The Ohio Adena Pipe – Art from Ancient Ohio

The Adena Effigy Pipe from Ancient Ohio

The Adena Effigy Pipe from Ancient Ohio

The Ohio effigy pipe is from Chillicothe in southern Ohio. It is attributed to the period 800BC to 1 AD. It is part of the Ohio Historical Society’s Collection in Columbus, Ohio.

The classic explanations are available at the Society’s page. (here) As part of this study we only need notice that some parts of the man’s depiction are symbolic rather than realistic. Compare his features to the men on the Ramey Pete Tablet (see below) and notice the unique hair style may be an attempt by the artist to make what had been symbolic into reality. In Luwian/Hittite Glyphs this symbol means a cubit or measurement.

Hittite/Luwian Glyph for cubitum/measure

Hittite/Luwian Glyph for cubitum/measure

Further symbolism is found in the loincloth. It depicts a snake and we may assume the snake overlays a ‘pole.’ This then symbolizes the comet that struck the North Pole. The feathered bustle is clearly a wing and the wing in Hittite/Luwian glyphs means army. Ironically, a wing in English, both old and new, means troops or a portion of an army.

Without need for much explanation notice the arrow carved on the chest points upwards towards the gaping open mouth like it’s pointing out ‘a crater.’

The two earrings represent the two craters of Baal. The mouthpiece, the functional part of the pipe, also suggests the crater on the crown of the Earth. Indeed, this cupped mouthpiece as crater has further symbolism if the two L hairpieces are considered to be symbols about measure. It suggests there is a crater and two poles. There are definitely two poles. If we are to believe this story there is at least one if not two craters also.

Ramey Peet Tablet from Cahokia Mound, obverse

Ramey Peet Tablet from Cahokia Mound, obverse

Numerically, the mouth with the two ears makes three and the eyes make two. This gives the 23,32 which suggests the Arctic Circle. The bustle has 10 feathers. Next to the bustle neatly placed are the two hands. Counting fingers as well as feathers find: 1, 4, 10,4,1 or 141 and 141. This recalls the value of the square root of 2 at 1.414. The sum of 141 and 141 is 282 and this is half of 564.

This then completes the essential knowledge of Baal and it is beautifully woven into the art of this functional object. Similarly lifelike and even more symbolic is the Ohio Shaman Bear Statue found in Newark, Ohio which is the topic of the next post.

See more at:

http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Adena_Pipe?rec=1278

http://ohsweb.ohiohistory.org/gallery2/main.php?g2_view=core.DownloadItem&g2_itemId=1266

Back to the very beginning of series on Adena Tablets

Previous Post on the Numbers and their Meaning

Posts on: Ramey Peet Tablet, Gridley Stone

McKensie and Bainbridge Tablets, Cincinnati Tablet,

Egyptian Art Comparison, Wilmington Tablet, Lakin A Tablet,

The Gaitskill Clay Tablet, Allen Tablet, Grave Creek,

The Kiefer Tablet, Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,

Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet, The Low Tablet,

The Waverly Tablet, Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Lakin A Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

The Lakin A Tablet is just as abstract as the Gaitskill Clay but because we have deciphered that tablet this is easily read. It is a more fluid and evil looking version. Indeed, the message it relates is of a monster that came to Earth and he is shown in the upper left with an angry scowl. His mirror image has been worn away in the upper right.

The central pole has an ominous look and the two feathers of the Prophet symbol #524 are dominant at the top. Thus we have a pole that ‘could tell all.’ At the bottom a small pole protrudes from mountain peaks. There are three peaks on each side for 33. Similarly, counting the 2 feathers at the top first and then the 3 mountains, and then repeating the count in reverse we obtain 23 32 for the latitude of the Arctic Circle which surrounds the pole.

Lakin A at Grave Creek Mound, Art from ancient Ohio

Lakin A at Grave Creek Mound, Art from ancient Ohio

The power in the pole is contrasted by the orderly-disorder of the two mirrored panels. The multiple circles once again suggest a multitude of comet craters. The total count of circled dots is 8. The pole contains 6 slits. Combining these two numbers gives us 86 or a reminder of the diameter of the Sun at 864000 miles. Each side contains 4 circle-dots. Each group of slits contains 3. Combine these and obtain 43 which is another way they noted 86. Reverse the 43 and obtain 34. Recall 34 is twice 17 and that 90 – 34 is 56. The meaning of this important number we have yet to discuss but it has appeared on previously studied tablets. The 4 dots on each side creates 44. The two groups of 3 creates 33. All of these numbers we have seen before on other tablets.

Each group of slits can be counted as 1,1,1 or 1,2. This repeats lower giving us 111 and 1212. The 111 squared gives 12321 or a sense of order.

Symbol from Hittite Hieroglyphs called Sol or the Sun

Symbol from Hittite Hieroglyphs called Sol or the Sun

Projecting out of the center of the pole on the right side but not found on the left are two distinct lines that represent ‘ra’ in the Luwian Glyphs. The central pole is definitely Sol in the glyphs or symbol #191. This small depiction of the glyph from the Mnamon web page mimics closely the design used in the tablet. No sound is associated with this glyph. We shall take the leap that it is ‘po’ or ‘pa’ since these are the initial sounds in pole, post, and power. Combining ‘ra, ra’ and ‘pa’ two words come easily to mind. Ra as in ‘ray’ of the Sun and the name of the Egyptian Sun God is one such word. The second is rope.  Ropes have been historically used by surveyors. A rope is a unit of length of 66 feet or 792 inches which should look familiar to this tablet/number study. The idea that ‘ra rap’ (ray-rope) actually appears here is consistent with the idea that the pole is the seat of measure. (Note that the rope’s length in the English system of measure recalls both the velocity of the planet and its diameter.)

If the two sounds ra and pa are reversed, instead of obtaining rope we create ‘pair.’ In fact all navigation still to this day is based on a ‘pair’ of poles. The first pole is true north. The second pole is magnetic north. The suggested reading of these tablets is that they relate that the pole moved. Perhaps they had first hand knowledge of a shift of magnetic north away from true north and that the cause was a comet.

The hands of the Gaitskill Clay Tablet are here seen as eyes with eyebrows. They are the upper most circle-dot with 5 fingers. It might be fairer to say four of the lines are on the eyebrow and one projects straight off the circle-dot for a total of 5. Projecting from the lower side are 2 lines. This gives us 52 and 7. As in the Gaitskill Clay we note these represent days in a week and weeks in a year. If the brow is divided up into 1 and 4, we obtain both 14 and 241 which were found in the same position on the Gaitskill Clay and suggest numbers 56 and 58,000. The latter recalls Earth’s yearly orbit through the heavens of 584 million miles.

Glyphs for Prophet, ra, ta, and ma

Glyphs for Prophet, ‘ra’, ‘ta’, and ‘ma’ sounds

More glyphs in the Lakin A Tablet

Glyphs for Flame, Cornu or ‘su’, Via, Super, Heaven, and Deus or god

The circle-dot in the Luwian Glyphs represents the sound ‘sa’. The brow shape with the upward strokes is found in Glyph #172 and has sound ‘ta.’ ‘Ta-sa’ does not sound all that familiar yet it suggests the word ‘tease.’ In Anglo it was ‘teosu’ meaning harm. If the line off the circle which is not on the brow is interpreted, then we have ‘ra’. Pronouncing ta-sa-ra we have both the old and modern word tessera which is a tile (such as ceramic) or a grid square as found on a map, or as found in the object under examination! The upper circle-dot is connected to the next one and that provides the sound ‘sa’ again. What is tessera-sa? Tessarace. A tessarace  is the summit of a four sided pyramid. The summit of the Earth once divided into mapped tiles is the North Pole.

On the left side of the lines joining the upper circles is a triangle. This appeared at the top of the Gaitskill Clay and is interpreted as a sword, or eye of Baal. The loop off the second circle that curls towards the pole is the symbol Super #70 which means above. Enclosed within the lines is Flammae (flame) symbol #477. The two curled tails off the eye-brow shape form the glyph #110 for ‘ma’. In Anglo ‘ma’ means ‘more.’ The half circles on the sides of the center pole also create the glyph #182 Caelum which means Heaven or #360 Deus which means god. These ideas complete the picture of a dangerous flaming comet above.

Luwian -Hittite Glyphs in Ohio art

Location of Luwian (Hittite) Glyphs from ancient Turkey imbedded in art of Lakin A Tablet from ancient Ohio

The bottom left circle-dot gives 23 32 in the same manner as the Clay Tablet. It also shows 222. The lowest circle shows 4 lines as does the one above it. Recall a square of sides of 4 has a diagonal of 5.65. Both of the mirrored lowest circles are positioned at the base of the pole as if to strike there. Pausing to examine this lower set for expressed words we find ‘ra-ra’ and ‘sa-sa.’ Ra-ra suggests the words rear (raer) or roar (rar) in Anglo. While ‘sa-sa’ repeats the idea of ‘sess’ or seat. The two V lines also represent the glyph Via #221 and means ‘path to.’ Above the lowest circle-dot is an enclosed shape that represents glyph Cornu #108 which has sound ‘su’ and means horn. In Anglo ‘su’ means sow, to plant. This is all consistent with reading the circle-dots as a progressive story.

Reading the four circles from top to bottom then we have a large ‘harm,’ a comet, with two long flowing tails above flying through the ‘tiles’ of ‘heaven.’ It has ‘more’ wings or troops traveling with it. It is a flaming danger from above. It draws near where it is clearly seen to have two tails. It ‘roars’ toward the ‘seat.’ Where they ‘sow’ themselves. They strike at the ‘ray rope,’ the pole in the mountains.

This is an extremely complicated story which we are able to translate because of the years of labor done to decipher the 14th to 13th century BC Hittite documents of the Anatolian regions of Turkey. The Lakin A Tablet and the other Adena Tablets tell an extraordinary story of our history in the not too distant past during the age when ice laid over Canada and Ohio. It is from a time when Ohio first became inhabitable and adventurers came to see for themselves and exclaim in angst that it was true. Their eyewitness accounts pass through the ages to us. We have ears to listen but can we hear?

That Europeans were coming and going from this continent (and vice versa) is evident by the shared language, symbolism and measuring system. That we cannot comprehend how they could have measured longitude, latitude, and planets so accurately is not their error in understanding but ours. They cannot be made to be just ‘cavemen in the stone age’ just because we are grossly ignorant. After all, they are relating that the Earth was struck by an enormous comet. If a large comet struck us today, Walmart would be empty forever in a few hours. We too would be fashioning hammers from stones and making every effort to remember the diameter of the Sun and the Earth and telling wild myths to future generations of men who walked on the moon.

Yet to be reviewed are the stunning Wilmington and Cincinnati Tablets, the mysterious Bainbridge, and McKenzie Mound Tablets, the Ramey Peet Tablet from Cahokia Mound, the way too accurate Gridley Stone, the beautiful Ohio Adena Pipe now a Ohio State symbol, and the Hopewell Shaman – Bear. Many interesting posts are to come.

Back to very first post on Adena Tablets

Previous Post on The Gaitskill Clay Tablet

Posts on: Allen Tablet, Grave Creek, The Kiefer Tablet,

Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets, Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet,

The Low Tablet, The Waverly Tablet Metcalf Stone

,and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Gaitskill Clay Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

Art from ancient Ohio - Gaitskill Clay Tablet

Art from ancient Ohio – Gaitskill Clay Tablet

Art from ancient Ohio - Gaitskill Clay Tablet

Art from ancient Ohio – Gaitskill Clay Tablet. Clay copy.

Preserved from ancient Ohio is the Gaitskill Clay Tablet which gives us much to ponder. This stone has been described as having anthropomorphic and/or zoomorphic characteristics. Another author describes it as Avian with four world quarters. If we reflect on the open mouthed man who seemed to be crying ‘no’ in the Waverly Tablet and the angst of the Gaitskill Stone Tablet then it follows that what the artist is portraying is two hands held up as if to say, “Stop!” Above the hands appears two triangles which suggest this is another way of expressing the double eye of the comet Baal. Up and over on each side is the double tail of the comet. The two tails are similar in style to the feathers in the hat of the Prophet Glyph and the curved down feathers seen on the men in the Low Tablet. If the center line is taken as the pole then the reference to four quarters of the world is correct.

There are other details we might notice. In the lower quadrants notice the three lobed wings above the large circle that are like those in the Low Tablet. The Luwian Hieroglyph Symbol #78 Ala meaning ‘wing of army’ is similar. The wing of the Army of Baal would be the debris that preceded, followed and was created by the comet. The image shows multiple circles suggesting many craters of various sizes occurred.

Prophet Symbol

Prophet Symbol

Wing symbol meaning troops - Ala 78

Wing symbol meaning troops – Ala 78

In a prior post the name of the goddess Isis was discussed. It was suggested it means ‘ice-seat.’ At the base of the center pole on the tablet the lines fan out. Perhaps this symbolizes a mountain of ice or the mountain Isis at the seat of the North Pole. But the story these tablets relate is that the pole has a mirror image, a second location to which it moved. ‘Where?’ was the question asked by the Low and Waverly Tablets. Presumably the tablets answer the question. Perhaps this tablet will reveal the answer to us.

The quoted dimensions of the stone are 4.4″ x 2.95″ x .55″. The last number is .01 off from 56 suggesting this was the desired thickness. But these stones vary too much in thickness to be so exact so 4.4″ x 2.9″ x .6″ is a better way to describe it. The 4.4 we will see repeated in the stone and discussed later. The sum of these terms is 7.9 inches. The diagonal of the stone squared is 28 and twice this is 56.

The abstraction of the drawing is distracting to say the least. By counting the message becomes clearer. There are 8 large dot-circles. Of these, 6 are on the bottom. On the top there are 4 dots without outer circles and 2 remaining large circles. This gives us 8,6,4,2 which is a descending even series. When combined the familiar 86420 that is reminiscent of the diameter of the Sun at 864322 miles appears.

Those 6 bottom circles can be counted out as 3,3. The top circles as 12, 21 or perhaps it is 1212 or 2121. This all seems familiar and the abstraction begins to make sense. The fingers on each hand give 4 and 4 for 44. The thumb finger combination gives 1414 which we have seen before. Recall 4 x 14 is 56. The bottom fringe can be counted out as 5 upward nips and then the center plus the other side (assumed to be a mirror image) makes 6 for 56. This was found in the same manner on the center strip of the Low Tablet.

In the lower half the 3 wings to the left and 2 in the opposite direction makes 32 23. The 2, 3 pattern repeats in the two lower tails and the three circles. It repeats again on the left with two side tails and above it lies three lobes of the wing. Counting the 2 lower tails and the 2 side tails creates 22 which is half of 44.

In the top half move around the exterior of the hand and count 2 lower tails, 4 fingers, 1 thumb for 241. Also count 2 lower tails, 1 large circle, 2 dots for 212. The 5 fingers on the hands plus 2 tails creates 52 suggesting weeks in a year. The total sum is 7 for the days in a week.

The only number listed above that is new to our long list of numbers from the previous tablets is 44 but then again it is not so new. We already have 2486 suggesting the circumference of the Earth at 24881 miles and the very repetitive 56.5 listed. Divide the circumference of the planet by 565 and the term 44 appears.

Thus the abstraction is a rather clever way to relate numbers to a people who are both distant in place and time with no common language. It is clear from this list that these numbers and the story related involves the Earth and that someone had advanced scientific knowledge which they wished to share with someone of similar mind. That would be us.

The next tablet is equally abstract but rewarding to study.

Back to very first post on Adena Tablets

Previous Post on The Waverly Tablet

Posts on: Allen Tablet, Grave Creek, The Kiefer Tablet,

Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,

Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet,

The Low Tablet, Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Gaitskill Stone Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

A stone tablet from ancient Kentucky. The Gaitskill Tablet.

A stone tablet from ancient Kentucky. The Gaitskill Tablet.

Gaitskill Stone Tablet

Gaitskill Stone Tablet shown upside down here so that the spider appears.

The Gaitskill Stone Tablet is assumed to be an image of a spider. The similarity to an insect is obvious with the legs and the large round abdomen. It was found in Mt. Sterling, Kentucky around 1920. It is dated to 500 BC to 200 AD.

Symbols 'wa' and "Magnus'

Symbols ‘wa’ and “Magnus’

209 i

Symbol for i.

In order to study it we have to turn it right side up and once we do we see some rather familiar features. The ‘wa’ (Luwian Symbol #439) is center bottom with its bold feature and two round circles. The loop in this glyph can also be interpreted as sound ‘i’ (glyph 209) and on each side of it are two ‘sa’ symbols or perhaps craters.

Ha or pa glyph #224.

Ha or pa glyph #224.

In previous posts it was suggested this is the north pole or polar axis from which all measures of longitude and latitude are taken today. Here depicted very clearly is just that. The pole stands atop a grid of hash marks 3 x 3 wide. This gives us 33 and 9. It also gives us 93.3. The hash mark symbol appears in the glyph repertoire as #224 with sound ‘ha’ or ‘pa’. Pa gives us the first syllable of both power and pole. Ha gives us ‘heah’ in Old English which means high. Both terms indicate importance and surely the seat of measurement is extremely important.

On top of the pole are three joined triangles which appear as scary teeth in one direction and a crown in reverse. This too appears in the Luwian glyph system as #231, Castrum, or ‘camp.’ This completes the message that this is the ‘home’ of the ‘po’ on ‘heah’. Despite sounding blatantly Anglo, it also sounds accurate.

Symbol Castrum means camp.

Symbol Castrum means camp.

Before moving on, the 33 we have seen before but the 93.3 is knew. It brings to mind that the average distance to the Sun is 93 million miles. It would be remiss not to note a few more numbers. Does the north pole not sit at 90 degrees north latitude? Is this pole not positioned on a grid? If we count out the two circles and three triangles to the crown there is a reappearance of the number 23 32. The Arctic Circle ends at 23 degrees 30 minutes. The two circles are once again suggesting two positions for the pole with its two circles on each side of the vertical. So we have one obviously where it belongs in the north but where are they saying the other was? Could the answer lie in the 3×3 grid?

But the image continues.

Once the image is rotated it loses its spider appearance but still has two faces. The upper face has angry eyebrows, two teardrops for eyes and a dot in the middle of the forehead as the Hindu’s wear. This reminds us of the Metcalf Stone with its initial symbol of a triangle. So here too we find the idea of one comet which split into two. If the expression is interpreted correctly, then it caused anger and weeping. The number 112 is easily found within this face again.

The overall exterior shape of this creature in stone has two straight bars on each side at the bottom. Above these are four flame or wing shapes. Two and four reminds us of the hours in a day. Topping this 24 pattern is the center round. If we begin with this center round as 1 and count around the image there are 12 wings. 1 and 12 once again appears and 112 = 2 x 56. If we begin at the bottom and count upwards then we find 2,4,1 or 241. The square of 241 is 58081 which is another number to add to our list which suggests the distance Earth travels in a year or 584 million miles.

If we begin at the center round and count in either direction then we form 1 and 4 to create 14, the number of days in a fortnight. At the bottom the four bars remind us that 14 x 4 = 56.

Symbol for flame.

Symbol for flame.

The last two things to be noted are the similarity to the Luwian glyphs for Flammae (flame) symbol #477 and Femina (woman) symbol #79 which is an oval. The eight exterior wings thus become flames around a central “woman” or place of origin. Taking this one step further, the straight lower bars taken across the figure become the glyph #384 in a shape similar to #388 which represents simply the number ‘two.’ In other words, the artist is describing a flaming comet which was really two.

This image utilizes so fully the hieroglyphs in use in Anatolia Turkey in 1200 BC that we must pause to consider the possibilities this creates:

  • The resemblance is purely coincidental.
  • It is from Turkey.
  • It was made in America by someone from Turkey.
  • It was made in America by someone taught /descended by someone from Turkey.
  • A third group of people created and inspired the art. They lived in Turkey in 1200 BC and Kentucky in 500 BC.
  • The symbols express a common language both continents shared.
  • North Americans traveled to Turkey and shared their language.
  • The Scottish Picts who used the symbols in 1200 AD and the Ancient Irish who used the symbols in 3000 BC were somehow related to both the Turkish of 1200 BC and the North American of 500 BC and 500 AD … and the Egyptians of 2500 BC.

Or…. there is really something that is missing from our history books.

We continue on by looking next at the Low Tablet

Back to very first post on Adena Tablets

Previous Post on The Berlin Tablet

Posts on: Allen Tablet, Grave Creek, The Kiefer Tablet,

Wright, Lakin B and Meigs TabletsMetcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Berlin Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

The Berlin Tablet of Ancient Ohio

The Berlin Tablet of Ancient Ohio

The Berlin Tablet is unique in its shape but not its message. We begin by comparing it to artwork found at Knowth, Ireland. Kerbstone 86 depicts a strong image and a familiar shape. This stone was studied in a prior post but here the symbolism repeats in a totally different place. If one were to draw a bold outline around each lobe of the Berlin Tablet the same strong U shape appears. The line through the middle of the kerbstone has a dot on each side. The line through the middle of the tablet has a dot on each side. The kerbstone is considered to be 5000 years old and sits half a world a way. Like the Odd Little Purse in Olmec and Assyrian Art there is an obvious connection here.

Symbols #439 'wa' and #363 'Magnus'

Symbols #439 ‘wa’ and #363 ‘Magnus’

This symbol in Luwian Hieroglyphs is #363 Magnus meaning ‘great’ with sound value ‘ur’. Exactly as in Kerbstone 86 it is doubled and so we have ‘great-great.’ Another way to look at the doubled symbol is to consider the one opening down as Magnus or great, and the opposite opening up as a crater. Then the statement is ‘great-crater.’ This is wholly consistent with the idea of comets.

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

Studying the image on the stone gives us once again something for the uninitiated. It looks like a bird with a very distorted eye next to a little tree. Here then is exactly what we saw in the remaining half of the Wright Tablet. The double tailed comet appears as the head. The odd eye is then a doubled eye within a comet which is flying towards a tree. This tree could be called the tree of life or the polar axis through Earth which is directed towards the Pole Star. So then we have a great-comet headed towards the great-tree.

Within the tree is a similar shape as we saw in the nest portion of the Wright Tablet. Here it has seven strong lobes on the exterior and two on the interior plus the handle. Closer inspection reveals a lobe in the middle which is inwards so the inner image is the series 1,1,2 or twice 56. The total number of lobes is 9 so divided to make 2 and 7 or the number 792 which we recognize as the diameter of the planet. The number 72 is significant in relation to the polestar since precession causes the direction to which the axis points to change over time at the rate of 1 degree per 72 years.

Just below this inner shape is a circle. It is none other than the ‘sa’ symbol that has been consistently found in the other tablets. Below it and acting as a mirror to it is another ‘sa’ circle across the central line or pole. It has been suggested that two ‘sa’ refers to the word ‘sess’ meaning ‘seat.’ Perhaps seeing them as ‘es’ makes it easier to hear. But if one listens carefully to ‘es-es’ not only can the Anglo word ‘sess’ be heard but it sounds remarkably like Isis. Taking this one step further, the first syllable of Isis sounds exactly like the Anglo word ‘ice.’ And then if the subject has not been taken too far we might hear ‘sess’ in the name of the King of Egypt ‘Ramses’. This word is spelled in Ancient Egyptian as ‘r-m-s-s’ making it entirely possible the last two s’s are pronounced ‘sess.’ Although, it appears we have strayed off topic it is pertinent to the discussion to note that the Anglo word for border or number is ‘rim.’ This then implies that in Old English the name Ramses pronounced as rim-sess means ‘number-seat’ and Isis is ‘ice-seat.’

The two circles that inspired the above and the bar create another hieroglyph (#439) with sound ‘wa’ which was also central to Kerbstone 86. The  meaning of ‘wa’ in Old English is woe. Pushed further to the left is another ‘sa’ circle so that once again we find 1 circle, 1 line, 2 circles for 112 or twice 56. The artist was thorough in expressing 112 for along the lower side of the bar are two jut outs that create 1,1 and then 2 circled circles.

What then is the rest of the distorted image? Spending time counting it seems futile for it is truly a mess and that is probably the full intention of the artist. But careful study reveals 2’s and 3’s and these numbers have been seen in the other tablets as 23 32 and 23.5. They imply the limit of the Arctic Circle. So then, the great comet strikes the polar tree, the sess, seat of all measurement. A great-crater forms. It was woeful as all was destroyed. The world is literally a mess. This is the same message as found in the New Hampshire Mystery Stone, the Newark Earthworks, and Aberlemno Stone of Scotland. They tell the story of a comet impact. They even allude to the correct shape of the Earth in the overall shape of the stone with the new pole north-south as we know it today.

Comments have been made in relation to these posts that this sort of an impact would have killed nearly all life on the planet and therefore it is impossible for these artists to be relating something so fantastic. But this is what the artist shows – devastation of unimaginable proportions. It does not require this artist to have lived through it. Indeed, mythological and actual history report that few life forms lived through the deluge as confirmed by the massive skeletal debris piles found on various continents. These events were witnessed and survived by a few people, perhaps those out of harm’s way on the far side of the world. They recorded it as strange images such as “The Venus of Willendorf.” Their children, spurned on by legends of their grandparents, later came to view the destruction and pay homage to vanished civilizations and life. Some remained behind to restart civilization on the American continents and others returned to their homelands having viewed the devastation firsthand.

Perhaps the Gaitskill Stone Tablet will prove this all wrong!! It’s cartoon-ish features are of a fearsome spider.

Back to very first post on Adena Tablets

Previous Post on The Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets

Posts on: Allen Tablet, Grave Creek, The Kiefer Tablet,

Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

Art from Ancient Ohio- The Wright Tablet

Art from Ancient Ohio- The Wright Tablet

A portion of the Wright Tablet is shown. It was found in Montgomery County, Kentucky and it appears so dramatically different from the other three tablets previously studied that they seem unrelated. Hence, other authors have described them as different in style and content. In due course we shall see that the difference is a result of artistic choice and the message is the same.

This tablet when viewed on its side as shown, looks deceptively like a bird with a vertical eye, beak, neck, and body. It also seems to be positioned above its nest. The deception is probably intentional to mislead the uninitiated. The initiate would see that the egg in the nest looks remarkably like an eye. The eye is surrounded by something that has a tail. In fact a comet also has an eye, is surrounded by matter and has a tail.

Caelum Glyph - Heaven

Caelum Glyph – Heaven

The bird head has a similar feature and the beak forms two tails. Indeed, this vertical eye looks remarkably like the Luwian Hieroglyph Caelum, symbol # 182, which means heaven. It has no associated sound. A comet can be described as a bird from heaven.

209 i

Glyph 209 for sound i

The line in the middle was represented in the Grave Creek Tablet as the center area with two rhomboids. We can see it as symbol #209 which has sound ‘i’. Attached to the bar is a circle with a dot in it which we associated previously with ‘sa’ from symbol #402 Scutella meaning shield. Sa-i or i-sa can be created by these two sounds. Eventually we will find both are appropriate. The first suggests ‘see’ and the second ‘ice.’

The first impression is that this tablet is devoid of numbers in contrast to the Kiefer Tablet. However, the ‘sa’ circle provides us with 1, the bar’s black hollow area is 1, and the two sides of the bar creates 2 or 112 appears once again. The bird’s head also provides 112. The area to the left of the vertical eye is shaped to create a dot, the eye forms 1 and the tail forms 2. The nest area also provides 112. The eye is 1, the tail is 1 and there are two lobes on the loop surrounding the eye. There appears to be twelve lobes on the exterior of the nest but the right edge is too worn to confirm this. If it is 12 then the ‘sa’ provides 1 and the 12 completes the number to create 112. Counting dots and circles across the image gives 1,1,1. Including the bird eye in the count gives 1,1,2. Recall 112 is 2 x 56.

This bird head symbol is identifiable in the Meigs County Tablet and Lakin B Tablet. The Lakin B Tablet is a photo from Ohio Archaeologist and the image on the right is from David Penny’s report. The location of both tablets is unknown. Both tablets consist of an eight panel layout except the Meigs squeezes in the double central image which will be dominant in the Cincinnati Tablet (future post). However, the artist preserved the 2 x 4 layout. The number 2,4,8 is apparent here and what is 248 but a reminder of the circumference of the planet at 24868 miles. Taking this one step further, by squeezing in the two extra panels the Meigs records the series 2,4,8,6 which makes the comparison stronger. Or it can be said it records 8,6,4,2 as was noted in the Grave Creek Tablet and it relates to the diameter of the Sun at 864,336 miles. There is no suggestion here that the artist or society was able to measure the planet or the Sun just that they were taught the numbers and their importance in the very same way the average person is today.

Lakin B on left and Meigs Tablet on right.

Lakin B on left and Meigs Tablet on right.

What is apparent is that the Lakin B (from Mason County, West Virginia) appears to be instructional as if someone created the tablet to explain an event and we can almost hear s/he speaking to us. The Meigs (from Meigs County, Ohio) tablet upon close inspection seems to relate the same story but slightly more stylized and with hash marks in the bottom left indicating numbers were inherent to the story. If the image is accurate the number 792 is easily counted out. Counting the full set as 9 and then counting left to right to the largest mark is 7 leaving 2. The Kiefer Tablet noted 79-24 and which reminds one of the diameter of the planet.

Examination of the bottom left of the Lakin B reveals scallops on the figure that appear to count out nine with two on one side of the figure and seven on the bottom which may also create 792. Or indeed, there is no reason to exclude the number 279 which also relates to astronomical measures. The distance to the asteroid belt which lies beyond Mars and encircles the four inner planets is 2.79 Astronomical Units (ie. 2.79 Earth to Sun distances). Taking this useful set of numbers one step further, they also make 29.7 which is the longest period in days between full Moons and is the diameter of the Earth in reverse.

A good idea as to what story these tablets relate might be found by reviewing the easily read Metcalf Stone.

Next we follow the bird head and it takes us to the Berlin tablet.

Back to very first post on Adena Tablets

Next post on the Berlin Tablet

Previous Post on The Kiefer Tablet
Posts on: Allen Tablet, Grave Creek, and Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Kiefer Tablet

Kiefer Tablet: An Ancient Ohio Tablet

Art from Ancient Ohio: The Kiefer Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

The Kiefer Tablet was found in Miami County, Ohio. Some people think it represents a bird’s tail and feet which is a change from the phallic stigma most ancient artwork suffers under.

This is an exercise in numbers and once again an opportunity to observe Luwian (La Ang-a) Hieroglyphics embedded in art half a world a way from where it should be found. The image is in the correct orientation to view this tablet. The Ohio History Museum displays it on its side. This is the lower portion and there is a very similar tablet that we will look at in the future that gives a good idea what else was inscribed on this sandstone piece.

Hwi

Hwi

On the left and right side are two designs described as feathers by some authors. They very well may be, but they also bear a strong resemblance to glyph #329 which has the sound ‘hwi.’ In this use the tail is pushed to the far side to allow it to look like a feather. Indeed, in the Grave Creek Tablet the words ‘seat, quarrel-seat, quarrel-seat’ were proposed and now we find ‘hwi’ which is easily translated to hwie or hwy in Old English. The modern spelling of the words: what, where, when and why places the w before the h. The original spellings placed the h before the w just as the glyph suggests. Now we have a double exclamation of ‘why, why’ and assuming both tablets relate to the same idea then whatever occurred at this ‘seat of quarrel’ was distressful.

Indeed, like a modern cartoon the image expresses a collision with clarity. The U shape appears to strike the lower shape and a ‘bang’ seems to emanate.

Although the above is conjecture the numbers are real. We begin taking note of numbers in this center shape. We can easily count 2 lines, 1 band, 2 lines and then it repeats. Or we can count it as 1, 1, 2 and then 2,1,1. Or if you prefer 1,1,2,1,1. Any way you please, we need to attach some meaning to at least one of these sets. The 212,212 sounds like the 21212 of the last tablet which suggested something that repeats. Multiplied by pi (3.1415) it is 66637. Multiply 212 by pi and it is exactly 666. The velocity of Earth is 66624 mph. The 112 is 2 x 56 which is a number often found in ancient art and sites. The 2,1,1 allows for someone to read it in reverse and obtain the same number or multiply by pi and obtain 663, a less accurate reminder of Earth’s velocity. Also possible is the sum of the two numbers which gives 333. This number was clearly expressed in the previously studied Grave Creek and Allen Tablets.

Next there is a whole series of numbers expressed around the bottom oval. They appear to start at the left and move around it. At the top left find the large black stripe as 1, then the exterior and interior triangles as 7 so 17. This is an important number to this message as well. Or perhaps it begins with the triangles and we find 3,4 or 4,3 triangles which gives us 34 which we saw on the previous tablets. It is also 2 x 17. We have seen 43 as well but it appeared as 2 x 43 or 86.

At the bottom find 12 black triangles and 12 white triangles. The sum 24 reminds us of the hours in a day, while 1212 is the reappearance of a repeating pattern. This pattern suggests 1 became 2 repeatedly.

On the right side there are 5 triangles and on the outside there are 4 so that we have 45 or 54 or maybe just plain 9. Twice 45 is 90 and twice 54 is 108. Both are significant. The number of degrees between north to east, east to south, etc. is 90. The distance between the Earth and the Moon is 108 Moon diameters.

Then it ends with 1 black area, 1 white and two triangles or 112 which is 2 x 56 again. This confirms it is to be read left to right as done here.

Considering the left side the triangles in white are 7 and on the right are 9. This creates 79. The sum of the bottom triangles is 24. Assembling these as 7,9,24 or 7924 reminds us of the diameter of this planet or 7920 miles. Summing them gives 7 + 9 + 24 or 40. A square of 40 to the side has 56.5 as a diagonal. The 56 reappears.

Other combinations can be argued but this gives us plenty to look at. In review then we have on this tablet 108, 112, 1212, 14, 17, 24, 333, 34, 40, 43, 54, 56, 56.5, 66624, 7, 79, 86, 9, 90, and 7924. This gives us a substantial list of numbers which is more than describing it as ‘feathers and a bird’s tail’ as some have done.

To keep a complete and updated list including the numbers previously found on tablets we have: 108, 112, 1212, 14, 17, 212, 21212, 23, 23 32, 23.5, 24, 26, 32, 33, 333, 34, 40, 43, 52, 54, 56, 56.5, 66, 66624, 7, 79, 86, 9, 90, 7924 and 8642.

This then leads us to look at the next tablet for a greater understanding of the Ancient Ohioan’s message, method of writing and their language.

Back to the very beginning post of the series on the Adena Tablets.

Next Post on Wright Tablet

Previous Post on Grave Creek Tablet

Posts on: Allen Tablet and Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Grave Creek Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

The Adena Tablet most similar in design to the Allen is the Grave Creek Tablet. The only existing drawings are from Henry R. Schoolcraft done in 1845 and a re-drawing done in 1851 by Eastman. It was found at the Grave Creek Mound which lies next to the Ohio River in West Virginia.

Grave Creek Tablet. after Eastman drawing and Schoolcraft 1851.

Grave Creek Tablet. after Eastman drawing and Schoolcraft 1851.

Once again we see the six circles aligned in two rows but this time there are details. Two squares are in the middle in alignment with two sets of vertical lines so that this design forms the center of the image. The exterior triangles are so placed to give the impression that if it was possible the stone would have been removed at these places so that it would have been six circles joined by the center bar. Additionally, the triangles in the upper/lower center are doubled so that there are four sets of two or 8 angles. There are six circles, four side angles and two inner squares. We might sum up the image by saying 8,6,4,2, or 8642, or at the very least a series of even numbers.

To go deeper into the meaning of this tablet we must interpret the symbols. This requires a translation of the most difficult type. The meaning and/or sounds associated with the symbols is unknown and so is the language of the people who made the symbols. However, we do have insight into the story that is being related by the stones if we accept the Metcalf Stone’s interpretation as accurate. But then again, Georgia is a long way from Ohio and there is no reason to think the artists were attempting to depict the same subject. More notably the resemblance to any other script does not mean the person who made the art was using it the way other persons have. With that caveat ….

Luwian Glyph: Sol #191.

Luwian Glyph: Sol #191.

This image is so strikingly similar to a Luwian Hieroglyph that it must be noted. These glyphs have been discussed in other posts and the point has been made that the word Luwian should actually be La Ang-a. The glyph is #191 and is called the Sun, or Sol in Latin. This is not the only glyph to be found on these tablets so its significance should be explored. Note that the diameter of the Sun is 864,322 and this is similar to the number 8642 above. The number of seconds in a day, 86400, is also similar.

Another glyph is clearly found and that is #402 Scutella meaning shield. This is simply the double concentric circle. Its sound is ‘sa.’ Could this be six sa or sores? The two diamonds in the center may be glyph #423. It is a small rhomboid and has the sound ‘ku.’ This then gives us the opportunity to sound out a few ancient (however improbable) words. So we have sa-sa, ku-sa-sa, ku-sa-sa. It has already been suggested that these are Luwian (or La Ang-a) words and a good source of La Ang-a might be an Anglo-Saxon dictionary. Thus these interesting words: sa-sa is ‘sess’ just like in sister which means ‘a seat.’ So a sister is a seat. (The ‘ter’ just means it is a noun.) We can also find the word ceac which means cauldron or vat. It is the root word of castle which comes from its variant ceas meaning quarrel. Either word ceac or ceas will do and in reality both are descriptive. It is ‘a cup or place of a quarrel’ which is reinforced by following it by a word which means seat (sa-sa or sess). So perhaps it reads sess, keas-sess, keas-sess. In modern terms it could be seat, quarrel-seat, quarrel-seat.

The Metcalf Stone supplies the answer to what a ‘quarrel-seat’ or ‘keas-sess’ might be. A comet crater is the seat of an impact or a quarrel between planet and comet. It also explains the association of cup to quarrel. We might also pause to note that the rhomboid had a ‘ku’ sound and both cup and quarrel preserve this sound.

This tablet does not reveal any details that confirm this in any way. What is very real though are the numbers clearly portrayed. Three circles and three circles creates 33. Six circles (concentric) and six more becomes 66. Two squares and three circles is 23 and its reverse is 32 for 23 32 as we saw in the last post. The pattern 2,1,2,1,2 as 21212 which can be looked at as something that repeats. Interestingly, 21212 x pi is 66637. Pi is used in circular measure such as measuring the velocity of Earth at 66624 mph.

Twenty-six is also dramatically formed by the circles and squares, and 2 x 26 is 52. The number 56 can be formed in the same manner as it was found on the Allen Tablet or 2 + 3 = 5 and 2 x 3 = 6.

This stone then gives us the following collection of numbers: 8642, 33, 66, 56, 23 32, 52 and 21212 which builds upon the prior list of 7, 33, 34, 23.5, 23 32 and 56.

To simplify, it has been previously found that the 33 and 34 relate to the same concept. The 23.5 and 23 32 as we saw in the prior post are equivalent. The 7 and 52 are also obviously interrelated as in days in a week and weeks in a year.

And here we must end, since this is a tablet which expects us to know the story to appreciate its message. We will look next at the bottom portion of a stone which still actually exists!!! and can be seen!!! The Kiefer Tablet is in the Ohio Historical Society Museum and we shall study it next.

Next Post on Kiefer Tablet

Previous Post on Allen Tablet

Beginning post and index on Adena Tablets:

Post on Metcalf Stone. Pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Allen Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

There are about a dozen small stones decorated with art that are called the Adena Tablets. They were found in various places throughout Ohio and in neighboring states. Sometimes they were found lying on the surface of the ground, but most often they were associated with mound sites. There are several persons who have published translations such as David W. Penny in the Mid-Continental Journal of Archaeology in 1980, J. Ralston Skinner in the Cincinnati Society of Natural History in 1885, (Note the time span.) and Duncan Caldwell in 1997 in Ohio Archaeologist.

A new way of reading them will be suggested here. So, we begin with the easiest only because it is so obscured by time there is virtually nothing left and ultimately we will be reading such beautiful art as the Ohio Adena Pipe, now a Ohio State symbol, and the Hopewell Shaman – Bear. Check out the links at Ohio History to see these items.

The Allen Tablet, Art from Ancient Ohio

The first reading is of the Allen Tablet as shown in the sketch. (No better image was found.) It is unclear if David Penny drew this or if he took it from Ellis H. Holmes’ 1944 article. Either way, all that can be seen is six circular blurbs. The original is long missing so there is no way to verify its design further. Penny reports it is made of sandstone. It is only 2″ wide and 3 ½” tall so it easily fit within the palm of a hand. These were often covered with red ocher and some suggest they were used in printing or laying on designs. Based on reading Lena Lenape Indian traditions, it is possible the red ocher was used to make them more beautiful and to make the designs leap out.

So, …. how is it this stone just happened to be 2″ by 3 ½” ? Of all the random sizes available how did the artist just happen to use measurements that fall so close to standard English inch sizes? We shall examine this topic closer in the future. Also note it was 3/4 of an inch thick and then observe the numbers as noted in the diagram that can be made from these dimensions: 7, 34 and 23.5.

From the art itself other numbers can be created just by counting the circular blurbs. Find: 23 32, and 56. The most obvious should be noted: three circles and three circles creates 33.

These are seemingly six random meaningless numbers, yet we see 34 + 56 = 90 and there are 90 degrees from the equator to the pole and 90 degrees in each quadrant of direction North to East, East to South, etc. Degrees are composed each of 60 minutes and 23.5 degrees can be written as 23 degrees 30 minutes which looks remarkably like the 23 32 obtained from counting blurbs. The Arctic Circle is defined by this latitude.

Seven we realize is the number of days in a week but there is no way these people also had seven day weeks or perhaps they did. Either way, seven is of great importance throughout a vast number of old world religions.

But we saw this 23 32 before in the Newark Earthworks. And we saw it in the Scottish Pict’s Aberlemno Stone. We also saw 56 in both of those and we found 34 there as well. Could this art lend credence to that strange tale related about the validity of the Newark Decalogue Stone?

Perhaps…. this is more Baalist artwork. But what does it all mean?

The mystery unravels further one stepping stone at a time.

 

Index to posts on Adena Stones and beginning post:

Metcalf Stone

Next post on Grave Creek Tablet, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

Great Serpent Mound of Ohio

Without commentary….. a video on the Great Serpent Mound Earthworks in Southern Ohio.

. . .

Back to PREVIOUS POST – A Visual Tour of Newark Earthworks

Back to POST on Newark Earthworks and Decalogue Stone debate in PDF.

Back to FIRST POST on Newark Earthworks and debate surrounding Decalogue Stone