# The Message Sitting Plainly in Sight at Newgrange

Stone in front of Newgrange, Ireland. Photo provided by Wikimedia.

Before we continue on with the alphabet….. another kerb stone from Ireland.

Newgrange, Ireland is a large pre-historic monument called a passage tomb. It is older than the Great Pyramids. In front of it sits what is called a kerb stone adorned with Neolithic art.

Most people who look at this stone see pre-historic graffiti despite the fact it is sitting in front of a spectacular building.

Notice on the far right there are actually two squares above a shape like a mountain. There is a swirl shape above which is perhaps a cloud? Notice at the top center a vertical straight line. Perhaps a pole?

Could this be a story which reads right to left. Does it say two daggers struck a mountain from the clouds above? Everything turned and churned at the pole. There was more turning and churning as more daggers ricocheted from the pole.

Could it be possible there is more written here in a language we were meant to understand? Could this be a message written in math?

There are three large swirls followed by six swirls. Most could read the message that far. 3 and 6 as in 36 or 3 + 6 = 9.

But all of the 6 swirls are not complete. There are 4 complete and 2 partial. Then that is 2, 4 or 24. Or it might be 42. These numbers 24 and 36 bring to mind hours in a day and seconds in an hour? Degrees in a circle?

Perhaps it is just 32. The square of 5.65 is 32. So we might say 5.65 is at the pole or 56.5?

How delightfully co-incidental of them to doodle in such a scientific manner!!!

But there are two key numbers missing…the diameter of the sun 864,000 miles or seconds of longitude 86400; and the diameter of the Earth 7920 miles. The first four squares plus the large three circles equals 7. The 3 swirls followed by the 6 equals 9. The 6 swirls are followed by 4 shapes or 10. So perhaps this is 7910!!

What of the diameter 864000? The radius is then 432,000. We have the 4 squares, 3 swirls and then 2 swirls or 432. This looks remarkably like the radius.

Taking one last look at the stone we see on the right side: 1 cloud, 1 mountain and 2 dagger/squares for 112. Twice 56 is 112.

It might be concluded that it says the pole is at 79.10 degrees and at 56.5 degrees. Surely, the magnetic pole used to lie close to N 56.5, W 79.2.

There is a Sumerian saying: “The knowing may show the knowing. The unknowing shall not see it.”

And we did not.

Back to other posts on kerb stones.

On to the next post on the Indo-European Language.

Back to the last post.

# What Strange Secret Lies Hidden Here?

Elephant Tablet found during construction of Cuenca Airport, Ecuador

In prior posts the idea that ancient art describes the events of a great comet impact and an associated crustal displacement was discussed. Support from ancient records then turned to the written word and in particular to the Hebrew alphabet as a method for reconstructing the Indo-European Language.

The Hebrew Alphabet was discussed in these posts previously under the title “A Little Mystery Hidden in the Hebrew Alphabet.”

There are two things that are distinct about the Hebrew alphabet. Five of the twenty-two letters are associated with a pair called an end-cap because they are used at the end of Hebrew words. This makes a total of twenty-seven symbols. Secondly, the alphabet is called an abjed which means it has no vowels.

Additionally, each letter is also a number. The numbers associated with them are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 , 80, 90, 100, 200, 300 and 400. Some numbering schemes assign the higher numbers 500 etc. to the end cap letters.

The letters will be replaced by the Latin letters shown in the image for font convenience sake:

Key to the Hebrew Letters and the Latin Letter that will serve to substitute for it in this study due to font issues.

Imagine that all texts were originally written on clay tablets (or worse yet carved in stone) and someone had to collect the clay, make the tablets, write the tablets, bake the tablets and pity the poor soul who had to haul them from place to place. It is easy to conclude lengthy documents required great economy of lettering to facilitate this process and minimize the massive bulk.

With this in mind, in this reconstruction of the Indo-European language, each letter becomes an entire word or more precisely an idea. In contrast to tradition the ‘ea’, the first letter, will be taken to be a short ‘a’ or short ‘e.’ The letter Ayin, marked ‘A’, will be the long ‘a’ of English. The ‘I’ will be  a long ‘I’ or ‘Y’ and the ‘wf’ will be the four Latin letters: O, U, F and W. The multi-purpose ‘wf’ was either used to confuse the novice or was originally some word/sound forgotten with time but probably along the line of wouf or fouw. It is often associated with the sound ‘v’ as well which provides 5 sounds for the 6th letter and recreates the 5-6 noted in prior posts as being important. However, this study shows that over time the B took on the role for the ‘V’ sound of ‘wf’.

Also, contrary to custom each letter typically considered a consonant will automatically be assumed to be followed by a short ‘a’ or ‘e’ so that ‘b’ becomes ‘ba’ or ‘be,’ and ‘d’ becomes ‘da’ or ‘de’, etc.,  The difference between short ‘a’ and ‘e’ is of little importance since their actual pronunciation varies greatly with locality and time. In total contrast to the idea that this alphabet is vowel-less note this means there are certainly four ‘vowels’ depicted by symbols and one assumed to be present if one of the other four is not used.

These assumptions convert the Hebrew abjed alphabet to one with consonants and vowels much more like the modern Latin alphabet. The beauty of this is it removes the necessity of writing every ‘e’ which is still the most common letter used today and thereby substantially reduces the weight of each document written in clay. This is a worthy goal for book maker and reader alike.

Very soon we begin slowly defining the words associated with the individual letters to arrive at the twenty-two basic words/concepts of the Indo-European Language. After that many two and three letter words will be explored which will notably expand the vocabulary before some interesting ancient words are examined.

Back to last post.

Next post on another kerb stone. Next post on alphabet.

# A Faithful Record of the Indo-European Language

A Bishop of the Catholic Church complete with ancient symbols.

In prior posts the idea that ancient art describes the events of a great comet impact and an associated crustal displacement was discussed. Support from ancient records then turned to the possibility of a pervasive religion that spread ideas and thereby its language. It was suggested this religion was ‘Baalism’ and so the Indo-European Language must be the words used to convey its core ideas… as yet… not identified.

So begins a new search for the actual language, if it still exists. This new search will be divorced from previous well established notions of the Indo-European. In the end, at the very least, a very faithful record of the original Indo-European Language will, hopefully, be revealed.

One must remember that only preserved and translated languages are part of the Indo-European reconstruction developed by academics. Knowledge of languages never written and/or only written on perishable surfaces such as paper seldom survived to be included. Etruscan’s words still linger in limbo. Other languages may have errors in translation. One must assume large pieces of the trail are likely to be missing.

Where to begin?

Let’s start at the opposite end. Instead of at its beginning let’s look at where the language trail ends today. What part of it still strongly exists not diminished much at all by time?

Recall how one first learns to read.

Was step one the A of the alphabet? And then B? The alphabet is very durable. Indeed, we know alphabets tend to be derived from others. The Latin and Hebrew alphabets list letters in a serial order with many letters in the same order. Each letter of Hebrew is also associated with a number. This contributed to a sustained letter order. Today’s Hebrew script and Latin alphabet (used here) developed in a parallel manner from the same source known today as Paleo-Hebrew and Phoenician and in turn they were derived from Proto-Canaanite. (See chart below.)

There are a good many other alphabets all the way back to Luwian (4200 BC) and Sumerian (3500 BC) which have a grid style in common. These alphabets typically are laid out in a table with consonants vs. vowels such as: ca, ci, cu, ce. The Cree and Cherokee Alphabets fall into this style. Interestingly, the Faliscan alphabet (a serial style) from Roman era Italy has two forms of symbol R. One form represents A, a vowel, and another form R, a consonant. The Cherokee (a table style) has two R’s also. One represents E, a vowel, and the other Sv, a consonant. The odds against this must be rather high. Faliscan is derived from Etruscan. The origin of the Cherokee script is documented in Joseph B. Mahan’s “The Secret: America in World History before Columbus.” It is a much more realistic story then the one being passed around the internet. Mahan obtained his information directly from a Shawnee Chief. It confirms that the Cherokee script also has its origins in antiquity.

Development of modern Hebrew from Paleo-Hebrew. From oocities.org.

Although pre-dated by the Egyptian scripts, the Proto-Canaanite Alphabet is one of the oldest known. It dates back almost 3500 years. It evolved into Phoenician and eventually into today’s Hebrew. The Hebrew alphabet will serve as the base from which the Indo-European Language will be reconstructed. Another added advantage is the Torah, the original untranslated version of the first five books of the Old Testament, has been meticulously maintained for thousands of years so there is further reason to have confidence in its order and numerical values.

This alphabet will be the starting point for a faithful reproduction of the Indo-European language.

But what can a,b,g,d….. really tell us?

Back to last post.

Back to the beginning post on this topic.

# The Mighty Religion of….? Baal?

Sketch of Wilmington Tablet from J. Ralston Skinner’s 1885 article.

In prior posts the idea that ancient art describes the events of a great comet impact and an associated crustal displacement was discussed. The search for further support from ancient records then turned to language and in particular to one possible and pervasive religion that spread ideas and thereby its language.

This religion has to have existed over a broad span of time and a vast distance encompassing many peoples and environments. There is no reason to expect that the name of this religion was one and the same for all places in all times, just as Christianity presents under such vastly different names as Catholic, Anglican, Protestant, Baptist, Episcopal, Methodist, Church of Christ, etc. One might expect that this religion will also appear under different names.

Baal, a Statute from Ugarit.14th to 12th BC. Louvre, Wikipedia,

It is proposed here that the religion was that of Baal. Baalism has been touched upon many times in prior posts. It is very poorly understood today, if at all, and often attributed to only a small geographical region in the vicinity of Canaanite, particularly Ugarit.

However, place names suggest otherwise. Baalbek; Baltic Sea; Temple of Bel in Syria; Belluton, England; the Baltic States and region; Bel (Celtic god); Bel (Babylonian god); Bel, Iran; Bel, Romania; Baal described in the Old Testament; Baal, Netherlands; Baal, Belgium; Babylon of old, ……etc.

There are religious references such as Beltane in the British Isles, The Tower of Babel, and the Bible (when pronounced bi-baal). So, there is ample evidence that, whoever or whatever Baal was, belief in it was widely dispersed across time and place which makes it an ideal candidate.

Previous to Christianity there was Judaism. The Old Testament, which is a Judaic document, describes in I Kings 18 the killing of 450 priests of Baal, so Judaism did not develop in a vacuum. Baalism was evidently pervasive there and in other places. The art that has been reviewed throughout these posts was from a variety of cultures so it is impossible to affix one name to the religion. The religion shall be defined here as ‘Baalism’ simply because Baal seems to be a prevalent word.

Logically, the next goal will be a study of the Indo-European Language to see what can be learned. However! People have been doing that for 400 years. So, the path taken here will be an entirely different approach than has ever been tried before.

The next post ………….. will jump knee-deep into the unknown we know so very well!

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Back to start of article

# The One and Only Language of the Ancients

The thickest ice of the planet is not located at the poles as would be expected.

In the last post the idea that ancient art describes the events of a great comet impact and an associated crustal displacement was discussed. It was also suggested that perhaps there is another way to retrieve any existing ancient records of such an event. This leads to a necessary assumption.

NASA image of crater

Assuming knowledge of the pole’s movement was known by key individuals, and if they adamantly believed this knowledge must be passed down through an infinite number of generations, then it should be found in the records of numerous cultures. The depiction of key elements in the art of vastly distant cultures, in both time and place, suggests this is true.

The Bible relates that originally one language existed. This has no doubt spurred on the countless researchers over the last 400+ years, since the existence of a base language was first suggested. The Indo-European Language (also known as indogermanisch) is the proposed base language from which a multitude of others evolved. Countless man hours of research has resulted in the mapping out of language development throughout Europe and western Asia. The oldest known is from 4200 BC in the Anatolian region. This is the same area from which Luwian Hieroglyphs originated that have often been referred to in these posts.

Side view of Great Circle in Newark, Ohio.

This four century study has also resulted in the mapping of religious areas and trade routes. If one works backwards from this idea, then it is possible to conjecture that the base language was part and parcel to religion, since trade can be done without verbal communication. Which begs the question: what ancient religion was involved?

A good candidate is…………….? Next post

Back to the first post on this topic.

# Did the Crust of the Planet Turn?

Symbol of Hermes.

Is it possible the Earth’s crust can move as Charles Hapgood described in his 1970 book “The Path of the Pole?

If it had happened, wouldn’t we have ancient records? And if it had happened, wouldn’t our scientists have already proven that it can!

We must remember that as recently as the 1960’s we were building space rockets to the Moon before we knew whether it’s craters were dried lake beds, the result of volcanic eruptions, ice, or meteor impact sites.

What if … ancient records exist but we just can’t read them?

What if… the truth behind the great legends is simply that all life on Earth hung in the balance in very recent human history? Did these memories foster the myths of the gods?

Venus-of-Schelklingen

A lot of time has been spent deciphering old art in previous posts. The point was to demonstrate that there still exists a great historical record of the events associated with a great comet impact and a crustal displacement as described in  “A Planet Most Miraculous: The Mechanics of Earth’s Rotating Crust.”

The Greek god Hermes represents swiftness and today this ancient symbol (shown above) represents medicine. But what did it originally mean? Look at it closely. Exactly what does it depict?

Prior posts have shown there are key elements in ancient art which demonstrates there was a continuous desire to perpetuate a core set of ideas. Today these ideas are identified as religions composed of myths. We seldom, if ever, attribute the purpose of religion to… the preservation of Earth’s history and its measurements. If religion’s original true nature was basic Earth science, then ignorance, both then and now, has fostered the myths of gods.

Does the symbol of Hermes above tell us a double comet impacted Earth at the former pole?

Does the Venus of Schelklingen tell us a double comet decapitated mother Earth?

If only they had spelled it out clearly!!! Or did they?…….

Next post

# Is Earth Losing its Magnetism?

An internet search of the above question suggests that the Earth appears to be losing its magnetism. And the key word in that statement is ‘appears.’

Approximate current pole positions of layers of Earth today. **See note.

The definitive answer lies in the future. Most of those writing and researching the topic believe that the Earth’s magnetic field is generated by the shifting liquid core. They state that the liquid core is 50 times more magnetic than the surface of the Earth. The view taken here is that the magnetic field resides in the solid central core and solid outer crust which comprises 65% of Earth. The field that we experience and observe as Earth’s magnetism lies predominantly in the outer 45% or the mantle. But it is under the influence of the solid inner core which is the more stable magnetic feature of Earth. Consider that the inner core throws its field through the entire outer layers into space, it is theoretically of dense iron which is the most magnetic of the elements, it lies at the center of a gravitational mass and that magnetism is self-centering. All these factors contribute to its role in influencing the outer crust and outer core. Another way to say it is that it programs the outer mantle over time.

(** Note: North Pole of Earth is actually in the South and South Pole is in the North but to reduce confusion in images North is shown in North.)

Consider also that all magnets exhibit a Bloch Wall (Dielectric Plane) at the center. Adding or subtracting to a magnet instantly shifts this plane to the center. It projects outwards in a plane through the structure into space. The Bloch Wall of Earth is never mentioned or depicted in images of Earth’s magnetic field as if it does not exist. This is most likely because the Earth is a composite of two magnetic fields overlaying each other. The field thrown outwards (and inwards) by the outer mantle has its own Bloch Wall. The plane is contorted because it is a composite of at least two fields and because the north and south pole of Earth are not 180 degrees opposite from each other at this time.

Bloch Wall /Dielectric Plane as seen with Ferrocell (left) and with viewing film (right). Photos by Ken Wheeler, “Uncovering the Missing Secrets of Magnetism.”

One can see in the image below that two magnets in close proximity that are not in a simple configuration such as N-S-N-S display erratic fields as shown in the Ferrocell image here. Shifting the magnets shifts the field.

Magnetic field of two broken magnets seen under Ferrocell. Photo by Ken Wheeler, “Uncovering the Missing Secrets of Magnetism.”

It can also be demonstrated with a Ferrocell that the strength of the field is additive, meaning the more magnets that are stacked in alignment the stronger the field grows and the more clear the image becomes. It is not that the same magnets spread out lose their magnetism, it is just their ability to influence the light in the Ferrocell is not as effective when separated. Consider how men on a rope-pull acting in unison can achieve more than each alone.

Magnetic Field of ring magnet as seen under Ferrocell. Photo by Ken Wheeler, “Uncovering the Missing Secrets of Magnetism.”

What the Earth is experiencing, that is being observed as a weakening of the field, is a reprogramming of the outer crust by the solid inner core. Bit by bit and slowly over time the particles in the outer crust are coming into alignment with the inner core. The old pattern stored in the outer crust is being induced into a new alignment. The rapid shifting of the North Pole towards True North in the last half century is a result of this realignment. The realignment in the rest of the outer structure will follow. This is a vast and large demonstration of the same effect one sees when one magnetizes a needle. The Southern Poles will do the same but it will happen at its own rate. The end result will be the magnetic pole will appear to rotate around the true pole not because it is still shifting but because that is how the pole on all magnets work. (See Ken Wheeler films and book, “Uncovering the Missing Secrets of Magnetism.”)

Layers of Earth exhibit cohesive pole positions prior to impact. Bloch Wall passes through equator.

For clarification we need to take a step back in time to when this condition existed on Earth before. The following theory is predicated on the idea that during large comet impacts the outer 45% of the bulk of Earth is free to rotate around on the inner liquid core and that such an event occurred as recently as 5000 years ago. At that point in time there was one magnetic field exhibited by Earth with both inner core and outer mantle exhibiting a single field locked together magnetically. The field had a notable Bloch Wall (Dielectric Plane) passing through the equator and magnetic poles that rotated around the true poles. The outer crust exhibited a magnetic field oriented as shown in the image. Upon being struck it rotated to the next most stable position between two magnets as seen in the image below. (To be explained in the next post.) The rotated field in the outer layer remained as it had been programmed by the solid inner core for many, many millennia but slowly over time it shifted presumably from the inside to the outside so it was not apparent until very recently. The sum of this changing field that varies over time at any given point is most likely what scientists are measuring without realizing it. Hence, the idea it is weakening.

The new field that develops in the future will be one coherent field as before the strike and a much stronger field than exists now as the bulk of the Earth comes into complete resonance with itself once again. All modern stated theories assume we are at the beginning of a pole shift rather than at the end of a pole shift. In other words, the same data can support a completely different view.

Layers of Earth exhibit separate pole positions just after impact and crust displacement.

If the time period quoted is accurate then it happened in recorded human history. We have heard the reports in ancient texts and dismiss them as nonsense and superstition. Ancient records tell us the Sun changed its orientation in the sky, that the people in the northern latitudes were afraid of the sky falling and that the Earth experienced a deluge that killed almost everything alive. All of these stories recount the apocalypse. This word comes from Greek and it means ‘to uncover, reveal.’ A closer look at the word apocalypse is needed: a-pock-cull-lap-si or… ‘a’ (continuous, source), pock (pit), cull (killing off), lap (area), si (came to be). Perhaps there were continuous comet impacts (pocks) that uncovered and revealed the land by melting the northern ice sheet. The collapse of the ice sheet caused the deluge. Essentially the event has been recorded in both our ancient stories and words. Yet we have become way too intelligent to believe what we have been told by our elders.

The shift was in some ways fortuitous for a few. The creation of this second magnetic pole a considerable distance from true north and finding its location allowed for precise measurement of longitude and latitude without a clock. By knowing the exact location of magnetic north and using spherical trigonometry, longitude could be determined. Furthermore, keeping the location secret empowered those in the know. They could navigate the world’s oceans with confidence while others got lost.

More to come…. in the next section. Back to previous section. Back to beginning.

# Where Oh Where are the Poles Now!

Observed pole positions taken from Newitt et al., “Location of the North Magnetic Pole in April 2007”, Earth Planets Space, 61, 703–710, 2009 Modeled pole positions taken from the National Geophysical Data Center, “Wandering of the Geomagnetic Poles” Map created with GMT. CC BY 4.0 Cavit

Earth’s magnetic poles shift over time whereas the true poles are fixed geographic locations. The magnetic pole is the place where the lines of force are oriented vertically into/out of the planet. Mapping of the Magnetic North Pole shows it was north of Victoria Island, Canada in the 1600’s and south of the island in the 1800’s. Since then it has moved in virtually a straight line towards the Arctic Circle to approximately 160̊ W off the coast of Russia. As indicated in the image, the predicted movement of the north pole is in a clockwise rotation around the true pole.

NOAA National Geophysical Data Center – Locations of Magnetic South Pole, or dip pole, over time. Comparison of direct observations with model predictions. http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomag/image/south_dip_poles.png

Similarly, the South Pole was at the Ross Ice Shelf in the 1600’s, then it moved in a northwest direction and now lies off the coast at 64.28°S, 136.59° E (2015). It has shifted from 160̊ E to 137̊ E since the 1600’s and travels six to nine miles a year. It is predicted here that the south pole should behave in the same manner as the north and take up a clockwise rotation (when seen from the south pole) around the true pole. However, it may be sometime before the process completes in the south since it is still 1,780 miles from the true pole. The magnetic pole is not a true dipole at this time since they are some 20̊ apart in latitude.

In accordance with the theory presented in this paper, the rapid shifting of the poles in the north in the last few decades is indicative of the final stages of reprogramming of the mantle by the inner core. The speed with which this process occurs can be easily observed in small magnets as magnetic fields are induced or flipped with more powerful magnets.

Throughout these many pages and articles magnetic north has been quoted as lying in Hudson Bay at 56.5̊ N 79.2̊ W. Charles Hapgood’s best guess through his research was a location of 60̊N 83̊W. These two points are about 280 miles apart. Previous pole locations were the Greenland Sea Pole 72̊N 10̊W about 75,000 years ago and the Yukon Pole 63̊N 135̊W  about 120000 years ago. These locations were determined by examining magnetic patterns left in the sedimentary layers and other evidence. (Hapgood, Charles, “Path of the Pole,” Adventures Unlimited Press, Kempton, Illinois, 1999.)

Before leaving this topic it is worthwhile to note that when the North Pole was located more inland the winters were more frigid and ice stayed longer in the Arctic. The south pole has moved just off the Antarctic coast and despite the breaking away of large parts of the ice shelves the sum total of ice on the continent is growing. Remember each snowflake forms around a dust particle and those particles respond to the magnetic pull at each pole. Because the magnetic pull is directed vertically downwards in these regions the tendency should be for the snow to build up there.

When the pole is located in the ocean the ice builds up and its buoyancy pushes it to the ocean surface. This allows more to build up on the upper surface but ocean currents work to pull it away underneath which weakens it as it attempts to build. There is no undercurrent to reduce the ice and particle build up when the pole is on land. This leads one to speculate that the ice should build up and its accompanying cold should be more severe when the poles are on land. So perhaps the location of the poles is another large contributor to global warming. The possibility also exists that the accumulation of particles over long spans of time at the magnetic poles may have contributed to the formation of the continents.

Experts tell us the earth is losing its magnetism. Maybe. Maybe not. So there it still more to come…. in the next section.

Back to previous section. Back to beginning.

# The Mid-Atlantic Ridge and Flip-Flopping Magnetism

Image of bands on ocean floor at mid-Atlantic Ridge.

As stated in the first post: “The intensity of the Earth’s magnetic field over the Atlantic Ocean has been measured on a number of flights organized by the Department of Mines and Technical Surveys of Canada and also under Project Magnet (U.S. Hydrographic Office). Some of these flights passed over the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the magnetic observations show that there are large anomalies associated with the crest of the Ridge in some crossings, but not in all.” – Magnetic Anomalies over the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, M. J. Keen, Nature.com

Measurements of intensity and direction of magnetism taken in the above mentioned studies and others have been used as evidence that the Earth’s magnetic poles flip. The cooling lava exuded along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge records the direction of the Earth’s existing magnetic field at the time. Because it is striated in opposing N-S, S-N bands the assumption that it flips has been made.

It is true and proven that the lava acts as a recording medium. The argument here lies with assuming it is found in striated bands solely because the poles flip. These long striated cooled lava flows are ‘weak’ magnets under enormous ocean pressures which suffer breakage from earthquakes and other shifting.

Left image is unbroken magnet seen through viewing film. In center is broken magnet seen on right. Broken magnet does not re-unite properly. Upper half is flipped. (Photo: Ken Wheeler)

This leads one directly to the key question: what happens to a magnet when it breaks? In Image A (below) at the end of the chain is a broken magnet and it behaves the way one expects. A new north and south pole has formed and it obediently lines up. But this is not always the case. Magnets of different shapes will sometimes reverse their physical position entirely to regain an opposite pole attraction as shown in the image of the circular magnet.

Image A is a photo of 4″ long stainless steel magnets of a ‘medium’ strength. The north pole is marked with red tape on each magnet. They ideally line up in a N-S, N-S chain as one expects and so can model these long lava striations well. Over time earthquakes and other local disturbances fracture the hardened lava flows. The well known ‘opposite poles attract model’ (N-S -N-S) is obeyed. However, it would be an oversimplification to assume the solidified lava does not also fracture in long sections paralleling the rifts. What then happens to these weak fields?

Observe the layout in Image B as rows of the long magnets are set beside each other. They form separate magnet chains with parallel N-S poles in line. They suddenly no longer want to pull together but push away in long lines. There is no way to bring them together except by constant and continuous force which presumably the ocean floor can provide in many locations. In other locations, the striated lines would push away from each other in the same manner as the steel magnets. However, if one jiggles the magnets they will line up at the midpoint of the opposite magnet (Image C) but that requires a shift of the entire long chain or shifting after fracturing in smaller sections.

If the chains fail to come back together they will still attract sediments to fill in ‘magnetically’ where the charged lava ‘most desires’ it. Then we may speculate that separated N-S, N-S chains will create either the pattern seen in Image C or a N-S, S-N pattern as we see in Image D.

But what about a weak magnet that fractures in parallel and the strips are forced together?

It is an easy matter to stroke a needle over a magnet and induce magnetism in the needle. It is also an easy matter to create two or three of such magnets in the same needle. One can even create a needle with identical poles at opposite ends and the opposing poles in the middle with a space between them. Inducing magnetism in metals is an easy process so it is not far fetched to suppose that a multi-fractured layer can exhibit flipping (de-magnetization followed by re-magnetization) in parallel strips in the direction of charge. Indeed, fracturing is probably not even necessary if the material itself varies enough in nature to allow bands of magnetized metals to alternate with non-magnetic materials.

And then one also has to consider the possibility that the new lava being exuded has a pole orientation at an angle to that which has cooled. What then happens? In Image E the magnets are set at 90 degrees to the chains. In setting the perpendicular magnets they automatically are drawn to the opposing poles as seen. Jiggle them slightly and they will shift as seen in Image C or D.

Therefore, the conclusion that the poles flip because the lava flows are striated N-S, S-N cannot be made. The exercise does suggests that lava flows will lay down in an orderly fashion. It will either develop into bands that are all N-S or in bands that alternate N-S then S-N. The direction of the magnetism in the exuding fluid lava can be under the influence of the Earth’s poles or under local influence. Regardless, it will prefer to form over time one of the two patterns seen above in Image C or D.

Yet we know the magnetic north pole has traveled recently from south of Victoria Island towards true north, that the south pole has also traveled, that magnetic field strengths are varying and that magnetic fields recorded in sedimentary rock appear to record shifting poles. So, there is certainly much more to discuss and learn.

More to come…. in the next section. Back to previous section. Back to beginning.

# Thinking about Flipping Earth’s Magnetism

In the previous posts the magnetic strength of each major layer of Earth was discussed. The next step is to look into the idea that the poles of the earth just flip. This is an idea that has become very popular but is it valid?

There was a video here that depicted the reprogramming of magnetic orientation (if it occurs slowly) or the flipping of poles (if instant). !!

The best way to approach the idea that Earth’s poles can flip is to think about it extensively first. Here are three thought exercises:

1. Hold a magnet in your hand firmly. Allow this to be the exterior mass of Earth. Now without moving your hand get the poles to flip. How can it be done?
2. Hold a magnet in your hand firmly. Allow this to be the interior solid core of Earth. Now without moving your hand get the poles to flip. How can it be done?
3. Hold a magnet in your hand firmly. Allow the magnet to represent a single layer of sedimentary rock that has recorded the current magnetic field. (In reality they are stacked one on the other in different directions recording its movement.) If the outer shell of Earth is rigid and does not move, how can you shift the magnet’s field by 25 degrees in either direction without moving your hand to simulate the direction of the next sedimentary layer? Remember plate tectonics is gradual so that is not an option.

1. There are only two ways to get the poles to flip without moving your hand:
-Hold onto the magnet until it loses its magnetism (a very long time) and then expose it to a magnet or electric field with an opposing charge. It will reorient itself accordingly. But that can hardly be called flipping. That is reprogramming it.
-Hold onto the magnet and expose it to a much much larger and stronger magnetic field. It will flip instantly. What could in reality supply such a field to the Earth? A near miss by a larger planetary type body with a greater magnetic field would do it but it is not likely to happen since large free moving bodies are more rare than comets.
-There are variations on this but it still requires bringing other very strong magnetic fields into close proximity. So…. essentially it just does not happen.
2. The poles of the inner core cannot be flipped except as noted in 1. Flipping the interior solid core as a whole is perhaps easier but this is not a flipping of the poles. The solid round core will just rotate within the liquid core. In order to do this, the inner core must be in a magnetically locked position with the outer crust. When the outer crust rotates so does it. Then to flip the pole spinning the planet completely over is required.
-But we might assume it is always magnetically locked to the outer crust. If it were to break the lock, it would be free to rotate. Although it is a large mass that is hurtling through space around the Sun its momentum would not prevent its rotation since it should be free to rotate around its own center of gravity. This case shall be considered in the future and it will be discussed just how far it can rotate until it locks up again. So ….essentially it can happen but probably less often then a partial rotation.
3. How does one lay down the next magnetic layer in the sedimentary layers without moving the old sedimentary layers? If the crust cannot and does not move then the field must, and this is what fuels experiments today and defines the current understanding of Earth’s magnetism.

There is an underlying unspoken consensus in the scientific community that the crust/mantle system of the Earth always has been in the position it is today with North America and Russia nicely dominating the northern hemisphere. Period. Except during the time of the single Pangaea which is too long ago to explain modern phenomena and then artists still show only the southern continents moving away.

There are only three options then: have a perpetually shifting field, overwhelming influence the field externally or move the magnet itself. Modern models are firmly based in the first. The second cannot happen as often as the rock record suggests which leaves the last. It is anathema to the modern scientist to consider that the planet is a layered structure which responds accordingly. It is also forbidden to suggest that the planet is subject from time to time to extreme impacts which can shift the bulky outer 1800 mile layer in relation to the inner core and the ecliptic plane.

This is not as proposed by Charles Hapgood’s popular theory who only envisioned the outer 60 miles, lithosphere, moving on the 460 mile thick semi-lava layer, the asthenosphere. The difference is like trying to slide a rubber tire directly on the rim vs. moving the tire and rim around on a free axle. Since the viscosity of the outer liquid core is said to be less than that of water, it is essentially a free axle.

So …. in the next post let us look at the rock record that indicates the core flips.

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