The Message of the Newberry Tablet – Part I

© 2015 B. L. Freeborn, updated Sept. 2022

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

From the previous post:  The Newberry Tablet’s authenticity, like all inscribed artifacts found in North America, is much debated. The best place to see it as it exists today is to watch Scott Wolter’s episode in “America Unearthed.” Virtually destroyed, there are few pictures of it in existence. The best pictures are in Roger Jewell’s book, “Ancient Mines of Kitchi Gummi” which is a well thought out explanation of the copper mines in the Lake Superior area and worth reading.

We continue: The images here are compliments of Roger Jewell.

In the last post the overall number layout of the tablet was discussed and now it is time to look at some of the symbols. They may be viewed as letters by some and hieroglyphs by others. Barry Fell viewed them as letters from the Cypriot Alphabet and translated it accordingly. The two letters that led him to think it was of that alphabet are seen (counting from left, top)  in box 1,9 (next to the dot) and 13,3. Beyond these two there is little resemblance. These two symbols repeat in the array but we begin not with them but the symbols in the first box that looks like a C since it would seem the topic should be announced first.

This C symbol repeats three times at 6,1; 11,2 and 14,9 (or 1,2 from the bottom corner). For a total of four times.

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

Perhaps its shape gives a clue to its meaning. It is a cup. It is the shape of the center of Stonehenge’s main uprights. The first sound of cup is K and this sound in Hebrew is denoted by a C shape. The word cup is repeated in the word copper which was mined heavily in the region where this tablet was found. This C shape is the symbol for ‘great’ with sound ‘ur’ from Luwian Hieroglyphs (see number 363). It was repeated four times on Kerbstone 86 at ancient Knowth in Ireland. The word ‘origin’ begins with this ‘ur’ sound and the Old English word ‘or’ means ore. Does the cup indicate the origin of copper ore?

Previously Hudson Bay has been discussed and geographically this tablet is from Michigan rather close to the bay with its three large cup shapes in a vertical row that begin at 56.5 N and 79.2 W.

What then is in box 5,6? (column 5, row 6). The symbols should be consistent with the suggested meaning. The cup shape repeats with a double box in it. This repeats the idea of emptiness at 5,6 as depicted by the table with its two empty squares. In row 5, column 6 is a Y. This suggests this is a split. Opposed to the cup in the far corner is a dot, or an eye, or the repeating of the idea of ‘here it begins’ at 1,1 if read from the right. Things tend to fan out or Y out from an eye.

This is a good beginning. The longitude of Hudson Bay at 79.2 is measured from England where lies Stonehenge with its large ‘cup’ configured monoliths and more recently discovered identical CUP inscription. (See this well written paper.) And what’s more! The diameter of Earth is 7920 miles. Coincidence!?

More to follow……… on the message of the Newberry Tablet.

Study of symbols of Newberry Tablet

Study of symbols of Newberry Tablet

Back to the very beginning of series on Adena Tablets

Previous Post on the  Newberry Tablet

Posts on:  Batcreek Stone, Shaman Stone,

 Adena Pipe, Numbers and their Meaning,

Ramey Peet Tablet, Gridley Stone

McKensie and Bainbridge Tablets, Cincinnati Tablet,

Egyptian Art Comparison, Wilmington Tablet, Lakin A Tablet,

The Gaitskill Clay Tablet, Allen Tablet, Grave Creek,

The Kiefer Tablet, Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,

Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet, The Low Tablet,

The Waverly Tablet, Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin!!!!

See also Luwian Symbols by: Gunter Anders at

The Adena Tablets – The Grave Creek Stone

Smithsonian photo of Grave Creek Stone from McCulloch's site

Smithsonian photo of Grave Creek Stone from McCulloch’s site

© 2015 B. L. Freeborn

The Grave Creek Stone was found in the Grave Creek Mound close to the Ohio River in West Virginia. Translations have been done, one in jest, but none seem satisfying. An excellent place to review the controversy surrounding the stone is at J. Huston McCulloch’s site linked here. The original Smithsonian photo of the stone and Schoolcraft’s art are from his site and his efforts are greatly appreciated.

Seth Eastman drawing of stone from Schoolcraft's 1850 book.

Seth Eastman drawing of stone from Schoolcraft’s 1850 book.

There are several ideas that have been consistently overlooked in translating the stone. The lines on the stone are always assumed to be guides for writing such as ruled school paper. Since most persons attempting to translate this stone read and write English which is presented horizontally it has never occurred to anyone they are not guide lines and represent something else. Perhaps they represent lines of longitude and the stone should be rotated to be read in a vertical manner.

Grave Creek Mound, Moundsville, W. Virginia

Grave Creek Mound, Moundsville, W. Virginia

Continuing with the idea they represent longitude note that the Grave Creek Mound lies at 80 degrees 44 minutes and 40 seconds West longitude and 39 degrees 55 minutes North.  For easier understanding this is 80 44 40 and 39 55.  Twice the value of the latitude is 39.55 x 2 = 79.10.  The 80 44 and 40 all sound very even and if 80 is 4 x 20 then they all repeat 4 . The sum of 80, 44 and 55 is 179 which repeats 79 and 1. This brings to mind that the sum of 79 and 1 is 80 or the longitude. But we assume that measurement of location was beyond North Americans until the European influence. Perhaps it was. But the numbers suggest otherwise. They speak of an awareness of Greenwich, England and its zero significance. If the lines on the stone represent longitude and latitude then there is a very good reason to assume the longitude of this mound is not accidental. Compare the longitude and latitude of the Miamisburg Mound which is very similar and sits on the far side of Ohio below Dayton: 39 37 39.6 N which can be written 39.63. The radius of the Earth is 3960 miles. This number is found twice in this latitude. Double the number as done at Grave Creek and find 79.2. Both Grave Creek and Miamisburg demonstrate the radius of the planet in their positioning. The longitude: 84 16 51 repeats the 4 idea in two of the numbers. The sum of 84 and 16 is 100. The sum of 39, 37, and this 100 is 176 or twice 88 which once again emphasizes 4 as 4 x 22. A square of sides of 4 has a diagonal of 5.65. The mile is 60 x 88 feet.

Miamisburg Mound

Miamisburg Mound, Miamisburg, Ohio

Consider also the location of the Alligator Effigy Mound a few miles west of the extensive Newark Earthworks in mid-Ohio. They lie at 40 4 12 N and 82 30 4 W. The latitude is once again full of 4’s. However the longitude, although nearly on the half degree, does not seem that significant until one realizes it can be written as 82.50 W. The former repeats the 4’s as expected. The latter is 528 in reverse or a tenth mile. The sum of 40, 4, 82, and 30 is 156 with the ever significant 56 at the end. The sum of 40, 4 and 12 is 56. The sum of 82 and 30 is 112 or twice 56. It is improbable that this site was chosen at random and displays these unique numbers just a few miles from an enormous earthwork that uses a 1/5th mile (1056 feet) as one of its major dimensions.

Comparison with other art from Ireland and Georgia

Comparison with other art from Ireland and Georgia

The decipherment of the stone resolves itself quickly as seen here when it is compared to Kerbstone 86 from the ancient ruins in Knowth, Ireland (3000 BC) and when compared to the Metcalf stone from Georgia. The Metcalf Stone began this series. The kerbstone was studied in a prior posting as well. The comparison shows the symbols from the kerbstone are located in the middle line if the stone is rotated and read in a vertical manner. The top is confirmed by comparison to the Metcalf stone as shown in the image. The two symbols at the bottom of the columns are out of alignment intentionally. One indicates 3 and the other 2 for 32 or the square of 5.65 is where the misalignment lies.

Numbers of Grave Creek Stone, Par II

grave creek sketch mod 2bAlthough it is believed these glyphs are letters, it is more likely they are simple small pictures that tell the same story as the Metcalf and as depicted on the Mystery Stone from New Hampshire. It is the same story depicted on the other Adena Tablets. Several of the glyphs appear to be forerunners to Phoenician letters including the symbols interpreted here as numbers at the bottom of the middle row.

grave creek readingIt is as if this is all to commemorate a separation of the North Pole from Magnetic North. It is as if they honored it with phrases like:

Oh High Yew!  which still echoes in …………Ohio!

The stone is then translated as shown and reads:

The two eyes lie at 79 degrees and 56.5 degrees in the lake.

The object struck the pole at the top and pushed it down.

The pole was stricken by two arrows and craters.

It was split and shaken.

The one place of the mountain became a great valley.

It measured the heavens.

The numbers’ order rotated.

Arisen is a pole and it is the foot for measurement of angles.

Measure also from the stricken pole place.


The last stone in this translation series will be the Newberry Tablet. The numbers are easy. Yes, same old, same old numbers! Imagine that!


Much more Information at:

J. Huston McCulloch’s site


Back to the very beginning of series on Adena Tablets

Previous Post on the Bat Creek Stone

Posts on:  Shaman Stone, Adena Pipe,

Numbers and their Meaning, Ramey Peet Tablet, Gridley Stone

McKensie and Bainbridge Tablets, Cincinnati Tablet,

Egyptian Art Comparison, Wilmington Tablet, Lakin A Tablet,

The Gaitskill Clay Tablet, Allen Tablet, Grave Creek,

The Kiefer Tablet, Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,

Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet, The Low Tablet,

The Waverly Tablet, Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Hopewell Shaman Bear

© 2015 B. L. Freeborn

Ohio Shaman Bear - Art from ancient Ohio found in Newark Earthworks

Ohio Shaman Bear – Art from ancient Ohio found in Newark Earthworks

The Hopewell Shaman Bear is located in the Ohio History Museum in Columbus, Ohio. This magnificent piece of art was found in Newark, Ohio in the extensive earthworks there. The Newark Decalogue Stone was found seven miles south under a massive stone mound. The Newark Stone is inscribed with a form of Jewish letters and considered to be a fraud by academics. A full description and discussion about this stone can be found in the paper – Newark Decalogue Stone and Earthworks: An Unraveling Mystery or at this post. The Newark Stone is so unlike the Shaman Bear that it is easy to accept the academics’ viewpoint. However, despite their apparent and obvious differences they depict a similar story. The Newark Stone was found in a stone carved case that forms a rock shape when closed. Both statues are carved stones. Both are about the same size.

Both have one arm bent at the waist and the second arm pointed up. Compare the arm positions to the statue from Ugarit that is said to describe Baal. It has one hand pointed up at the hat which is a round ball with a conical tail.

Baal, a Statute from Ugarit.14th to 12th BC. Louvre, Wikipedia,

Baal, a Statute from Ugarit.14th to 12th BC. Louvre, Wikipedia,

Front Face of Newark Decalogue Stone

Front Face of Newark Decalogue Stone

Concentrating now on the Shaman Stone we find it has three heads. One is upside down in the lap of the man with the hair splayed downwards. The sitting man is wearing a bear head creating a double head. So we find one head below and two above or it can be said one becomes two. The caul of the bear covers the man and keeps him from being bare. It is suggested that the stone is referring to the old North Pole with its caul of ice that is thought of as the Laurentide Ice Sheet. From it bearings were taken. Hence, we find three forms of the word bear is depicted by this stone: bear- animal, bare – uncovered, and bear – direction. The head in the lap depicts the head (of the Earth) forced down. It lies on a lap which makes a pun of the man’s lap to indicate that it lies on an important lap of longitude. Notice the ear of this upside down head is not quite right. There is a little comet for the ear with a u – cup shape above it almost in the hairline. The hair becomes the meteorites following the comet. This idea is seen in the Ugarit Statue with the cone below the round ball. The legs of the man become arms for the upside down man who is exclaiming as we saw in other Adena stones. Men crying out in horror is part of the story.

Close up of head in lap showing comet and crater.

Close up of head in lap showing comet and crater.

The small comet is directed towards the man’s hand. His fingers clearly depict the numbers 2 and 3. The other hand has 5 straight fingers The Arctic Circle ends at 23.5 degrees. The sitting man has two bold round earrings. These are the double comet craters of Baal indicated on the other tablets.

The statue is designed to sit with a 90 degree -or so- posture, yet since the feet are bent out at an angle there is a tendency to think they should be dropped down at a 90 degree angle. In other words the angle is bent or turned as the other stones studied in previous posts have depicted.

Right hand shows two and three with fingers.

Right hand shows two and three with fingers.

Looking for other numbers, note the right hand as 23 can also be 32 and this gives the square of 5.65. There are 5 eyes, 3 ears (2 bear and 1 human), 3 round donut comet craters, and the toes are 3 on each side making 33. The approximate angle between the pole positions is 33 to 35 degrees. The 5 and 3 suggests 53 and 5.3 is the square root of 28 which is half of 56.

Left hand showing five fingers.

Left hand showing five fingers.

The words that form the meaningful puns -lap and bear- are Old English words which may not really be indicated but considering the Anglo words found in the Adena Tablets previously, there is probably no coincidence.

Apparently the three statues have more in common then first thought. They all describe Baal and its collision with Earth. This collision changed the position of the pole and bared it of its caul. It was beheaded and at the lap it lies.

Shaman Bear

Shaman Bear

The next adventure into the minds of the ancients continues with the Bat Creek Stone.

Back to the very beginning of series on Adena Tablets

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Posts on: Numbers and their Meaning, Ramey Peet Tablet, Gridley Stone

McKensie and Bainbridge Tablets, Cincinnati Tablet,

Egyptian Art Comparison, Wilmington Tablet, Lakin A Tablet,

The Gaitskill Clay Tablet, Allen Tablet, Grave Creek,

The Kiefer Tablet, Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,

Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet, The Low Tablet,

The Waverly Tablet, Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

(updated Nov. 2018)

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Gridley Stone

Drawing of Gridley Stone which was found in a Mound in Cincinnati, Ohio

Drawing of Gridley Stone which was found in a Mound in Cincinnati, Ohio

This is the only image of the Gridley Stone in existence and J. Ralston Skinner’s report is the only documentation remaining as to its size. Entrusted in the late 1880’s to The Cincinnati Society of Natural History by C. P. Gridley it has been lost or tossed. We might easily speculate that this was essential to maintaining the prevailing dogma of the time (almost identical to today’s). It might be added that it is essential to certain parties today that the existence of Anglo/Celtic influence and descendants not come to light because then they would no longer own the entire ancient history of the continent and so also any archeological and anthropological discoveries.

It might also have disappeared because the stone just does not appear to be that fantastically important. However, it is. Its drab shape hides so very much. In fact, its mathematical proportions are ingenious and confirm an Anglo presence in this continent long ago.

The words of Mr. Skinner penned some 130 years ago amply describe the topic. The following are excerpts from the “Cincinnati Society of Natural History,” pages 51-55.


Paper Contributed by J. RALSTON SKINNER, Dec. 1, 1885.

Very fortunate conditions seem to make the identification of the unit of measure of the Mound Builders of the Ohio valley both simple and easy of demonstration. One may go further, and say certain of demonstration, because certainty rests upon but two matters of fact, which on examination will probably be pronounced established. The first of these facts is this : That the measures of a great number of these mounds in the river valleys, and on the river terraces of the State of Ohio, as reported by E. G. Squier and E. H. Davis in their great and now somewhat famous work, “Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley,” published by the Smithsonian Institution in the year 1848, are to be relied on. It is but fair to say that they are reliable;. . . .The second of these facts is as follows : The key to this matter is a stone measure now in possession of The Cincinnati Society of Natural History. This stone was found in and dug out of the Sixth and Mound street mound in the City of Cincinnati at the time of its removal, by Mr. C. P. Gridley, now of the City of Springfield, Ohio. He deposited it in the collection of The Western Academy of Natural Sciences, where it was labeled as contributed by him; the original label being now on the stone. The collection of The Western Academy of Natural Sciences, this stone being part of it, passed into the possession of the present society. . . . . The elliptical mound in which this stone was found is the same in which was recovered the ” Gest Tablet” (Known as the Cincinnati tablet today.) as to which so much has been said and written.

. . .

It happened fortunately, that Mr. R. B. Moore, a member of The Cincinnati Society of Natural History, and former President thereof, became interested in the various discoveries set forth in the works of the writer as to the origin and ancient use of the British measures; as also in the suggestion of their use in the construction of the Mound Builder remains. Having his attention turned that way, it occurred to him to take the measure of the Gridley stone, the outlines of which are here given:

Caption to Gridley Stone image as it appears in Skinner's article.

Caption to Gridley Stone image as it appears in Skinner’s article. Copy repeated below for reading ease.

Caption reads:

Around the curve from the shoulder of the stone above B in direction of the arrows to E is 12 standard inches. The right line face between these is 9 standard inches. The stone is the half of the ellipse and drawn twice, reversing it. The figure is reduced one-half size from the exact facsimile. The edge of the stone on diameter is beveled, and right line CF is 9 inches also. From E to D to fill the space of the worn point is 11/50 of an inch. The measure of the curve was made December 21, 1882, by use of a strip of firm paper, and referred to a standard rule.

. . . .

The fact that this unit of measure so fits in this exceedingly curious mode of making, showing and preserving a standard of measure is proof of the general intention of the contriver. Couple this fact with another, viz., that the mound in which it was found was an elliptical one “about 440 feet in circumference” a peculiar division of 5280 feet, (for 5280/12 = 440) used much in Mound structure. (An English mile consists of 5280 feet.)

End of excerpt.

On page 237 of the report the thickness of the piece is noted to be 4 /12 or .33 inches thick. The size of the stone is then 9 exact inches along the straight edge. Twelve along the curve and .33 inches thick. This gives us several numbers immediately: 9, 12 and .33. Part of Mr. Skinner’s paper deals with the numerical relationships that can be developed. More have been found and are listed below. These three numbers can be used to find the following:

9 + 12 = 21 …………reverse 21 and find 12

12 – 9 = 3 ………..  it is .33 inches thick

9 + 12 x .33 = 7 ………..Days in a week.

(9 + 12) /.33 = 63.6363………..a repeating decimal which in reverse reads 3636.36

………………………………………….Multiply 63.6363… by pi and obtain 200.

9 x 12 x .33 = 36 ………….Inches in a yard.

9 x 12 = 108 …………….The average distance from the Earth to the Moon is 108 Moon diameters.

12 x .33 = 4  and  9 x .33 = 3

The ratio of 9 to 12 is 3/4 and 12 to 9 is 4/3. This gives the 34 and 43 found in other tablets and art in this series.

9 + 12 – .33 = 20.67 Multiply this by 9 and find 186. …………The diameter of Earth’s orbit is 186 million miles.

Instead multiply this 20.67 by 12 and find 248. ……………..The circumference of the planet is 24880 miles.

Assemble them as 912 and obtain the closest distance Earth travels to the Sun or 91.2 million miles.

Assemble them as 129 and note that a square of sides 912 has a diagonal of 1290.

Since one half of the stone’s exterior measures 12 the entire circumference of the ellipse measures 24 plus the distance across the beveled edges. The worn point is noted to measure 11/50″ or .22 inches. Assuming this distance times four is required to complete the circumference, the total becomes 24.88 inches. Compare this to the circumference of the Earth at 24880 miles.

There are other numbers to be found. The following measures were found by scaling the image:

The length from the tip to the furthest end of the round end is 9.12 inches which repeats the 9 and 12 and this repeats the idea of the closest distance Earth travels around the Sun.

The length of oval made of two halves is 9.36″ (scaled). This suggests the average distance from Earth to the Sun. The width across the image is 5.53″ (scaled). This is so close to 5.6 that it is likely this is what this length should measure. The mound in which this was found was 440 feet in diameter. The circumference of the planet divided by 440 is 56.5 miles. The difference between the dimensions 9.36 and 5.53 is 3.83 or one half of 7.66. If the value 5.53 is corrected to 5.6 the difference doubled is 7.52. More likely the values should be, based on significant digits, 9.4 and 5.6 which gives a doubled difference of 7.6. The period of Halley’s Comet is 76 years.

The long axis of the ellipse scales to 9.73″ and the short axis to 4.80″. This is twice 4.88 x twice 2.40. The latter suggests the hours in a day. The difference between the two is 2.48 and this suggests the circumference of Earth. The product of the two is twice 5.85. The distance Earth travels in a year in its elliptical orbit is 584 million miles.

Consider the symbolism contained in the half ellipse. Does it represent half of Earth’s elliptical orbit? Or does it represent a crater? Does the full ellipse represent the eye of the comet Baal or does it represent Earth’s full orbit? Does the wedge shape represent a shard that struck Earth? Or was it made just to record accurately 9″ and 12″? One measure is random coincidence. The Wilmington Stone measures 5″ by 3.8″. The Cincinnati Tablet measured in 1885 by Skinner is 3.00″ x 5.00″ x 5/8 inch thick. The width of the narrow middle is 2.5 inches. The evidence cannot be overcome. There is no coincidence. Units of measure in common with ancient England implies trade and commerce with ancient Ohioans. The austere stone provided too much proof of this common heritage. And so, it had to go.

The beautiful Ohio Adena Pipe now a Ohio State symbol is up after the list of numbers arrived at during this study is examined. After that, we have yet to explore the Hopewell Shaman – Bear and translate the Grave Creek Stone. Many interesting posts are to come.

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Egyptian Art Comparison, Wilmington Tablet, Lakin A Tablet,

The Gaitskill Clay Tablet, Allen Tablet, Grave Creek,

The Kiefer Tablet, Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,

Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet, The Low Tablet,

The Waverly Tablet, Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Ramey Peet Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

The Ramey Peet Tablet is from Mound 18 at the Cahokia Mound Site in Collinsville, Illinois very near St. Louis. Comparing and analyzing this tablet as has been done with the Ohio Tablets does not disappoint. It is generally assumed that only half the tablet has been found. However, the first thing that should be noted is that as presented the tablet forms a cup shape and that in and of itself indicates the topic. The shape suggests this is about a great event which involved a crater despite the fact that to a casual observer the front face appears to depict two chanting men and the obverse two woodpeckers. So, we shall look closer and discover not only two comets and lots of numbers but some rather familiar Luwian/Hittite Hieroglyphs from ancient Turkey.

Ramey Peet Tablet found at Cahokia Mounds, Illinois

Ramey Peet Tablet found at Cahokia Mounds, Illinois

Ramey Peet Tablet from Cahokia Mound, obverse

Ramey Peet Tablet from Cahokia Mound, obverse

The woodpecker side positioned as shown can be described as two panels divided by a center bar with cross pieces. In other words there is a ‘T’ here. The ‘T’ is found in Egyptian art as the lower portion of the Ankh in the hand of Isis. (See Iuny Stele)

At the top of each half of the woodpecker side are crater shapes just below the T side bars. Emanating from or pointing towards the center are the tear drop shapes surrounding the ‘sa’ symbol often seen on the Ohio Tablets. This can be interpreted as before. It reads two comets struck the center of the pole and/or that two comets divided from one larger comet. Each of these figures overlap what appears to be double (comet) tails. On the right side there seems to be a hook shape around the tail implying once again as seen on other tablets the symbol for a hook or staff. The left side shows the twirl symbol seen on the New Hampshire Mystery Stone suggesting something turned.

Combined the symbols relate the identical story as deciphered before. A great comet broke into two parts and after striking the pole the staff/pole was turned.

From the New Hampshire Mystery Stone

From the New Hampshire Mystery Stone

Notice the numbers indicated on the center bar. It is divided into 6 portions but only one contains a dot. There are 5 without dots out of 6 portions or the number 56 appears again. Notice on the left panel there are 4 bars beneath the crater but only 3 on the right side for 43 or 34. The sum of 34 and 56 is 90. There are 90 degrees from the pole to the equator. The 43 reminds us the radius of the Sun is 432,000 miles.

Overall, this side is a simple statement of the basic numbers and narration. The obverse side is a bit more challenging but as seen in the examination of the Egyptian Iuny Stele these distorted faces are composed of numbers and glyphs making the fellows look rather unique.

An overall description of the second side would be two men chanting with a ‘T’ shape dividing the image. Beginning with this T notice it is divided into three sections at the top with a center knot. There are four sections in the vertical portion. This gives us three familiar numbers immediately: 33, 34 and 43. The first two refer to the change in the lay of the pole and the latter to the radius of the Sun. Count the sections with dots and without. There are 5 with dots and 6 without. The number 56 is easily created. Count the dots on the vertical and then the crossbar, and find 2 then 3. The numbers 23 or 32 can be created or the latitude at which the Arctic Circle ends. The ‘T’ then represents the north pole and the large dot-knot at the top suggests a large crater.

Luwian/Hittite Hieroglyphs from ancient Turkey

Luwian/Hittite Hieroglyphs from ancient Turkey

Notice there are dots in the faces as well. Each man has two circles at the forehead and those circles have tails. Instead of viewing them as headdress ornaments perhaps they should be viewed as a statement that ‘two objects struck at the crown of the head.’ The image once again describes a comet striking the planet on the ‘crown of its head.’ Each man wears a large circular earring beneath his ear. This recalls something present on the McKensie Tablet. The whorls within the average ear are an orderly disarray of circles around the central canal and that is a good description of the McKensie Tablet. The placement of the large circle below the ear suggests that circular disorder radiated out from the central crater. Hence, we might recall that the Egyptian Iuny Stele also made use of the ear. In that instance it is carved with great care and skill to accurately portray an ear yet the eye is shown from the wrong angle. This striking difference must be intentional. The ear in the Egyptian art suggests radiating disorder from a central eye. The symbolism reveals a common theme. Taking it one step further, in Old English the word ‘ear’ means wave.

By counting dots find there are three upon each man so that there are 3 and 3 or 33 repeating the angle of rotation. Each man’s dots can be counted as 1 and 2 for 12. The number of houses in the heavenly Zodiac is 12. Count them as two ear dots and four forehead dots for the 24 hours in a day. There are 5 dots on the bar. There are 6 dots on the men. The 56 reappears. There are 3 dots on the top bar. There are 8 dots below the bar. The number 38 is formed which is half of 76. This number is the period of years of Halley’s Comet.

The hats demonstrate more numbers. The left side has three sections. The right has two. Create 32 and 23 again. The dots with tails differ. The left side shows one tail and the right shows two tails. The Wilmington showed a two tailed comet on one side and only one tail on the opposing side. So then the statement a ‘comet split into two’ is suggested by this image as well. Now those odd strong lips have meaning. The two comets created two craters.

The nose is interesting. It is bold and is making a statement in a notably Old English way. The word ‘nose’ derives from the word ‘ness’ which means prominence, headlands. It is the most prominent feature on the face, hence the association. The image, by exaggerating the nose, makes it clear that it is part of the story. A mountain can be called a ness. The image suggests the crater lies near the ‘ness.’ The north pole or headlands was once overlain by mountains of ice.

Notice that the eye is portrayed in the Egyptian manner and in this full on view rather than sideways it is the glyph for ‘eye.’ The image with its large nose, accented crater mouth and sideways eye tells us the eye (of the comet) is near the crater and ness/mountain.

Hittite/Luwian Glyoh for cubitum/measure

Hittite/Luwian Glyoh for cubitum/measure

Another glyph is clearly present. The Iuny Stele used symbol #243 in both forms to indicate Cubit/measure. This is the distinct shape the hair of these men forms. Each ‘head measures’ and this is a true statement. The north pole and the magnetic pole acting as heads of the planet are both used to measure.

The study is completed by counting. The odd formation of the neck gives 2 nubs. The projections on the face give 3 if the nose is not counted and 4 if it is. This gives us the familiar 23, 32, 24, and 43.

The last number to be found is on the right head. He has four portions to his hair. It appears the man on the left has one or none. The hair is divided to make a count just as was done in the Iuny Stele. Recall that a square of 4 unit sides has a diagonal of 5.65 units. Similarly, 1 and 4 as 14 make 56 since 4 x 14 = 56.

Like the previous tablets this one tells the same important story to initiates. To all others, it is just two men chanting and woodpeckers. The famous statement ‘they have eyes to see but do not see’ is now understood.

The Gridley Stone is up next. It is also a half circle shape and what it reveals is exactly why it has come up missing.

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Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets, Berlin Tablet,

Gaitskill Stone Tablet, The Low Tablet, The Waverly Tablet,

Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.


Further Information on the Ramey Peet Tablet:

The link to the museum site with a great deal of information is here:

Vince Barrows has written extensively on the mounds and his work with many diverse links can be found here:

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Bainbridge and McKensie Mound Tablets

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn, updated Sept. 2022

Bainbridge Tablet

Sketch of Bainbridge Tablet after Caldwell photo.

The Bainbridge and McKensie Mound Tablets are both owned by Duncan Caldwell. View actual photos and read his analysis on line here. (Also see link below.)

The Bainbridge Tablet is from Ross County, Ohio and the McKensie Tablet is from Pike, County, Ohio. The latter was found in 1899. The Bainbridge is studied first here.

The Bainbridge is similar in design concept to the Cincinnati and Wilmington. It has sides bowed in as does the Cincinnati Tablet. All three have the feathers of the Prophet glyph giving us the correct orientation for reading it. The feathers were also present on the Lakin A Tablet. The Prophet glyph’s presence suggests the abstractness of the diagram is just a series of combined glyphs. With some effort the glyphs are identified as shown in the diagram below. It tells of a two eyed comet and the staff of guidance. It is where the ‘eye lays.’ The upended Pes/foot glyph on the right side gives us the idea of a base which is turned and the sound ‘ti.’ Two joined craters lie below it with the symbol for ‘ra’ between them forming the word ti-sa-ra-sa or tessarace which appeared in the Lakin A Tablet. A tessarace is the summit of a four sided pyramid. The north pole is the summit of a world divided into square tiles. The word can also be translated into Old English as ti-sa or tease, and ra-sa or raes which is a violent storm or a course. This suggests further meanings to the word tessarace. It describes a place that was harmed by a violent storm which is marked by a line.

Glyph map of the Luwian/Hittite glyphs found on the Adena Tablet known as the Bainbridge from ancient Ohio glyph map

Glyph map of the Luwian/Hittite glyphs found on the Adena Tablet known as the Bainbridge from ancient Ohio.

Below this are two joined symbols. It describes ‘a vast number sown.’ In the center are two craters or ‘sa-sa’ suggesting the word ‘sess’ which means seat in Old English. The symbol for ‘great’ surrounds the highest of the two craters. On the left, three joined symbols suggest flaming-thunder-crater and below this is a praying man turned away from the center. To his back is the symbol for evil and in the center is the pole. The right side is a mirror image of the evil symbol. This symbol creates the legs of a man who is presumably dead since he seems decapitated. This would be appropriate since the message suggests the planet ‘lost its head’ or guiding north pole.

Numbers are indicated on the Bainbridge Tablet by the placement of the dots in the image.

Numbers are indicated on the Bainbridge Tablet by the placement of the dots in the image.

This message is not complete without imbedded numbers. The dots provide them. On the left are four dots. In the middle there are three and on the right are two for a sum of nine. So it can be said there are 7 on the left/center, 9 total, and 2 on the right which can be used to create the 792 seen on many tablets studied already. It refers to the diameter of the planet at 7920 miles. The center 3 and right 2 create 32 or the square of 5.65. If seen as 23 then it reminds us of the latitude at which the Arctic Circle ends. The number 432 can also be created and this reminds us of the radius of the Sun at 432 thousand miles.

The dimensions of the tablet provide more numbers: 2 7/8″ x 4 3/4″ x 2/3″ or 2.87″ x 4.72″ x .66″. The sum of the length and the width is the ever important number 7.6. The period of Halley’s Comet is 76 years. The width provides both 23 (from 2/3) and 66. The velocity of Earth is 66,600 mph.

Turning now to the McKensie Tablet it is found it repeats the typical message. (See actual photo here) Right side up can be determined by observing that two diamonds appear at the top of the Gaitskill Clay Tablet. One triangle begins the Metcalf Stone and diamonds are present on the Grave Creek Tablet. So the stone should is read as positioned in the image shown here.

Mckenzie Mound sketch

The Adena tablet from ancient Ohio known as the Mckenzie Mound. The sketch is from a photo by Caldwell.

To the right is the circle with hash marks. Hash marks appeared on the Wilmington, and on the Gaitskill Stone Tablet. The Earth when divided by longitude and latitude appears to be overlain by such a grid. Another way to look at this circular glyph is that the hash marks are a separate glyph suggesting ‘ha or pa’ or the old words ‘heah and pea.’ Heah is high or a high power. The symbol also suggests an object such as corn which is composed of many pieces. Then the combination becomes a powerful comet of many pieces. The story then reads: ‘a powerful comet came to Earth.’

The left upper panels says literally ‘two eyes lay at the staff’ or two comets struck the north pole. Below this are two glyphs that suggest there are ‘ma’ which translates from Old English to ‘more.’ The two symbols suggest ‘there are more in heaven.’ Above this series of glyphs is the horn in 9 sections. The planet’s latitude is marked off in 90 degrees equator to pole. The bottom left corner suggests ‘sow’ but the rest of the corner is illegible.

Within the center is a Pastor symbol identical to the one seen on the Bainbridge Tablet just studied above. Next to it is a large ‘sa’ or crater. Above these two symbols is the symbol for heaven and below them is a wedge. This suggests the reading: ‘the crater from the heavenly comet guides.’

Mckenzie Tablet glyph map

The Adena Tablet from ancient Ohio known as the McKensie Tablet can be deciphered into Luwian/Hittite hieroglyphs from ancient Turkey.

The far right provides three glyphs: mi, tu and sa. The first suggests the Old English word ma for more or mighty, while the latter two are grouped together in the art suggesting tu-sa. The Old English word teosa meaning harm or the modern word tease is then formed. The phrase is then ‘a mighty harm.’

The overall layout of the stone suggests disorder in circular sweeping patterns. It imitates exactly what is observed in areas of comet collisions such as we see on the Moon’s surface. The Bainbridge Tablet also suggests disorder around circular crater marks. They may actually be attempts to depict the aftermath of such an impact with the planet just as the Berlin Tablet did.

If the McKensie Tablet is examined for numbers then several are found. The double triangle, center top, provides 2 triangles of 3 sides which is 23 or 32 = 5.65 squared. The center panel is grouped in such a way as to count out 1,1,2 as if to say 112 or twice 56. The right side gives 1 and 2 or 12. Some might say it gives 1,1, and 1 for 111. The square of this number is 12321. The number series 123454321 was found on the Cincinnati Tablet. The left upper grouping gives 3 filled in figures and 3 carved out for 33. The overall measurements of the stone are 2.76″x 3.75″ x .394″. The square of the width is 7.6 recalling the period of Halley’s Comet. The sum of the length and width is 6.5. The sum 6.5 is 56 in reverse. The sum of all three measures is 6.90. The distance between two degrees of longitude at the equator is 69 miles.

The overall shape of both tablets is a tile with bent in sides. The story suggests the grid array of longitude – latitude shifted or perhaps twisted as the shape suggests. Most importantly, the two very round carved out circles suggest Two Balls or Bi-Baals. The pun ‘Holy Bible’ was noted in the Wilmington post.

The cumulative list of numbers from all tablets follows. Those in bold were also found on these tablets. 108, 111, 11111, 112, 12, 1212, 12321, 123454321, 14, 1414, 16, 17, 21, 212, 2121, 21212, 216, 2166, 222, 23, 23 32, 23.5, 24, 241, 2486, 26, 28, 3, 31, 32, 33, 333, 34, 3.8, 38, 4, 40, 43, 4.4, 44, 52, 54, 5.65, 56, 56.5, 56.5, 58, 6, 61, 64, 6.5, 65, 66, 66624, 67, 6.9, 7, 72, 76, 77, 777, 79, 792, 86, 8.8, 88, 9, 90, 912, 92, 93, 93.3, 7924 and 8642.

It can be concluded, despite the differences in the artist’s style, the message of the Bainbridge and McKensie Tablets is consistent with previously studied art. The Ramey Peet Tablet (next post) from Cahokia Mound indicates by repeating this now familiar message and style of numbering that this knowledge and iconography was not restricted to the areas of Georgia, Ohio, West Virginia and Egypt.

Back to the very beginning of series on Adena Tablets

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Posts on: Egyptian Art Comparison, Wilmington Tablet, Lakin A Tablet,

The Gaitskill Clay Tablet, Allen Tablet, Grave Creek, The Kiefer Tablet,

Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets, Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet,

The Low Tablet, The Waverly Tablet, Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

Article by Duncan Caldwell at:…/bainbridge_mckensie_adena_tablets.pdf

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Wilmington Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

The Wilmington Tablet is only 5″ by 3.8″ by .6″ thick. It is made of sandstone and resides in the Ohio History Museum, Columbus, Ohio. This artist could not have been more clear in his depiction yet it is displayed on its side and usually is described as a phallic image.

Wilmington Tablet

Wilmington Tablet, Ohio History Museum, Columbus, Ohio shown in its correct orientation.

Baal and his twin self are depicted at the top with one tail on the right and twin tails on the left. Central to the image is a massive comet projecting towards Earth. It is so enormous it dwarfs the mountains depicted at the bottom. Recall all of northeastern Canada down to Ohio was once covered by ice mountains two miles high. The swirling shapes to each side of the comet depicts the destruction that followed the impact. Hidden in these swirls are Hittite/Luwian glyphs from the Anatolian region of Turkey. Within every part of this image there are many numbers.

This is the essential and important story this tile relates in a blatantly realistic fashion. What is it that keeps us from seeing this clear depiction of an enormous comet?

The remainder of the message is told through glyphs and numbers. We began with a one tailed Baal and a two tailed Baal, or a comet that split into two. One and two helps us recall there are 12 houses in the heavenly Zodiac. Continue counting by noticing it is actually divided into four panels. The planet can be said to have four quadrants. A square of 4 units to the side has a diagonal of 5.65 units. At the middle horizontal line count across the comet and find 6 lines above but only 5 lines below for 56. Reverse this and obtain 65 or nearly the velocity of the planet at 66624 mph. Similarly, count 6 dot holes on the right half and 7 on the left half for 67. Reverse the number and obtain 76. The period of Halley’s comet is 76 years. Count 9 holes on the upper half but only 3 on the lower half for 93. The average distance between Earth and the Sun is 93 million miles. There is 1 hole in the left lower square and 6 in the upper left for 16. The Earth travels 1.6 million miles in a day. Reverse the number and find 61. There are 60 minutes in an hour and a square of 61 units to the side has a diagonal of 86.3 which suggests the Sun’s diameter of 864 thousand miles. The right side has 3 holes above and 3 below for 33 which gives the maximum change in latitude caused by the impact.

Side view showing double headed arrow on Wilmington Tablet

Side view showing double headed arrow on Wilmington Tablet

The 2 holes in the upper left Baal are next to 3 small fingers on the edge for 23. The upper sweeps of the comet’s tail are composed of 3 on one side and 2 on the other for 32. The square of 5.65 is 32. Reverse the number and find 23. Recall the Arctic Circle ends at 23 degrees and 30′ or approximately 23 degrees and 32 minutes.

There is a half circle on the centerline at the top. The tail on that side is one strong piece between two which makes 112. Or count the strong tail line as 1, the half circle as 1 and the other side of the tail supplies the 2 for 112. Above the middle line there is 1 hole below 1 hollow half circle and opposite there are 2 half circles for 112. The bottom left panel gives 1 half circle, 1 dot and 2 loops for 112. Each and every 112 is twice 56.

On the right lower there are 3 dots and 1 half circle for 31. This is pi³. Continue the count from 3,1 and then 5 lines and 1 half circle for 3151 which is close but off. It should be 3141 which is pi at 3.1415.

Surrounding the piece on the narrow edge is an arrow with a doubled arrowhead which repeats the idea of a double comet. A circle with a dot in the center is in the mid-shaft suggesting the crater or the all seeing eye of the north pole. Then it ends with fletching. This end has hash marks that alternate to make 8 per side or 4 per side depending on how it is viewed. Divide the circumference of the planet in miles by 44 and obtain 565.5 miles.

Sketch of Wilmington Tablet

Sketch of Wilmington Tablet from J. Ralston Skinner’s 1885 article.

At the bottom of the piece there is fringe which wraps up the left side. There are 2 on the left, then 10, then 9 to the right. Summing the last two obtain 19. Multiply this by the 2 from the side and obtain 38 which is half 76 or the period of Halley’s Comet of 76 years.

Alternatively, begin with the 9 and affix the 12 to obtain 912 which is just under Earth’s minimum distance to the Sun of 9.14 million miles. If a simple sum of 9 and 12 is taken, find 21 which when multiplied by pi is a hair under 66. The velocity of Earth is 66624 mph.

The next few numbers are important because they are arrived at by using the Inch System of measurement. The dimensions of the piece in inches is 5″ x 3.8″ x .6″. The sum of the length and thickness is 5.6 which repeats 56 again. Twice 3.8 is 7.6 which recalls the period of Halley’s Comet. The sum of the 3.8 and .6 is 4.4. The circumference of the planet is 565.5 miles x 44. Sum 3.8 and 5 and obtain 8.8. A mile is 880 feet times 6.

Before moving on to the glyphs let us take note of all the numbers found on this piece and compare it to the numbers found on prior tablets. Here we found: 12, 16, 21, 23, 23 32, 31, 32, 3, 33, 3.8, 38, 4, 4.4, 44, 5.65, 56, 61, 65, 66, 67, 76, 8.8, 9, 93, 112, 912.

The cumulative list from previous tablets follows. Those in bold were also found on this tablet. 108, 111, 112, 1212, 12321, 14, 1414, 16, 17, 212, 2121, 21212, 2166, 222, 23, 23 32, 23.5, 24, 241, 2486, 26, 31, 32, 33, 333, 34, 40, 43, 44, 52, 54, 56, 56.5, 56.5, 58, 6, 64, 66, 66624, 7, 72, 76, 777, 79, 792, 86, 88, 9, 90, 92, 93.3, 7924 and 8642.

Glyphs for Malleus (hammer or disease), Calleum (heaven), Mille (vast number), and sound 'sa'

Glyphs for Malleus (hammer or disease), Caelum (heaven), Mille (vast number), and sound ‘sa’

Next the artwork is examined to see if any hieroglyphs can be found. Begin with the upper left Baal and find the Luwian/ Hittite symbols for Malleus, Caelum and Mille all joined. The first means a mallet or disease, the second means heaven, and the last which is doubled means a vast number. The image suggests then a disease from heaven in vast numbers or in modern terms: comets and meteorites.

Luwian/Hittite Glyphs

Luwian glyph for Deus (god), glyph number 502, Ala (wing of army), sound ‘i’, and sound ‘sa’

Opposite this we find another Baal which is described by glyphs Caelum #182 (heaven) and the right side is a variation on Deus #360 (god). This symbol is very close to glyph #502 which has no meaning attached to it. The tail repeats the Mille glyph suggesting again a vast number. This is easily translated as ‘gods came from heaven’ and is just another way of saying in modern terms many powerful comets came.

Prophet Symbol

Prophet Symbol

The sweeping tails of the central comet are the feathers on the head of the prophet glyph.

Wing symbol meaning troops - Ala 78

Wing symbol meaning troops – Ala 78

Beneath this in the upper right panel the idea is expounded upon. Glyph # 78 for ‘wing’ is an army wing or troops. It lies above a circle-dot. This suggests the two comets arrived with troops making craters.

Glyph for sound 'i'

Glyph for sound ‘i’


The upper left panel explains more. The first is the upright with the dot for sound ‘i’ found in glyph #209. The two connected circle-dots form two ‘sa’. This ‘sa-sa’ suggests repeated ‘s.’ This spells out i-s-s or the name of the Egyptian god Isis. But it also resembles two Anglo words, ice and sess. The first we understand and the second we hear in sis-ter. Sess is a seat. Ice-sess than implies an ice-seat and so we may hazard to guess that Isis is ‘ice-sess.’ These glyphs are followed by another circle-dot for another ‘sa’ such as we hear in ‘see.’ It is next to the glyph for Caelum or heaven which is connected to the comet or the central pole. Putting this together we have ‘the seat within the ice from which all heaven can be seen at the pole.’ This is the North Pole. A long distant ancestor tells us the meaning of a Goddess in a far distant land with symbols long forgotten and words we still use.

Luwian Glyphs for Halpa (help), sound 'hwi', Cornu (horn) or sound 'su', and sound 'sa'

Luwian Glyphs for Halpa (help), sound ‘hwi’, Cornu (horn) or sound ‘su’, and sound ‘sa’

In the lower left panel find the glyph for ‘hwi’ #329 in the two twirls. The original way the word why was spelled was hwy. So it asks very clearly, “Why?” The symbol for Halpa or help lies above it which reiterates the exclamation. Towards the pole is the symbol for ‘sa’ #402. Above this is symbol #108 Cornu meaning a horn with sound ‘su’ probably meaning ‘to sow.’ The sequence suggests “Help! Why! A comet sown”

Luwian Glyphs

Glyphs for Lituus (a staff), sound ‘ha’ or ‘pa’, and Malus (evil))

The bottom right panel gives us once again the ‘sa’ for ‘see’ with Lituus #378, a staff. Then there is cross hatching which suggests glyph #224 with sounds ‘pa’ or ‘ha.’ ‘Pa’ begins the words pole, power, and post. While ‘ha’ is the Anglo word ‘heah’ which we know as high. The reversed 3 towards the edge is glyph #368 Malus or evil. Putting this together we have ‘to the seeing staff of the pole on high came evil.’

The image on The Wilmington Tablet is composed of many Luwian Hieroglyphs which tell a story.

The image on The Wilmington Tablet is composed of many Luwian Hieroglyphs which tell a story.

This is the same message people on both sides of the world knew, understood, discussed and shared as revealed by their common knowledge of the subject, manner of depiction, and embedded numbers. They ask “Why! On high did this great evil come?”

This leaves the reader still wondering. Could it be? And where? Where is the evidence of this evil? But they tell us. Baal (Deus or god) struck at 56.5 as the Hebrew word for god, Yahweh, echos in its number gematria. Transcribing this word into numbers gives 5,6,5,10 or 56.5. Indeed, further still one must hear the word ‘why’ pronounced the original way ‘hwy’ in the word Yahweh.

But we need a second reference to find a location and this they provide. Recall in our prior number list (see Meigs Tablet and Kiefer Tablet) was the number 792 and this is the length of the diagonal of a square of sides 56. It also recalls the diameter of the Earth at 7920 miles. From the line of longitude of greatest displacement they traveled east 79.2 degrees and defined the zero longitude point at Greenwich, England at the same place it is today. This number of degrees was chosen to honor the diameter of the planet. So, reverse their journey! Travel back due west 79.2 degrees of longitude and find the home of Bi-Baal. The reader is encouraged to discover the place for himself. It is summed up by this pun: Holy Bible. Find the holy bible (hole lay bi-Baal) or the hole laid by two Baals.

More to learn about ourselves in upcoming posts.

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Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet,

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and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Lakin A Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn, updated Sept. 2022

The Lakin A Tablet is actually from Point Pleasant, WV near Lakin. The tablet was found by Everette W. Schwartz.

It is just as abstract as the Gaitskill Clay but because we have deciphered that tablet this is easily read. It is a more fluid and evil looking version. Indeed, the message it relates is of a monster that came to Earth and he is shown in the upper left with an angry scowl. His mirror image has been worn away in the upper right.

The central pole has an ominous look and the two feathers of the Prophet symbol #524 are dominant at the top. Thus we have a pole that ‘could tell all.’ At the bottom a small pole protrudes from mountain peaks. There are three peaks on each side for 33. Similarly, counting the 2 feathers at the top first and then the 3 mountains, and then repeating the count in reverse we obtain 23 32 for the latitude of the Arctic Circle which surrounds the pole.

Lakin A at Grave Creek Mound, Art from ancient Ohio

Lakin A at Grave Creek Mound, Art from ancient Ohio

The power in the pole is contrasted by the orderly-disorder of the two mirrored panels. The multiple circles once again suggest a multitude of comet craters. The total count of circled dots is 8. The pole contains 6 slits. Combining these two numbers gives us 86 or a reminder of the diameter of the Sun at 864000 miles and the seconds in a day at 86400. Each side contains 4 circle-dots. Each group of slits contains 3. Combine these and obtain 43 which is another way they noted 86. Reverse the 43 and obtain 34. Recall 34 is twice 17 and that 90 – 34 is 56. The meaning of this important number we have yet to discuss but it has appeared on previously studied tablets. The 4 dots on each side creates 44. The two groups of 3 creates 33. All of these numbers we have seen before on other tablets.

Each group of slits can be counted as 3 or 1,2. This repeats lower giving us 33, 66 and 1212. These numbers we have seen before.

Symbol from Hittite Hieroglyphs called Sol or the Sun

Symbol from Hittite Hieroglyphs called Sol or the Sun

Projecting out of the center of the pole on the right side but not found on the left are two distinct lines that represent ‘ra’ in the Luwian Glyphs. The central pole is definitely Sol in the glyphs or symbol #191. This small depiction of the glyph from the Mnamon web page mimics closely the design used in the tablet. No sound is associated with this glyph. We shall take the leap that it is ‘po’ or ‘pa’ since these are the initial sounds in pole, post, and power. Combining ‘ra, ra’ and ‘pa’ two words come easily to mind. Ra as in ‘ray’ of the Sun and the name of the Egyptian Sun God is one such word. The second is rope.  Ropes have been historically used by surveyors. A rope is a unit of length of 66 feet or 792 inches which should look familiar to this tablet/number study. The idea that ‘ra rap’ (ray-rope) actually appears here is consistent with the idea that the pole is the seat of measure. (Note that the rope’s length in the English system of measure recalls both the velocity of the planet and its diameter.)

If the two sounds ra and pa are reversed, instead of obtaining rope we create ‘pair.’ In fact all navigation still to this day is based on a ‘pair’ of poles. The first pole is true north. The second pole is magnetic north. The suggested reading of these tablets is that they relate that the pole moved. Perhaps they had first hand knowledge of a shift of magnetic north away from true north and that the cause was a comet.

The hands of the Gaitskill Clay Tablet are here seen as eyes with eyebrows. They are the upper most circle-dot with 5 fingers. It might be fairer to say four of the lines are on the eyebrow and one projects straight off the circle-dot for a total of 5. Projecting from the lower side are 2 lines. This gives us 52 and 7. As in the Gaitskill Clay we note these represent days in a week and weeks in a year. If the brow is divided up into 1 and 4, we obtain both 14 and 241 which were found in the same position on the Gaitskill Clay and suggest numbers 56 and 58,000. The latter recalls Earth’s yearly orbit through the heavens of 584 million miles.

Glyphs for Prophet, ra, ta, and ma

Glyphs for Prophet, ‘ra’, ‘ta’, and ‘ma’ sounds

More glyphs in the Lakin A Tablet

Glyphs for Flame, Cornu or ‘su’, Via, Super, Heaven, and Deus or god

The circle-dot in the Luwian Glyphs represents the sound ‘sa’. The brow shape with the upward strokes is found in Glyph #172 and has sound ‘ta.’ ‘Ta-sa’ does not sound all that familiar yet it suggests the word ‘tease.’ In Anglo it was ‘teosu’ meaning harm. If the line off the circle which is not on the brow is interpreted, then we have ‘ra’. Pronouncing ta-sa-ra we have both the old and modern word tessera which is a tile (such as ceramic) or a grid square as found on a map, or as found in the object under examination! The upper circle-dot is connected to the next one and that provides the sound ‘sa’ again. What is tessera-sa? Tessarace. A tessarace is the summit of a four sided pyramid. The summit of the Earth once divided into mapped tiles is the North Pole.

On the left side of the lines joining the upper circles is a triangle. This appeared at the top of the Gaitskill Clay and is interpreted as a sword, or eye of Baal. The loop off the second circle that curls towards the pole is the symbol Super #70 which means above. Enclosed within the lines is Flammae (flame) symbol #477. The two curled tails off the eye-brow shape form the glyph #110 for ‘ma’. In Anglo ‘ma’ means ‘more.’ The half circles on the sides of the center pole also create the glyph #182 Caelum which means Heaven or #360 Deus which means god. These ideas complete the picture of a dangerous flaming comet above.

Luwian -Hittite Glyphs in Ohio art

Location of Luwian (Hittite) Glyphs from ancient Turkey imbedded in art of Lakin A Tablet from ancient Ohio

The bottom left circle-dot gives 23 32 in the same manner as the Clay Tablet. It also shows 222. The lowest circle shows 4 lines as does the one above it. Recall a square of sides of 4 has a diagonal of 5.65. Both of the mirrored lowest circles are positioned at the base of the pole as if to strike there. Pausing to examine this lower set for expressed words we find ‘ra-ra’ and ‘sa-sa.’ Ra-ra suggests the words rear (raer) or roar (rar) in Anglo. While ‘sa-sa’ repeats the idea of ‘sess’ or seat. The two V lines also represent the glyph Via #221 and means ‘path to.’ Above the lowest circle-dot is an enclosed shape that represents glyph Cornu #108 which has sound ‘su’ and means horn. In Anglo ‘su’ means sow, to plant. This is all consistent with reading the circle-dots as a progressive story.

Reading the four circles from top to bottom then we have a large ‘harm,’ a comet, with two long flowing tails above flying through the ‘tiles’ of ‘heaven.’ It has ‘more’ wings or troops traveling with it. It is a flaming danger from above. It draws near where it is clearly seen to have two tails. It ‘roars’ toward the ‘seat.’ Where they ‘sow’ themselves. They strike at the ‘ray rope,’ the pole in the mountains.

This is an extremely complicated story which we are able to translate because of the years of labor done to decipher the 14th to 13th century BC Hittite documents of the Anatolian regions of Turkey. The Lakin A Tablet and the other Adena Tablets tell an extraordinary story of our history in the not too distant past during the age when ice laid over Canada and Ohio. It is from a time when Ohio first became inhabitable and adventurers came to see for themselves and exclaim in angst that it was true. Their eyewitness accounts pass through the ages to us. We have ears to listen but can we hear?

That Europeans were coming and going from this continent (and vice versa) is evident by the shared language, symbolism and measuring system. That we cannot comprehend how they could have measured longitude, latitude, and planets so accurately is not their error in understanding but ours. They cannot be made to be just ‘cavemen in the stone age’ just because we are grossly ignorant. After all, they are relating that the Earth was struck by an enormous comet. If a large comet struck us today, Walmart would be empty forever in a few hours. We too would be fashioning hammers from stones and making every effort to remember the diameter of the Sun and the Earth and telling wild myths to future generations of men who walked on the moon.

Yet to be reviewed are the stunning Wilmington and Cincinnati Tablets, the mysterious Bainbridge, and McKenzie Mound Tablets, the Ramey Peet Tablet from Cahokia Mound, the way too accurate Gridley Stone, the beautiful Ohio Adena Pipe now a Ohio State symbol, and the Hopewell Shaman – Bear. Many interesting posts are to come.

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Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets, Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet,

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,and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Gaitskill Clay Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

Art from ancient Ohio - Gaitskill Clay Tablet

Art from ancient Ohio – Gaitskill Clay Tablet

Art from ancient Ohio - Gaitskill Clay Tablet

Art from ancient Ohio – Gaitskill Clay Tablet. Clay copy.

Preserved from ancient Ohio is the Gaitskill Clay Tablet which gives us much to ponder. This stone has been described as having anthropomorphic and/or zoomorphic characteristics. Another author describes it as Avian with four world quarters. If we reflect on the open mouthed man who seemed to be crying ‘no’ in the Waverly Tablet and the angst of the Gaitskill Stone Tablet then it follows that what the artist is portraying is two hands held up as if to say, “Stop!” Above the hands appears two triangles which suggest this is another way of expressing the double eye of the comet Baal. Up and over on each side is the double tail of the comet. The two tails are similar in style to the feathers in the hat of the Prophet Glyph and the curved down feathers seen on the men in the Low Tablet. If the center line is taken as the pole then the reference to four quarters of the world is correct.

There are other details we might notice. In the lower quadrants notice the three lobed wings above the large circle that are like those in the Low Tablet. The Luwian Hieroglyph Symbol #78 Ala meaning ‘wing of army’ is similar. The wing of the Army of Baal would be the debris that preceded, followed and was created by the comet. The image shows multiple circles suggesting many craters of various sizes occurred.

Prophet Symbol

Prophet Symbol

Wing symbol meaning troops - Ala 78

Wing symbol meaning troops – Ala 78

In a prior post the name of the goddess Isis was discussed. It was suggested it means ‘ice-seat.’ At the base of the center pole on the tablet the lines fan out. Perhaps this symbolizes a mountain of ice or the mountain Isis at the seat of the North Pole. But the story these tablets relate is that the pole has a mirror image, a second location to which it moved. ‘Where?’ was the question asked by the Low and Waverly Tablets. Presumably the tablets answer the question. Perhaps this tablet will reveal the answer to us.

The quoted dimensions of the stone are 4.4″ x 2.95″ x .55″. The last number is .01 off from 56 suggesting this was the desired thickness. But these stones vary too much in thickness to be so exact so 4.4″ x 2.9″ x .6″ is a better way to describe it. The 4.4 we will see repeated in the stone and discussed later. The sum of these terms is 7.9 inches. The diagonal of the stone squared is 28 and twice this is 56.

The abstraction of the drawing is distracting to say the least. By counting the message becomes clearer. There are 8 large dot-circles. Of these, 6 are on the bottom. On the top there are 4 dots without outer circles and 2 remaining large circles. This gives us 8,6,4,2 which is a descending even series. When combined the familiar 86420 that is reminiscent of the diameter of the Sun at 864322 miles appears.

Those 6 bottom circles can be counted out as 3,3. The top circles as 12, 21 or perhaps it is 1212 or 2121. This all seems familiar and the abstraction begins to make sense. The fingers on each hand give 4 and 4 for 44. The thumb finger combination gives 1414 which we have seen before. Recall 4 x 14 is 56. The bottom fringe can be counted out as 5 upward nips and then the center plus the other side (assumed to be a mirror image) makes 6 for 56. This was found in the same manner on the center strip of the Low Tablet.

In the lower half the 3 wings to the left and 2 in the opposite direction makes 32 23. The 2, 3 pattern repeats in the two lower tails and the three circles. It repeats again on the left with two side tails and above it lies three lobes of the wing. Counting the 2 lower tails and the 2 side tails creates 22 which is half of 44.

In the top half move around the exterior of the hand and count 2 lower tails, 4 fingers, 1 thumb for 241. Also count 2 lower tails, 1 large circle, 2 dots for 212. The 5 fingers on the hands plus 2 tails creates 52 suggesting weeks in a year. The total sum is 7 for the days in a week.

The only number listed above that is new to our long list of numbers from the previous tablets is 44 but then again it is not so new. We already have 2486 suggesting the circumference of the Earth at 24881 miles and the very repetitive 56.5 listed. Divide the circumference of the planet by 565 and the term 44 appears.

Thus the abstraction is a rather clever way to relate numbers to a people who are both distant in place and time with no common language. It is clear from this list that these numbers and the story related involves the Earth and that someone had advanced scientific knowledge which they wished to share with someone of similar mind. That would be us.

The next tablet is equally abstract but rewarding to study.

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Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,

Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet,

The Low Tablet, Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Low Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

low tablet alternate

Low Tablet. Art from ancient Ohio.

The Low Tablet was found by Edward Low in Parkersburg, West Virginia and can be viewed at the Ohio Historical Society. Its message provides a important link in understanding the symbolism on other tablets.

Center stage and in mirror image is a man with a distinctive hat made of two side appendages. Most would call him a shaman or medicine man. He might be more appropriately called a Prophet. This is the name of the Luwian (La Angle) Hieroglyph from ancient Turkey (3000-2000 BC) that portrays the same concept – a man with a hat with two appendages which appear to be feathers in a flame shape- is #524 Propheta. The idea that great leaders on far sides of the planet wore feather hats is easily accepted. That they are depicted as adorned by -two- feathers in opposite directions is interesting.

Prophet Symbol

Prophet Symbol

We find as usual the symmetry in the design and the appearance of the two eyed, two tailed Baal portrayed in each corner which confirms the topic. On each side of the prophet’s head we find two comets lying in their nests or, more aptly described, craters. If we focus directly on the face of the prophet we see the nose-forehead is a sort of upright object. At the ear positions are short strong straight lines. Similar lines above and below the faces give the impression of the cardinal directions. The chin is etched in as an over accented cup and looking at the face again we see the nose is then the comet and the chin is its crater. The feathers upon the head are then the two tails of the comet which suggests why the Anatolian Luwian glyph for Prophet has just two feathers in his hat. The remembrance and discussion of a two tailed comet appears to have been worldwide. That the conversation spanned two hemispheres is evident by the similar symbols.

Symbols 'wa' and "Magnus'

Symbols ‘wa’ and “Magnus’

The face suggests with its nose pillar and two eyes, symbol #439 with sound ‘wa.’ The deep chin suggests Magnus or great, symbol #363 which has sound ‘ur.’ Sounding out this simple word creates wa-ur in which we cannot help but hear ‘where.’ For sure, this is just what the interpretation suggests. When we hear of two comets striking Earth, we immediately ask, “Where?” Presumably the image answers the question it asks.

Low Tablet shown twice

Ala 78

Ala 78

Wing (Ala) on Lowe Tablet

Wing Symbol (Ala) on Lowe Tablet

There is another important glyph here that appears on other tablets. Symbol #78 Ala meaning ‘wing of army’ is shown. The wing of the Army of Baal can be none other than meteorites and other smaller masses which accompanied the comet that changed the world. Each wing is formed by four bars. Each section has two end to end Baals, four bars in the wing and the center line creates 2,4,1 or 241 which reminds us of the 24 hours in a day, 24 hours of longitude and that 241 x 241 = 58081. This number 241 provided the layout for the insect shape of the Gaitskill Stone Tablet. The distance Earth travels in a year around the Sun is 584 million miles.

The center bar repeats the idea of two and within it is found the series of numbers marked by diamonds 1,4,1,4,1 which when multiplied by 4 is the number 56564. The number is also the square root of 2. ( 2 = 1.4142 x 1.4142) This reminds us that a square of side 4 units has a diagonal of 5.65 units. The number is obtained by multiplying 4 times this pattern 1.4141. The series also creates the sum 11.

The overall layout of the piece is 2 (Baal at the top), 3 (craters and face), 1, 3, 2. This gives again the 23 32 pattern about a central pole. The doubling of the face suggests two such places that are identical or that the pole moved. Perhaps this answers the question “Where?” The comet struck at the original pole which caused it to move.

The number 2 is portrayed everywhere. The meaning of Deus in Latin is god while the meaning of duo is two. The glyph which represents Deus in the Hieroglyphs is a circle divided in two. Two Baal, a symbol split in two, Deus meaning god and duo meaning two all suggests a strong relationship between them. Or perhaps we should use the word ‘bi’ instead for two and confirm there are Bi-Baal at the top and bottom of the image. Each Baal has two tails so that 2,2,2,2 is created top and bottom which sums to 8. The total sum is 16 and the distance Earth travels in a day is 1,600,000 miles.

Across the face portion there are 2 Baal, 1 line (at the ear), 2 eyes, 1 line, 2 Baal which makes 2,1,2,1,2 or exactly the pattern displayed by the Grave Creek Tablet. The sum of 2,1,2,1,2 is 8. Interestingly 21212 x pi is 66637. The velocity of Earth is 66624 mph. However, pi which equals 3.1415 is not represented, or perhaps it is! Those 2’s at the top created 2222. A square of sides 2222 has a diagonal equal to pi x 1000.

The center bar also provides 56. Counting diamonds left to right, count five and stop at the middle and then from the middle to the far side is six. The four dots on the top panel are complemented by four dots on the bottom panel which represent the number 44. Divide the circumference of Earth in miles by 44 and obtain 565.5 once again. The numbers then are consistent from tablet to tablet and were not randomly chosen which reinforces that they are intrinsic to understanding the message and the culture.

What else might these tablets tell us about ourselves and what is missing from the history books?

The Waverly Tablet has the same little man face so we study it next.

Back to very first post on Adena Tablets

Previous Post on The Gaitskill Stone Tablet

Posts on: Allen Tablet,  Grave Creek Tablet,  The Kiefer Tablet,

Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,  Berlin Tablet,

Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.