Runic Riddles: Time Capsules

B.L. Freeborn © December 2022               (PDF version here.)

Runic riddles are riddles written in runes. Runes are alphabets that were in use in northern Europe, Britain and other northern areas. They were used for centuries but died out with the coming of Christianity.

There are a certain group of inscriptions from this period that are either difficult to interpret, very short, have unexplained symbols, use bindrunes (letters stuck together), and/ or are unusual for some reason. Here is an example from Norway (Lomen No. 2; Norges Inscrifter Med De Yngre Runer, Vol.1, Pg. 216) deemed to be a magic incantation. It is simply a riddle. The solution is at the end of the post.

These unusual ones are where the riddles hide. Primarily they were created for amusement, in the same manner as crosswords are today. Besides providing unique puzzles for people to solve, they often contained phrases and ‘secret messages’ that we find strange or incomprehensible today. They are little windows into a bygone era before the cleansing of facts by ‘modern’ teachers, internet myths, and the Catholic church. The latter worked especially hard via genocide and threats to stamp out Paganism. Throw the Black death into the picture which killed half the population of these areas and it is not surprising that the information these riddles reveal seems …. surprising to say the least.

Sadly, the numbers of inscriptions still in existence are declining with each passing year. They were once abundant. Many now only exist in photos. The few remaining tell us something of importance.

Many preserve the concepts of Baal and Paganism. This religion can be traced back 12000 years. The remaining practitioners faced with the power of the Catholic Church found a way to preserve some hints of it in these riddles. Others tell us of extraordinary journeys. They reveal an important part of our lost knowledge.

The following posts bring a few of these riddles to you. Others are available as pdfs at the bottom of the posts.

Hopefully, they are both enjoyable and educational to you.


This is called a magic formula – ISTIL form. The number of duplicated runes varies. This one uses triplicates and to match the three makes bindrunes of the six initial runes. The transliteration of the three bindrunes and duplicated runes is RT UÆ KN III SSS TTT III LLL. This is an anagram for ‘stlis’ in Latin which means ‘quarrel’ or ’cause’ and/or ‘tellus’ meaning Earth or region. This implies a ‘global difficulty.’

The three bindrunes and the triplicates suggest 3. This is equal to Th (or D) rune. Simplify and add the Th:    Th    R T U Æ K N    I S T I L. As numbers this is: 3   5 12 2 4 6 8     9 11 12 9 15.

The group ISTIL has four notable values. 9,11,12 sum to 32✓; then 9,15 sum to 24✓; then 12,9,15 sum to 36✓; and the total is 56.✓ All of these numbers are important. (For checked ✓ number meanings see below**. See next table for rune/number equivalents.)

The first group containing the bindrunes has no meaningful sums except for the total with the 3 (Th) included which is 40. A square of sides 40 has 56.56 as a diagonal. This repeats the ISTIL sum. The group does have the significant series 4 6 8 which in reverse is 864.✓

From Wikipedia

There are several elements of the riddle missing. The author and year are often stated and the number 792 (always present) is missing. This is long enough to contain both. Mongé derived the name KanutR from the first six runes. His solution is different than what is presented here. (Landsverk, Ancient…, pg. 127-138) However, by inspection the name Thorniut is found. (The Æ includes the sound O. Also, the I rune can be an E.) The only letter missing is an I and a K is left over. There are two I’s in the last group, so this implies letter sharing. If the K shifts to the last group notice this list of small abbreviated words can be formed: KIL (kill); I TIL (I tell); I LIS (I lies); S (south); I TI LI S (I tie lie South). When taken altogether the following is suggested:

I Thorniut tell. The I tie lies South where it was killed in the global upheaval.

This is a typical Baalist statement including the name of the author but the number 792 is still missing so the solution is incomplete. If Thorniut is converted to numbers as given (without the I) one finds: 3 4 5 8 2 12. Now the following sums are noted: 3,4 sums to 7; then 4,5 sums to 9; then 3,4,5,8 sums to 20 so that we now have 7920.✓

The year would complete the picture. Some indication of the year and three other numbers is sought: the Golden Number (GN), the Day Letter (DL) and the Line #. These numbers are used to find dates on the Perpetual Easter Table (here). A complete discussion of this is found in any of Landsverk’s books listed below.

The letters as bindrunes were anagrammed for a reason so returning to those runes/numbers we have: 5 12 2 4 6 8. These can somewhat change order since there is no way to tell which rune of the bindrune should go first ie. 12 5 4 2 8 6 etc. Note the 1224 looks like a year and in fact, Line # 4 in the attached chart begins with that year. The 4 is present in the series. But year 1224 has GN 9 which is not present in this group. Since 3 is prominently noted by the triplicates, if taken to mean GN 3 then on this 4th line, year 1237 is indicated. It has day letter 4. The sum of this series of numbers is 37 confirming the date.

Other dates for similar reasons can be found. But after much searching 1237 seemed to have the most in its favor. Mongé dated this to 3 March 1199 using just the 3’s. There is good reason to accept his date except that all versions of Istil riddles repeating 3 times would then imply the same date. The reader is free to search for other plausible dates using the attached Easter Table.

I Thorniut tell in the year 1237. The I tie lies South where it was killed in the global upheaval.

Earlier Riddle Posts      Next Post

Similar Articles by this Author (pdfs uploaded as available)

* Easter Table pdf

** For numeric background see:

**Freeborn, B.L., Validating North American Runic Inscriptions,, November 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: The Secret Chamber,, January 2016. (Post)

Freeborn, B.L., Deciphering the Spirit Pond, Nomans Land and Narragansett Runic Inscriptions,, November 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., Et in Arcadia Ego – OUOSVAVV DM – Deciphered,, December 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., Kensington Rune Stone: A New Translation,, February 2023.

Freeborn, B.L., Runic Riddles: Time Capsules,, December 2022.

Freeborn, B.L. The Long Debated Bourne Stone,, January 2023.

Freeborn, B.L., The Nomans Land – Leif Eriksson Inscription,, December 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., The Narragansett Inscription: A Translation with its Date of Dedication, Author and Inscriber,, October 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., The Newport Tower: Finding the Date of Dedication, its Designer and Builder,, October 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., The Runic Riddles: Younger Futhork,, December 2022.

Book References:

Landsverk, O.G., Runic Records of the Norsemen in America, Erik J. Friis, Publisher, Rushford, MN, 1974.

Landsverk, O.G., Ancient Norse Messages, Norseman Press, Glendale, California, 1969.

Mongé, Alf & O.G. Landsverk, Norse Medieval Cryptography in Runic Carvings, Norseman Press, Glendale, California, 1967.

Syversen, Earl, Norse Runic Inscriptions: with their Long-forgotten Cryptography, The Vine Hill Press, Sebastopol, California, 1979.

Derogatory article by Aslak Liestol of Alf Mongé’s work:  and….

…Landsverk responded to these comments in Ancient Norse Messages pg. 126-129; and often in Runic Records of the Norsemen in America.

The Indo-European Language in Summary

© 2019 B. L. Freeborn

It was suggested previously that the alphabet as preserved in the Hebrew Script represents the original Indo-European Language and that each letter represents a sound, number and idea.

David Sacks, author of the excellent work on the alphabet “Letter Perfect: The Marvelous History of out Alphabet from A to Z”, would not approve of anything written here. He relates that the letters were created to describe objects such as houses, sticks, monkeys, mouths and eyes etc.

What has been proposed in these posts and reiterated below is the idea the alphabet was developed to describe physical principles such as continuity, points, and negation. This is the vocabulary of scientists. Their need to relate their discoveries and preserve the history of the apocalypse drove the development of this sound/number/symbol system and resulted in a language that spread from one scientific mind to the next until it was well….. pretty much known world-wide. We find it in its most basic form in Anglo-Saxon (Old English) and in its advanced and far distant forms in such places as Japan and Canada.

From Anglo-Saxon: toss and name (meaning ‘to take possession’);

compare from Japanese: tsunami  (meaning ‘a wave that tosses and takes’).

From Anglo-Saxon: ness (headland), top and pock;

compare to the name in the native language of Hudson Bay:  Nastopoka Arc.

Here is a summary of the significant ideas of the Indo-European Language:

‘a’ source, ‘b’ to be bisected, ‘g’ action, rotation,

‘d’ a division or state,‘h’ on high, ‘wf’ ongoing,

‘z’ to sever, severeness, ‘ch’ to change,

‘t’ a place of union, linear action, ‘I’ the eye or center,

‘k’ the impact crater and its properties,

‘L’ to lie where it fell, to lay out, to be in a line,

‘m’ more, might, measure of, ‘n’ negation, to reverse in direction yet continue,

‘s’ continuous state of being, unbroken, ‘A’ assigned, custom law,

‘p’ power in the small or great, ‘ts’ to harm by tossing, teasing, twisting, action that harms,

‘q’ magnetic pole and force,

‘r’ behavior of an explosion,

‘sh’ becoming infinitely small or transparent, ephemeral

and ‘th’ denotes importance and order of events.

Key to the Hebrew Letters and the Latin Letter that will serve to substitute for it in this study due to font issues.

Before this topic is concluded, let us use the above to look at a few interesting words.

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In the Indo-European Language: Letters Hold the Power

© 2019 B. L. Freeborn

It was suggested previously that the alphabet as preserved in the Hebrew Script represents the original Indo-European Language and that each letter represents a sound, number and idea.

In the last posts ea, b, g; d, h, wf; z, ch, t; i, k, L; m, n and s were studied. In this post A, p, and ts are examined.

They represent numbers 70, 80 and 90 respectively. The Hebrew Letters are as seen in the image below.

It is suggested the ‘long A’ sound represents the number seventy. This number is of importance when measuring longitude. The distance between each degree is 69.2 miles at the equator. From the pole down it creates a wedge shape which is reflected in both the Latin and Hebrew letter form. Notably in Anglo-Saxon ae meant law, custom.

Consider that it suggests the idea: assigned, custom, law.

The next letter ‘p’ has value 80. We find it used in such common words as point, place, plane and power.

Consider it suggests the idea: power in the small or great.

The next letter provides the sound ‘ts’. It has value 90. Numerically this is an important number. The pole lies at 90 degrees and this is the place where the story of Baal plays out. The comet struck here at the tessarace. (A tessarace is the summit of a tetrahedron or four-sided figure with top and bottom like the Great Pyramid.)

Consider that it suggests the idea: to harm by tossing, teasing, twisting, action that harms.

Key to the Hebrew Letters and the Latin Letter that will serve to substitute for it in this study due to font issues.

From Anglo-Saxon note these examples using these letters:

At = at, awa = world without end, aetys = present, attest, al = fire, burning;

pa = father, pohha = pocket, pawa = peacock;

teosu = harm, injure, tosaw = strew, scatter.

Note the meaning of the words as they are found in the series as provided by the alphabet’s order. Continuing where we left off:

s-A or seg = say, story;

A-p or apa = repeat, manifest;

p-ts or put-toss.

Before we had these significant ideas: ‘a’ source, ‘b’ to be bisected, ‘g’ action, rotation, ‘d’ a division or state,‘h’ on high, ‘wf’ ongoing, ‘z’ to sever, severeness, ‘ch’ to change, ‘t’ a place of union, linear action, ‘I’ the eye or center, ‘k’ the impact crater and its properties, ‘L’ to lie where it fell, to lay out, to be in a line, ‘m’ more, might, measure of, ‘n’ negation, to reverse in direction yet continue, and ‘s’ continuous state of being, unbroken. Each is represented by a short sound.

Now we have these ideas: ‘A’ assigned, custom law, ‘p’ power in the small or great, and ‘ts’ to harm by tossing, teasing, twisting, action that harms.

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The Indo-European Language at its Earliest

© 2019 B. L. Freeborn

It was suggested previously that the alphabet as preserved in the Hebrew Script represents the original Indo-European Language and that each letter represents a sound, number and idea.

In the last posts ea, b, g ; d, h, wf were studied. In this post z, ch and t are examined.

They represent numbers 7, 8 and 9 respectively. The Hebrew Letters are as seen in the image below.

The ‘z’ sound represents the number seven. It separates the days into weeks. It was used historically in other ways such as the jubilee which was the fiftieth year following 7 x 7 years.

Consider that it suggests the idea: to sever and severeness.

The next letter ‘ch’ has value 8. Numerically it can be associated with 2 x 2 x 2,

or 2 + 2 + 2 + 2, or a number which grows incrementally.

Consider it suggests the idea: to change. We find it used in such common words as chatter, chemistry and chew.

The next letter ‘t’ has value 9. It is the last number before 10 and in base 10 (the system we use) it is the highest digit before the numbers repeat again. It is a stopping point, a tie, not a division as in ‘d’.

Consider that it suggests the idea: a place of union, linear action.

Key to the Hebrew Letters and the Latin Letter that will serve to substitute for it in this study due to font issues.

From Anglo-Saxon note these examples using these letters:

sa = bucket, sig = to sink (sun), syfre = sober;

cheow = to chew; che = change, shift, cine = chine, fissure;

tieg = tie, bind, ta = rod, spread, toe, tima = time.

Note the meaning of the words as they are found in series as provided by the alphabet’s order. Continuing where we left off:

wf-z or fys = feeze, drive away

z-ch or secg = ‘sedge’, reed, sword, warrior

ch-t or ‘chette’ = chatter from raescettan = crackle, creak.

Before we had these significant ideas: ‘a’ source, ‘b’ to be bisected, ‘g’ action, rotation, ‘d’ a division or state,‘h’ on high, and ‘wf’ ongoing. Each is represented by a short sound.

Now we have these ideas: ‘z’ to sever, severeness, ‘ch’ to change, and ‘t’ a place of union, linear action.

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The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Wilmington Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

The Wilmington Tablet is only 5″ by 3.8″ by .6″ thick. It is made of sandstone and resides in the Ohio History Museum, Columbus, Ohio. This artist could not have been more clear in his depiction yet it is displayed on its side and usually is described as a phallic image.

Wilmington Tablet

Wilmington Tablet, Ohio History Museum, Columbus, Ohio shown in its correct orientation.

Baal and his twin self are depicted at the top with one tail on the right and twin tails on the left. Central to the image is a massive comet projecting towards Earth. It is so enormous it dwarfs the mountains depicted at the bottom. Recall all of northeastern Canada down to Ohio was once covered by ice mountains two miles high. The swirling shapes to each side of the comet depicts the destruction that followed the impact. Hidden in these swirls are Hittite/Luwian glyphs from the Anatolian region of Turkey. Within every part of this image there are many numbers.

This is the essential and important story this tile relates in a blatantly realistic fashion. What is it that keeps us from seeing this clear depiction of an enormous comet?

The remainder of the message is told through glyphs and numbers. We began with a one tailed Baal and a two tailed Baal, or a comet that split into two. One and two helps us recall there are 12 houses in the heavenly Zodiac. Continue counting by noticing it is actually divided into four panels. The planet can be said to have four quadrants. A square of 4 units to the side has a diagonal of 5.65 units. At the middle horizontal line count across the comet and find 6 lines above but only 5 lines below for 56. Reverse this and obtain 65 or nearly the velocity of the planet at 66624 mph. Similarly, count 6 dot holes on the right half and 7 on the left half for 67. Reverse the number and obtain 76. The period of Halley’s comet is 76 years. Count 9 holes on the upper half but only 3 on the lower half for 93. The average distance between Earth and the Sun is 93 million miles. There is 1 hole in the left lower square and 6 in the upper left for 16. The Earth travels 1.6 million miles in a day. Reverse the number and find 61. There are 60 minutes in an hour and a square of 61 units to the side has a diagonal of 86.3 which suggests the Sun’s diameter of 864 thousand miles. The right side has 3 holes above and 3 below for 33 which gives the maximum change in latitude caused by the impact.

Side view showing double headed arrow on Wilmington Tablet

Side view showing double headed arrow on Wilmington Tablet

The 2 holes in the upper left Baal are next to 3 small fingers on the edge for 23. The upper sweeps of the comet’s tail are composed of 3 on one side and 2 on the other for 32. The square of 5.65 is 32. Reverse the number and find 23. Recall the Arctic Circle ends at 23 degrees and 30′ or approximately 23 degrees and 32 minutes.

There is a half circle on the centerline at the top. The tail on that side is one strong piece between two which makes 112. Or count the strong tail line as 1, the half circle as 1 and the other side of the tail supplies the 2 for 112. Above the middle line there is 1 hole below 1 hollow half circle and opposite there are 2 half circles for 112. The bottom left panel gives 1 half circle, 1 dot and 2 loops for 112. Each and every 112 is twice 56.

On the right lower there are 3 dots and 1 half circle for 31. This is pi³. Continue the count from 3,1 and then 5 lines and 1 half circle for 3151 which is close but off. It should be 3141 which is pi at 3.1415.

Surrounding the piece on the narrow edge is an arrow with a doubled arrowhead which repeats the idea of a double comet. A circle with a dot in the center is in the mid-shaft suggesting the crater or the all seeing eye of the north pole. Then it ends with fletching. This end has hash marks that alternate to make 8 per side or 4 per side depending on how it is viewed. Divide the circumference of the planet in miles by 44 and obtain 565.5 miles.

Sketch of Wilmington Tablet

Sketch of Wilmington Tablet from J. Ralston Skinner’s 1885 article.

At the bottom of the piece there is fringe which wraps up the left side. There are 2 on the left, then 10, then 9 to the right. Summing the last two obtain 19. Multiply this by the 2 from the side and obtain 38 which is half 76 or the period of Halley’s Comet of 76 years.

Alternatively, begin with the 9 and affix the 12 to obtain 912 which is just under Earth’s minimum distance to the Sun of 9.14 million miles. If a simple sum of 9 and 12 is taken, find 21 which when multiplied by pi is a hair under 66. The velocity of Earth is 66624 mph.

The next few numbers are important because they are arrived at by using the Inch System of measurement. The dimensions of the piece in inches is 5″ x 3.8″ x .6″. The sum of the length and thickness is 5.6 which repeats 56 again. Twice 3.8 is 7.6 which recalls the period of Halley’s Comet. The sum of the 3.8 and .6 is 4.4. The circumference of the planet is 565.5 miles x 44. Sum 3.8 and 5 and obtain 8.8. A mile is 880 feet times 6.

Before moving on to the glyphs let us take note of all the numbers found on this piece and compare it to the numbers found on prior tablets. Here we found: 12, 16, 21, 23, 23 32, 31, 32, 3, 33, 3.8, 38, 4, 4.4, 44, 5.65, 56, 61, 65, 66, 67, 76, 8.8, 9, 93, 112, 912.

The cumulative list from previous tablets follows. Those in bold were also found on this tablet. 108, 111, 112, 1212, 12321, 14, 1414, 16, 17, 212, 2121, 21212, 2166, 222, 23, 23 32, 23.5, 24, 241, 2486, 26, 31, 32, 33, 333, 34, 40, 43, 44, 52, 54, 56, 56.5, 56.5, 58, 6, 64, 66, 66624, 7, 72, 76, 777, 79, 792, 86, 88, 9, 90, 92, 93.3, 7924 and 8642.

Glyphs for Malleus (hammer or disease), Calleum (heaven), Mille (vast number), and sound 'sa'

Glyphs for Malleus (hammer or disease), Caelum (heaven), Mille (vast number), and sound ‘sa’

Next the artwork is examined to see if any hieroglyphs can be found. Begin with the upper left Baal and find the Luwian/ Hittite symbols for Malleus, Caelum and Mille all joined. The first means a mallet or disease, the second means heaven, and the last which is doubled means a vast number. The image suggests then a disease from heaven in vast numbers or in modern terms: comets and meteorites.

Luwian/Hittite Glyphs

Luwian glyph for Deus (god), glyph number 502, Ala (wing of army), sound ‘i’, and sound ‘sa’

Opposite this we find another Baal which is described by glyphs Caelum #182 (heaven) and the right side is a variation on Deus #360 (god). This symbol is very close to glyph #502 which has no meaning attached to it. The tail repeats the Mille glyph suggesting again a vast number. This is easily translated as ‘gods came from heaven’ and is just another way of saying in modern terms many powerful comets came.

Prophet Symbol

Prophet Symbol

The sweeping tails of the central comet are the feathers on the head of the prophet glyph.

Wing symbol meaning troops - Ala 78

Wing symbol meaning troops – Ala 78

Beneath this in the upper right panel the idea is expounded upon. Glyph # 78 for ‘wing’ is an army wing or troops. It lies above a circle-dot. This suggests the two comets arrived with troops making craters.

Glyph for sound 'i'

Glyph for sound ‘i’


The upper left panel explains more. The first is the upright with the dot for sound ‘i’ found in glyph #209. The two connected circle-dots form two ‘sa’. This ‘sa-sa’ suggests repeated ‘s.’ This spells out i-s-s or the name of the Egyptian god Isis. But it also resembles two Anglo words, ice and sess. The first we understand and the second we hear in sis-ter. Sess is a seat. Ice-sess than implies an ice-seat and so we may hazard to guess that Isis is ‘ice-sess.’ These glyphs are followed by another circle-dot for another ‘sa’ such as we hear in ‘see.’ It is next to the glyph for Caelum or heaven which is connected to the comet or the central pole. Putting this together we have ‘the seat within the ice from which all heaven can be seen at the pole.’ This is the North Pole. A long distant ancestor tells us the meaning of a Goddess in a far distant land with symbols long forgotten and words we still use.

Luwian Glyphs for Halpa (help), sound 'hwi', Cornu (horn) or sound 'su', and sound 'sa'

Luwian Glyphs for Halpa (help), sound ‘hwi’, Cornu (horn) or sound ‘su’, and sound ‘sa’

In the lower left panel find the glyph for ‘hwi’ #329 in the two twirls. The original way the word why was spelled was hwy. So it asks very clearly, “Why?” The symbol for Halpa or help lies above it which reiterates the exclamation. Towards the pole is the symbol for ‘sa’ #402. Above this is symbol #108 Cornu meaning a horn with sound ‘su’ probably meaning ‘to sow.’ The sequence suggests “Help! Why! A comet sown”

Luwian Glyphs

Glyphs for Lituus (a staff), sound ‘ha’ or ‘pa’, and Malus (evil))

The bottom right panel gives us once again the ‘sa’ for ‘see’ with Lituus #378, a staff. Then there is cross hatching which suggests glyph #224 with sounds ‘pa’ or ‘ha.’ ‘Pa’ begins the words pole, power, and post. While ‘ha’ is the Anglo word ‘heah’ which we know as high. The reversed 3 towards the edge is glyph #368 Malus or evil. Putting this together we have ‘to the seeing staff of the pole on high came evil.’

The image on The Wilmington Tablet is composed of many Luwian Hieroglyphs which tell a story.

The image on The Wilmington Tablet is composed of many Luwian Hieroglyphs which tell a story.

This is the same message people on both sides of the world knew, understood, discussed and shared as revealed by their common knowledge of the subject, manner of depiction, and embedded numbers. They ask “Why! On high did this great evil come?”

This leaves the reader still wondering. Could it be? And where? Where is the evidence of this evil? But they tell us. Baal (Deus or god) struck at 56.5 as the Hebrew word for god, Yahweh, echos in its number gematria. Transcribing this word into numbers gives 5,6,5,10 or 56.5. Indeed, further still one must hear the word ‘why’ pronounced the original way ‘hwy’ in the word Yahweh.

But we need a second reference to find a location and this they provide. Recall in our prior number list (see Meigs Tablet and Kiefer Tablet) was the number 792 and this is the length of the diagonal of a square of sides 56. It also recalls the diameter of the Earth at 7920 miles. From the line of longitude of greatest displacement they traveled east 79.2 degrees and defined the zero longitude point at Greenwich, England at the same place it is today. This number of degrees was chosen to honor the diameter of the planet. So, reverse their journey! Travel back due west 79.2 degrees of longitude and find the home of Bi-Baal. The reader is encouraged to discover the place for himself. It is summed up by this pun: Holy Bible. Find the holy bible (hole lay bi-Baal) or the hole laid by two Baals.

More to learn about ourselves in upcoming posts.

Next post on Luwian Glyphs in Egyptian Art

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Previous Post on Lakin A Tablet

Posts on: The Gaitskill Clay Tablet, Allen Tablet, Grave Creek,

The Kiefer Tablet, Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,

Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet,

The Low Tablet, The Waverly TabletMetcalf Stone,

and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Gaitskill Clay Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

Art from ancient Ohio - Gaitskill Clay Tablet

Art from ancient Ohio – Gaitskill Clay Tablet

Art from ancient Ohio - Gaitskill Clay Tablet

Art from ancient Ohio – Gaitskill Clay Tablet. Clay copy.

Preserved from ancient Ohio is the Gaitskill Clay Tablet which gives us much to ponder. This stone has been described as having anthropomorphic and/or zoomorphic characteristics. Another author describes it as Avian with four world quarters. If we reflect on the open mouthed man who seemed to be crying ‘no’ in the Waverly Tablet and the angst of the Gaitskill Stone Tablet then it follows that what the artist is portraying is two hands held up as if to say, “Stop!” Above the hands appears two triangles which suggest this is another way of expressing the double eye of the comet Baal. Up and over on each side is the double tail of the comet. The two tails are similar in style to the feathers in the hat of the Prophet Glyph and the curved down feathers seen on the men in the Low Tablet. If the center line is taken as the pole then the reference to four quarters of the world is correct.

There are other details we might notice. In the lower quadrants notice the three lobed wings above the large circle that are like those in the Low Tablet. The Luwian Hieroglyph Symbol #78 Ala meaning ‘wing of army’ is similar. The wing of the Army of Baal would be the debris that preceded, followed and was created by the comet. The image shows multiple circles suggesting many craters of various sizes occurred.

Prophet Symbol

Prophet Symbol

Wing symbol meaning troops - Ala 78

Wing symbol meaning troops – Ala 78

In a prior post the name of the goddess Isis was discussed. It was suggested it means ‘ice-seat.’ At the base of the center pole on the tablet the lines fan out. Perhaps this symbolizes a mountain of ice or the mountain Isis at the seat of the North Pole. But the story these tablets relate is that the pole has a mirror image, a second location to which it moved. ‘Where?’ was the question asked by the Low and Waverly Tablets. Presumably the tablets answer the question. Perhaps this tablet will reveal the answer to us.

The quoted dimensions of the stone are 4.4″ x 2.95″ x .55″. The last number is .01 off from 56 suggesting this was the desired thickness. But these stones vary too much in thickness to be so exact so 4.4″ x 2.9″ x .6″ is a better way to describe it. The 4.4 we will see repeated in the stone and discussed later. The sum of these terms is 7.9 inches. The diagonal of the stone squared is 28 and twice this is 56.

The abstraction of the drawing is distracting to say the least. By counting the message becomes clearer. There are 8 large dot-circles. Of these, 6 are on the bottom. On the top there are 4 dots without outer circles and 2 remaining large circles. This gives us 8,6,4,2 which is a descending even series. When combined the familiar 86420 that is reminiscent of the diameter of the Sun at 864322 miles appears.

Those 6 bottom circles can be counted out as 3,3. The top circles as 12, 21 or perhaps it is 1212 or 2121. This all seems familiar and the abstraction begins to make sense. The fingers on each hand give 4 and 4 for 44. The thumb finger combination gives 1414 which we have seen before. Recall 4 x 14 is 56. The bottom fringe can be counted out as 5 upward nips and then the center plus the other side (assumed to be a mirror image) makes 6 for 56. This was found in the same manner on the center strip of the Low Tablet.

In the lower half the 3 wings to the left and 2 in the opposite direction makes 32 23. The 2, 3 pattern repeats in the two lower tails and the three circles. It repeats again on the left with two side tails and above it lies three lobes of the wing. Counting the 2 lower tails and the 2 side tails creates 22 which is half of 44.

In the top half move around the exterior of the hand and count 2 lower tails, 4 fingers, 1 thumb for 241. Also count 2 lower tails, 1 large circle, 2 dots for 212. The 5 fingers on the hands plus 2 tails creates 52 suggesting weeks in a year. The total sum is 7 for the days in a week.

The only number listed above that is new to our long list of numbers from the previous tablets is 44 but then again it is not so new. We already have 2486 suggesting the circumference of the Earth at 24881 miles and the very repetitive 56.5 listed. Divide the circumference of the planet by 565 and the term 44 appears.

Thus the abstraction is a rather clever way to relate numbers to a people who are both distant in place and time with no common language. It is clear from this list that these numbers and the story related involves the Earth and that someone had advanced scientific knowledge which they wished to share with someone of similar mind. That would be us.

The next tablet is equally abstract but rewarding to study.

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Posts on: Allen Tablet, Grave Creek, The Kiefer Tablet,

Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,

Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet,

The Low Tablet, Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Ancient Secret Hidden in Noah’s Age

The meaning of Noah’s age can be understood by relating it to astronomy and the most important numbers related to Earth: its diameter, the distance it travels in a year and its distance from the Sun.

Darren Aronofsky’s new movie “Noah” will be released this month. One does not have to believe the story to wonder about it. Indeed, wondering about it includes questioning the age to which Noah lived. The image above solves the riddle but leaves us still in a state of disbelief.

If we accept the premise that the ages of Noah’s fathers gives us Earth related values, then we must ask how did they determine these values in the first place which have been calculated only recently by our finest scientists? This suggests there previously existed a society upon this planet which had achieved a high level of scientific achievement and someone was determined not to let this knowledge be lost. In fact, the story of Noah relates just such an idea, the demise of the world‘s entire civilization. In contemplating this mystery one should consider we still use the Sumerian’s system of time measurement and the forerunner to the Noah story existed in their society.

So then, we are forced to give up the absurd idea of giants and men living ten centuries and we must trade it for an even more fascinating mystery. Unless one has accurate knowledge of these values it is impossible to reveal the secrets of the Old Testament (or Torah). This then is how this secret has alluded us for so many centuries. What had originally been created to help keep the memories of the sages strong and accurate became a mystery to us. This also proves despite fervent use of the sword through the centuries to eradicate this knowledge, the pen is still mightier.

The mystery is not gone. It lays before us rich and deep. We need no boat large enough to contain all animals, nor the gravelly, steady voice of Russell Crowe to make it true. We need only appreciate the Earth and recognize that it is the only vessel large enough to carry all which lives around the Sun for a full year, year in and year out.

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The Newark Decalogue Stone and Earthworks – Full Article PDF

Thank you for reading.

Here is the Newark Decalogue Stone and Earthworks: An Unraveling Mystery in PDF

Group of Four Mounds called the Bird within the Great Circle at Newark, OH.

Group of Four Mounds called the Bird within the Great Circle at Newark, OH.


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Diameters, Radii and Other Great Numbers

By B.L. Freeborn © 2013

This study of Newark Earthworks and the Decalogue has created a significant list of numbers. Before we look at the cosmology we need to review the Great Circle and then apply some meaning to this growing list of numbers.

Side view of Great Circle. Newark, Ohio.

The Great Circle can fit entirely inside the Octagon. Its exterior dimension averages 1200 feet (measured with Its shape is not perfectly round which may have been on purpose or a result of creep as described previously. The ditches surrounding its circular shape and neck were very deep. Within its middle is a shape called a bird mound which appears to be composed of four joined ovals. Its span is 200 feet. On the side opposing the neck is a crescent moon shape. Meteoric iron and crescent shapes have been found among recovered artifacts. This is what Feder would call legitimate garbage.

The Great Circle is essentially a series of numbers stated via the radii. A review of the diagram reveals the numbers: 528, 560, 580, 1056, 1200 and 600. The 528 we recognize as a tenth mile. The 1056 is a fifth mile and Hively’s OCD. The 1200 reminds us of the twelve houses in the Zodiac at 30 degrees per house. 600 reminds us of the seconds in an hour and minutes in a degree of latitude. The 560 is the essential part of the mystery. Which leaves only the 580 to explain from this list. Similarly, a study of the neck reveals the numbers 56.25 and 56.5. The neck opening was on an azimuth of 66.6 degrees which also needs to be explained. This brings us to the point of finding meaning for all the remaining numbers.

Detail of Neck of Newark Great CircleThe four inner most mounds of the Octagon are a good place to begin understanding the numbers. We can see in the next diagram these four mounds are so placed as to give us a reminder of the mile’s length and two dimensions that are key to understanding the whole layout. 914 and 945 sum to 1859 which we saw in the Wright Square and the East Fork side dimensions. These two numbers, 91,400,000 and 94,500,000 miles are quoted today by NASA as the closest and furthest distance of Earth to the Sun. The diameter created across Earth’s orbit at these two extremes is 186,000,000 miles. Wright Square had 8 inner mounds inside 1 square or put another way these two numbers, 1 square and 8 mounds, create 18. Further still this 1859 is another form of Millon’s 187′. The 1859 is usually seen rounded up to 1860 or stated as 186.

Octagon Inner MoundsThe largest diameter of the Octagon was 1728 feet or 2 x 864. This number, or its simpler form 86, was found in the square foot area of East Fork, the thickness of the Decalogue Stone, the value of the gematria of Elohim, the diameter of the two great circles at Thornborough in England, the area of Wright Square, the multiplication of the lengths of the sides of the neck of the Octagon-Circle and two times the azimuth angle between Wright Square and the Great Circle. We also find it today in the measurement of time, 86400 seconds in a day, and most importantly, it represents the diameter of the Sun at 864,337 miles (NASA). This is the value calculated by multiplying the 292′ and 296′ of the neck of the Octagon-Circle or 86432.

There were 256 letters on the Decalogue Stone or 16 x 16 letters. The distance Earth travels in any given day is roughly 1600,000 miles. It travels this distance at 66,624 miles and hour. This is the angle Hively could not explain at the Great Circle, 66.6 . It is used in our numbering system still today as shown in the East Fork work. Eight increments of 66 reminds us of 8 furlongs of 660′ equals a mile.

The Great Circle displays a radius of 580. In other places it appeared as 584. This value was found in the width of the Decalogue Stone as 2.9″, the gematria of Noah as 58, the distance between Wright Square and the Great Circle as 2920′, as 584 in the arc of the oil lamp at East Fork, in the distance between Giza and Newark, as 292′ in the throat of the Octagon-Circle, as the average length of the side mounds of the Octagon, and as a reminder in the 50-80-50 triangle. If the Earth continues to travel about the Sun at 66,624 miles per hour every day then each and every year it travels 584,000,000 miles. This is the circumference of Earth’s orbit.

Romain discovered the multiple 7 OCD. Seven multiplies with the azimuth angle, 52.2 degrees, of the Octagon to give us the days in a year. The numbers 76, 760, 77, 770, 2.72, 2.77 suggest such important numbers as the return period of Halley’s Comet.

The number 56 and its variants 56.5, 560 and its other form 32, appears at such distant sites as the much debated 56 Aubrey Holes at Stonehenge. It appears in the gematria of Yahweh and Baal. We found it at Thornborough in the radius 320′. Its appearance at Newark occurs repeatedly. We find it today preserved in our measurement of the acre as 43,560 feet. We will discover it in a few other places before we are done here.

And the last number that we found in the gematria of Moses, 345, was the half of 69. Its other versions are 69.18 and 69.2 and  it is often rounded up to 70. These were not observed as frequently in Newark. This is the distance between lines of longitude at the equator.

The diameter of the Earth represented by 79 and 792 was found at Newark. Each and every time the number 528 is used it also refers to 792. Using cubits of 18″ or 1½ feet, means 528 cubits is 792 feet. It was found in the distance in miles between Grave Creek Mound and Geller Hill. This was the same distance Thornborough lies from Lincoln Cathedral. Twice 792 is 1584. This is the distance Romain used between the Octagon-Circle. This number is always present yet often quite hidden. In Stonehenge it appears as its square root 89 and at Thornborough it was the difference in lengths between the two sides. On the Decalogue Stone it was the two unidentified symbols front and back that sum to 79. At East Fork it appeared boldly as the length of the base. At Newark, although reconstructed too often to confirm, it seems to have been the length of each of the 8 inner mounds of the Octagon.

All in all a masterful blending of these important numbers appears at each and every one of these ancient sites. The proof that they are all interrelated is apparent. There is no question that the Decalogue Stone and the gematria of the Torah are equally related. This then leads us to the important question as to how simple people with no “pertinent garbage” could have measured these celestial values of immense size.

Just when we should be upon a solution the problem grows exponentially! We have arrived back at the debate with even more things to debate!

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  1. Freeborn, B.L., “The Deep Mystery: The Day the Pole Moved,” Tiw & Elddir, 2013.
  2. Hively, Ray, and Horn, Robert, Geometry and Astronomy in Prehistoric Ohio, “Journal for the History of Astronomy, Archaeoastronomy,” Supplement, Vol. 13, p.S1; also Science History Publications, 1982.      See:
  3. Romain, William F., Ph.D., Newark Earthwork Cosmology: This Island Earth, “Hopewell Archeology: The Newsletter of Hopewell Archeology in the Ohio River Valley,” Vol.6 (2), March 2005.   See:
  4. Romain, William F., Ph.D., Design and Layout of the Newark Earthwork Complex, “Hopewell Archeology: The Newsletter of Hopewell Archeology in the Ohio River Valley,” Vol.6 (2), March 2005.  See:

Perfection Lost, Perfection Found

By B.L. Freeborn © 2013, updated Nov. 2018

Right side of Newark Earthworks from Burks drawing.

Right side of Newark Earthworks from Burks drawing.

The most accurate existing map of the Newark Mounds was made by David Wyrick who found the much debated Holy Stones. It is similar in appearance to a map made by Burks and is found in Alrutz’s book. The most striking difference between the latter two and the Squier-Davis map is in the depiction of the large oval north of Wright Square which appears as a half circle in the Squier image. The structure lay very close to Raccoon Creek which was probably used to fill the oval for ceremonial use during spring festivals when the creek would have been full. The Squier survey gives a cross section of the neck of the oval that projects to the southwest towards the creek. It seems to be constructed in such a manner that water flow could have been restricted. (The east-west straight line is a railroad and the north-south wavy line is the canal built through the structures.)

Detail through neck of Oval at Newark Earthworks from Squier-Davis drawing.

Detail through neck of Oval at Newark Earthworks from Squier-Davis drawing.

The concept that this Oval could have been filled with water would be even more important to the Decalogue Debate if it can be shown to relate to the story of Noah, the ark and the flood as was suggested in the sideways “ark” appearance of the Decalogue Stone.

We leave the oval and notice that the square and oval are connected via mound lined paths to the Octagon very similar to those we saw at Thornborough. Those were about 200 feet across. These are also 200 feet across. The path from the Oval is different in that its middle is raised perhaps to allow foot traffic while the ditch on each side is flooded ceremonially.


The paths at Newark Earthworks form angles as they meet at the Octagon. Drawing made from satellite image and blending in missing portions from Squier-Davis Drawing. By B.L. Freeborn.

Having arrived at the Octagon via the path we note that the paths form angles as they converge. They are depicted by each artist in a strikingly similar manner. Their angles and a bit of math is shown in the above image. We find a repeat of the number 56 and the reappearance of 584. The 140 is twice 70 which we have seen before. A new and simple number appears and that is an angle of 50 degrees.

Does 50 have any pertinence to our growing list? Indeed it does! The engineer of the past left no possible element in his design to chance. The sin 50 degrees = .766. We have seen this number in Newark’s distance from the Serpent Mound (76.6 nautical miles). We shall see it again. We might want to pause to note that the square root of 7.66 is 2.76767…. (repeating infinitely) which makes it quite interesting. While the root of 7.7 is a slightly less impressive 2.77 although the 7’s are repeated in the root. From Geller Hill, which sits rather quietly to the southwest of the Earthworks, it is 7.7 miles south to where Wyrick and others found the Decalogue stone at the site where the Great Stone Mound was. In other words, Geller Hill and Great Stone Mound are located 7.7 miles apart. We might want to add that from Grave Creek Mound it is 79.2 miles to Geller Hill, a strikingly important number! We shall look next at what else Romain discovered about this hill.

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