Did Neolithic Artists just Doodle or Did They Draw with Intelligent Intent?

Knowth Kerbstone 42 Sketch

Knowth Kerbstone 42 Sketch

Neolithic art is something we do not spend too much time studying. We class it with ancient graffiti, decorative art, or a bit of bragging about the recent hunt. We do not really expect it to tell us anything in the way of communication of important ideas. If it does say anything, we assume they are simple messages from simple minded people and move on. An article by Dr. Philip Stooke in 1994, “Neolithic Lunar Maps at Knowth and Baltinglass, Ireland,” proposed that several works of art found in the Knowth Passage Mound, Ireland are images of the moon’s surface. Most of the art at Knowth and the nearby sites are an odd assortment of lines, swirls and dots. One stone simply depicts 16 circles. Then there is the other extreme. There is another stone so covered with markings it looks like a piece of overused doodle paper.

We are going to look at a few kerbstones found at Knowth, Ireland. These stones are some 5500 years old.

The first stone to be studied is the aforementioned simple 16 circle image drawn on Kerbstone 42 depicted above. It is one of the 127 kerbstones at Knowth.

Another author has proposed that these Neolithic artists counted their year in 16 months and therefore each circle is a month. It is suggested here the 16 circles simply represent the distance Earth travels in a day. ??? Yes. It travels 1.6 million miles on average in any given day.

Now it would be logical for you to scoff and say these artists did not measure in miles, nor were they even aware the Earth moves or even rotates. Since we believed until quite recently in our own history that the Sun circled the Earth we assume they were as simple minded as we are/were.

As far as measuring in miles, they left us another clue that they did measure in miles and perhaps we should hold up on the scoffing. That 16 is written as two pairs of 8 circles, the upper line and the lower line. 8 and 8 as in 88. We all remember that 88 x 60 = 5280 and that is how many feet are in a mile. There is a group of 6 in a neat array on the right side to remind us of 6 and 60 and the minutes in an hour.

Now would be a good time to declare, “That it is purely co-incidental!”

Before tossing the whole idea out as a sour apple we might note the left group forms 9 circles and the right group 7 circles. There are 2 lines of circles. 7, 9 and 2 ?? 792??   As in 7920 miles in the diameter of Earth?

Yet we might say the left group has 8 circles in a neat square array and the right group has 6 circles in a neat square array as in 8 6. The Sun’s diameter is 864 thousand miles.

But we have forgotten the one hanging out at the beginning and end. We could say we have a series 1 8 6 1 which looks remarkably like the diameter of Earth’s orbit at 186 million miles.

Now we discover a second way to determine 5280 feet. Note that the group of 8 times the group of 6 times one on each end for 11 equals 8 x 6 x 11 = 528.

There is an expected number still missing. The number 56 should appear in the message since this number consistently appears at ancient sites.

3200 is 56.56². The image has 16 circles. They are depicted in two lines. So we might say 2 x 16 gives us the 32.

Recall that the Great Pyramid was constructed only 750 years after these tombs and it displays celestial measurements encoded into its structure. Knowth is a large earthen mass with two narrow halls that emit light into the structure. The pyramids are similarly designed.

Perhaps you think this is too much knowledge for a stone age man to possess? The name of the place is Knowth which means “to know” and this only adds to the curiosity of it all. So, for a Neolithic doodle this one packs a powerful mathematical message. This artist has written in a language we can understand and yet we still do not trust our eyes.

Very shortly we will look at Kerbstone 52, a much more complex doodle and that will really leave us wondering.

Have a great day!

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(updated Nov. 2018)

Knowth Kerbstone 52: A Statement of Science

Let us look at another doodle by a stone swinging Irishman – Kerbstone 52 from Knowth, Ireland.

Knowth Kerbstone 52, sketch by BL Freeborn.

Knowth Kerbstone 52, sketch by BL Freeborn.

The Knowth mound has a diameter 275 feet and has 127 kerbstones surrounding the base perimeter of approximately 866 feet. This circumference brings to mind the diameter of the Sun at 864,000 miles. Because we are discussing a circular mound the idea of pi comes to mind. 127 x pi equals 399. The diameter of the Moon is 2160 and that of the Sun is 864336 and this gives us the ratio of 1:400 regardless of the units used.

So, now we begin a study of the petroglyph found on Kerbstone 52 as sketched in the figure. Dr. Philip Stooke suggests in his article that this drawing is of the phases of the moon as it exhibits several images we can easily associate with its changing appearance. However, even he admitted that these symbols really have little in common with the actual observed appearance of the Moon throughout a month.

He noted that there are 29 phases depicted above and below the center up-down line. There are four circles marked T, three circles marked B, one up-side down crescent marked D, two left opening crescents or C’s marked L, 17 left opening C’s marked U that lie underneath in a straight line, followed by crescent R which is removed from the group and the cycle ends with the crescent marked M. A sum of these reveals there are indeed 29 symbols encircling the up-down line. There are two crescents below the circles in the middle. Not all sketches depict these two.

At this point most people conclude the artist was not very gifted or a lousy observer and they move on. However, we shall be a little more determined than most so that we might prove the translation of the previous stone was not wildly co-incidental.

Here we start by counting all the symbols. Because the one C is removed from the rest there is a tendency to get only 28. We see 28 x 2 = 56. This number 56 appears at Stonehenge. There are 56 Aubrey holes surrounding Stonehenge which are unexplained. It was the number found last in the previous kerbstone study.

If the crescent marked R is placed with the 28 we obtain 1 plus 28 or 128 which is one more than the number of kerbstones. 128 x pi = 402 which reflects the ratio between the diameter of the Sun and Moon and the ratio of their distances from Earth, both of which is 400 to 1.

If the crescents are counted as 29 and the two below are considered, then we have 29.2. Twice this number is 58.4. The distance earth travels in a year is 58.4 million miles.

At the center is a spiral symbol. This can be translated to mean cycles, repetition, turning or the ecliptic. So perhaps we are looking for cycles involving the Moon, Sun and Earth.

The up-down line has 16 cycles or 16 up and 16 down for 32. The square root of 32 is 5.65 which repeats the 56.

Add the 16 up and 16 down to the 28 crescents and obtain 60 for minutes and seconds. Now we might notice that the 22 crescents surrounding the line plus the two C in the middle create 24 as in hours in a day? These are both cyclic numbers.

We look again at the image and see the circles may also represent the Sun not only the Moon. We count 4 T circles plus 3 B circles and the 2 crescents below the circles. 4 3 2? The radius of the Sun is 432,000 miles or multiply by 2 and obtain 864, the diameter of the Sun at 864,000 miles.

Notice those two crescents below the 7 circles which are back to back. 1 and 1 as in 11. Note that 11 seems to have special meaning in two ways. The first is symbolic suggesting One God. 11 x 11 = 121, 111 x 111 = 12321 and 1111 x 1111 = 1234321 which is rather unique feature of 1 or 11, and might indeed impress someone with its holiness. It may simply mean the sum of 5 + 6 = 11.

If we multiply the 11 by the 7 circles above we obtain 77. As 7.7 it is the square of 2.77.

Dr. Stooke noted the 29 correlates with the number of days in a lunar month. Here is the thing. The lunar month is not a fixed number like the Earth’s year. It varies. The longest period of time between full moons is about 29.72 days. On the average today it is 29.53 days.

So here is the trick. Start counting these 29 symbols at the left circle T moving clockwise and upon completing the circle pause and then recount the 7 circles to obtain: 29 pause 7 or the 29.7 days of the longest average month. Or proceed in this manner. Begin at the same spot counting clockwise 29 pause, count 4 T pause, and conclude with 3 B circles. So that now we obtain 29.43 or one of the shortest lunar months.

Or find the Sidereal Lunar month by counting all 29 symbols and then add the 32 (16 up/downs) to create 29.32 but this is off by two days. The actual value is 27.32 which we can obtain if we subtract the 2 upper middle crescents.

The 29.7 is a unique number in that if it is read in reverse it reads 7.92 or the diameter of the Earth 7920 miles. The diameter can also be obtained by noting the 7 circles, add the 2 middle crescents for 9 and then the 22 remaining crescents for 7922.

There are 7 circles in all. What is the probability each circle represents a day or a 7 day week? If they used a seven day week, would we not find 52 weeks represented?

Begin at those 2 middle crescents, add the seven circles and then add the 22 remaining crescents to obtain 2 7 22 or 2722 which is the square of 52.17 or the weeks in a year.

This 2.722 nearly gives us the 2.77 we have already discussed.

The diameter of the moon is easily found. There are 2 L’s and 16 “cycles” on the up-down line which gives us 2160 mile diameter. Or from the reverse direction R and M followed by the 16 cycles gives the same 216. The 16 ups and downs also reminds us the earth travels 1.6 million miles in a day. This idea is further illustrated by the left end of the line which curls round like the earth turning in a day.

We may further suggest that the up-down line describes something that goes up and comes down because of gravity. The sum of 16 + 16 = 32 and that reminds us of 32.17 ft/sec² of gravity. Which then makes us look at those 17 U’s beneath the line to create 32.17.

The 1 R crescent followed by the 17 U’s creates 117 which is 2 x 58.5. This brings to mind earth’s circumferential orbit each year of 584 million miles found previously.

The 17 U’s are significant. They may represent the 173 AU that light travels in a day or the 17 minutes it takes light to traverse the diameter of Earth’s orbit. This makes the up-down line a symbol of light traveling which, ironically, is pretty much how we symbolize light traveling today.

So, this is one very complicated mathematical message after all! But is it remotely possible these stone wielding cave men knew anything of science?

Recall that the Pyramids are considered to be some 4800 years old and that many people have found values which represent Earth and Solar System measurements designed into its structure. Knowth is some 500 to 700 years older than the pyramids which is a reasonable period of time to develop the engineering skills to step from building round monuments to monstrous pyramidal monuments.

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(updated Nov. 2018)

Ancient Irish Way Too Advanced for Us?

Knowth Kerbstone 118 and its Mathematical Message.

Knowth Kerbstone 118 and its Mathematical Message.

Knowth Kerbstone 118 is a very simple drawing. Using the same techniques we used to look at Kerbstone 52 and 42 we see that this also conveys numerical data.

It is 9 up and down cycles arranged in an L shape. The corner is exaggerated in width and so each corner of the curve is counted. This drawing is really quite clever and conveys much more than expected in a quick glance. There are 7 loops on the horizontal and 2 on the vertical. It could be said this forms the series 792 which reminds one of the 7920 mile diameter of Earth.

The drawing can also be interpreted as 3, 2, 7, 7 which makes 3277 = square of 57.24. The number of degrees in a radian are 57.29.

Calculating the sum 3 + 2 + 7 + 7 = 19 which is a reference to the diameter of Earth’s orbit. It is 186 million miles or roughly 190 million. If the corner is counted only once then the sum becomes 18 which is the typical reference to this dimension of the Solar System.

The 7, 7 makes 77   and 3, 2 makes 32   …so…

77 / 32 = 2.40   The number of hours in a day is 24.

32 + 77 = 109  is the ratio of Earth’s diameter to the Sun’s diameter.

The following can also be found: 7 for 7 days in a week and 32 = 5.65 squared.

Read the 7 and 2 as 72 and one finds the years in one degree of precession of the pole star.

See the corner as one and find 2, 1, 6. The diameter of the Moon is 2160 miles.

Accurate numerical data is just not what we are expecting from people in the distant past which is why we are so hesitant to accept the veracity of the interpretation. But we will see in the next readings that these counts and numbers are not accidental.

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(updated Nov. 2018)

A Simple and Elegant Neolithic Oops

– B.L. Freeborn (c) 2013, updated Nov. 2018

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

There is an oops in this drawing that reveals all. You won’t see it right off in its simple symmetric shape of four crescents, a line and two dots but here is the thing. If you examine image after image of art from Knowth, Dowth, Loughcrew and Newgrange you will see abstract shapes of swirls, curves, zigzags, crescents etc. but you will never see anything that looks specifically like a distinct letter. A crescent does but it is not distinct enough for one to point at a specific alphabet and say ahah! that is from Ancient ….. It is as though these artists did not have a written language and that is why symbols that appear to be letters or hieroglyphs are absent. There seems to be an overwhelming agreement these ancient builders were illiterate. Yet it is a simple idea that no letters were used in their art because these monuments were built for the eons and people (like us) who would not speak their specific language but who might speak – the one universal language.

So the oops is the letter dead center in the image. A line with a dot on each side according to the eminent Dr. Cyrus Gordon is part of the Hittite (now called Luwian) Hieroglyphic system and it is the letter “wa.” It does not mean this is the Luwian language but if it is “wa” then it confirms these people spoke an Indo-European language just as we would expect. We will come back to this.

Shall we read this mathematical message to us sent across time?

As before, we immediately count 4 C’s in a square shape and draw the conclusion we must square four!  Or 4² + 4² = 5.65².   And there we have the incredibly important and secret number 56 that is central to the deep mystery and appears at Stonehenge (see post) and is incorporated into the Giza Pyramid.

The C shape looks like the Hebrew K so we shall equate it to 20. What then might we equate the “wa” to? In Hebrew gematria the “wa” sound is often indicated by the ‘vav’ which equals 6. This gives us 4 C’s at 20 + 6 or 86. And this is the incredibly important value of the Sun with its diameter in miles at 864,000.

Can there be any other mathematical secrets in this figure?

Let us read it as we did others. 2 C, 1 wa, 2 C equates to 212. ????

The 212 divided by the dominant 4C equates to 212/4 = 53. This is not a very big mystery when we realize that Knowth sits at 53 degrees 42′ latitude. We do not have to look hard to find the number 42 repeated in the image. But eghads these are virtual cavemen! They could not measure latitude!

So I must be wrong….Then recount 2C, 1 dot, 1 line, 1 dot, 2 C makes 21112?

Divide by 4 and obtain 5278? The number of feet in a mile is 5280. If we work this backwards 4 x 5280 = 21,120. I will leave you to ponder that.

Unless they meant 21 /12 = 1.75 or the more revealing 12 / 21 = .5714 which reminds us of the value of a radian at 57.29. This gives us more to think about because we weren’t smart enough to develop radian measure until a few hundred years ago. Therefore, we project our ignorance onto them and conclude they could not have understood the concept.

But perhaps we have been too technical and they meant us to add the 21 and 12 to get 33. Does 33 mean anything special? As a matter of fact it does. It is one of the often repeated numbers.

So let us go one step further. If they had an alphabet, then what language did they speak?

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Perhaps the answer to that has been stolen from us. Martin Brennan records in his book the inscription on a stone which was removed from Loughcrew, Ireland. This is a mountain site which is much older than Knowth and Newgrange. I repeat the symbols here with the warning that they have been reproduced in succession and errors may have crept in.

This then suggests these people did have a written language distinct from the art. Since we would like to think we are quick of wit, let us try to solve the present riddle at hand. We have 2 C’s, a “wa”, and 2 C’s.

Since this decipherment into words is novel we shall do it thrice:

Try One:

C is the initial sound in crescent, comet, cup and cave and its shape repeats the idea of each word’s meaning. This suggests it has sound value K. So let us stick with it and pronounce the word.  CCwaCC or KwaK.

I am told that at one time all the letters in words were pronounced. So when we read light as lite it is incorrect. The gh in light was once pronounced. This suggests the c and k of quick were both pronounced. Because Knowth is on an island once solidly joined to Britain and Germany by land, and in close proximity regardless, it is not too far a cry to suggest this is one of two English words: quake or quick. The latter has the double c preserved and both preserve the k-wa sound. And if you think about it, they say the same thing. In Old English, according to J.R. Clark Hall, quake and quick are spelled cwac and cwic respectively. And he reminds us that it means “living, trembling”, and “living, alive.”  From Indo-European roots it is found as gwei which is the root of both English “quick” and German “Kwi(k)waz” also meaning alive.  (Old languages did not always differentiate between g and k.) In support of this interpretation, quick and quake are both appropriate to the diagram itself once the over all meaning of the site is understood.

This then suggests once again the impossible, just as an analysis of the Sator-Rotas revealed, and that is, that the English language did not begin around 500 AD as we are educated. For these sites are older than the pyramids. It helps piece together a past for the English language that might just pre-date High German. Is this possible? Time will tell.

Try Two:

As above we have CCwaCC. The Old English word ceac meaning vessel can be represented by the two letters CC. In Old English ‘wa’ is the word “woe, a sorrow.” So this translation suggests there were two vessels, woe, two vessels. The image reinforces this translation.

Try Three:

We look once again at the Luwian and find that the large bold C symbol is the hieroglyph for the word meaning “great.” So then our image reads great, great, wa, great, great. The hieroglyph is associated with the sound ur. Ur was a very great city of the past. Perhaps this is why the linguists have happened upon the association. In Old English we note that ur can mean our, ore or origin. So then, the image takes on the meaning origin-woe. To understand this better we note that sometimes the hieroglyphs did not represent a sound but the object itself. In this case it could mean great, great woe. So we have “the origin of the great woe.”

So in total we have “the origin of the great woe” that was quick and a quake. It speaks of a great sorrow, a quake, a tragedy, a great woe and great vessels. It speaks of the Day the Pole Moved.

Many more mysteries to unravel…..

Thank you for reading!

See more of fantastic Knowth and Dowth at these links:

http://www.worldheritageireland.ie/

http://www.knowth.com



(1) Cyrus H. Gordon, “Forgotten Scripts.” NY: Dorset Press, 1968. See pg. 98.

(2) Martin Brennan, “The Stones of Time.” Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International, 1994. See pg. 165.

(3) J.R. Clark Hall , “A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary.”  Toronto: University of Toronto, 1894.

(4) “The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language,” Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1976. See Indo-European Roots, pg. 1519.

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A Loughcrew Neolithic Petroglyph Translation

-B.L. Freeborn (c) 2013, updated Nov. 2018

There was a petroglyph etched into a stone at Loughcrew recorded by George De Noyer and found in Martin Brennan’s book, “The Stones of Time.” The stone itself has been removed from the site. A translation shall be attempted here.

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Note there are six symbols and a dot acting as either a word divider or sentence divider. There are too few symbols to be individual letters unless this is only one or two words. In studying Kerbstone 86 from Knowth the appearance of the letter “wa” and hieroglyph for “great” from the Hittite/Luwian Heiroglyph system was noted. The symbol for great appears in this image as well. It is the face down C second from the bottom.

Symbol One: The sun is the most prominent image at the top and since the Loughcrew site is built to capture and measure light we assume this message is then directly related to the site and/or the sun. Another possibility exists that this is a compound symbol and should be seen as a circle and dot surrounded by rays. The circle and dot is SCUTELLA 402 (Latin for shield) pronounced “sa”. The word “sa” in Old English means bucket.

The next two symbols are what might be called hieroglyphic cursive. Each is composed of three signs joined together.

Symbol two: The top part is very close to the hieroglyph SUPER 70 (Latin for above) with no sound identified. The circle and dot is SCUTELLA 402 (Latin for shield) pronounced “sa”. The small tail is “ra” 383. So we have ABOVE-sara.

Symbol three: This is also composed of three symbols. The first symbol is the same as symbol six: a zigzag of three lines. This is similar to SOLIUM 299 (throne) pronounced “i.” The cup shape is similar to CAELUM 182 (heaven) sign and to OCCIDENS 379 (west). The heaven symbol is a closed half circle with a horizontal line within while the west symbol is the same as here except with an upright staff in it. The last symbol is “ra.” So the word is  i, …….., ra.

Symbol four: There is no sign in Luwian that is similar to this. However, it appears on Kerbstone 93 (see next post) and it seems to imply what it would today: to include, they, or this.

Symbol five: Is the MAGNUS 363 meaning great and sound “ur.”

Symbol six: Is the same as the first part of three. SOLIUM 299 (throne) and sound “i.”

In summary the six words are then: Sun or bucket, above-sara, i ……. ra, they, great, i. This needs a bit of work before we can equate it to modern words.

We could take the word SUN at face value or we could say from “the bucket it spread.” The dual meaning together suggests from the explosion like the Sun it spread.

Looking at Above-sara note that sara could be either sare meaning sore or sar spelled today as sear meaning dry. Both are related terms. The word asear means to dry out. So we shall leave it as “above was seared.”

The third symbol contains the i,……,ra. The middle syllable should be related to heaven and direction in some manner and the idea of a year fits. Old English for year is gear. Similarly there is the word gore and “gar” meaning spear. Both gore and gar reinforce the idea of an explosion. Surprisingly there is a word in Old English that is i,gar,ra and it is egor. Egor means flood, deluge. So this third symbol might very well mean flood.

The forth symbol we have temporarily equated to “they” or “this.” The fifth symbol was directly from Luwian as “great” which leaves us only to interpret the last symbol which from Luwian is Solium “throne” or the sound “i.” We might understand this symbol better if we realize that the “throne” or “ruler” determined the standard of measure (the length of the inch,mile, meter). The symbol then is a surveyor’s chain which is long and folds. If we look back to “egor” it reconfirms the idea of a measure of water or flood.

Putting it all together we have: Explosion, seared above, floods. They are great in measure.

This seems to be a serious lamentation rather than a weather report which might give us some insight as to why Loughcrew was built so high above the surrounding area and why they might have been studying the movement of the Sun. All in all, it is consistent with and confirms the findings presented in other posts.

This translation suggests that English was a written language some 4000 years earlier than than believed today. But then again for hundreds of years we were taught the world began in 4004 BC!

As mysteries unravel others appear…………
———————————————————————————–

(1) Cyrus H. Gordon, “Forgotten Scripts.” NY: Dorset Press, 1968. See pg. 98.

(2) Martin Brennan, “The Stones of Time.” Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International, 1994. See pg. 165.

(3) J.R. Clark Hall , “A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary.”  Toronto: University of Toronto, 1894.

(4) “The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language,” Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1976.

(5) Luwian Symbols by: Gunter Anders at http://www.hethport.uni-wuerzburg.de/luwglyph/Signlist.pdf

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Translating Knowth Kerbstone 5

Kerbstone 5 from Knowth, Ireland

Kerbstone 5 from Knowth, Ireland

-B. L. Freeborn © 2013, updated Nov. 2018

Kerbstone K5 is simple, straightforward and powerful in its message. Reading the large image left to right we have a symbol for longitude or a line which hugs the planet in a U shape and runs vertically. (In this case, it is shown horizontally.) In the middle of this U is a bar or a pole and surely, longitude wraps around the planet beginning and ending at the pole.

Next, just to the lower right of this we have a small round circle within a circle. A comet on collision course with the planet? The inner circle is the eye and the surrounding circle is the coma. The artist attempts to depict by its placement an impact near the pole. The planet is turned by the impact as noted by the swirl image and we see in the final image that it is shaken and the lines of longitude are changed.

In the upper right corner are 6 circles. The fifth from the right is different from the others. So we have 5 and 6 for the 56 we expect to see.

On the left face of the stone is an image for longitude, pole and latitude; or for cup, pole and crater. The top face has the turn symbol again.

This stone is a picture of an event rather than a mathematical message. It reinforces the message we saw in the last post about Kerbstone 93.

This is all apart of  the mystery and the ultimate purpose for Knowth. It assures us that we will come to knowth the truth.

The last stone to be studied is the enigmatic kerbstone 52 from Newgrange and its exquisite art.

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