The Message of the Newberry Tablet – Part 3

© 2015 B. L. Freeborn

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

To the first post on the tablet – To the previous post on the tablet.

In the last posts we looked at the overall layout of the Newberry Tablet and a few symbols.

In this post six symbols are studied: the glyphs found at the bottom corners, the cross, the symbol at 1, 3 and the similar symbol at 3,9. The last symbol to be studied combines the cup symbol found in the upper left corner with what looks like a bird foot print and is found at 10,10. There are two of the latter. The second is found at 14,5. It combines the idea of the cup with sound ‘ni’ with glyph #451 with sound ‘hur.’ This sounds remarkably like the word ‘hour’ and if the craters in Hudson Bay were used as the start line for longitude then the ‘hours’ of Earth’s rotation are marked off from this place. We should recall that the word ‘ni’ means ‘here, now, and/or upon us’ and is today spelled ‘nigh.’

This idea is repeated in the bottom left corner. There is a double loop with a line on top of it. It is a combination of glyphs #368 and #380 from the Luwian Glyph list. The double loop was determined to mean ‘evil’ which a double crater would certainly represent. This symbol would then repeat the idea of the line of longitude index point. It is used four times in the table.

Again the idea is reinforced by the symbol in the bottom right corner which is found in the glyph list at #17 and represents the ruler. This glyph is repeated five times in the table. So then the four corners, which should define the topic of the tablet, are: a cup (crater), an eye, a line at evil and the ruler.

The last three symbols are the cross which is used seven times and is found in the glyph list at #309. It likely represents the idea of ‘a place’ or ‘an intersection.’ The other two symbols are the upside down trident at 1, 3 and the related symbol that puts a hook on top of the glyph. The first symbol is #455 and has sound ‘la’ or we might say in both modern and old English it is the word ‘lay.’ The similar symbol combines this with the hook glyph #378. So, it expresses the idea of ‘laid with the hook’ or ‘at/by’.

The table is filling in!

The study will continue in the next post.

The Newberry Tablet's decipherment continues in this image as six more glyphs are filled in.

The Newberry Tablet’s decipherment continues in this image as six more glyphs are filled in.



The Message of the Newberry Tablet – Part I

© 2015 B. L. Freeborn

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

Smithsonian Photo of Newberry Tablet, compliments of Roger Jewell

From the previous post:  The Newberry Tablet’s authenticity, like all inscribed artifacts found in North America, is much debated. The best place to see it as it exists today is to watch Scott Wolter’s episode in “America Unearthed.” Virtually destroyed, there are few pictures of it in existence. The best pictures are in Roger Jewell’s book, “Ancient Mines of Kitchi Gummi” which is a well thought out explanation of the copper mines in the Lake Superior area and worth reading.

We continue: The images here are compliments of Roger Jewell. Thank you.

In the last post the overall number layout of the tablet was discussed and now it is time to look at some of the symbols. They may be viewed as letters by some and hieroglyphs by others. Barry Fell viewed them as letters from the Cypriot Alphabet and translated it accordingly. The two letters that led him to think it was of that alphabet are seen (counting from left, top)  in box 1,9 (next to the dot) and 13,3. Beyond these two there is little resemblance. These two symbols repeat in the array but we begin not with them but the symbols in the first box that looks like a C since it would seem the topic should be announced first.

This C symbol repeats at 6,1; 11,2 and 14,9 (or 1,2 from the bottom corner). Note these numbers are formed 11 or 1, 61, 16, 112, 914 and 1 to 2. The last (1 to 2) is what the overall image suggests as discussed previously. The 112 is twice 56. The ones and 11 speak of creation but what of the 16, 61 and 914? The first number in the Torah is 913. The number of miles the Earth travels in a day is 1600,000. The Earth at its closest approach to the Sun is 91.4 million miles from the Sun. But is there another relationship?

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

Perhaps its shape gives us a clue. It is a cup. It is the shape of the center of Stonehenge’s main uprights. The first sound of cup is K and this sound in Hebrew is denoted by a C shape. The word cup is repeated in the word copper which was mined heavily in the region where this tablet was found. This C shape is the symbol for ‘great’ with sound ‘ur’ from Luwian Hieroglyphs (see number 363). It was repeated four times on Kerbstone 86 at ancient Knowth in Ireland. The word ‘origin’ begins with this ‘ur’ sound and the Old English word ‘or’ means origin and ore. Does the cup indicate the origin of copper ore?

Previously Hudson Bay has been discussed and geographically this tablet is from Michigan rather close to the bay with its TWO large cup shapes at 56.5 N and 79.2 W. Hmmmm. As it says there are 2 at 1 the origin.

What then is in box 5,6? (row 5, column 6). The symbols should be consistent with the suggested meaning. There is a Y at 5, 6 and the cup shape repeats with a double box in it at column 5 row 6. The former suggests this is the split which confirms the idea of origin and the latter suggests tiles/grid in the cup once again confirming the idea. Opposed to the cup in the far corner is a dot, or an eye, or the repeating of the idea of ‘here it begins’ in box 1,10 or 1,1.

This is a good beginning. After all there are 138 symbols or 2 x 79 or maybe 79.2 and that is the longitude of Hudson Bay. But!!!!!! That longitude is measured from England where lies Stonehenge with its large ‘cup’ configured monoliths and more recently discovered identical CUP inscription. (See this well written paper.) And what’s more! The diameter of Earth is 7920 miles. Coincidence! Or is it? Remember that number 914 from above and the 913 from the first number in the Torah? 914/565 is????  And its inverse is??? (Hint: Golden _ _ _ _ _ )

More to follow……… on the message of the Newberry Tablet.

Study of symbols of Newberry Tablet

Study of symbols of Newberry Tablet

Back to the very beginning of series on Adena Tablets

Previous Post on the  Newberry Tablet

Posts on:  Batcreek Stone, Shaman Stone,

 Adena Pipe, Numbers and their Meaning,

Ramey Peet Tablet, Gridley Stone

McKensie and Bainbridge Tablets, Cincinnati Tablet,

Egyptian Art Comparison, Wilmington Tablet, Lakin A Tablet,

The Gaitskill Clay Tablet, Allen Tablet, Grave Creek,

The Kiefer Tablet, Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets,

Berlin Tablet, Gaitskill Stone Tablet, The Low Tablet,

The Waverly Tablet, Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin!!!!

See also Luwian Symbols by: Gunter Anders at

The Adena Tablets of Ancient Ohio – The Wright, Lakin B and Meigs Tablets

© 2014 B. L. Freeborn

Art from Ancient Ohio- The Wright Tablet

Art from Ancient Ohio- The Wright Tablet

A portion of the Wright Tablet is shown. It was found in Montgomery County, Kentucky and it appears so dramatically different from the other three tablets previously studied that they seem unrelated. Hence, other authors have described them as different in style and content. In due course we shall see that the difference is a result of artistic choice and the message is the same.

This tablet when viewed on its side as shown, looks deceptively like a bird with a vertical eye, beak, neck, and body. It also seems to be positioned above its nest. The deception is probably intentional to mislead the uninitiated. The initiate would see that the egg in the nest looks remarkably like an eye. The eye is surrounded by something that has a tail. In fact a comet also has an eye, is surrounded by matter and has a tail.

Caelum Glyph - Heaven

Caelum Glyph – Heaven

The bird head has a similar feature and the beak forms two tails. Indeed, this vertical eye looks remarkably like the Luwian Hieroglyph Caelum, symbol # 182, which means heaven. It has no associated sound. A comet can be described as a bird from heaven.

209 i

Glyph 209 for sound i

The line in the middle was represented in the Grave Creek Tablet as the center area with two rhomboids. We can see it as symbol #209 which has sound ‘i’. Attached to the bar is a circle with a dot in it which we associated previously with ‘sa’ from symbol #402 Scutella meaning shield. Sa-i or i-sa can be created by these two sounds. Eventually we will find both are appropriate. The first suggests ‘see’ and the second ‘ice.’

The first impression is that this tablet is devoid of numbers in contrast to the Kiefer Tablet. However, the ‘sa’ circle provides us with 1, the bar’s black hollow area is 1, and the two sides of the bar creates 2 or 112 appears once again. The bird’s head also provides 112. The area to the left of the vertical eye is shaped to create a dot, the eye forms 1 and the tail forms 2. The nest area also provides 112. The eye is 1, the tail is 1 and there are two lobes on the loop surrounding the eye. There appears to be twelve lobes on the exterior of the nest but the right edge is too worn to confirm this. If it is 12 then the ‘sa’ provides 1 and the 12 completes the number to create 112. Counting dots and circles across the image gives 1,1,1. Including the bird eye in the count gives 1,1,2. Recall 112 is 2 x 56.

This bird head symbol is identifiable in the Meigs County Tablet and Lakin B Tablet. The Lakin B Tablet is a photo from Ohio Archaeologist and the image on the right is from David Penny’s report. The location of both tablets is unknown. Both tablets consist of an eight panel layout except the Meigs squeezes in the double central image which will be dominant in the Cincinnati Tablet (future post). However, the artist preserved the 2 x 4 layout. The number 2,4,8 is apparent here and what is 248 but a reminder of the circumference of the planet at 24868 miles. Taking this one step further, by squeezing in the two extra panels the Meigs records the series 2,4,8,6 which makes the comparison stronger. Or it can be said it records 8,6,4,2 as was noted in the Grave Creek Tablet and it relates to the diameter of the Sun at 864,336 miles. There is no suggestion here that the artist or society was able to measure the planet or the Sun just that they were taught the numbers and their importance in the very same way the average person is today.

Lakin B on left and Meigs Tablet on right.

Lakin B on left and Meigs Tablet on right.

What is apparent is that the Lakin B (from Mason County, West Virginia) appears to be instructional as if someone created the tablet to explain an event and we can almost hear s/he speaking to us. The Meigs (from Meigs County, Ohio) tablet upon close inspection seems to relate the same story but slightly more stylized and with hash marks in the bottom left indicating numbers were inherent to the story. If the image is accurate the number 792 is easily counted out. Counting the full set as 9 and then counting left to right to the largest mark is 7 leaving 2. The Kiefer Tablet noted 79-24 and which reminds one of the diameter of the planet.

Examination of the bottom left of the Lakin B reveals scallops on the figure that appear to count out nine with two on one side of the figure and seven on the bottom which may also create 792. Or indeed, there is no reason to exclude the number 279 which also relates to astronomical measures. The distance to the asteroid belt which lies beyond Mars and encircles the four inner planets is 2.79 Astronomical Units (ie. 2.79 Earth to Sun distances). Taking this useful set of numbers one step further, they also make 29.7 which is the longest period in days between full Moons and is the diameter of the Earth in reverse.

A good idea as to what story these tablets relate might be found by reviewing the easily read Metcalf Stone.

Next we follow the bird head and it takes us to the Berlin tablet.

Back to very first post on Adena Tablets

Next post on the Berlin Tablet

Previous Post on The Kiefer Tablet
Posts on: Allen Tablet, Grave Creek, and Metcalf Stone, and pdf article on

Hudson Bay as a comet crater of recent origin.

Plain English Please

By B.L. Freeborn © 2013

Sketch of Decalogue Stone of Newark, Ohio. By B.L. Freeborn.

Sketch of Decalogue Stone of Newark, Ohio. By B.L. Freeborn.

The explanation of the Oval at the Newark Earthworks in Ohio is simple but of exceptional debate. We need to ask what elements in the Beltane story, Newark Earthworks and the Newark Decalogue have we left out? We have discussed the possibility that the oval was once filled seasonally with water. We have discussed how the Decalogue Stone appears to be a little ark. We might recall that the Oval is the shape of the egg at the Great Serpent Mound. In that respect, keeping with the story then Baal may be the serpent and the Oval would be another representation of the Earth since in fact the planet is just sightly oval not round. We have discussed the finding of meteoric iron and crescent shapes and the idea that the Great Circle shows a sideways impact of a comet into the Earth. Could the Oval be a further description? It would have been nice if they had just wrote it out in plain Old English so we would not have to guess. Ahhh, did they?

Recall the overall layout gave us the idea of 23 32 or “keg Baal.”  But 23 degrees 30′ is in fact the limit of the Arctic and Antarctic circles. The center of these two circles are the poles which relates back to the maypole.

Newark Oval as drawn by D. WyrickWe might ask what else the Ancients tried to portray here. All three maps of the site, Burks’, Squier’s and Wyrick’s, depict the oval with a U shaped appendage to the west. There are also several strange paths with bump-outs to the west. Is it possible that this large oval and projections are letters or words? It is possible that the east side of the oval had a similar appendage as on the west that has worn away with time and creek flooding. This would make the Oval similar in concept to the Luwian Hieroglyph shown below. This glyph is unnamed but is associated with the sound “la.” 1

Luwian symbol #445.

Luwian symbol #445.

This form of writing called Luwian or Hittite Hieroglyphs is from the area of Hattusa in present day region of Anatola, Turkey and northern Syria. Evidence that this writing dates from third and early second millennia BC exists. There is no evidence of its use after 7th century BC per academia.2 Its use has been previously demonstrated at Loughcrew, Ireland3 which is believed by some to be much older than the 5500 year old Knowth Tomb, Ireland where several examples have been demonstrated.4 An example of Luwian Hieroglyphics will be shown at the conclusion of this series from a much later period.

Oval with Hieroglyphic Words notedIt would seem this symbol of a circle with two ears is not the only Hieroglyph to be found at Newark. Since Wyrick’s map is believed to be the most accurate, the Oval portion of his map is redrawn here for our study. A comparison of the simple geometric figures with Luwian Hieroglyphs produces a translation as we see in this image.5 Three words are written out. The main oval is Symbol number 445 with sound “la.” Attached at the bottom is the line pronounced “ra,” Symbol number 383. Off the side of Ra is a hump or Symbol number 209 or 210 and sound “i” or “ia” which gives the word: La- Ra- I.

The middle set of lines with the circle and dot is Scutella 402 (Latin for shield) pronounced “sa”. The line beneath is “ra,” Symbol number 383. This forms the word Sa-Ra.

The third word is a combination of the hump out “i” and “ra” to form I-Ra.

We need a translation of “Larai Sare Ira.” How fortunate! This is written in English, Old English that is! 6 7

Larai provides these possibilities: lær = empty; læran = to teach (to fill the mind of someone who is empty); lar = lore, history; lareow = teacher; leorian = to vanish, die, become empty; lyre = hurt, lure; and leger = lair, lying, grave.

Sa-Ra provides: sar = to sear, or sare = sore. And I-Ra could be irre or ierre which means fierce, angry or ire.

The sentence then becomes “Ire sore lair” or in modern terms “An angry sore, an emptiness.” This provides us with a meaning for the Oval. It represents the place where we might presume the event of Bael-teon occurred or where the comet they are referring to as Baal impacted.

Is this sore in southern Ohio? Is it the .8 mile crater that forms the hills into strange sheared plains? Would this event motivate people from half way around the world to seek it out? Not likely. The construction so close to the creek so the Oval can be filled with water suggests they are referring to a watery grave and to have drawn the attention of the ancient world it must have been a significantly larger impact. What event do we find described world-wide that everyone scoffs at?

Forward to NEXT POST




References/ Footnotes:

  1. Freeborn, B.L., “Luwian Hieroglyph Reinterpretation,” 2013. See:
  2. Wikipedia article: Anatolian Hieroglyphs. See:
  3. Freeborn, B.L. “A Loughcrew Petroglyph Translation,” 2013. See:
  4. Freeborn, B.L., “A Simple and Elegant Neolithic Oops,” 2013. See:
  5. Anders, Gunter, “Luwian Symbols.”  See:
  6. Hall, J.R. Clark , “A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary.” Toronto: University of Toronto, 1894.
  7. “The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language,” Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1976.
  8. Gordon, Cyrus, “Forgotten Scripts,” New York: Dorset Press, 1987.

Newark Decalogue Stone and Earthworks: An Unraveling Mystery

The following twenty-five posts were a pleasure to write and even more so to share with you. 

Newark Decalogue Stone and Earthworks: An Unraveling Mystery  … Full document as pdf.

B.L. Freeborn   © July 2013

“As a rule, innovation is welcome only when it is confined to surface details and does not modify the structure as a whole.” – Cyrus Gordon

Table of Contents

  1. Lepper’s One-Way Leap into Oh-Oh

    Front Face of Newark Decalogue Stone

    Front Face of Newark Decalogue Stone

  2. The Remains according to Romain

    Keystone found near Octagon in Newark, Ohio

    Keystone found near Octagon in Newark, Ohio

  3. Ohh… Let It Not be True

    Newark Earthworks, Link to James Q. Jacobs Site and Photos.

    Newark Earthworks, Link to James Q. Jacobs Site and Photos.


See another example of Ohio Hebrew here.

Luwian Hieroglyph Reinterpretation

Luwian Hieroglyph

Luwian Hieroglyph

Luwian Hieroglyphs are otherwise known as Hittite Hieroglyphs. The name Luwian comes from the three glyphs shown in the image. This is how they referred to themselves. The first glyph is unidentified. The sound La is associated with it. The second glyph is for mountain. It has the associated sound Wa. The third is also unidentified but has the sound A. Hence, the name is La-wa-a.

Sometimes the sound attached to the glyph is not used but the name of the glyph is used as in a rebus. In other words, it is also possible they referred to themselves by the identity of the glyphs.

The following revisions for these symbols are suggested.

The first glyph: La or ley is still an appropriate sound to be attached to it. It is the root word of to lay, to lie and line. Perhaps it is an image of the place where ‘the two holes are” as it depicts. It suggests a specific place for perhaps the primary line of longitude. (Which is now in Greenwich, England but was not always.)

The second glyph: It is likely this refers to the mountain of ice that once overlaid the magnetic pole when it was at Hudson Bay. The two bumps repeat the idea of the the two holes seen in the first glyph and that form the bay. It may also suggest a set of dividers which is a tool used in navigation and engineering to transfer measures. The symbol shows an angle. Its name could then be the root of the word angle. Perhaps angle was once pronounced an-gal which reinforces the idea that the mountain was galled. The sound wa is still appropriate since Hittite is an Indo-European language and wa means woe. The word angst has the root word ang and also means woe.

The third glyph is associated with the sound a. It probably shows a knife, sword or dagger.

The symbols might be translated to mean “the measurers of angles and lines with respect to the galls from the daggers” and their name to La Ang-a as opposed to Luwian. It is not a big leap to their modern name. This begins to explain the origin of the name Angle or English which is poorly understood today.

This is too brief to give a real explanation. The next series of posts, although they seem unrelated at first, will eventually lead back to this very subject of Luwian or should we say Lay-Ang-a.


See Luwian Symbols by: Gunter Anders at



(updated Nov. 2018)

A Simple and Elegant Neolithic Oops

– B.L. Freeborn (c) 2013, updated Nov. 2018

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

Sketch of Kerbstone 86

There is an oops in this drawing that reveals all. You won’t see it right off in its simple symmetric shape of four crescents, a line and two dots but here is the thing. If you examine image after image of art from Knowth, Dowth, Loughcrew and Newgrange you will see abstract shapes of swirls, curves, zigzags, crescents etc. but you will never see anything that looks specifically like a distinct letter. A crescent does but it is not distinct enough for one to point at a specific alphabet and say ahah! that is from Ancient ….. It is as though these artists did not have a written language and that is why symbols that appear to be letters or hieroglyphs are absent. There seems to be an overwhelming agreement these ancient builders were illiterate. Yet it is a simple idea that no letters were used in their art because these monuments were built for the eons and people (like us) who would not speak their specific language but who might speak – the one universal language.

So the oops is the letter dead center in the image. A line with a dot on each side according to the eminent Dr. Cyrus Gordon is part of the Hittite (now called Luwian) Hieroglyphic system and it is the letter “wa.” It does not mean this is the Luwian language but if it is “wa” then it confirms these people spoke an Indo-European language just as we would expect. We will come back to this.

Shall we read this mathematical message to us sent across time?

As before, we immediately count 4 C’s in a square shape and draw the conclusion we must square four!  Or 4² + 4² = 5.65².   And there we have the incredibly important and secret number 56 that is central to the deep mystery and appears at Stonehenge (see post) and is incorporated into the Giza Pyramid.

The C shape looks like the Hebrew K so we shall equate it to 20. What then might we equate the “wa” to? In Hebrew gematria the “wa” sound is often indicated by the ‘vav’ which equals 6. This gives us 4 C’s at 20 + 6 or 86. And this is the incredibly important value of the Sun with its diameter in miles at 864,000.

Can there be any other mathematical secrets in this figure?

Let us read it as we did others. 2 C, 1 wa, 2 C equates to 212. ????

The 212 divided by the dominant 4C equates to 212/4 = 53. This is not a very big mystery when we realize that Knowth sits at 53 degrees 42′ latitude. We do not have to look hard to find the number 42 repeated in the image. But eghads these are virtual cavemen! They could not measure latitude!

So I must be wrong….Then recount 2C, 1 dot, 1 line, 1 dot, 2 C makes 21112?

Divide by 4 and obtain 5278? The number of feet in a mile is 5280. If we work this backwards 4 x 5280 = 21,120. I will leave you to ponder that.

Unless they meant 21 /12 = 1.75 or the more revealing 12 / 21 = .5714 which reminds us of the value of a radian at 57.29. This gives us more to think about because we weren’t smart enough to develop radian measure until a few hundred years ago. Therefore, we project our ignorance onto them and conclude they could not have understood the concept.

But perhaps we have been too technical and they meant us to add the 21 and 12 to get 33. Does 33 mean anything special? As a matter of fact it does. It is one of the often repeated numbers.

So let us go one step further. If they had an alphabet, then what language did they speak?

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Missing Stone at Cairn F, Loughcrew, Ireland. After Brennan, After Du Noyer.

Perhaps the answer to that has been stolen from us. Martin Brennan records in his book the inscription on a stone which was removed from Loughcrew, Ireland. This is a mountain site which is much older than Knowth and Newgrange. I repeat the symbols here with the warning that they have been reproduced in succession and errors may have crept in.

This then suggests these people did have a written language distinct from the art. Since we would like to think we are quick of wit, let us try to solve the present riddle at hand. We have 2 C’s, a “wa”, and 2 C’s.

Since this decipherment into words is novel we shall do it thrice:

Try One:

C is the initial sound in crescent, comet, cup and cave and its shape repeats the idea of each word’s meaning. This suggests it has sound value K. So let us stick with it and pronounce the word.  CCwaCC or KwaK.

I am told that at one time all the letters in words were pronounced. So when we read light as lite it is incorrect. The gh in light was once pronounced. This suggests the c and k of quick were both pronounced. Because Knowth is on an island once solidly joined to Britain and Germany by land, and in close proximity regardless, it is not too far a cry to suggest this is one of two English words: quake or quick. The latter has the double c preserved and both preserve the k-wa sound. And if you think about it, they say the same thing. In Old English, according to J.R. Clark Hall, quake and quick are spelled cwac and cwic respectively. And he reminds us that it means “living, trembling”, and “living, alive.”  From Indo-European roots it is found as gwei which is the root of both English “quick” and German “Kwi(k)waz” also meaning alive.  (Old languages did not always differentiate between g and k.) In support of this interpretation, quick and quake are both appropriate to the diagram itself once the over all meaning of the site is understood.

This then suggests once again the impossible, just as an analysis of the Sator-Rotas revealed, and that is, that the English language did not begin around 500 AD as we are educated. For these sites are older than the pyramids. It helps piece together a past for the English language that might just pre-date High German. Is this possible? Time will tell.

Try Two:

As above we have CCwaCC. The Old English word ceac meaning vessel can be represented by the two letters CC. In Old English ‘wa’ is the word “woe, a sorrow.” So this translation suggests there were two vessels, woe, two vessels. The image reinforces this translation.

Try Three:

We look once again at the Luwian and find that the large bold C symbol is the hieroglyph for the word meaning “great.” So then our image reads great, great, wa, great, great. The hieroglyph is associated with the sound ur. Ur was a very great city of the past. Perhaps this is why the linguists have happened upon the association. In Old English we note that ur can mean our, ore or origin. So then, the image takes on the meaning origin-woe. To understand this better we note that sometimes the hieroglyphs did not represent a sound but the object itself. In this case it could mean great, great woe. So we have “the origin of the great woe.”

So in total we have “the origin of the great woe” that was quick and a quake. It speaks of a great sorrow, a quake, a tragedy, a great woe and great vessels. It speaks of the Day the Pole Moved.

Many more mysteries to unravel…..

Thank you for reading!

See more of fantastic Knowth and Dowth at these links:

(1) Cyrus H. Gordon, “Forgotten Scripts.” NY: Dorset Press, 1968. See pg. 98.

(2) Martin Brennan, “The Stones of Time.” Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International, 1994. See pg. 165.

(3) J.R. Clark Hall , “A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary.”  Toronto: University of Toronto, 1894.

(4) “The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language,” Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1976. See Indo-European Roots, pg. 1519.