The Shawnee Runestone: A Sneaky Little Riddle

B.L. Freeborn © January 2023                      (PDF version.)

Photo by Heironymous Rowe at Wikipedia.

The Shawnee Runestone was found in 1969 by three children in Shawnee, Oklahoma. It is on display at Robert S. Kerr Museum near Poteau, Oklahoma.

Arc on Kensington Stone

The shape of this stone alone suggests it might be genuine. It is round oblong and out of the right side there is an ark shaped chip. (Assuming of course that some expert did not chip it away to prove the age of the stone as has been done to the Spirit Pond Stones, the ‘In Camera’ stone (post) and the Kensington Stone which was bored through.)

The shape and ark suggests a Pagan / Baalist origin. The chipped ark shape is seen on the Kensington just below the first line.

The inscription is to the casual observer just five runes. There are two suggested readings: MLDOK and MIDOK.

The present decipherment began with MLDOK. Observe the words: DO ⇒ do, LOK ⇒ look, MK ⇒ make. From previous experience the appearance of ‘look’ suggests a shift cipher which was attempted but was fruitless. So looking again one sees the L might actually be an E or I. It is unusually connected to the first rune and the third. This forms three connected runes followed by two detached runes. This suggests 32 which implies 5.65².✓ This is significant since its validity lies substantially with certain numbers appearing. The reader is directed to Validating North American Runestones (PDF) for a better understanding. In summary of this article, with respect to numbers, 56 and 792 must be present. They are typically found by studying the number values of the runes (gematria). The numbers 76, 51, 90 and 86 are often found as well. If it is of a Norse origin, or most northern people origin, (which means Viking to many) it should also have an Easter Calendar date imbedded (see Landsverk). The true rune master was able to encode his/her name as well. Can these five letters produce? Absolutely!

Alf Mongé felt the I was an E. His decipherment can be found in Syverson (pg. 94). He was primarily interested in dates so his decipherment did not comment on anything else for this stone.

If it is an I, then it is MIDOK. The small words I DO MaKe can be found. If an E, MEDOK, it is ME DO MaKe. If it is an E, another obvious word is formed that is very surprising. Runes are read from both right to left and left to right. Read it from the left and it says ME DO and from the right it says clearly CODE so that it reads: ME DO CODE.

A closer look is now required. Note the top of the O in the photo above is not fully connected. The photo in Syversen actually looks like a complete single rune. (This is probably why Mongé did not see the possibility this is two runes.) As two separate runes it is an X and ∧ which are G and K respectively. This makes the inscription: MEDGK – with K above the G.

This is now 5 runes with a 6th or 56.✓ This confirms this was to be found. KG ⇒ keg is another typical Baalist word. But there is more…

Note that the mysterious second letter is actually an H. It is a bindrune with the D. This makes the inscription: M(HE)DGK and K. Now the words HE ⇒ he, HEM ⇒ hem, and MED ⇒ made, are apparent. Looking further while including the O note KOME ⇒ come.

One should not forget this was found in America and so X is often A with value 10 in the Younger Futhark. If it is an A, it can be verified by converting to numbers at this point. (See charts at end.)

Only the first two have notable sums (✓). It would appear then that A is a possible transliteration of the X. If it is seen as MED(A/G)K then the total sum becomes 86.✓ The word DAG ⇒ ‘day’ or ‘lump of metal’ can be found.

Then in MHDGK/K or 20,9,23,7,6,6 sum from H to end is 51.✓ This is the only 51 found.

As a bindrune HD does not have to appear in that order. It can just as easily be DH but the H is attached to the M. If all three can switch then perhaps it becomes DMHGK/K or numerically:
23,20,9,7,6/6. The three underlined form 7920 in reverse.✓ The sum then becomes 65 / 6 which is very similar to 56.6.✓

Since reversals have been noted, MHDOK sums to 82 or 28 in reverse. (28 x 2 = 56)✓

The only numbers not found yet are the date. To find the date recall ‘day’ was found in the word DAG or (23,10,6). This calls attention to this portion of the inscription. Note that 10 and 6 suggest the year 1006 which is from the same era as other Heavener / Poteau inscriptions and the Byfield, Massachusetts inscription. It should not be surprising then that the name Ago (an old Swedish name) or Gao can be found easily here which is the name found in these as well. It his highly likely the author is the same person since the style and skill level required to formulate this are similar. The date then is here.

If 1006 is the year, then it has Golden Number (GN) 19, Day Letter (DL) 6 and Rati (Line #) 15. (See Easter Table (PDF) and Landsverk below for more information.) The GN is in the KGK arrangement: 6,7,6 is 19. The DL is 6 which is apparent. Where then is the 15? It is found in the original arrangement of 5 runes with the 1 seen above ⇒ 15. The year then is 1006. If it is the same person then he wrote this before the Byfield, Massachusetts rune stone and before going to Oklahoma, unless he traveled back and forth. It is also true that year 1135 can be implied by Rati # 19, GN 15 and DL 6. But 1135 is not supported by the inscription. The final decision lies with the reader.

Mongé obtained the date 24 November 1024 from the inscription. His date of 1024 is easily explained. He also used Day Letter (DL) 6 and Rati (Line #) 15. He saw the O (24) as the year and not as separate runes since in his image it appears joined.

And yet there appears to be more… Notice that the MEH hides another rune. There is a U !! Now the Baalist riddle is complete with a hem, hidden cup, two daggers, X marks the spot and an ark all on a round stone. Surely this cannot have been created by any ‘modern’ person!

It then translates as:

A hem surrounds the hidden cup from the daggers.
The kegs are where it came at the round arcs.
Me, Ago, made this code in 1006.



From Wikipedia


Similar Articles by the Same Author (PDF’s)

** For numeric background see:

**Freeborn, B.L., Validating North American Runic Inscriptions,, November 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., Deciphering the Spirit Pond, Nomans Land and Narragansett Runic Inscriptions,, November 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., The Nomans Land – Leif Eriksson Inscription,, December 2022. (An excerpt from the above.)

Freeborn, B.L., Et in Arcadia Ego – OUOSVAVV DM – Deciphered,, December 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., Kensington Rune Stone: A New Translation,, February 2023.

Freeborn, B.L., Lifting the Veil of Time off the Rökstone of Sweden,, April 2023.

Freeborn, B.L., Runic Riddles: Time Capsules,, December 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., The Runic Riddles: Younger Futhork,, December 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., The Narragansett Inscription: A Translation with its Date of Dedication, Author and Inscriber,, October 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., The Newport Tower: Finding the Date of Dedication, its Designer and Builder,, October 2022.

Freeborn, B.L., The Vinland Map – Encoded Riddle,, February 2023.

Freeborn, B.L., Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: The Secret Chamber,, January 2016. (Post)


Gordon, Cyrus, Riddles in History, Crown Publishers, Inc. New York, 1974.

Landsverk, O.G., Runic Records of the Norsemen in America, Erik J. Friis, Publisher, Rushford, MN, 1974.

Landsverk, O.G., Ancient Norse Messages, Norseman Press, Glendale, California, 1969.

Mongé, Alf & O.G. Landsverk, Norse Medieval Cryptography in Runic Carving

Syversen, Earl, Norse Runic Inscriptions: with their Long-forgotten Cryptography, The Vine Hill Press, Sebastopol, California, 1979.

– – – – – –
Liestol, Aslak – Derogatory article of Alf Mongé’s work:….
and…. Landsverk responded to these comments in Ancient Norse Messages pg. 126-129; and often in Runic Records of the Norsemen in America.
– – – – – –

The Mighty Religion of….? Baal?

Sketch of Wilmington Tablet

Sketch of Wilmington Tablet from J. Ralston Skinner’s 1885 article.

© 2018 B. L. Freeborn

In prior posts the idea that ancient art describes the events of a great comet impact and an associated crustal displacement was discussed. The search for further support from ancient records then turned to language and in particular to one possible and pervasive religion that spread ideas and thereby its language.

This religion has to have existed over a broad span of time and a vast distance encompassing many peoples and environments. There is no reason to expect that the name of this religion was one and the same for all places in all times, just as Christianity presents under such vastly different names as Catholic, Anglican, Protestant, Baptist, Episcopal, Methodist, Church of Christ, etc. One might expect that this religion will also appear under different names.

Baal, a Statute from Ugarit.14th to 12th BC. Louvre, Wikipedia,

Baal, a Statute from Ugarit.14th to 12th BC. Louvre, Wikipedia,

It is proposed here that the religion was that of Baal. Baalism has been touched upon many times in prior posts. It is very poorly understood today, if at all, and often attributed to only a small geographical region in the vicinity of Canaanite, particularly Ugarit.

However, place names suggest otherwise. Baalbek; Baltic Sea; Temple of Bel in Syria; Belluton, England; the Baltic States and region; Bel (Celtic god); Bel (Babylonian god); Bel, Iran; Bel, Romania; Baal described in the Old Testament; Baal, Netherlands; Baal, Belgium; Babylon of old, ……etc.

There are religious references such as Beltane in the British Isles, The Tower of Babel, and the Bible (when pronounced bi-baal). So, there is ample evidence that, whoever or whatever Baal was, belief in it was widely dispersed across time and place which makes it an ideal candidate.

Previous to Christianity there was Judaism. The Old Testament, which is a Judaic document, describes in I Kings 18 the killing of 450 priests of Baal, so Judaism did not develop in a vacuum. Baalism was evidently pervasive there and in other places. The art that has been reviewed throughout these posts was from a variety of cultures so it is impossible to affix one name to the religion. The religion shall be defined here as ‘Baalism’ simply because Baal seems to be a prevalent word.

Logically, the next goal will be a study of the Indo-European Language to see what can be learned. However! People have been doing that for 400 years. So, the path taken here will be an entirely different approach than has ever been tried before.

The next post ………….. will jump knee-deep into the unknown we know so very well!

Back to previous post

Back to start of article

Did the Crust of the Planet Turn?

Symbol of Hermes.

Symbol of Hermes.

© 2018 B. L. Freeborn

Is it possible the Earth’s crust can move as Charles Hapgood described in his 1970 book “The Path of the Pole?

If it had happened, wouldn’t we have ancient records? And if it had happened, wouldn’t our scientists have already proven that it can!

We must remember that as recently as the 1960’s we were building space rockets to the Moon before we knew whether it’s craters were dried lake beds, the result of volcanic eruptions, ice, or meteor impact sites.

What if … ancient records exist but we just can’t read them?

What if… the truth behind the great legends is simply that all life on Earth hung in the balance in very recent human history? Did these memories foster the myths of the gods?



A lot of time has been spent deciphering old art in previous posts. The point was to demonstrate that there still exists a great historical record of the events associated with a great comet impact and a crustal displacement as described in  “A Planet Most Miraculous: The Mechanics of Earth’s Rotating Crust.”

The Greek god Hermes represents swiftness and today this ancient symbol (shown above) represents medicine. But what did it originally mean? Look at it closely. Exactly what does it depict?

Prior posts have shown there are key elements in ancient art which demonstrates there was a continuous desire to perpetuate a core set of ideas. Today these ideas are identified as religions composed of myths. We seldom, if ever, attribute the purpose of religion to… the preservation of Earth’s history and its measurements. If religion’s original true nature was basic Earth science, then ignorance, both then and now, has fostered the myths of gods.

Does the symbol of Hermes above tell us a double comet impacted Earth at the former pole?

Does the Venus of Schelklingen tell us a double comet decapitated mother Earth?

If only they had spelled it out clearly!!! Or did they?…….

Previous posts about Earth’s magnetism

Next post



Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: The Secret Chamber

© 2016 B. L. Freeborn (updated Feb. 2023)           (PDF version of post)

This stone with a Latin inscription was found in rural New York.

This stone with a Latin inscription was found in rural New York.

Another ancient riddle presents itself in stone. This one is also from rural New York. The very readable words ‘In camera’  are still used today. It is a legal term in Latin for behind closed doors or in secret. What secret does this stone hold?

Roman numerals were in common use until the 11th century when they began to be replaced by Arabic style. They persisted into the 15th century and in some instances are still used today. The numbers read:  XLV = 45, XXX = 30, LXXV = 75, and LIII = 53.

Obverse side of stone with a Latin inscription found in rural New York.

Obverse side of stone with a Latin inscription found in rural New York. Numbers read 45 30 and 75 53.

What then do the numbers mean? Hint. Notice 30 + 45 = 75. When does 45 equal 75?

Perhaps in true ‘Da Vinci Code’ style the words In Camera are an anagram or in an entirely different language?

Find the words in italics on the front face:

Baal struck the center of the rule that governs the world.

The eye marks the angle that divides.

The smoking rocks struck deep into the mountain of ice

and the water flowed.

The numbers read:

XLV = 45, XXX = 30,

LXXV = 75, and LIII = 53.

Notice 30 + 45 = 75. When does 45 equal 75? And what of the other numbers?

  • 45 minutes equals .75 hours.
  • .53 radians equals 30 degrees.
  • 45 and 30 as 4530 is 79 radians.
  • The sum of 75, 53 and 30 is 158 or twice 79.
  • The sum of all four numbers is 203. There are 360 degrees in a circle. 203 / 360 = .564.

Notice that if the numbers in the top line are adjusted to be 4.5 and 3.0 then:

  • Sum 75 to 4.5 and find 79.5 and then sum 53 to 3.0 and find 56.0.

The hidden numbers then are 79, 79, 79.5, 56, .564.

The association with time, degrees and radians suggests measures of longitude and latitude.

What lies at 79 degrees West and 56 degrees North?


Perhaps the two V’s are lined up for a reason. They point downwards between the A and M of Cam in ‘In camera.’ The word ‘am’ in Old English means ‘reed’ suggesting a measuring stick. The word ‘cam’ suggests came. The picture has a ruler on an index which reinforces the previous idea. Are the two V’s double daggers or twin comets? Does it say” in – came -arrows”? Is the octopus actually a smoking crater in a mountain of ice?  In Old English ‘Amier’ means destroyed.

Notice these other words: LIN or Line, MAC or make, LAER or lair, and there are three X’s in a row.

Is the phrase ‘IN CAMERA’ an anagram for:

  • Can I mare … meaning …’round eye sea’?
  • Mark lie in A …?
  • I name Carl … meaning… ‘I, Carl, wrote this’
  • N. America?

– – – – –

Furthermore, if the Younger Futhark Alphabet and its number equivalents are used, the text can be transliterated into numbers so that it reads:

Text…………….  into numbers …….. and sums.

XL    V  XXX… 10 15    2    10 10 10… Sum is 57

LXX V  LIII….. 15 10 10 2 15 9 9 9…. Sum is 79. ✓

IN CAM ERA… 9 8 6 10 14 9 5 10… Sum is 71.

9,8,6,10,14,9 sums to 56 then 5,10 or 565,10  This looks remarkably like 56.5 and the numeric value of Yahweh 5,6,5,10.

Sometimes the longitude and/or latitude of the location where a stone was inscribed is recorded in the text. The problem is the location has to be known first. The sum 71 looks like the longitude of Newport, Rhode Island area. The sum of the 15 and 9,9,9 is 42 which is remarkably close to its latitude as well. Boston Harbor has values 71.0̊ W and 42.36̊ N. The Nomans Land Inscription was found at 71̊ W and 41.3̊N. The three X’s sum to 30. Newfoundland Island is at 56.5̊W and 48̊N. The sum from 10 to 10 in the last line is 48. Since the subject of the numbers discussed at the beginning is latitude/longitude, it is highly likely that some location is recorded here in addition to the location of the ‘secret chamber.’ These locations are implied by the numeric text.

There is perhaps a date here as well. Notice the word ERA which means ‘time period.’ Numerically this is 9,5,10. Just above this word is the number LIII or 53 and the second line if summed as 15,10,10,2,15,1 and 1,1 is … 53 and 2 or 532 which repeats the 53. This number 532 is important to dates in that the Perpetual Easter Calendar is on a 532 year cycle. To use the table three numbers are required: the Golden Number (GN), Day Letter (DL), and usually the line number or some way to narrow down the possibilities.

In this case using ERA or 9,5,10 the date 1130 is found. This is line #19, GN 10, DL 5. The three III in the Latin numerals provides for the 11 in 1130. The 30 is above in the XXX. This is the most likely date but it should be noted that the following dates can also be found and are also supported by the text: 1112,1211,1009,1199,1015,1201,and 1220. All of them are plausible but 1130 is the most clearly stated. We shall just conclude:

Carl wrote this in 1130 on the east coast of America.

In the North lies the Eye Can Sea where in a line are three marks

in the melting ice mountains from the double comet.

They struck at the pinnacle, at the measuring point.

The three are the lairs in camera.

Similar Runic posts begin here.

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From Wikipedia

Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: New York Baal Stone

The Baal Stone from upstate New York written in Phoenician script circa 800 BC

The Baal Stone from upstate New York written in Phoenician script circa 800 BC

© 2016 B. L. Freeborn

Another ancient riddle presents itself in this stone (about 12″ wide) written in Phoenician Letters circa 800 BC which was found in rural New York.

Is this the Eye of Baal in the center of the stone?

Is it a comet that splits into two parts?

Or is it the Phoenician letter T?

In the image below, the stone is translated using Anglo-Saxon. It reads: “There is the eye of power. It is here at the quay that divides.”

If it is read using the T as a tie then it reads: “It burnt a pit out of the net and it is eaten quite large at the stop for the tie.”

Translation of the New York Baal Stone with 800 BC Phoenician Letters and Anglo-Saxon

Translation of the New York Baal Stone with 800 BC Phoenician Letters and Anglo-Saxon

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Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: Ancient or Modern Copies?

Elephant Tablet found during construction of Cuenca Airport, Ecuador

Elephant Tablet found during construction of Cuenca Airport, Ecuador

© 2016 B. L. Freeborn, updated August 2022

This piece from the Crespi Collection found during construction of the Airport in Cuenca, Ecuador is obviously related to the three stones shown below. An image of the Cuenca stele was published in a book by Barry Fell in 1976. The other three are from Burrow’s Cave which was reportedly found in 1982. In a previous post this stone was translated. Can it be determined if the other three are copies of this stone and if the copies were made relatively recently?

Using transliteration into Paleo-Hebrew circa 200 to 100 BC and Hebrew Letters as derived by J. Huston McCulloch in his study of the Newark Decalogue Stone from Ohio, the Elephant Tablets are translated with the aid of the Anglo-Saxon Language.

These copies of the elephant stone are believed to be from Burrows Cave which means their authenticity is in question.

These copies of the elephant stele are believed to be from Burrow’s Cave which means their authenticity is in question.

Compare the detail in the elephant and Sun. The Sun should appear as a dual reference to Baal’s crater as an origin. The Cuenca shows two eyes and lines radiating from a central O. The trunk of the elephant does not show the all important crater shape in any of the other copies. The back of the mammoth does not appear broken and in the eyebrow shape of Hudson Bay. If it was copied from the Cuenca Stele then the ‘copier’ was far removed from the significance of the detail in it.

The overall presentation on circular and chipped tile shapes is consistent with the story of Baal. However, the stones on the left and right appear freshly machined. And finally, the inscriptions in line 1 and 2 are different than the Cuenca.

The letter ‘th’ in the first line is not reversed as in the Cuenca example which suggests two possibilities. The first is both lines are to be read left to right. The second possibility is the copier was unaware of why the ‘th’ was reversed in the first line and corrected it. The lifespan of the copier cannot be determined by this difference just that he might have thought it was an error in the original. The middle stone’s N (center of first line) is truer to the Paleo-Hebrew style. But it also appears to be an L which then gives the word BL or Baal when read right left.

Lastly, note the facing C’s in the middle line of all four. These were seen in other tablets from Ohio and in art from Knowth, Ireland. Previously, using Luwian glyphs the meaning Great Origin or Mighty Crater was derived from this pattern. It also leads one to another translation of the middle line. If the ‘Th’ stands alone to represent ‘the’ and the C is the Luwian symbol for ‘great’. This then reads ‘The Great cave of Baal’ which is totally plausible and in line with ancient wit to use two languages/alphabets within a text (as academics still do today) and two meanings within the same line.

The overall problem remains though. Because the image of the Cuenca stele was freely available, did Burrow’s make the other three by copying it with minor changes? Barry Fell himself stated the first image published of the stele had an incorrect letter. That mistake appears in the Burrow’s Cave steles.

Old and real? New and fake?

Or copies of secreted away originals?


Back to first post on Elephant Tablet          Ahead to    Next Post

Back to Newberry Tablet beginning or its conclusion.

Paleo-Hebrew at


See full article on the alphabet by J. Huston McCulloch at:

Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: The Mammoth at the Top of the World

Elephant Tablet found during construction of Cuenca Airport, Ecuador

Elephant Tablet found during construction of Cuenca Airport, Ecuador

© 2016 B. L. Freeborn, Updated August 2022

This piece from the Crespi Collection was found during construction of the Airport in Cuenca, Ecuador. By identifying the letters as Paleo-Hebrew (Phoenician) circa 200 to 100 BC and Hebrew Letters as derived by J. Huston McCulloch in his study of the Newark Decalogue Stone from Ohio, the Elephant Tablet is translated. The language used to aid with the translation is Anglo-Saxon. A study of the stele when read in Boustrophedon style (back and forth) provides these words: bad, death, beat, cave or pole, dwell, lame, bucket, An, dish, change, origin, peck, cave or pole, eye, Baal, and area.

So perhaps they suggest…

The back of the mammoths was broken –

It was a bad death. It beat at the pole. There is a bucket where An dwelt. It is a dish where it changed (?) the origin (?). It pecked at the pole at the eye. Baal was there.

The letters can be converted to numbers as shown in the next image and the sums as shown can be found:

This number study reveals the all important 565. The numbers that comprise the word Yahweh by way of gematria are 565 10.

The number 79 was found and one can also easily find 792 or 7920 by using the 20 and 2 in the line above. The diameter of Earth is 7920 miles.

The 864 refers to the number of seconds in a day and to the seconds of longitude of the Earth or 86,400.

The 51 created by the letters AN then remains. There is this interesting fact. Cuenca sits nearly on the equator. By traveling 79 degrees longitude to the east and 51.51 degrees north of it one finds London and Greenwich, England the prime meridian. ??!!! ??

There is at least one other 56.5 that can be found. Because the letter noted as ‘sa’ or ‘a bucket’ is a pictogram the stele is composed of eleven letters and three pictures or 113 which is 2 x 56.5.

The most important idea here is that these numbers have been imbedded in ancient documents for millennia which lends credence to the Ohio Hebrew being valid and thence, the Newark Stones.

Continues in the next post with a comparison to other elephant stones ……………


See full article on the alphabet by J. Huston McCulloch at:

Paleo-Hebrew at


Back to Newberry Tablet beginning or its  conclusion.

Ancient Riddles to Test Our Wits: Crespi’s Prince

Gold Tile from Crespi Collection

Partial view of gold tile from Crespi Collection

Darker view of gold tile from Crespi Collection

Darker view of gold tile from Crespi Collection

Close up of lettering at feet on Crespi tile

Close up of lettering at feet on tile from Crespi Collection

© 2016 B. L. Freeborn

In this piece from the Crespi Collection find the words in italic:

The two falling worms did warm and split asunder

the great ice-ice mountains of Isis.

They bore two holes through and carved a great dip in the tiles.

The crater, melted deep and mighty, makes a crown for the head of the two footed Earth.

The two feet, magnetic and north, lay the tiles which spell the story.

X marks the tie at the pole. This O of a crater marks the center.

What is left is the curve of the crater. It is the rightful whose cover dropped low.

The point struck at the neck and the face did turn.

This then is how the Earth was clothed.


Compare the above to this Egyptian work of art depicting Horus.


Egyptian God Horus wearing a similar hat as depicted in the Crespi Gold Plate from Ecuador. The X and O on the belt appear as the ankh mid-image.

Read more about Father Crespi and see more art:

“The Crespi Ancient Artifact Collection of Cuenca Ecuador”

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The Newberry Tablet Reveals….

© 2015 B. L. Freeborn, Sept. 2022

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

To the first post on the tablet – To the previous post on the tablet.

In the last posts we looked at the overall layout of the Newberry Tablet and many symbols. The list has grown and the reading is completed here.

The symbol identification thus far has suggested the topic of the tablet is a double comet collision and its crater was to be a point of reference for future measurements. The remaining symbols should support this story.

The last of the study comprises 15 symbols. The remaining symbols are left for the reader to identify. There is one symbol that resembles the ‘Q’ of the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet. It is suggested it represents cue or to line up, or quay, the place where ships line up. Since cows walk in a line and the Old English word for cow, spelled cu, is very similar; the symbol perhaps means to line up and/or skin, an important by product of cows.

The symbol similar to a rectangle is found in the Luwian symbol list #89 and has sound value ‘tu.’ This is very similar to the word tow and is so noted.

The symbol that is a square divided in half is always followed by the symbol that looks like a ‘Y’. Both symbols are extremely similar to the ‘ch’ and ‘vav’ of the Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet. Substituting the sounds ‘ch’ and ‘w’ into the table find the word ‘chew’ repeated four times. This word is also an original Old English word.

The circle with a hook on top is found in the Luwian Glyph list at #435 with sound ‘a’ and is noted in the table as crater/hook.

The symbol that looks like a large curling ‘e’ most likely means ‘turn’ since the Adena Tablets and the New Hampshire Mystery Stone included this idea. It is so noted in the image.

The symbol that is the cup with a dot in the middle and a small stroke at the top is translated by understanding that in Luwian Hieroglyphs the small stroke added to another symbol is an ‘r’. This gives us an eye-r-cup or perhaps ‘ire cup’ and is so noted in the table.

Newberry symbols replaced with proposed meanings. See images below and text for more information.

It took some time to identify the symbol first row, fourth from the right and the symbol in the sixth row second from the right as being related to each other. The latter is found in the Luwian glyph list at #506. It is also found in Assyrian art and Olmec art described in a previous post as the odd little purse. The glyph list notes it as having sound ‘hana.’ In Old English this word means boundary stone. The symbol in the first row combines it with a ‘cup’ so that the distorted ‘B’ shape is created. They are noted in the chart as boundary and cup/boundary.

The symbol in the second row third from the left is similar to a reversed ‘e’ with an extra mark below it. In fact it appears to be an ear. In Old English the word ‘ear’ besides meaning ear means wave or flood. The association no doubt arises because of the whirlpool design of the ear. It is noted as ‘flood’ in the table.

Since many of the symbols are similar to Paleo-Hebrew perhaps the cup that is upside down and upon an upstroke is the letter ‘ts’. The words ‘toss’ or ‘tease’ is essentially defined by this sound. The similar symbol that combines the former symbol with a short stroke is then ‘ts’ and ‘r’ and is actually closer to the Paleo-Hebrew ‘ts’. This then sounds out the word ts-r or tesserae and is so noted in the table. This word means a small square tile.

The hook or staff studied in previous posts can now be associated with Paleo-Hebrew ‘P’ which begins such words as pea, power, pole, and point. The ‘P’ has been added to the table.

The symbol in the first row fifth from the left that appears to be a triangular ‘e’ with a large side stroke reminds one of the Paleo-Hebrew ‘B’ with the Luwian ‘r’ added. This gives the word b-r which suggests the word bear as in direction and it is noted in the table as bearing.

The Newberry Tablet's translation.

The Newberry Tablet’s translation.

The triangle with the stem suggests the Paleo-Hebrew ‘R’. It might have a side stroke as seen in the ‘bearing’ symbol. It is noted in the chart as ‘ray.’

The last symbol identified here is the circle with the two side strokes like antennae and the dot in the middle. The Paleo-Hebrew letter Ayin or ‘A’ is a circle. The dot supplies eye or sound ‘i’ and the two strokes give two r’s. So then we have r for ray, an eye, and a-r. The latter suggests the Old English word ‘or’ which means origin. It is noted in the table as ray-eye-origin.

So then, the table provides short readable sentences. The first line perhaps reads: The battle at the cup where lays the noble bearing is the to/from boundary. The cup is the dead pole and the eye.

Continue to line two and read: Many here caused the flood. It was the powerful ruler that was chewed. It is Baal’s line at the angry wandering cup …(unknown term).

In other words they say: There was a comet impact. It is the crater at magnetic north. Here is the reference boundary for longitude. The crater is the former north pole and the eye of the comet.

Many comets here caused a flood. It was the north pole that was destroyed. It is the longitude of the double comet’s (Baal’s) crater that….

The remainder of the table can be studied at one’s leisure.

Enjoy your New Year! Happy Holidays!

On to more riddles!!

The Message of the Newbery Tablet – Part 4

© 2015 B. L. Freeborn, updated Sept. 2022

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

To the first post on the tablet – To the previous post on the tablet.

In the last posts we looked at the overall layout of the Newberry Tablet and many symbols. The list has grown and we push to completion of this project by looking at twelve symbols in this post.

The symbol identification thus far has suggested the topic of the tablet is a double comet collision and its crater as a point of reference for measurements. Hopefully the remaining symbols support and complete the story. Note the parallel line symbol in the first row and the cross hatching symbol that ends the fifth. Note the circle with two lines through it that ends the seventh. These suggest that the double comet arcs of Hudson Bay are to represent a reference point for longitude and latitude. Signs associated with this concept are studied here as well as another two groups of signs.

The second and third groups require an understanding of the symbols as pictographs that would have meaning even today. The first symbol in the third row down uses an upstroke to elevate a cup symbol. Next to it is a symbol that can be described as a P on a line. Perhaps the upstroke means above or heavenly, and the horizontal line simply represents – on the surface of the Earth. With these ideas the study continues.

We begin with the parallel lines in the first line and suggest it means to/from which is found in the glyph list at #221 except they used curved lines. Keep in mind that the two parallel lines may simply mean two or equal distance. They may also suggest lines of measure.

The circle with the set of parallel lines continues the idea and perhaps means specifically either longitude and latitude or both and/or the measurement of such.

Similar to this is the two lines with the horizontal mark found in the center of the fourth line from the bottom which suggests either two or perhaps measure and is so noted below.

The cross hatching symbol suggests a grid or the longitude/latitude net of the Earth.

Although not identical the symbol compared to the Luwian glyph meaning ‘above’ is similar to the symbol found at 3,1. Compare it to the symbols for ‘ma’ #110 and ‘thousand’ #400 and the second symbol from the table found at 2,1. (See diagram below.) The word ‘ma’ in Old English means ‘more.’

Interestingly, Luwian glyph #91 is said to mean rotate/scale/foot. It is compared to the glyph found in the third row, third position and is shown below. It appears to be two shoes and a hook suggesting rotation. Note they are located at grid positions 3,3; 8,4; 10,6 and most notably 7,9. The 33 and 79 stand out immediately as the 33 degree latitude change of the pole and the diameter of the Earth at 7920 miles. The location of Hudson Bay is just west of the 79 degrees. But the other two numbers even in reverse are not of much importance. However! If one counts their position from the opposing corner (bottom right) then the two positions 7,7 and 5,6 are counted out. The latitude of Hudson Bay is 56 and the return period of Halley’s Comet is 76 to 77 years. This then correlates well with the proposed topic of the tablet and to the idea of scale, rotation and foot as found in the Luwian glyph #91.

The staff is found in glyph #378. The associated symbol was used three times on the tablet and suggests a staff stuck in the ground. The symbol is found at 3,2; 11,3; and 12,6. The symbol next to the bottom P appears to be a slanted version so it may also be the same symbol but is not so noted here.

Glyph #199 is said to mean ‘thunder’ and is very close to the symbol found at 4,3.

Glyph #41 means ‘take’ and is close to the symbol in the table at 14,2 and mirrored at 14,8.

Glyph #209  with sound ‘i’ appears to be the same as shown in the table and is taken to mean pole or eye. It is found notably at position 4,4. The circumference of the planet divided by 44 is 565 miles.

The reader should examine this ‘i’ symbol closely and note there is a small horizontal stroke on the left upstroke. This may not be accidental. In the Luwian glyph system of writing this small stroke represents the sound ‘r’ and if the two sounds are combined we arrive at the word ‘ire’ which means today what it did in Old English except previously it additionally meant to wander. So this adds that now the ‘eye’ has ‘wandered angrily.’

Lastly, the symbol that looks like a backwards F is taken to be a sword or knife that stabs the ground and the idea repeats in the glyphs as seen in #278.

For your reference the Luwian Glyph list can be found linked here:

Click to access Signlist.pdf

The associated words have been filled in and the tablet’s ideas are unfolding  in this very complicated riddle and blending of ideas with Earth related numbers.

The next post compares this script to cave art found in Europe.  The last of the symbols that can be identified in the Newberry Tablet are found when the decipherment continues.

Newberry Tablet decipherment continues here.