The Ohio Adena Pipe – Art from Ancient Ohio

The Adena Effigy Pipe from Ancient Ohio

The Adena Effigy Pipe from Ancient Ohio

The Ohio effigy pipe is from Chillicothe in southern Ohio. It is attributed to the period 800BC to 1 AD. It is part of the Ohio Historical Society’s Collection in Columbus, Ohio.

The classic explanations are available at the Society’s page. (here) As part of this study we only need notice that some parts of the man’s depiction are symbolic rather than realistic. Compare his features to the men on the Ramey Pete Tablet (see below) and notice the unique hair style may be an attempt by the artist to make what had been symbolic into reality. In Luwian/Hittite Glyphs this symbol means a cubit or measurement.

Hittite/Luwian Glyph for cubitum/measure

Hittite/Luwian Glyph for cubitum/measure

Further symbolism is found in the loincloth. It depicts a snake and we may assume the snake overlays a ‘pole.’ This then symbolizes the comet that struck the North Pole. The feathered bustle is clearly a wing and the wing in Hittite/Luwian glyphs means army. Ironically, a wing in English, both old and new, means troops or a portion of an army.

Without need for much explanation notice the arrow carved on the chest points upwards towards the gaping open mouth like it’s pointing out ‘a crater.’

The two earrings represent the two craters of Baal. The mouthpiece, the functional part of the pipe, also suggests the crater on the crown of the Earth. Indeed, this cupped mouthpiece as crater has further symbolism if the two L hairpieces are considered to be symbols about measure. It suggests there is a crater and two poles. There are definitely two poles. If we are to believe this story there is at least one if not two craters also.

Ramey Peet Tablet from Cahokia Mound, obverse

Ramey Peet Tablet from Cahokia Mound, obverse

Numerically, the mouth with the two ears makes three and the eyes make two. This gives the 23,32 which suggests the Arctic Circle. The bustle has 10 feathers. Next to the bustle neatly placed are the two hands. Counting fingers as well as feathers find: 1, 4, 10,4,1 or 141 and 141. This recalls the value of the square root of 2 at 1.414. The sum of 141 and 141 is 282 and this is half of 564.

This then completes the essential knowledge of Baal and it is beautifully woven into the art of this functional object. Similarly lifelike and even more symbolic is the Ohio Shaman Bear Statue found in Newark, Ohio which is the topic of the next post.

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The Gaitskill Clay Tablet, Allen Tablet, Grave Creek,

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Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – Compared to Egyptian Art

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn, updated Sept. 2022

In previous posts a good many Hittite or Luwian Hieroglyphs from the Anatolian region of Turkey were pointed out in the ancient Ohio art of the Wilmington and Lakin A Tablets. The question remains as to whether this same style of incorporating glyphs into art can be found in ancient art from other regions such as Egypt?

Iuny Stele

The Iuny Stele. An Egyptian funerary stone. Louvre. Dated to New Kingdom Period.

The Iuny Stele from Egypt is shown here. In particular the depiction of Osiris and Isis found in the upper left section of the stele is examined in this post. Begin by observing that Isis on the left holds the arm of Osiris with almost a disembodied arm and upturned hand. Osiris’ body is turned in the traditional pose of rotated at the waist. This exaggeration with the hands two fisted at the center imitates the symbol for the sound ‘hwi.’ This sound we have seen expressed in many of the Adena Tablets suggesting the Anglo word ‘hwy.’ The feet of Osiris supply another sound ‘ta.’ Combining these two sounds the word hwa-ta is formed. The modern spelling of this word is ‘what.’ The headdress supplies the answer to ‘what and why.’ Baal is the origin of the cause as the oval or glyph for Femina suggests. On each side of the headdress is the Magnus symbol ‘great.’ Along the sides are numerous lines. Numbers are typically indicated by lines in this glyph system. Two ways to think of the lines then are ‘numerous’ or the glyph for Ala/wings of an army.

The headdress illustrates the idea further. The lines are drawn upwards and banded together. Longitude is banded together at the North Pole. There are seven lines below the bands and six above it. This creates the number 76 which is easily associated with the period of Halley’s Comet reinforcing the idea the art is about a comet. So then, this can be read as a ‘great many comets struck the place where the lines of longitude gather at the North Pole.’ The four bands give one further number. A square with 4 units to a side has a diagonal of 5.65 units. This gives us that very important number seen repeatedly in the Adena art.

Other numbers can be easily found. The headdress of Isis is three steps. Latitude is a series of steps towards the pole. Her hair has three curls in front of her shoulder and eight curls behind. This creates the number 38 which is half 76 and repeats the reference to Halley’s comet.

Below Osiris’ headdress we find the symbol for Propheta depicted in very much the same manner as it was depicted on the Adena tablets. Between the two feathers is a second circular glyph also suggesting Baal or the origin. This second Baal completes the idea of ‘two comets.’ To the right is a circle glyph that represents the concept of rotate. The idea of rotation is expressed two other times in the image. Osiris always appears rotated at the waist and the appearance of the eye is rotated whereas the mouth and nose are portrayed correctly. The degree of rotation is indicated by the flail. Half the flail’s three vertical lines is broken into five sections or perhaps it should be seen as 33; 33.5 or some combination of this. This number was seen in the tablets. Recall 90 degrees (at the pole) minus 56.5 is 33.5. The idea of rotation was found on the New Hampshire Mystery Stone with the twirl symbol.

From the New Hampshire Mystery Stone - the idea of turning

New Hampshire Mystery Stone glyph

The face with its typical Egyptian turned eye and odd beard gives further information. The eye is the glyph Ocular/eye and comets are known to be composed of masses often called the eye. The beard suggests the letter ‘ra’ in the glyphs. Combining the sounds ‘i’ and ‘r’ we find both the old and new Anglo word ‘ire’ which means to wander, to be angry. The face itself is the glyph for Caput or head. It can also be interpreted as the glyph for Prae which means ‘before.’ The face then is relating that the ‘previous pole/head of the planet wandered.’

The collars give another number. Two segments on Isis’ collar and three segments of Osiris’ collar form the number 23. The arctic circle ends at latitude 23 degrees and 30 seconds. It forms a ‘collar around the head of the planet.’ It also forms the number 32 which is 5.65 squared.

Furthering the idea that the North Pole is the place to which is being referred is the flail and hook held at an angle by two fists. The pole is the place from which the angles of longitude are marked out. Two firm fists suggest two places are involved: the north pole and the magnetic pole. It also suggests the idea of both latitude and longitude which are measured from the north pole. This is reiterated by the embracing arm of Isis under Osiris’ arm. Furthermore, Isis’ hand is in the form of the glyph for Manus/power over the people. Certainly, standards of measure such as measurement from the pole hold power over the people. Another repetition of the idea of union is found in the Ankh within Isis’ hand. It is the union of two glyphs: Femina/origin and the Cross. The Ankh then refers to the place from which measurements begin. Repeating again this duality of two poles is the two feet of Isis but only one shown for Osiris. If the face of Osiris suggests the glyph for Prae or ‘before’ then they are relating that previously there was only one place of measurement and now there are two.

Glyph map of Iuny Stele

The images of Isis and Osiris on the Iuny Stele demonstrate the use of Luwian/Hittite Hieroglyphs. The glyphs used and the message is identical to that found on the Adena Tablets of ancient Ohio.

The throne itself provides more information. A blanket is laid over the back of the chair and this is typical in Egyptian art. The chair is composed of several symbols. These are Argentum /shining, silvery; throne; cubitum/measurement, and aedificium/structure. Altogether they describe the polar ice cap that once overlaid the North Pole as a shining white blanket from which measurements were taken providing structure.

The name Isis was discussed in previous posts and that it is depicted in the Adena tablets as Ice-sess. Sess in Anglo means ‘seat’ and is the root of the modern word sister. Mythology tells us Isis was Osiris’ sister. What then might the name Osiris mean? In Latin ‘os’ means opening or origin. Spelled as ‘aes’ it means food in Old English and is associated with the word mouth or once again the idea of an opening. Spelled as ‘ease’ it means a beaker or lipped vessel. Perhaps this is a reference to a crater. Spelled as ‘os’ it means god. Ire as noted above means to wander, to be angry. ‘Is’ in Anglo means ice. Osiris is then a compound of three words: os-ire-ice.  The word could then mean ‘an opening in the wandering ice.’ In other words it confirms the analysis above. The story related is the same as in the Adena Tablets which is summarized as follows: Two great comets with many others struck the pole and the pole wandered (ire) and rotated. Previously there was one place of measurement whereas now there are two. Longitude is referenced from this old pole where there is a crater.

The rotation of the pole from an engineering standpoint is discussed within this site here (pdf).

The origin of longitude measurement (the zero line lies at Greenwich today) is described by the Ankh. Hence, its prevalence in Egyptian art. We might understand further if the gematria of Ankh is examined using Hebrew equivalents. ‘A’ gives us 1, ‘n’ give 50, ‘k’ gives 20, and ‘h’ gives 8. The sum is 79. If the word is examined further the first two letters give 51 and the last two give 28. What lies at latitude 51 degrees 28 minutes and 40.12 seconds? And what is 79 degrees of longitude distant from it?

The importance of this word is not confined to Egypt. It is found boldly in our own language. Consider one important word: thank. Is this not ‘the-ankh’? Has its meaning been forgotten through time?

Next we continue with the fabulous Cincinnati Tablet.

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and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Waverly Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn, updated Sept. 2022

Art from ancient Ohio - The Waverly Tablet

Art from ancient Ohio – The Waverly Tablet

The Waverly Tablet was created by an artist with a very skilled hand. The image is clear, sharp and symmetrical. It is located in the Cincinnati Art Museum.

The tablet displays the four panel style with the center bar which by now we understand immediately. In fact there is little about this tablet that the reader cannot discern for themselves. In the upper left Baal, the comet, appears in its two tailed form. The man seems to exclaim ‘oh’ or ‘no!’ upon seeing it. In this image his mouth forms the round empty crater. His face spells out wa-ur (where) just as in the Low Tablet. The pole is represented with a rounding at the top and bottom. The bottom gives a very definite negative shape like water waves or mountain peaks. I suggest it is the latter since the story relates to a prior era when great ice mountains laid over Ohio so heavily it was 800 feet lower in elevation and completely uninhabitable. It is also suggested by the name of the goddess Isis which was studied in Berlin Tablet post. There it was suggested Isis means ‘ice-sess’ or ‘ice-seat.’

On the right side there is disarray as two people ornately designed to double as flowers lie dead, shot through the head as if to say all was destroyed. The short bar at the top provides a sound. It appears to be symbol #383 or ‘ra’. The center bar is a form of ‘I’ and combining them we have the word ‘i-ra’ which remains unchanged through the centuries. It is ire or anger which is appropriate to the scene. Anger was clearly portrayed in the spider-like Gaitskill Tablet. ‘Ire’ also means to wander. So, it doubly suggests movement of the pole.

Numbers are supplied by punch marks and the four panel layout. We find 1, 4 provided by the layout and 4 x 14 = 56. In the top left panel there is 1 punch. The face panel provides 3, the upper right provides 2, and lower right provides 3 for a total of 9. This provides the 9 in 792. The two dots on the bar provide the 2. The remaining 7 are in the images. Hence, 792 is found.

On the left side between the upper-lower panels is a punch provided in the negative which allows 23 32 to be found on both halves. The short bar at the top provides 1, the bar 1 and the two dots complete 1,1,2. Each flower person provides 1,1,2 by using the dot, the head and then the two arms surrounding each head. If the bulb of the nose is counted as 1 then the left side provides 6 and the right side 5 for 56. The upper most center dot gives 1, the lower dot 1 and the sides of the bar gives 2 for 1,1,2 again or 2 x 56.

On the right side if the dots are counted left to right from top to bottom a group of 3 is found followed by 2. Reading from bottom to top there are 3 lines of 3 for 333. This number we have seen many times on the tablets. There are 9 distinct dots. If the nose and negative dot are added to the sum there are 11 or write this as 92. The latter suggests the distance Earth lies from the Sun. Or if you prefer 29 and this is half of 58. The distance Earth travels in a year is 584 million miles.

The Baal panel, upper left, seems to provide a line on the left which might have formed a dish or crater. This would have then given 1,1,2 as 1 crater, 1 eye, 2 tails.

The tablet measures 3 3/8 x 2 5/8 x 13/16 inches. The sum of the sides is 6 inches. The area of the face is then 8.86 sq. in. and a volume of 7.2 cubic inches. The product of 6 and 88 is 528. There are 5280 feet in a mile. The tenth mile appears at earthwork sites such as Newark. The diagonal calculates to 4.3 inches and twice this is 8.6.

These are all numbers we have seen before but their importance is contingent on the inch being in use by the artist. The ratio of the side lengths however eliminates units. The ratio is .777 which is significant.

Since this tablet portrays so many numbers it might be time to recall the number list and update it. The updated list includes: 108, 111, 112, 1212, 14, 16, 17, 212, 21212, 2166, 222, 23, 23 32, 23.5, 24, 241, 2486, 26, 31, 32, 33, 333, 34, 40, 43, 52, 54, 56, 56.5, 56.564, 58, 6, 66, 66624, 7, 72, 76, 777, 79, 792, 86, 88, 9, 90, 92, 93.3, 7924 and 8642. Now that they are getting easy to read let us try something a wee bit more complex.

Next post on Gaitskill Clay Tablet


See David Penny’s Article on these stones here.


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The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Gaitskill Stone Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn, updated Sept. 2022

A stone tablet from ancient Kentucky. The Gaitskill Tablet.

A stone tablet from ancient Kentucky. The Gaitskill Tablet.

Gaitskill Stone Tablet

Gaitskill Stone Tablet shown upside down here so that the spider appears.

The Gaitskill Stone Tablet is assumed to be an image of a spider. The similarity to an insect is obvious with the legs and the large round abdomen. It was found in Mt. Sterling, Kentucky around 1920. It is dated to 500 BC to 200 AD.

Symbols 'wa' and "Magnus'

Symbols ‘wa’ and “Magnus’

209 i

Symbol for i.

In order to study it we have to turn it right side up and once we do we see some rather familiar features. The ‘wa’ (Luwian Symbol #439) is center bottom with its bold feature and two round circles. The loop in this glyph can also be interpreted as sound ‘i’ (glyph 209) and on each side of it are two ‘sa’ symbols or perhaps craters.

Ha or pa glyph #224.

Ha or pa glyph #224.

In previous posts it was suggested this is the north pole or polar axis from which all measures of longitude and latitude are taken today. Here depicted very clearly is just that. The pole stands atop a grid of hash marks 3 x 3 wide. This gives us 33 and 9. It also gives us 93.3. The hash mark symbol appears in the glyph repertoire as #224 with sound ‘ha’ or ‘pa’. Pa gives us the first syllable of both power and pole. Ha gives us ‘heah’ in Old English which means high. Both terms indicate importance and surely the seat of measurement is extremely important.

On top of the pole are three joined triangles which appear as scary teeth in one direction and a crown in reverse. This too appears in the Luwian glyph system as #231, Castrum, or ‘camp.’ This completes the message that this is the ‘home’ of the ‘po’ on ‘heah’. Despite sounding blatantly Anglo, it also sounds accurate.

Symbol Castrum means camp.

Symbol Castrum means camp.

Before moving on, the 33 we have seen before but the 93.3 is knew. It brings to mind that the average distance to the Sun is 93 million miles. It would be remiss not to note a few more numbers. Does the north pole not sit at 90 degrees north latitude? Is this pole not positioned on a grid? If we count out the two circles and three triangles to the crown there is a reappearance of the number 23 32. The Arctic Circle ends at 23 degrees 30 minutes. The two circles are once again suggesting two positions for the pole with its two circles on each side of the vertical. So we have one obviously where it belongs in the north but where are they saying the other was? Could the answer lie in the 3×3 grid?

But the image continues.

Once the image is rotated it loses its spider appearance but still has two faces. The upper face has angry eyebrows, two teardrops for eyes and a dot in the middle of the forehead as the Hindu’s wear. This reminds us of the Metcalf Stone with its initial symbol of a triangle. So here too we find the idea of one comet which split into two. If the expression is interpreted correctly, then it caused anger and weeping. The number 112 is easily found within this face again.

The overall exterior shape of this creature in stone has two straight bars on each side at the bottom. Above these are four flame or wing shapes. Two and four reminds us of the hours in a day. Topping this 24 pattern is the center round. If we begin with this center round as 1 and count around the image there are 12 wings. 1 and 12 once again appears and 112 = 2 x 56. If we begin at the bottom and count upwards then we find 2,4,1 or 241. The square of 241 is 58081 which is another number to add to our list which suggests the distance Earth travels in a year or 584 million miles. The hours in one day and hours of longitude around the earth is also 24!

If we begin at the center round and count in either direction then we form 1 and 4 to create 14, the number of days in a fortnight. At the bottom the four bars remind us that 14 x 4 = 56.

Symbol for flame.

Symbol for flame.

The last two things to be noted are the similarity to the Luwian glyphs for Flammae (flame) symbol #477 and Femina (woman) symbol #79 which is an oval. The eight exterior wings thus become flames around a central “woman” or place of origin. Taking this one step further, the straight lower bars taken across the figure become the glyph #384 in a shape similar to #388 which represents simply the number ‘two.’ In other words, the artist is describing a flaming comet which was really two.

This image utilizes so fully the hieroglyphs in use in Anatolia Turkey in 1200 BC that we must pause to consider the possibilities this creates:

  • The resemblance is purely coincidental.
  • It is from Turkey.
  • It was made in America by someone from Turkey.
  • It was made in America by someone taught /descended by someone from Turkey.
  • A third group of people created and inspired the art. They lived in Turkey in 1200 BC and Kentucky in 500 BC.
  • The symbols express a common language both continents shared.
  • North Americans traveled to Turkey and shared their language.
  • The Scottish Picts who used the symbols in 1200 AD and the Ancient Irish who used the symbols in 3000 BC were somehow related to both the Turkish of 1200 BC and the North American of 500 BC and 500 AD … and the Egyptians of 2500 BC.

Or…. there is really something that is missing from our history books.

We continue on by looking next at the Low Tablet

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Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Kiefer Tablet

Kiefer Tablet: An Ancient Ohio Tablet

Art from Ancient Ohio: The Kiefer Tablet

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

The Kiefer Tablet was found in Miami County, Ohio. Some people think it represents a bird’s tail and feet which is a change from the phallic stigma most ancient artwork suffers under.

This is an exercise in numbers and once again an opportunity to observe Luwian (La Ang-a) Hieroglyphics embedded in art half a world a way from where it should be found. The image is in the correct orientation to view this tablet. The Ohio History Museum displays it on its side. This is the lower portion and there is a very similar tablet that we will look at in the future that gives a good idea what else was inscribed on this sandstone piece.



On the left and right side are two designs described as feathers by some authors. They very well may be, but they also bear a strong resemblance to glyph #329 which has the sound ‘hwi.’ In this use the tail is pushed to the far side to allow it to look like a feather. Indeed, in the Grave Creek Tablet the words ‘seat, quarrel-seat, quarrel-seat’ were proposed and now we find ‘hwi’ which is easily translated to hwie or hwy in Old English. The modern spelling of the words: what, where, when and why places the w before the h. The original spellings placed the h before the w just as the glyph suggests. Now we have a double exclamation of ‘why, why’ and assuming both tablets relate to the same idea then whatever occurred at this ‘seat of quarrel’ was distressful.

Indeed, like a modern cartoon the image expresses a collision with clarity. The U shape appears to strike the lower shape and a ‘bang’ seems to emanate.

Although the above is conjecture the numbers are real. We begin taking note of numbers in this center shape. We can easily count 2 lines, 1 band, 2 lines and then it repeats. Or we can count it as 1, 1, 2 and then 2,1,1. Or if you prefer 1,1,2,1,1. Any way you please, we need to attach some meaning to at least one of these sets. The 212,212 sounds like the 21212 of the last tablet which suggested something that repeats. Multiplied by pi (3.1415) it is 66637. Multiply 212 by pi and it is exactly 666. The velocity of Earth is 66624 mph. The 112 is 2 x 56 which is a number often found in ancient art and sites. The 2,1,1 allows for someone to read it in reverse and obtain the same number or multiply by pi and obtain 663, a less accurate reminder of Earth’s velocity. Also possible is the sum of the two numbers which gives 333. This number was clearly expressed in the previously studied Grave Creek and Allen Tablets.

Next there is a whole series of numbers expressed around the bottom oval. They appear to start at the left and move around it. At the top left find the large black stripe as 1, then the exterior and interior triangles as 7 so 17. This is an important number to this message as well. Or perhaps it begins with the triangles and we find 3,4 or 4,3 triangles which gives us 34 which we saw on the previous tablets. It is also 2 x 17. We have seen 43 as well but it appeared as 2 x 43 or 86.

At the bottom find 12 black triangles and 12 white triangles. The sum 24 reminds us of the hours in a day, while 1212 is the reappearance of a repeating pattern. This pattern suggests 1 became 2 repeatedly.

On the right side there are 5 triangles and on the outside there are 4 so that we have 45 or 54 or maybe just plain 9. Twice 45 is 90 and twice 54 is 108. Both are significant. The number of degrees between north to east, east to south, etc. is 90. The distance between the Earth and the Moon is 108 Moon diameters.

Then it ends with 1 black area, 1 white and two triangles or 112 which is 2 x 56 again. This confirms it is to be read left to right as done here.

Considering the left side the triangles in white are 7 and on the right are 9. This creates 79. The sum of the bottom triangles is 24. Assembling these as 7,9,24 or 7924 reminds us of the diameter of this planet or 7920 miles. Summing them gives 7 + 9 + 24 or 40. A square of 40 to the side has 56.5 as a diagonal. The 56 reappears.

Other combinations can be argued but this gives us plenty to look at. In review then we have on this tablet 108, 112, 1212, 14, 17, 24, 333, 34, 40, 43, 54, 56, 56.5, 66624, 7, 79, 86, 9, 90, and 7924. This gives us a substantial list of numbers which is more than describing it as ‘feathers and a bird’s tail’ as some have done.

To keep a complete and updated list including the numbers previously found on tablets we have: 108, 112, 1212, 14, 17, 212, 21212, 23, 23 32, 23.5, 24, 26, 32, 33, 333, 34, 40, 43, 52, 54, 56, 56.5, 66, 66624, 7, 79, 86, 9, 90, 7924 and 8642.

This then leads us to look at the next tablet for a greater understanding of the Ancient Ohioan’s message, method of writing and their language.

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Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

Plain English Please

By B.L. Freeborn © 2013

Sketch of Decalogue Stone of Newark, Ohio. By B.L. Freeborn.

Sketch of Decalogue Stone of Newark, Ohio. By B.L. Freeborn.

The explanation of the Oval at the Newark Earthworks in Ohio is simple but of exceptional debate. We need to ask what elements in the Beltane story, Newark Earthworks and the Newark Decalogue have we left out? We have discussed the possibility that the oval was once filled seasonally with water. We have discussed how the Decalogue Stone appears to be a little ark. We might recall that the Oval is the shape of the egg at the Great Serpent Mound. In that respect, keeping with the story then Baal may be the serpent and the Oval would be another representation of the Earth since in fact the planet is just sightly oval not round. We have discussed the finding of meteoric iron and crescent shapes and the idea that the Great Circle shows a sideways impact of a comet into the Earth. Could the Oval be a further description? It would have been nice if they had just wrote it out in plain Old English so we would not have to guess. Ahhh, did they?

Recall the overall layout gave us the idea of 23 32 or “keg Baal.”  But 23 degrees 30′ is in fact the limit of the Arctic and Antarctic circles. The center of these two circles are the poles which relates back to the maypole.

Newark Oval as drawn by D. WyrickWe might ask what else the Ancients tried to portray here. All three maps of the site, Burks’, Squier’s and Wyrick’s, depict the oval with a U shaped appendage to the west. There are also several strange paths with bump-outs to the west. Is it possible that this large oval and projections are letters or words? It is possible that the east side of the oval had a similar appendage as on the west that has worn away with time and creek flooding. This would make the Oval similar in concept to the Luwian Hieroglyph shown below. This glyph is unnamed but is associated with the sound “la.” 1

Luwian symbol #445.

Luwian symbol #445.

This form of writing called Luwian or Hittite Hieroglyphs is from the area of Hattusa in present day region of Anatola, Turkey and northern Syria. Evidence that this writing dates from third and early second millennia BC exists. There is no evidence of its use after 7th century BC per academia.2 Its use has been previously demonstrated at Loughcrew, Ireland3 which is believed by some to be much older than the 5500 year old Knowth Tomb, Ireland where several examples have been demonstrated.4 An example of Luwian Hieroglyphics will be shown at the conclusion of this series from a much later period.

Oval with Hieroglyphic Words notedIt would seem this symbol of a circle with two ears is not the only Hieroglyph to be found at Newark. Since Wyrick’s map is believed to be the most accurate, the Oval portion of his map is redrawn here for our study. A comparison of the simple geometric figures with Luwian Hieroglyphs produces a translation as we see in this image.5 Three words are written out. The main oval is Symbol number 445 with sound “la.” Attached at the bottom is the line pronounced “ra,” Symbol number 383. Off the side of Ra is a hump or Symbol number 209 or 210 and sound “i” or “ia” which gives the word: La- Ra- I.

The middle set of lines with the circle and dot is Scutella 402 (Latin for shield) pronounced “sa”. The line beneath is “ra,” Symbol number 383. This forms the word Sa-Ra.

The third word is a combination of the hump out “i” and “ra” to form I-Ra.

We need a translation of “Larai Sare Ira.” How fortunate! This is written in English, Old English that is! 6 7

Larai provides these possibilities: lær = empty; læran = to teach (to fill the mind of someone who is empty); lar = lore, history; lareow = teacher; leorian = to vanish, die, become empty; lyre = hurt, lure; and leger = lair, lying, grave.

Sa-Ra provides: sar = to sear, or sare = sore. And I-Ra could be irre or ierre which means fierce, angry or ire.

The sentence then becomes “Ire sore lair” or in modern terms “An angry sore, an emptiness.” This provides us with a meaning for the Oval. It represents the place where we might presume the event of Bael-teon occurred or where the comet they are referring to as Baal impacted.

Is this sore in southern Ohio? Is it the .8 mile crater that forms the hills into strange sheared plains? Would this event motivate people from half way around the world to seek it out? Not likely. The construction so close to the creek so the Oval can be filled with water suggests they are referring to a watery grave and to have drawn the attention of the ancient world it must have been a significantly larger impact. What event do we find described world-wide that everyone scoffs at?

Forward to NEXT POST




References/ Footnotes:

  1. Freeborn, B.L., “Luwian Hieroglyph Reinterpretation,” 2013. See:
  2. Wikipedia article: Anatolian Hieroglyphs. See:
  3. Freeborn, B.L. “A Loughcrew Petroglyph Translation,” 2013. See:
  4. Freeborn, B.L., “A Simple and Elegant Neolithic Oops,” 2013. See:
  5. Anders, Gunter, “Luwian Symbols.”  See:
  6. Hall, J.R. Clark , “A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary.” Toronto: University of Toronto, 1894.
  7. “The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language,” Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1976.
  8. Gordon, Cyrus, “Forgotten Scripts,” New York: Dorset Press, 1987.

Luwian Hieroglyph Reinterpretation

Luwian Hieroglyph

Luwian Hieroglyph

Luwian Hieroglyphs are otherwise known as Hittite Hieroglyphs. The name Luwian comes from the three glyphs shown in the image. This is how they referred to themselves. The first glyph is unidentified. The sound La is associated with it. The second glyph is for mountain. It has the associated sound Wa. The third is also unidentified but has the sound A. Hence, the name is La-wa-a.

Sometimes the sound attached to the glyph is not used but the name of the glyph is used as in a rebus. In other words, it is also possible they referred to themselves by the identity of the glyphs.

The following revisions for these symbols are suggested.

The first glyph: La or ley is still an appropriate sound to be attached to it. It is the root word of to lay, to lie and line. Perhaps it is an image of the place where ‘the two holes are” as it depicts. It suggests a specific place for perhaps the primary line of longitude. (Which is now in Greenwich, England but was not always.)

The second glyph: It is likely this refers to the mountain of ice that once overlaid the magnetic pole when it was at Hudson Bay. The two bumps repeat the idea of the the two holes seen in the first glyph and that form the bay. It may also suggest a set of dividers which is a tool used in navigation and engineering to transfer measures. The symbol shows an angle. Its name could then be the root of the word angle. Perhaps angle was once pronounced an-gal which reinforces the idea that the mountain was galled. The sound wa is still appropriate since Hittite is an Indo-European language and wa means woe. The word angst has the root word ang and also means woe.

The third glyph is associated with the sound a. It probably shows a knife, sword or dagger.

The symbols might be translated to mean “the measurers of angles and lines with respect to the galls from the daggers” and their name to La Ang-a as opposed to Luwian. It is not a big leap to their modern name. This begins to explain the origin of the name Angle or English which is poorly understood today.

This is too brief to give a real explanation. The next series of posts, although they seem unrelated at first, will eventually lead back to this very subject of Luwian or should we say Lay-Ang-a.


See Luwian Symbols by: Gunter Anders at



(updated Nov. 2018)

A Loughcrew Neolithic Petroglyph Translation

-B.L. Freeborn (c) 2013, updated Nov. 2018

There was a petroglyph etched into a stone at Loughcrew recorded by George De Noyer and found in Martin Brennan’s book, “The Stones of Time.” The stone itself has been removed from the site. A translation shall be attempted here.

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Note there are six symbols and a dot acting as either a word divider or sentence divider. There are too few symbols to be individual letters unless this is only one or two words. In studying Kerbstone 86 from Knowth the appearance of the letter “wa” and hieroglyph for “great” from the Hittite/Luwian Heiroglyph system was noted. The symbol for great appears in this image as well. It is the face down C second from the bottom.

Symbol One: The sun is the most prominent image at the top and since the Loughcrew site is built to capture and measure light we assume this message is then directly related to the site and/or the sun. Another possibility exists that this is a compound symbol and should be seen as a circle and dot surrounded by rays. The circle and dot is SCUTELLA 402 (Latin for shield) pronounced “sa”. The word “sa” in Old English means bucket.

The next two symbols are what might be called hieroglyphic cursive. Each is composed of three signs joined together.

Symbol two: The top part is very close to the hieroglyph SUPER 70 (Latin for above) with no sound identified. The circle and dot is SCUTELLA 402 (Latin for shield) pronounced “sa”. The small tail is “ra” 383. So we have ABOVE-sara.

Symbol three: This is also composed of three symbols. The first symbol is the same as symbol six: a zigzag of three lines. This is similar to SOLIUM 299 (throne) pronounced “i.” The cup shape is similar to CAELUM 182 (heaven) sign and to OCCIDENS 379 (west). The heaven symbol is a closed half circle with a horizontal line within while the west symbol is the same as here except with an upright staff in it. The last symbol is “ra.” So the word is  i, …….., ra.

Symbol four: There is no sign in Luwian that is similar to this. However, it appears on Kerbstone 93 (see next post) and it seems to imply what it would today: to include, they, or this.

Symbol five: Is the MAGNUS 363 meaning great and sound “ur.”

Symbol six: Is the same as the first part of three. SOLIUM 299 (throne) and sound “i.”

In summary the six words are then: Sun or bucket, above-sara, i ……. ra, they, great, i. This needs a bit of work before we can equate it to modern words.

We could take the word SUN at face value or we could say from “the bucket it spread.” The dual meaning together suggests from the explosion like the Sun it spread.

Looking at Above-sara note that sara could be either sare meaning sore or sar spelled today as sear meaning dry. Both are related terms. The word asear means to dry out. So we shall leave it as “above was seared.”

The third symbol contains the i,……,ra. The middle syllable should be related to heaven and direction in some manner and the idea of a year fits. Old English for year is gear. Similarly there is the word gore and “gar” meaning spear. Both gore and gar reinforce the idea of an explosion. Surprisingly there is a word in Old English that is i,gar,ra and it is egor. Egor means flood, deluge. So this third symbol might very well mean flood.

The forth symbol we have temporarily equated to “they” or “this.” The fifth symbol was directly from Luwian as “great” which leaves us only to interpret the last symbol which from Luwian is Solium “throne” or the sound “i.” We might understand this symbol better if we realize that the “throne” or “ruler” determined the standard of measure (the length of the inch,mile, meter). The symbol then is a surveyor’s chain which is long and folds. If we look back to “egor” it reconfirms the idea of a measure of water or flood.

Putting it all together we have: Explosion, seared above, floods. They are great in measure.

This seems to be a serious lamentation rather than a weather report which might give us some insight as to why Loughcrew was built so high above the surrounding area and why they might have been studying the movement of the Sun. All in all, it is consistent with and confirms the findings presented in other posts.

This translation suggests that English was a written language some 4000 years earlier than than believed today. But then again for hundreds of years we were taught the world began in 4004 BC!

As mysteries unravel others appear…………

(1) Cyrus H. Gordon, “Forgotten Scripts.” NY: Dorset Press, 1968. See pg. 98.

(2) Martin Brennan, “The Stones of Time.” Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International, 1994. See pg. 165.

(3) J.R. Clark Hall , “A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary.”  Toronto: University of Toronto, 1894.

(4) “The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language,” Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1976.

(5) Luwian Symbols by: Gunter Anders at

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