact that the magnetic poles are realigning to true north-south suggests that the solid inner core’s magnetic field is the more stable part of this system. This is logical from the standpoint that the very dense core, as an inner spherical magnet made of iron, throws its field entirely through the outer layers especially the liquid outer core. The reverse cannot be said of a hollow sphere magnet (the outer crust which is a conglomerate), nor can it be said of the liquid core. This throwing outwards through the liquid core gives scientists the impression that the liquid core has a substantially stronger field (50 times more powerful) than the solid core or outer crust. But remember, the field of a magnet is thrown outwards, hence the liquid core is substantially under the influence of the solid core.

Recall that a magnet draws material to it and a strong magnet is able to highly compact its ‘atoms’ into a lattice structure. (Chemists successfully use the atomic model to understand the process although it is has its limits.) Two things occur as a magnet becomes more powerful. There is more sharing of electrons and the crystal structure becomes more dense. It is the magnetic properties of the individual atoms (magnetic moment of electron spin) that confers magnetism on the sum of the material. When working in unison the magnetic properties of the individual atoms grows exponentially as resonance develops. (1) With this understanding we realize then that the solid core is 50 times more magnetic than the liquid core. Not the reverse as commonly understood.

Overtime the inner iron core programs the outer crust and they become in-sync. The longer it is stable the more in-sync they become and the magnetic field of Earth appears to become stronger. During a large comet impact this bulk retains its magnetic orientation as it is shifted away and it dominates until the solid inner core reprograms it.  (As we are experiencing now). What Pétrélis and others see as a quadrupole is actually a ‘broken magnet.’ (To be discussed in a later section.)

Other observed phenomena will be discussed going forward.

More to come…. in the next section. Back to previous section. Back to Index and beginning.

_____________

(1) Nebergall, William,  Schmidt, Frederic, Holtzclaw, Henry,  “General Chemistry”,  Lexington, Ma.: D.C. Heath and Co.,1976, pg. 771 -788.

The Greatest Mystery of all Time: Earth’s Magnetism

© 2017 B. L. Freeborn

Understanding what happens during large comet impacts requires some knowledge of Earth’s magnetic nature and magnetism in general. Two problems present immediately. The first is magnetism is poorly understood in and of itself. The second is that a closer look at the ‘facts’ we are being told about Earth’s magnetic field suggests that they may not be facts. The purpose of the next series of articles is to examine some of these existing beliefs and propose new theories.

The basic understanding today of the earth’s magnetic field is as follows:

“Earth’s polarity is not a constant. Unlike a classic bar magnet, or the decorative magnets on your refrigerator, the matter governing Earth’s magnetic field moves around. Geophysicists are pretty sure that the reason Earth has a magnetic field is because its solid iron core is surrounded by a fluid ocean of hot, liquid metal. This process can also be modeled with supercomputers. Ours is, without hyperbole, a dynamic planet. The flow of liquid iron in Earth’s core creates electric currents, which in turn create the magnetic field.” – NASA, Nov. 2011

We are also told that the direction and strength of Earth’s previous magnetic fields are recorded in the lava that flows out from below the crust as the ocean floor spreads at the mid-Atlantic rift. It forms measurable bands that reverse direction periodically. Research ships have detected and recorded this data for later compilation. Both computer and actual modeling has filled in the blanks in understanding. This is how theories such as we see above about Earth’s magnetic field were developed.

 

Magnetic stripes on ocean floor.

(Caption for the above reads: “A survey of the Earth’s magnetic field in the vicinity of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge south of Iceland shows magnetic anomalies aligned as paired stripes in the direction of the ridge. The youngest material is found at the ridge axis. A change in color indicates a reversal of polarity in the magnetic field. Different color indicates different age since rock formation, age increasing away from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The 100 m and 1000 m depth contours are also shown.” http://www.incois.gov.in/Tutor/science+society/lectures0
/illustrations/lecture31/magneticstripes.html)

There are however many scientists with dissenting opinions as we see in the two quotes here:

(1) “The intensity of the Earth’s magnetic field over the Atlantic Ocean has been measured on a number of flights organized by the Department of Mines and Technical Surveys of Canada and also under Project Magnet (U.S. Hydrographic Office). Some of these flights passed over the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the magnetic observations show that there are large anomalies associated with the crest of the Ridge in some crossings, but not in all.” – Magnetic Anomalies over the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, M. J. Keen, Nature.com

(2) “I would claim that the models are very far from being realistic, and therefore the inferences we draw from them about the Earth are going to be questionable,” says geophysics professor Bruce Buffett of UC Berkeley’s Department of Earth and Planetary Science. Planetary magnetic fields: The hunt for better models, November 25, 2010 by Monica Friedlander, ScienceMatters@Berkeley
Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2010-11-planetary-magnetic-fields.html#jCp

There are other scientists whose research supports NASA’s statement:

(3a) “The quadrupolar field (it is likely to be a quadrupole but another structure could be possible) is also generated by the flow of the liquid core of the Earth, exactly like the dipolar field,” explained the researchers. “Most of the time, we observe a dipolar field because it is more easily generated by the flow, but in other conditions a quadrupolar field could be maintained, and this occurs in a temporary manner during a reversal.” Reversals of Earth’s Magnetic Field Explained by Small Core Fluctuations, April 23, 2009 by Lisa Zyga who quotes from Pétrélis, François; Fauve, Stéphan; Dormy, Emmanuel; and Valet, Jean-Pierre. “Simple Mechanism for Reversals of Earth’s Magnetic Field.” Physical Review Letters, 102, 144503 (2009).
Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2009-04-reversals-earth-magnetic-field-small.html#jCp

The authors (Pétrélis et al.) above speak of fields. For clarity, there is no such thing as a quadrupolar magnet. A magnet will always have just two opposite ends on its one pole (a dipole), and that magnet will always exhibit at the midpoint a Bloch Wall or Dielectric Plane. One can arrange individual magnets in an infinite number of ways to create anything from quadrupoles to infinite-poles but one still has individual magnets so arranged. The reference to a quadrupolar field presumably suggests the intersection of two magnetic fields which are not always acting coherently so as to reinforce each other, may be of unequal strength, and may act to cancel each other out in certain areas to the extent no magnetic properties are observed.

Pétrélis et al. (quote 3a) suggest the liquid core forms the quadrupolar field presumably as it shifts about via convection then the orientation of the poles flip and it regenerates itself as the opposing dipole dominates. The system can then become harmonious again until it just isn’t and the cycle repeats. Or, the opposing pole vanishes and the process is aborted until it begins again somehow.

One finds this additional statement at the end of the Pétrélis article:

(3b) “Although little is known about the actual flow inside the Earth’s core, recent observations have shown that the ends of superchrons are often followed by major flood basalt eruptions, which are likely to produce equatorial symmetry breaking of convection at the core-mantle boundary, in support of the scientists’ model.”

This statement is a loop. The end is followed by the cause which drives the system. The flood basalt (large cooled volcanic) eruptions result in disturbances in the core-mantle boundary which drive the quadrupolar process. Are they proposing the process described is a mechanism in true perpetual motion? Where does the energy come from? Or is there a clue in the statement “superchrons are often followed by major flood basalt eruptions”?

If Earth’s magnetism is solely the result of the fluid core’s movement, eventually it must wind down to a near standstill which would result in the dissipation of the magnetic field. But this is not what is seen recorded in the rock. Something is required to get it moving again and keep it moving especially after superchrons (long stable periods). That something must supply a large quantity of energy yet not destroy the system which brings us back to the idea of comet impacts.

Lines of Force around a magnet. Wikipedia.

There are other ridiculous constructs we just have to let go of if we are to move forward and really understand the Earth and magnetism. Observe these often repeated images.

Earth’s Magnetic Field

What is wrong with these images? Think about your experience with magnets. Both images show lines pointing inwards on one end and outwards on the other end. Are magnets little motor boats motoring though the universe? Is the Earth sucking in at the top and shooting out at the bottom some force?

So perhaps there is more to think about and discuss.

More to come…. in the next section. Back to Index and beginning.