Where Magic Lies

By B.L. Freeborn © 2013

We have detailed a magnificent earthwork to be constructed. It will be a mile in length so it will require a large plane. It will use three circles to display an idea composed of numbers. If it is properly placed, its power will be so great it will defy the ravages of time.

It is decided that it will be placed 79.2 miles from the place that links many places of power and it will be placed 32 degrees longitude from another place of power. This number 32 is the most important squaring of 5.656 while 79.2 represents the diameter of the Earth. This mile long work of art actually exists just as described. It is laid out in a plain, not too close to the East Fork Works, with its mounds that run in straight lines, and not to near the great works in Newark with its similar design of concentric circles of mounds and ditches. The great ones of the past chose a flat plane that lies on line of longitude one, 1 , where many other mounds have been built. This mile long structure begins 79.07 miles north of Lincoln Cathedral, England and ends 80.05 miles north which places 79.2 miles within the middle of the structure. Indeed, it lies 32 degrees from the Great Pyramid in Egypt. But to add more power to the placement of these two great structures, they will be 32 degrees and 40 seconds apart. This number, 40, is great in beauty and power. We recall its power was used to poetically describe how long it rained during Noah’s travails and how many years Moses endured in the wilderness: 40 days, 40 years, and now 40 seconds. And what does this simple number reveal?

A square 40 to the side has a circumference of 160 and an area of 1600. This is the important number 16 we saw in the Decalogue Stone: 16 x 16 = 256 or the number of letters on the stone. But most importantly a square of 40 has a diagonal of 56.56 and this most secret number is always with us.

The site for this great work is chosen by aligning it with other places of power. Thornborough Henge in its newly finished form shimmered with white gypsum some 5000 years ago, 3500 to 2500 BC. It lies an ocean away from Ohio and the home of the mound builders. And so our mystery is now convoluted by time and great distance…..

Thornborough Henge in England. Image by

Thornborough Henge in England. Image by 2013 Google, Digitalglobe, Infoterra Ltd. & Amp; Bluesky.

The Ohio mounds, we are told, are rather recent being almost as old as the language in which this is written. Newark Earthworks, the largest complex in the world, are dated to 250 – 500 AD. Surely, scientists have discovered that Watson Brake complex in Louisiana dates to 5400 years ago or the same era as the Thornborough Henge.

The Newark Earthworks were built, we are led to believe, by people who had newly discovered the geometry of a circle and how to use a rope to make one. Yet, the missing East Fork works suggests otherwise. We are further led to believe their significance had to do with their cosmology and it had no relation to our present day life other than being the historical religion of the native people at that time. These people, we are fervently told, came via a land bridge from Asia some 10,000 years ago even though they have lost the characteristics typical of Asians and look Caucasian-African. And while trucking over the continent they were stopped in Louisiana by a large gulf and there, some 5400 years ago, they built mounds. If these fellows had a ship, like the Egyptians of their era, they could have gone all the way to England and seen the distant ancestors of the English who had also just created mound earthworks! What a marvelous synchronicity! Oh, but what a dilemma for the scientist! Alas, he must choose between evidence of synchronicity or pre-Columbian (and pre-Leif) contact!

Perhaps if we understood what message lies hidden in this great earthwork in England we could grasp why they are similar? What is it that we still do not understand about them and these numbers? What is the importance of 56 and even 860? Of 16 and 584?

Longitude measured by Neolithic people? Hidden messages, people traveling great distances, measurements that ought not be there, and identical structures built on unknown continents? This is all contrary to our education! So it cannot be.

Perhaps there is something here we really do not want to understand. Perhaps they have drawn it out for us as plain as day but because of our education we cannot see it.

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Squaring the Circle and other School Lessons

By B.L. Freeborn © 2013

We did not learn how to square the circle in school but if one takes geometry one will learn how to draw a square around a circle. One might even learn how to draw a square within a circle. Other terms used in describing this are: the square circumscribed around a circle, converting the diameter of the circle into a square, the circle circumscribed around a square and a circle of equal area to a square, etc. These are Old World math problems that date back thousands of years. School lessons on clay tablets from Sumeria reveal students studied this topic hundreds of generations past. What do the terms mean? This is best shown in a picture.

Squaring the Circle

The Old World problem called squaring the circle.

James P. Scherz states it very well: “A careful survey of the earthworks at Newark Ohio has revealed not only a solution to the ancient Old World geometrical riddle of “Squaring the Circle” by use of rope geometry (associated with legends of the Great Pyramid of Egypt), but also three different units of measure, which were also used together in ancient Egypt (and other lands influenced by that region).” 1

Anyone who has attempted to study gematria runs into this Old World problem. “Dimensions of Paradise” 2 which is John Michell’s study of the New Testament’s Greek gematria is laced with this problem. It is an inescapable part of Old World religions. We see it boldly displayed even in the image of the East Fork Works. Notice the small circle at the top has a diameter of 132 feet. The small square at the bottom has sides 132 by 110. If it were square, 132 x 132, it would be the square that can be circumscribed around the circle. They sneak it in again in a second place. At the top of the lamp is a curve that begins as if it has a radius of 584 feet or diameter of 1168 feet. If one were to complete the circle, the square that can be inscribed within it would have sides of 826 feet. From the top of the small square to the point is 825 feet (vs. 826 is a negligible error) or the side of the square required.

This idea appears blatantly in the High Bank works where the circle is set almost next to a square that is beginning to distort into an octagon. The idea appears repetitively, as we shall see, in the Newark Earthworks.

Scherz also brings up the topic of units. We will continue next with some modern day guesses as to the units used in pre-Columbus America.


  1. Scherz, James P. Old World Units of Measure Found in the Layout Geometry of Prehistoric Earthworks at Newark, Ohio, “Midwestern Epigraphic Journal,” Vol. 16, No. 1, 2002.  See:  http://www.midwesternepigraphic.org/scherz.html
  2. Michell, John, “The Dimensions of Paradise: Sacred Geometry, Ancient Science, and the Heavenly Order of the Earth,”  Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International, 2008.



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The Mounds that were Imagined by the Army

Hanukkiah Earthworks as surveyed by the Army before they were destroyed.

Hanukkiah Earthworks as surveyed by the Army before they were destroyed.

By B.L. Freeborn © 2013, updated Nov. 2018

What else does Dr. McCulloch have to offer? As a long time advocate for the stones his website has a few things not found anywhere else. If one visits his Archaeological Outliers Page1 one will find an image of a great earthwork that no longer exists. It met with the colonial plow and lost. Formerly, this great earthwork was to be found east of Cincinnati near the East Fork of the Little Miami River. Fort Ancient and Chillicothe both have large concentrations of mounds and are relatively close.

It takes little imagination to see in this image an oil lamp and a candelabra particular to Jewish tradition called a Hanukkah menorah. McCulloch explains in detail the different surveys done at this site. One survey was done by the US Army but in accordance with the anti-debaters logic the earthworks never existed. It is a short leap after seeing this to concluding the Decalogue Stone is Jewish. But again we must hesitate to make that leap since if it is Jewish, present day Jews would have some understanding of what the earthworks are all about. The Jewish are a people who tenaciously adhere to tradition. If the earthworks are of Jewish origin, then would there not be a tradition of making earthworks in their religion? Since there is not, we continue looking for an explanation.

The East Fork Works is portrayed in this image. The 2000 foot length on the image is believed to be incorrect. (See full resolution image at McCulloch’s link below.) It is noted in two places as 200 feet and then later someone has written in a zero to make it 2000 feet. Frank Otto proposed in 2006 that the correct dimension is probably 900 since 9’s and 2’s can look similar and this was probably a mistake in taking the information from field notes. The spacing on the candles is 66 feet. Scaling the image accordingly the 900 foot dimension is confirmed in the locations shown in the image below. The overall dimensions on the bottom and left are 924 x 935 = 863,940 or 864,000 square feet. This 864 looks familiar. We saw it in the Decalogue Stone.

Hanukkiah Earthworks with Dimensions Added.

Hanukkiah Earthworks (East Fork) with Dimensions Added.

The other numbers found on the stone were: 56, 5656, 69.2, 69, 70, 79, 58 and 16. The 79 appears in the East Fork Works at the bottom as 792. The average diameter of the Earth is 7920 feet. The 56 appears at the bottom of the candlestick as 560′. The lower branch actually bumps out to give the dimension. The 58 appears at the top closer to its correct value of 584 which reminds one of the distance Earth travels in a year or 584 million miles. Easily summed and used to check the scale is 66 x 8 = 528. The 528 was found by James Marshall at the High Bank Works south of Chillicothe2 as the radius of the giant circle there. 528 feet is exactly 1/10th of a mile.  Its prominent display here is also indicating measurement by the mile. The distance 660 feet is called a furlong. There are eight in a mile. The candles are then set at 1/10th of a furlong. The radius of the small top circle is also 66 feet making the diameter the noted 132 feet. The 132 feet appears as the length of the bottom small square. Its vertical height of 110 feet is 1320 inches. The area of this square is .333 acres. We saw on the back of the Decalogue Stone the number 9 and recalled that it is 3 + 3 + 3 = 9. The 3’s appear in the area .333 but more so the 9 appears as the 900′ dimensions. The area of a 900′ x 900′ square is 18.59 acres.

This value repeats. The side lengths 935′ and 924′ sum to 1859′.

The topic of the Sumerian inch of .66 inches has previously been studied.3 The value 66 reminds us that Earth travels at 66624 mph. Furthermore, one cannot possess a really important length of .66 inches unless one’s standard is actually one full inch. The same follows for the Indus inch of 1.32 inches. The value 1.32 is reflected in this image as well.

If one has taken the time to follow this, it leaves more questions than answers. Why are there all these odd elements in one place: English measurement, numbers of Sumerian and Indus importance, Jewish symbols, Jewish letters, and an accurate measurement of the Earth’s diameter? Not to mention in the last post we brought into play the deity Baal. The mystery grows in complexity rather than being solved.





  1.  McCulloch, J. Huston, “Archaeological Outliers Page.”    See: http://economics.sbs.ohio-state.edu/jhm/arch/outliers.html
  2. Marshall, James, Intelligence Inscribed before the Printed Word in North America, Caxton  Club of Chicago, 2004. See: http://www.caxtonclub.org/reading/2004/jul04.pdf
  3.  Freeborn, B.L., “The Inch, The Megalithic Yard, and The Sumerian Inch,” 2013. See:  https://noahsage.com/2013/01/13/the-inch-the-megalitic-yard-and-the-sumerian-inch/

Looking for a Better Explanation

By B.L. Freeborn © 2013, updated Nov. 2018

J. Huston McCulloch’s website, “The Newark Holy Stones,” 1 and his 1992 paper, “An Annotated Transcription of the Ohio Decalogue Stone,” 2 are the most thorough description of the stones to be found. In the latter article he gives all 256 letters plus the 2 unidentified symbols with the matching Hebrew word and its English translation. Clear images are found on the website, as well as a good overview of its history and past debates.

Ohio HebrewThere is something missing in all of the above excellent reports and that is numbers. When studying the Indian mounds of North America or European earthworks the first items noted are lengths, areas, and heights. Numbers are intrinsic to this study. So we begin looking at the numbers related to the stone.

According to Altman this is a ritual artifact in incantation format. If it is real, the numbers should repeat numbers of historical ritual significance. McCulloch states there are 256 letters on the stone. 256 is 16 x 16.  The stone, as measured by it’s copy, measures 6 7/8″ x 1 3/4″ x 2 7/8″ (or 6.875 x 1.75 x 2.875). Its rough volume is then 34.59 cubic inches. Twice this value is 69.18.

1.75 is 2 x .875. From prior work in the subject it can be predicted that the correct value is .864″ which gives a corrected thickness of 1.73″.

Two times 2.875 is 5.75. This can be rounded to 5.8 which indicates the correct measurement is 2.9″.

6.875 can be rounded to 6.9 which is the desired value as well.

Substituting these corrected values for its measurements and determining the volume once again gives us 34.62 cubic inches or virtually the same value. Twice this value is 69.23 cubic inches.

The circumference is then 3.46 inches. Two times this is one-tenth the same value just obtained or 6.92″. The circumference in the opposite direction is 17.26 or 2 x 8.63. This is almost the desired correct value of 8.64.

Why is this all important? How can one know the expected correct values? The expected values are determined by repetition. They appear at ancient sites. Again and again in ancient artifacts they will appear. The measurements will be in English inches. The distances in English feet and miles. If this is a valid ancient object the expected numbers must be present. If it is a forgery, any value can be found. In a similar manner, the New Hampshire Mystery Stone portrays the diameter of the Earth in its circumference.

The numbers do not end here. Hebrew does not have a separate set of signs for numerals. All Hebrew letters double as numbers which makes the Torah a document that is dually written. It is written both in words and in numbers. Each letter on the decalogue equates to a number. This is called gematria. Take for example the three letters over the head of Moses. They convert to 5, 300, 40 which sums to 345 and twice this number is 690 which reminds us of the height of the stone 6.9″. Two further examples are found in numbers we just found on the stone. The gematria of Noah is 58 and that of Elohim (a name of God) is 86.

It was mentioned in the prior post that there were two symbols ignored by Altman. If the symbol at the top center front is an Ayin it is nearly the standard letter. Yet Ayin in the text is depicted by a square. The double depiction then indicates that the one was used to contain the magic of the incantation and the second to depict the meaning of the letter ie. a wye, a junction of lines. Its value is 70 very nearly the value of 69 and if one is talking about 69.2 miles between lines of longitude at the equator then 70 is a good close approximation of the value. All of these lines meet at the pole and wye out from there.

On the back of the stone is a nearly closed circle symbol that could easily be a Hebrew tet. The value of tet is 9. What is important about 9? Consider 9 x 9 = 81, 9 + 9 = 18 (its reverse) and 3 x 3 = 9 and 3 + 3 + 3 = 9. All this makes the number look very magical. But its importance in this position confirms that one of the most important numbers in this ancient secret system is present and prominent, yet hidden. The front symbol ayin, 70, plus the rear symbol tet, 9, creates 79. The diameter of the Earth is 7920 miles and any good navigator or surveyor knows the diameter of the Earth. But where is the 20? Is it here? The symbol for 20 is Kaf in Hebrew and its shape is a half circle, a sideways arch. The arch is the top of the stone. Historically and right up to today the arched tablet carrying a message whether it is the Ten Commandments, church windows, or a headstone is ever present. This completes the number.

The other number that should be present is 56. This number appears in the text of the Decalogue. It appears three times. It appears twice as words noted as being misspelled. See McCulloch’s Transcription in line 5. In this rendition it is het, vav, het, vav or 5656. It should be het, yod, het, yod and means he-shall-be. It is also a misspelled word in line 8 and is situated on the back just above-right of the tet. It is also het, vav, het, vav or 5656. It should be spelled het, vav, het, yod for 5, 6, 5, 10 = 26 or the Hebrew word we know as Yahweh. The third instance is on the front right midway in the line and it is composed of three letters lamed-kaph-vav and means or-anything. This sums to 56.

The number 56 also appears in a second hand manner in the number of letters inscribed on the stone or 256. This method of emphasizing the importance of 56 is still present in modern measures. The length of two miles is 10560 feet or to say it another way, a fifth mile is 1056 feet. (This number will become important later.) And the number of feet in an acre is a very odd value….43,560.

If this was faked then it was well done for there is one more instance of 69 that should be noted. The 5656 that appears above the tet is immediately preceded by the letter aleph or 1. So that the two letters directly above the tet are 1 and 5. 1 + 5 = 6 with tet, 9, creates 6 9 once again. We might say the incantation is sealed front to back by the 69 of 2 x 345 in Moses on the front and this 69.

In summary, in this stone we have these numbers appearing: 56, 5656, 69, 69.2, 70, 79, 864, 58 and 16. The reasons why some of them are important have been discussed. Others will appear in a later posts.

What other things can we see in this stone that help to prove its validity? Well… there are a few things that are quite clever!






  1. McCulloch, J. Huston, The Newark, Ohio Decalogue Stone and Keystone. See:  http://economics.sbs.ohio-state.edu/jhm/arch/decalog.html
  2. McCulloch, J. Huston, An Annotated Transcription of the Ohio Decalogue Stone, “The Epigraphic Society Occasional Papers,” Vol. 21. See:  http://economics.sbs.ohio-state.edu/jhm/arch/wyrick/transcrpt.pdf
  3. Freeborn, B.L., “The Deep Mystery: The Day the Pole Moved,” Tiw & Elddir, 2013.

A Simply Beautiful Mystery

Newgrange, Ireland. Kerbstone 52.

Newgrange, Ireland. Kerbstone 52.

-B. L. Freeborn © 2013 (updated Nov 2018)

Newgrange kerbstone 52 is a beautiful mathematical message as well as a depiction of an event. The left side of the stone depicts the number 56 twice as shown. This simple number, 56, has a way of appearing at all these ancient sites.  The right side has three bold ovals each containing three dots which creates the number 33.3. This number is also part of this mystery.

These three bold ovals contain two triangles (or arrows) each and three dots. Three ovals, 9 dots, and 6 arrows creates the number 396. The radius of the Earth is 3960 miles. Its diameter is then 7920 miles.

Notice the place marked in the sketch as magnetic north. The pattern depicted between the two ovals is what appears when a piece of paper is sprinkled with iron filings and a magnet is placed beneath it. So they indicate magnetic north by this realistic depiction. We may understand the two adjoining ovals to be the two hemispheres of the Earth shown joined at the pole. Note the bold dot directly below this point. We may speculate that an object moves towards earth. It draws closer and a coma or tail forms. They depict an impact at the pole as was suggested by art on other kerbstones.

This drawing however goes further. They are suggesting by the ornate pattern multiple impacts. Now we may interpret the 3 bold ovals as impact sites with multiple impacts within each site. The petal style then portrays impact ejecta that fanned out from the initial craters wrecking maximum havoc.

Or perhaps we should interpret it such that previously there was one Arctic Circle as shown in the bottom right which became two! – two places to measure from as in magnetic north and true north!

Impossible! Not a believer?

Delve into more posts and then decide.


The Inch, The Megalithic Yard and The Sumerian Inch

Since I last posted I spent a few days reading “Who Built the Moon?” by Christopher Knight and Alan Butler. This is a worthwhile light read for the first two-thirds of the book then they sort of deviate into a very different sort of theory. They conclude with several very interesting appendices. I spent a long time studying their numbers. I would like to add to their discussion of the Moon and known ancient measurement systems without revealing their discoveries.

They state early in their book that the Sumerian Kush (cubit) is equal to 19.57″ which is incorrect. (A. E. Berriman) A Kush was 30 Sumerian inches of .66 inches long or 19.80″. This 19.57″ gives an inch of .652″. This was a unit in use just north of Sumeria in Akkad. Although it is off by a hair, over long distances the difference is dramatic.

A Kush of 19.8″ equals one-tenth of an English rod. (A rod is 198″ or 16.5 feet.) A rod is a length that is used in surveying. The average diameter of the Earth – 7920 miles – divided by this number 19.8 equals 400. Much of Knight’s and Butler’s arguments relate to the appearance of the ratio of 400 in measurements between the Earth-Moon-Sun. The diameter of the Sun is 400 times that of the Moon’s. The ratio of the distances between the Earth – Moon and Earth – Sun is 400.

So, then we have a Sumerian inch of .66 inches. Two of these equals an Indus inch of 1.32 inches. 30 of them equals a Kush and 50 of them equals 33″ which is known as Akbar’s yard.  (33″ = 83.82 cm) (59.65 Sumerian Inches = a meter.)

The length of a megalithic yard is also discussed a great deal. This is a measurement determined by Alexander Thom to be the unit of measure of the megalithic structures throughout England. It is considered to be 2.722 feet +/- 0.002 feet (82.96656 cm +/-0.061 cm). Knight and Butler point out several coincidences with this measurement with the Earth-Moon-Sun mostly supporting the idea that the meter was the standard of measure of the ancient peoples.

However, this position does not allow them to note that 2.722 reminds one distinctly of the circumference of the Sun in miles at 2,715,400 miles. They also miss the following co-incidence. This measurement – in feet – is the value of e, the base in which natural logs are computed. (e = 2.71828) Indeed, this value is even more reminiscent of the circumference of the Sun in miles. We of course recall the diameter of the Sun is 864366 miles which equates to ten times the seconds in a day just as if the mile was once the ancient standard.

2.722 feet is 32.66 inches. This falls out oddly if computed in Sumerian inches to 49.49. But if we divide it by 50 we obtain .653 inches. Using 2.72 feet we obtain .652 inches or the Akkadian inch that Knight and Butler were using. Fifty of the .66 inches gives 2.75 feet. The long and the short of the argument is that the Sumerian inch is directly related to both the English system and to Thom’s Megalithic Yard.

We add to Knight and Butler’s list of co-incidences further by noting that there are 12 x 109.09 Kush in the diameter of the moon at 2160 miles.  The diameter of the Sun divided by the diameter of the Earth is also 109.09. And  the 36″ of the English yard divided by 33″ of Akbar’s yard = 1.09.

This interesting observation can also be added. If the word Kush is translated into Hebrew gematria we obtain k = 20, u = 6, and sh = 300 or a sum of 326. ??? As in 32.6 inches in 2.72 feet or a Megalithic Yard. But I quote A.E. Berriman’s units of measurement from his fastidious work “Historical Metrology” and he spells the word kus which then converts to k = 20, u = 6, s = 60 or a sum of 86. This is the diameter of the Sun stated above. Both of which are thought provoking co-incidences.

Based on an English Inch, the Sumerian inch of .66 inches reminds us of the velocity of the Earth at 66,622 miles per hour but -only- if the inch is the known standard. Otherwise, it is just a unit of one. It is also interesting that 49.49 x .66 inches equals a Megalithic Yard of 2.72 feet and Japheth (one of Noah’s sons) in gematria is 490. The meaning of Japheth is perfect.

This loops around quite a bit with these numbers repeating and reappearing. But I will stop here so that should you read their book, you will know there is more to it.

Have a very good new year.   (written January 2013, last updated Nov. 2018.)

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The Mystery of Noah’s Age…Revisited

B.L. Freeborn – Oct. 2012 (updated Nov. 2018)

Noah’s age was the original topic of this blog and solving the mystery behind it. Once it is figured out the mystery and the mocking stops, and it is not quite as fun anymore. So, do we really want to solve it?

In earlier posts it was speculated that 950 is a limit and the many ways to convert the number to obtain other numbers was discussed.

Looking back over all those numbers one number should have stood out. Notice that if 950 is inches we obtain 950 / 12 = 79.16 feet and we can also say that if 950 meant months then we obtain the same 79.16 years. This should have been a glaring red flag but most people do not see it as important for one of two reasons. The first reason is their society has already shifted away from the ancient system of measurement and is now using the less scientific (Yes – less!) metric system and so, do not recognize the importance of this number.

The second reason is, although they may live in a country such as the US, still using the more scientific system (yes – more!) of feet and miles, they just do not recognize the number as representing the diameter of the planet they are sitting upon. The average diameter of the Earth is 7920 miles which any educated person should have recognized in 79.16 in a jiffy (but we didn’t).

So let us list the quarrels that will arise from this paragraph:

1 – Is the mile a more scientific system than the metric?

2 – Does Noah’s age refer to the diameter of the planet?

The derivation of the mile system is something of a wonder and leaves one with the chilling realization that as far as science goes, we are just babes lost in the woods. Note just these few simple facts. The number of seconds in a day is 86400. The diameter of the Sun is 864000 miles. Each mile is composed of 5280 feet. The average diameter of the Earth is 7920 miles or 5280 x 1.5. The time it takes light to travel from the Sun to earth is 500 seconds and therefore to cross Earth’s orbital diameter is 1000 seconds. It is as if someone long ago chose these units of measure because they reveal the harmony of the universe.

The second question can only be answered by looking at the other ages of the patriarchs for similar information.

By listing the patriarchs, the age at which they fathered a son and the age to which they lived, a table can be formed. If we are diligent we can add the gematria of each man’s name as a first column. We will use the original spelling of the name as found in the Torah and the number value for each Hebrew letter as still used today.

So we have……

MAN’S                             SON          LIVED    TOTAL    YEAR

NAME:       GEMATRIA     BORN        AFTER      AGE      DIED


ADAM                45              130         800        930         930

SETH                 700            105         807         912       1042

ENOSH              357             90         815          905       1140

KENAN              210             70          840         910       1235

MAHALALEL       136            65          830         895       1290

JARED                214           162        800          962       1422

ENOCH                84             65        300          365         987

METHUSALEH     784          187        782          969        1656

LAMECH               90         182        595          777         1651

NOAH                   58        500        350           950         2006       Born in 1056 (biblical count)

This is the compiled list of the generations of Adam. If there is any validity to the idea that Noah’s age divided by 12 represents the diameter of the Earth then something else here must support that idea.

With very little trouble we see that Enoch did not live as long as his sires. In fact, the poor fellow lived about 1/3 of their life spans. He died at the respectable age of 365 years which sounds remarkably like the number of days in a year.

What else?

Noah’s gematria is 58 and his father was 500 when he was born. Compare 58 to the distance Earth travels about the Sun in any given year or just over 584 million miles. Furthermore, compare this 584 to 58,500 (gematria followed by father’s age).

Twice the number of feet in a mile is 10560 and the year Noah was born was 1056.

Here is another example of how this is built to make us look closer. See the 777. The number itself catches our attention with its solid repetition. Does it seem as if it is bracketed by the 950 and 969 to draw our attention even further? And looking closer at the 595 to its left, 969 above it and 782 kitty-corner, we find the average of 595 and 969 is?  782. This repeats the 782 and is very nearly the value of Methusaleh’s gematria of 784. This value reminds us somewhat of the polar diameter of Earth at 7899 miles but not enough to be convincing.

If you care to work on it for yourself, you will find that some numbers are sines, cosines and tangents. This is a mystery worth solving!


Re-writing English History while Solving the Sator-Rotas, Part I

-B.L.Freeborn, (c) Oct. 2012 -last updated Nov. 2018

The “Sator Rotas” to an archaeologist is a trivial, long worn out mystery. To any fifth grader it is a quick puzzle. After the fifth grader explains it to the archaeologist then it becomes an out-of-place artifact.

File:Rotas square from Cirencester.jpg

Sator-Rotas from Cirencester, Wikipedia.

Let us first discover what is known and believed about this grid before we look at the way an un-influenced mind would perceive it.

It is a five by five grid of letters that has been found in several places spanning both time and distance. The oldest is dated to 79 AD from Pompeii. The clear representation pictured below is from Oppede, France. A number of them have been found in England. Others have been found throughout Europe and one has been found in Syria. It is assumed it is in Latin. It is thought to be a secretive sign between Christians but others consider it magical. There are others who think it is a Jewish puzzle.

Before we throw the current translation out, let us reiterate it:

From Wikipedia we have………

“Sator Sower, planter; founder, progenitor (usually divine); originator

Arepo (arrepo) (I) creep/move stealthily towards, also trust, or likely an invented proper name. Its similarity with arrepo, from ad repo, ‘I creep towards’, may be coincidental

Tenet holds, keeps; comprehends; possesses; masters; preserves

Opera work, care; aid, service, (an) effort/trouble

Rotas (rota) wheel, rotate; (roto) (I) whirl around, revolve rotate; used in the Vulgate Psalms as a synonym for whirlwind and in Ezekiel as plain old wheels.”

They continue with …

“One likely translation is “The farmer Arepo has [as] works wheels [a plough]”; that is, the farmer uses his plough as his form of work. Although not a significant sentence, it is grammatical; it can be read up and down, backwards and forwards. C. W. Ceram also reads the square boustrophedon (in alternating directions). But since word order is very free in Latin, the translation is the same.”

Now let’s think about this….. They have been found in England. They have been found in Italy – Pompeii, Portugal, France, and Syria. So is it logical to conclude it is written in Latin? Probably. However – let us pause to think like a modern fifth grader who speaks the language spoken in England at this current time which is conveniently – this one.

What would a fifth grader see?

I suspect he/she could make a rather large list of words very similar to the list compiled below. The first two words any fifth grader is likely to identify are TEN and NET. Surely, the word ten appears four times and when read in the opposite direction they spell net. The four “nets” create a picture which forms a net spread out from the central N.

These are in fact two very revealing words which will lead us forward – momentarily. Our fifth graders would also spot the words SAT and ARE very quickly. A very bright child might find the word OPERA and then OPERATOR. We would not expect them to find TOR since it is not commonly used today but they would see the commonly used English word TENET. They might go on to find POT, OPEN and AT. They of course would not realize that they are finding Modern English words in a puzzle written many years before the creation of the language they speak. Unless!!!! There is something we do not understand about English.

This has led us off topic but it is a necessary deviation. The history of the English language must be checked. Is it possible this is written in modern English or even Old English?


Or that is what we must infer from references such as the quote below from Wikipedia: English Language which does not conflict with other references I have on the subject. (Reference notes are found in Wikipedia article.)

“Historically, English originated from the fusion of closely related dialects, now collectively termed Old English, which were brought to the eastern coast of Great Britain by Germanic (Anglo-Saxons) settlers by the 5th century – with the word English being derived from the name of the Angles, and ultimately from their ancestral region of Angeln (in what is now Schleswig-Holstein).[12] A significant number of English words are constructed based on roots from Latin, because Latin in some form was the lingua franca of the Christian Church and of European intellectual life.[13] The language was further influenced by the Old Norse language due to Viking invasions in the 8th and 9th centuries.

The Norman conquest of England in the 11th century gave rise to heavy borrowings from Norman-French, and vocabulary and spelling conventions began to give the appearance of a close relationship with Romance languages[14][15] to what had then become Middle English. The Great Vowel Shift that began in the south of England in the 15th century is one of the historical events that mark the emergence of Modern English from Middle English.”

So, according to this English, even as Old English, was a dialect developed 400 years too late.

Darn!!! And it works so well in English if you look at the gematria. Like, the four tens actually are made of four 10’s!

Well, they do! Look…..

Using the Hebrew sounds for these letters, not a modern gematria for English letters and not translating them to Greek or Roman gematrias we substitute according to this:

A = 70

E = 1

R = 200

S =  60

T = 9

P = 80

N = 50 but if it considered to be a Hebrew Alef then = 1

let O =  6

S    A    T    O    R                        60      70       9       6    200

A    R   E    P     O                       70    200        1     80        6

T    E   N    E     T                         9         1     50       1        9

O    P   E    R     A                          6       80      1   200      70

R    O   T    A     S                     200         6       9     70      60

By this replacement, using the sounds provided by the Hebrew letters, we observe that indeed the tens create ten. There are four of them around a central 50.

The four tens sum to 40. This is a significant number. A square of sides of 40 has a diagonal of 56.56 which is a number often pointed out as important in these posts.  Or they might see it as a very Biblical number as in “Moses wandered for 40 years and it rained for 40 days and 40 nights.”

When the 40 is added to the 50 it sums to 90. Furthermore, each ten is at 90 degrees to the other which is true if the longitude and latitude of the planet is called a “net” and the four cardinal directions are then at 90 degrees to each other just as shown.

In other words: North, South, East and West are at 90 degrees to each other and each is depicted by the word NET fanning out from the center.

We take this idea one step further. Each degree of longitude and latitude is made of 60 minutes and each of those minutes of 60 seconds. Note that each 9 + 1 or ten when added to the central 50 creates 60. There are four 9’s on the exterior of the net and 4 x 9 = 36 which then repeats the number of seconds in a degree.

Not convinced?

File:Sator Square at Oppède.jpg

Sator-Rotas from Oppede, France, Wikipedia

Hmmm. In this image of the Sator Rotas from France the N is reversed which calls attention to it. The Hebrew Alef and the letter N are very similar. This letter in Hebrew has the value 1. Now if the central  letter is allowed both values, both 50 and 1, then their sum is 51 and 51 degrees is the latitude of Greenwich, England from which longitude is measured today. It is in the  center of both the puzzle and the Net created by longitude and latitude numbered from Greenwich.

If the letters surrounding the center (REPEREPE) are summed, the number 564 is obtained.  This is significant. The value ‘560’ was discussed in the prior post about the Hebrew alphabet. 40, 56, and 79 are the three most important numbers in this secret system. The 40 we have touched upon. The 79 appears as the word AT and might be said to refer to the diameter of the Earth at 7920 miles. It most certainly refers to something the ancients kept as an ultimate secret. Indeed, the word AT is very appropriate. The 56 appears in the sum of the letters REPEREPE (564) surrounding the middle. It is often found in secret writings as 565 or 56.5. If the center is allowed to be 1 then the 565 appears quiet nicely. This also repeats in the RPNPR diagonal. 560 + 50. But that can also be said to be 610 which repeats the 60’s.

Is this all that is hidden here?

No, it is a very plush garden of numerical facts. Notice that our ten’s reveal something else. The closest distance Earth comes to the sun is considered to be 91.4 million miles. Our 9 + 1 + 50 can be re-written as 91.50 miles. Not too bad for a bit of graffiti!

The circumference of the Sun is 2.72 million miles. Ra is the Sun God of the Egyptians. R = 200 and A = 70 …..Ra.  RA appears four times.

More? Yes!

I would be disappointed if the diameter of the Sun was not easily found and there….summing the exterior letters we find it equals 860. The diameter of the Sun is 864,000 miles plus a few.

Here then is another point. Hebrew does not have the letter O so the value for ‘v’ (vav), which also serves for letters w and u, was used as 6. There is some logic to using 7 for the O. Seven is the value for the letter ‘z’  in Hebrew. Z is the first letter in zero and zero was originally called ‘cipher.’ If the value 7 is used then the exterior sum is 864 and that perfectly reflects the diameter of the Sun. What is more, ATO would then sum to 86 which would repeat it.

This then is no simple rhyme about farmers with fabricated names tilling soil. It is in fact a dire message.

To obtain this message we must take a daring step. We will declare the establishment, quite respectfully of course, in grave error. For this is a grave matter and an even deadlier message. We will accept that this is not written in Modern English but will allow it to be plain OLD ENGLISH. Why Old English and not French, German or Russian? 10 !!! How is it said in French – dix, in Spanish – diaz, in German – zehn, in Russian – desyat, in Hebrew – yod, in Latin!!! – decem, and in English both old and new – ten!!! So, English it is!

We think these willy nilly old timers knew nothing of longitude and latitude. Maybe that is an incorrect perception as well! We have already seen the 60’s. We even found 610 in one diagonal. The sum of the opposing diagonal SRNRS is 570. What is 570 and why is it pertinent to longitude and latitude? The value of a radian is 57.29 degrees. Radians are used in circular measure. That is important in longitude and latitude, and other matters involving the circular movement of objects.

Shall we explore further? Shall we look at what has become an eerily out-of-place artifact? Is this evidence of time travel or evidence that we just do not understand something?

So, we diligently continue………………………..

We find these words in this little 25 letter grid.

In bold-italics is the Old English Spelling as provided by “The Student’s Dictionary of Anglo-Saxon,” by Henry Sweet, Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1896. A few spellings are provided by “The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language,” Houghton Mifflin Company, 1976. The Modern English equivalent is then provided. ME denotes Middle English, OF – Old French, and bold-italic – Old English.

From the Sator Rotas we read:

a = a, meaning ………always

ar = ar = meaning……….brass, copper, counting device, ær = early

aras = arise??? aries, arisan = rise, arasian = explore, detect

are = ar = aer = early, reverence, before

as = as ME = alswa = as

asa = assay ME = assai OF = ascian

aten = ateon = to draw out

at, ato, ate = æt = origin, ate

= Ea, one supreme god, æ = divine law

ene = ane = one time, ænne = anne = one

era = ar = brass, copper, counting device, ær = early

net = nett = net, mesh

open = open

opera = opera = work, drama

= apperen ME = appear

aparian = take in the act

operator = operator

opor = ? opportune

opo = oppose, against- pose, pose from post

or = or = before, beginning, origin

oro = ora = bank, shore

ot = ut = out, oth = until

per = aparian = take in the act, see doing = appear = peer

po = fa = foe (if P is soft) = fæh

po = pawa = pea = pea, pee, poor, pour, pore

po = River Po in Italy

po = pohhe = pouch, purse

por = poren ME = pour = to stream forth

por = porus = pore = passage, porr = leek (vegetable), see ‘po’

pot = pott = pot

potenet = potent ME, Scottish = power

ra = Ra (god), ray, ra = to raid

rasa = ræs = attack, running rush

= race = course

= ræsc = shower of rain

rep = repan = reap, rip = reap, rap = rope, riepan = spoil, rape

repe = ripan = reap, ripien = ripen = repeat

ro = reow = row, order

rope = rap = rope

rot = rot = hrot

rota = rotare = wheel

rotas = rotates ????

rotare = rotare = wheel

roten = rote = repeat,  rotian = rotung = decay

sa = seah = see, sa = bucket

sara = sare = sore, sorrow, sarian = painful, sad

sat = sæt = ambush, lair

sator = sætere = robber

satoro = satori = Buddhist enlightenment

tare = taru = tear

tas = teoso = injury, tæsan = tease (wool)

ten = teon = draw, drag, make, tien = ten

tenet = belief, tan  = twig, tænen = of twigs

to = to

top = topp = summit

tor = torr = tor, rock

torot = tarot = Italian 14th century game, plural of Torah

This is a substantial list of Old English words. What is very odd is that the Sator words are closer to modern English than Old English. From this we might easily conclude that the historian’s have misunderstood something. This simple out-of-place artifact suggests Old English was spoken as a distinct language some 500 years before it was supposedly invented.

Perhaps our understanding can be improved by looking at the numbers. They have not all been sought out. This and a more proper translation is the topic of the next post.

We shall let this mystery rest for a few days before we study the numbers.

Post as a full article

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Re-writing English History while Solving the Sator-Rotas, Part II

– B. L. Freeborn (c) Oct. 2012 -last updated Nov. 2018

We have been discussing the Sator-Rotas and how it changes our understanding of the English language.

Curiosity piqued? Must we toss out all the history books?

Link to full article.

Perhaps our understanding can be improved by looking at the numbers. They have not all been sought out.

Let us continue…Alas, there are many numbers. If you dread them more than the pox skip to the bottom.

We repeat for ease of study…



A = 70

E = 1

R = 200

S = 60

T = 9

P = 80

N = 50 but if it considered to be a Hebrew Alef then = 1

O =   6

Center number is both 1 (Hebrew Alef = 1) and N = 50 which sums to 51….. 51

S    A    T    O    R           60      70       9          6    200

A    R    E    P    O           70    200       1        80        6

T    E    N    E    T              9         1      50/1    1        9

O    P    E    R    A              6       80      1      200      70

R    O    T    A    S          200         6      9        70      60

Significant numbers are on the right side.

T, E = 9 + 1= 10

4 x ten = 4 x 10 = 40

10 x 4 = 40 and……………………………..40² + 40² = 56.56²

56 refers to their secret

Corner letters are S = 60…………………………. 60

Minutes in an hour

2 x 60 = 120…………………………………………    12

Signs of the Zodiac

R = 200 and 2 R’s = 400……………………….. 400

Ratio of Diameter of Moon/Sun

Four T’s of 9 = 4 x 9 = 36…………………….. 3600

Seconds in an hour

Four A’s of 70 = 4 x 70 = 280 and 280 x 2 = 560

Refers to their secret

Four O’s 4 x 6 = 24…………………………………..   24

Hours in a day

A T = 70 + 9 = 79…………………………………….7920

Diameter of Earth

A R E = 70 + 200 + 1 = 271……………………..   271

Circumference of Sun

P = 80 = 2³ x 10………………………………………      2³

Infinity of a sphere

PERA = 80 + 1 + 200 + 70 = 351, 351 x 2 = 702….   70

Rough distance between two degrees of longitude

RA in four places = 200 + 70 = 270…………….  270

Diameter of Sun

ENE (in middle) 1 + 50 + 1 = 52……………….     52

Weeks in a year

PR (in two corners) = 80 + 200 = 280, 280 x 2 = 560……

Their secret

PO in four places = 80 + 6 = 86……………………  86

Gematria of Elohim and Diameter of the Sun

OPO in two places = 6 + 80 + 6 = 92……………  92

Distance of Earth to Sun

Two corners of RSAA 200 + 70 + 70 + 60 = 400

Ratio of distance Earth to Moon / Earth to Sun

Two corners of OPOR = 6 + 80 + 6 + 200 = 292 times 2 = 584

Circumference of Earth’s orbit around the Sun

All four corners = RRSS = 200 + 200 + 60 + 60 = 520…  52

Weeks in a year

Center ring of 8 letters:

REPEREPE = 200 + 1 + 80 + 1 + 200 + 1 + 80 + 1 = 564 +

(center as Alef = 1) + 1  = 565………….. 565

Their secret about the reaper.

Sum of 16 exterior letters: SATOROTASATOROTA

60+70+9+6+200+6+9+70+60+70+9+6+200+6+9+70 = 860……860

Diameter of the Sun

Sum of first / last row: SATOR = 345……………………………………………. 345

345 x 2 = 690 or 69………………..  69

345 = 18.57²

345² + 345² = 238,050

345 = Gematria Value of Moses,

69 = approximate distance between two degrees of longitude,

18.57 = diameter of Earth’s orbit,

238000 distance between Earth and Moon

Sum of second /fourth row: AREPO = 357……357² + 357² = 254,900

Distance between Earth and Moon

Sum of middle row: TENET = 70………..(if  N = 50)……………………… 70

Approximate distance between two degrees of longitude

Sum of entire square = 345 + 357 + 70 + 357 + 345 = 1474

1474 = 79.2 x 18.6

Diameter of Earth x diameter of Earth’s orbit.

Let O’s = zero = 0 then…

Sum is = 1450, 1450 x 4 = 5800 or 58…………………………….. 58

Gematria of Noah and circumference of Earth’s orbit

16 exterior letters…………………. 16

Earth moves 1.6 million miles per day

5 x 5 square of letters…………… 5

Diagonal of the square 5² + 5² =7.07²………. 7.07

7 relates to their secret and we are reminded

by the number of days in a week

8 letters surround the middle N and 8 = 2³…………. 2³

The Earth is just less than 8000 miles in diameter.

It is 8000 – 80 miles or 7920 miles.

Diagonal SRNRS sums to 570

Number of degrees in one radian is 57.29

Diagonal RPNPR sums to 610

And who is the author of this ancient puzzle? Whose secret message was this?

English is the modern way of saying Engle, Anglo, or Angle. And how does one determine latitude? Do we not take a measurement in degrees off the Sun? Do we not measure its angle? Perhaps we should call the Sun – Ra and measure its rays? We can deduce that the puzzle is the work of: an Anglo, who knew Hebrew numbers and letters, the Latin Alphabet, and key astronomical values. The author was also initiated into the secrets of the Anglos, Egyptians and the Hebrews.

And so we come to understand the very beginnings of the English language. We now know a little more about who spoke it, when they spoke it, and where the word Anglo for English comes from. We can also date the use of Greenwich as the zero longitude line to the early days of the Christian era or before.

A new understanding is revealed so neatly by a little puzzle.

In conclusion……… perhaps the Sator Rotas Square should be read:

Ea, the Fifty-One, around which all rotates.

Thy Net, Thy Net lies all about us.

Ra, Ra, Rays, Rays! Gives direction.

Po, Po, Foe, Foe!

The reaper attacked!

Sa, Sa, we saw the buckets……

O – O  O – O

Ohhh.. We saw sorrow….

Rotate power. Rotate foe all around.

Once reaped. Once reaped.

It tore. It ripped. It raped the land.

It repeats. It repeats.

Know the enemy seat, seventy-nine.

In the rock is the knowledge.

The poor perished, poor perish!

When it appeared.

Ohhhh…We saw sores…..

Ea, the Eye, thou are the

Operator in the Opera.

Ohh… the pole was teased. The pole was tossed.

Follow the rope, the rope.

Rebuild the Net! The Net!

Peer and attend. Peer and attend.

We saw sorrow all about us!

Ohhh….We saw sores where it seared.

It did toss!



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A Little Mystery Hidden in the Hebrew Alphabet

– B. L Freeborn, Oct. 2012   (last updated Nov. 2018)

There is a similarity between the Hebrew Alphabet and the Sator-Rotas. A few minutes of time spent looking at the alphabet may help us with the long worn out mystery of the Sator-Rotas.

In 1933, J.P. Frey suggested that Latin speaking Jews were the likely source of the Sator-Rotas Square because of their love of puzzles and because there were Jewish settlements in the area of Pompeii, the location of the oldest known encryption. Duncan Fishwick, MA, University of St. Michael, Toronto discussed this and other ideas in his 1959 article about the Square.

The Sator Rotas has perplexed many noble minds. The more time that passes the more answers are proposed. I am not proposing an answer just yet. That can wait a few more posts. I am only building on Frey’s observation noted above. Duncan’s complete article is available here.

Sator-Rotas from Oppede, Luberon, France. Photo by M. Disdero, Wikipedia.

The Sator-Rotas dates back to 79 AD Pompeii. We look at the Square and note that around a central N is two circles of letters in a square fashion. The inner ring of letters is EPEREPER. The exterior circle creates the name of the puzzle: Sator-Rotas or Rotas-Sator. Now observe the similarity of this puzzle to the Hebrew Alphabet.

Recall that the Latin Alphabet is composed of 52 symbols for 26 sounds. There are two symbols for each sound which are a capital letter and a small letter. Similarly, the Hebrew Alphabet is composed of 27 symbols for 22 sounds. Only five sounds have two symbols but they are not “capitals.” They are used when the sound falls at the end of a word. So we might group this alphabet into two parts.

Those without endcaps:

   and the five pairs with their endcaps:   

The first seventeen letters do not have ‘caps.’ The last ten letters are the pairs for the sounds which equate to k, m, n, p and ts in English.

The first letter that looks like an ‘N’ is the letter ‘Alef’. Because of its similarity to ‘N’ and its central place in the Sator puzzle we will pull it out and make it the center once again. Now we have our central letter “N” or  Alef, the inner circle composed of the ten letters that have endcaps and the outer ring composed of the 16 other letters.

Similarity between Hebrew Alphabet and Sator-Rotas

If the alphabet is also a puzzle then we are left with a clue by understanding that each letter represents a number as well as a sound. The letter ‘Alef’ equals one. The next letter equals 2, and so forth. The sum of all 27 letters in this alphabet is 1775. This letter for a number is what is called the gematria values. From here the puzzle unravels in numbers.  Take note of the following:

The total sum of the alphabet is 1775 and 1775 = pi x 565. Interestingly 1/1775 = .000563.

The central number of the alphabet is 1 and sums to 1.

The outside sixteen letter group of the alphabet sums to 1214.  This is interesting but not significant here. However, it is important that the exterior ring on the Sator Square is also made of 16 letters.

It is of ultimate importance that the ten letters with endcaps sum to 560.  This is nearly the same as 565 seen above.

So, we have an image created by 1 in the center, then 560 and then 1214.

Compare then this next similarity to the Sator puzzle. If “one” is considered to be the center then the EPEREPER inner ring, when converted to numbers using the Hebrew equivalents, becomes:

E = 1

R = 200

P = 80

This gives us the string of numbers: 1, 80, 1, 200, 1, 80, 1, 200 which sums to 564

and plus the central ‘Alef’ or 1 equals 565.

The 560 and 565 of the alphabet reappears in this puzzle as the 564 or 565 of the center of the puzzle.

All those familiar with Hebrew will recognize this pattern, 565, from the letters which spell Yahweh or 5,6,5,10.

Interest piqued? Note this other little mathematical fact about the alphabet. That 1 and 560 appears in other places. Two instances are 10560 and 1056.

In what year was Noah born? 1056    (Biblical counting that is. Not real years.)

And 10560 is 2 x 5280.  Which is easily recognized!  No? How many feet are in a mile?

We are led on a further quest…..Who designated the feet in a mile? Who designed the alphabet? What is the meaning of 56?

I let this whole matter rest for consideration before the Sator Rotas is examined further.

Thanks for reading. Feel free to leave a question or a comment.

More on the Hebrew Alphabet and secrets